Photographer Dorothea Lange was employed by the Federal government when President Roosevelt signed
Executive Order 9066 on February 19, 1942.
Lange photographed the experience of Japanese Americans, now deemed a threat to national security, as they were moved from their homes on the West Coast to internment camps.
Her photographs were kept from the public during World War II, but after the after the war ended, these images became part of the holdings of the National Archives and were available to the public. You can explore these images in our digital catalog.
Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D Roosevelt meet at the Allies Grand Strategy Conference where it is decided that “unconditional surrender” is the only acceptable end to WWII. Near Casablanca, 14 January 1943
1939 Lincoln, Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Sunshine Special by Greg Gjerdingen Via Flickr: I drove to Detroit, to visit the Walter P. Chrysler Museum, before it closed, to be converted into office. I arrived on Friday and the Chrysler Museum was not open until Saturday, so I went to the Henry Ford. I heard great things about it and I was not disappointed. There was not near enough time to check out all the place has to offer. I will have to return to spend more time and check out other features during the warmer seasons. Most of my time there was spent in the automotive displays.
The Henry Ford is a large indoor and outdoor history museum complex and a National Historic Landmark in the Detroit suburb of Dearborn, Michigan, USA.
Address: 20900 Oakwood Boulevard, Dearborn, MI 48124
Year built: 1929
Founder: Henry Ford
Added to NRHP: December 21, 1981
Click here for more car pictures at my Flickr site.Or here for my Car Crazy Tumblr site.
this day in 1942, US President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed executive
order 9066 which allowed the military to relocate Japanese-Americans to
internment camps. A climate of paranoia descended on the US following the attack on the naval base at Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan, which prompted the US to join the Second World War. Americans of Japanese ancestry became targets for persecution, as there were fears that they would collude with Japan and pose a national security threat. This came to a head with FDR’s executive order, which led to 120,000 Japanese-Americans being rounded up and held in camps. The constitutionality of the controversial measure was upheld by the Supreme Court in Korematsu v. United States (1944). Interned Americans suffered great material and personal hardship, with most people
losing their property and some losing their lives to illness or the
violence of camp sentries. The victims of internment and their families eventually received
an official government apology in 1988 and reparations began in the
1990s. This dark episode of American history is often forgotten in the narrative of US involvement in the Second World War, but Japanese internment poses a stark reminder of the dangers of paranoia and scapegoating.
On this day in 1941, just before 8 am, the Imperial Japanese Navy launched an attack on the
American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. After decades of escalating tensions, primarily over Japanese aggression against China, and Japanese anger over American trade sanctions, the Japanese strike on America’s Pacific Fleet still came as a surprise. In a two hour assault, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes dropped bombs and torpedoes which killed around 2,400 American soldiers and sailors, while 20 naval vessels and 200 planes were destroyed. In contrast, the Japanese suffered just 64 fatalities. The Pearl Harbor attacks were part of a larger, co-ordinated assault against American territories in Guam and the Philippines, and parts of the British Empire. While the strike certainly damaged the Pacific Fleet, vitally important aircraft carriers were spared as they were away from the base, and shipyards remained intact, allowing for swift rebuilding. The next day, following a powerful speech, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan. The legislature passed the war measure with only one dissenting vote, cast by pacifist Representative Jeannette Rankin of Montana. America’s declaration of war was immediately followed by further declarations by Japan’s Axis allies Germany and Italy against the United States. Two years in, despite initial isolationist neutrality, America was now involved in the Second World War. The entrance of the United States into the war marked a pivotal turning point in one of the bloodiest wars in human history, as the full might of the American military joined the Allied cause against the forces of Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, and imperial Japan.
“Yesterday, December 7th, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” - President Franklin D. Roosevelt to Congress
On the morning of Dec. 7, 1941, a Sunday, Japanese bombers flew across Oahu, Hawaii and began their assault.
attack killed more than 2,300 people, nearly half of them on the
battleship USS Arizona. More than 1,100 were injured. After the attack,
President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered a speech before Congress,
calling Dec. 7 a “date which will live in infamy.” The U.S. declared war
against Japan. (AP)
December 7, 2016, marks the 75th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Photos: (from top) U.S. Navy/National Archives via Reuters, U.S. Navy/U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command via Reuters (3), U.S. Navy/National Archives via Reuters (2)