forms of vitamin c

anonymous asked:

Thank you for all of your hard work Aunt Scripty <3 My characters are part of a city that has lived underground for security reasons for a 100 years or so. My question is, if a group of 20 or so of them head out into the sunlight for the first time, what range of impacts could it have on their health? They have a physician among them taking notes and comparing it to their condition back underground

Hey there nonny! This is an interesting question, and while it’s an unusual one for me, I’m going to give it a go. 

First, I don’t think it’s possible for them to have survived completely underground without sunlight of any kind unless all they’re eating is fish. You didn’t mention whether this is future, present, or past, so I’m going with present and I apologize if I got the time frame wrong. 

What Are They Like Underground?

Here’s what the what: remember that these humans need to eat, and mostly what they’ll be eating is plants, and plants need so much sunlight to grow, which means either a) they have at least one area where they get and use sunlight – I’m thinking a big hole in the roof of one area (I’m imagining caves, sorry if this is wrong) and arable soil underneath, b) they only eat what they brought down there with them, bunker style, or c) they are relying on fish from an underground river, which may or may not work and may or may not be enough to sustain your population. Humans can survive almost entirely on fish, but it’s not exactly a pleasant survival to eat the same thing over and over and over again – but I’m sure all of this is stuff that you’ve thought through and already solved. 

One of the big questions is Vitamin D. The body uses sunlight to produce Vitamin D from its base components. It’s not found in the human diet so much except in products that we’ve fortified, such as milk, and vitD deficiency is common even in our above-ground world for those of us (like me!) who work indoors. 

One thing to look at is therefore a disease called Rickets, in which the bones fail to mineralize properly due to VitD deficiency, and the bones are soft, easy to break, and often deformed. Asthma is another health problem associated with VitD deficiency, especially in children, and VitD deficiency has been implicated in hypertension, heart disease, high cholesterol, and cancer. 

Fish does contain a certain amount of vitamin D, but not an enormous quantity, as do egg yolks, so if your characters are eating eggs and fish they might have lesser forms of the disease. 

Also, remember that these people will have paler skin regardless of their skin color; that is, even those with heavily pigmented skin won’t tan in the caves because they won’t have sunlight, so they’ll default to only what their genes have given them. Once outside they’ll start to tan – even those with dark skin – and get a bit darker.

Let’s not forget scurvy as another form of malnutrition. Scurvy is Vitamin C deficiency taken to an extreme, which causes weakness, lethargy, sore limbs, bleeding gums, and a general tendency towards bleeding and difficulty stopping  bleeding. Scurvy is a big problem that is fairly easily solved; citrus fruits are a natural source, and ascorbic acid, a common preservative, is just another name for Vitamin C. If your characters are eating large amounts of preserved food, and that food is preserved with ascorbic acid, it’s likely that they won’t have horrendous vitamin C deficiencies, especially if they’re eating canned citrus on the regular. 

In short, your characters might be fairly sick from living the lifestyle that they’re living, depending on what they’re eating and how much. 

Here Comes the Sun (doo-do-doo-do!)

And I say, it’s alright…

There are a lot of impacts seeing the sun for the first time could have on their physical welfare, and it’s worth taking a look at all of them. 

For one, their eyes are going to have to take some time adjusting to the brightness. I don’t think there would be any actual damage per se, but headaches and vision troubles could be a problem in the first few days. 

Myopia might be A Thing, since, having never been outside, these characters may never have had to use their distance vision; they may be near-sighted. They may have trouble focusing on things at a distance. 

For another, VitD deficiency is going to get a lot better because, well, humans make Vitamin D in the presence of sunlight.

A whole mess of them are going to get sunburns, including those with dark skin, and depending on the time of year and the latitude at which the characters’s underground home was made, they might wind up with blisters or sun poisoning. Heat exhaustion during the summer is going to be A Thing. 

If it’s winter, there’s actually a different problem, which is – the temperature underground tends to be remarkably resistant to changes in temperature above the surface, so their cave / bunker might be a very consistent temperature, and they might not be prepared for winter up above. Frostbite, frostnip, hypothermia might all be common, since temperatures underground tend to be in the 50s-60s(F), where temperatures above can be…. extremely cold, by comparison.

Next question: what do they eat when they’re Above? Are they eating the flora? is the flora safe to eat? Consider what they might decide to eat, and look at the health consequences of that. Blueberries might be fine, and if they hunt, hunting animals might be fine, but if they went underground to escape, say, radioactivity, and they start eating radioactive plants, they miiiiight wind up with radiation poisoning. Also, those with genetic allergies might discover those allergies Up Above that might not have bothered them in the cave, though most allergies will take time to develop. 

Lastly, where are they getting their water? Is their water safe to drink? If they’re downstream of a place with poor sanitation, cholera could definitely become a problem, as could various forms of worms; if they’re smart they’ll have some form of purification system (iodine tablets, UV purifiers, boiling) but if not, they may get sick from the water. 

In short, the sunlight itself isn’t really that big of an issue beyond sunburns (which no one will know how to prevent), but there are a lot of nutritional issues that you might want to consider when building your story and your world. 

I hope this has been useful and I’ll gladly see you later. Bye bye! 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

[disclaimer]

[Maim Your Characters is selling out! Get your signed copy while you can!]

[Patreon: where the inbox never closes!]

List of Herbs That Treat HERPES

Here is a great list I am compiling for those of you fellow herpes sufferers who are looking for natural or herbal alternatives to acyclovir (Valtrex, Famivir, etc.) for preventing herpes outbreaks as well as treating sores that have already emerged. 

*These methods do not necessarily work for everyone, and there is skepticism among some medical personnel regarding the safety or effectiveness of these treatments. You may want to consult an herbalist or naturopath before beginning treatment. This being said, I have tried nearly every herbal remedy listed here  on my own risk and have not experienced side effects*

_________________________

Coconut oil- if you’re not already an advocate for Coconut oil in general, i HIGHLY recommend you include this magic substance in your life! Coconut oil has anti-viral and anti-fungal properties, and alongside promoting healthy teeth, skin, organs and hair when taken orally, it is also an analgesic and anti-inflammatory when applied topically to wounds. The Lauric acid in coconut oil is thought to ward off, fight and prevent replication of the Herpes simplex Virus. I recommend using it daily in cooking, as a moisturizer, and of course, topically to cold sores and genital OBs to soothe the area and promote healing.

__________________

Olive Leaf Extract- One of the first herbal treatments I tried. Research suggests that olive leaf may be a true antiviral compound because it appears to selectively block an entire virus-specific system in the infected host. It then appears to offer healing effects not addressed by pharmaceutical antibiotics. Olive leaf’s broad killing power includes an ability to interfere with critical amino acid production for viruses; an ability to contain viral infection and/or spread by inactivating viruses by preventing virus shredding, budding or assembly at the cell membrane; and the ability to directly penetrate infected cells and stop viral replication. I usually take 30-60 drops daily during the onset of an OB (prodrome phase) and it can prevent the sore from even surfacing. I continue this treatment for the duration of a cold sore, should one appear.

______________

Essential Oils- Many people believe in the healing powers of essential oils for different purposes. They are commonly used for aromatherapy, to promote relaxation and improve sinus congestion. For herpes, peppermint, eucalyptus, and tea tree oil have been said to be effective in soothing the sores for pain relief, as well as promoting faster healing.

CAUTION: POTENT. NOT FOR INTERNAL USE! Essential oils can be TOXIC when ingested orally! DO NOT USE FOR GENITAL OUTBREAKS. 

___________

Raw Honey-  Some studies have shown that the microbial activity in RAW, unprocessed, unfiltered honey, can have antiviral properties and fight off herpes simplex from replicating when applied topically. These studies show that participants who applied raw honey topically several times daily had improvement in their outbreak as fast, or faster, than the prescription treatment acyclovir or the OTC treatment Abreva! I recommend Manuka honey, as it has hundreds of strains of beneficial bacteria. Raw honey can also draw fluid away from the sore, reducing swelling, redness, chafing and potential discomfort or pain. 

________________

Echinacea and Goldenseal-  These herbs are commonly paired in herbal supplements because they work wonders together to prevent sickness. Echinacea boosts your immune system, helping your body fight off the herpes virus, while goldenseal is a powerful anti-fungal, anti-viral herb. These can be taken orally as tablets, pills or tinctures, but also come in some topical products.  These are great to use at the first symptom. Echinacea also comes in tea, which is delicious with a spoonful of raw honey.

CAUTION: Echinacea can increase the effects of stimulant medications (such as those used to treat ADHD, CFS or Narcolepsy) and other CNS stimulants including caffeine. Consult a doctor if you take stimulants. Goldenseal should not be taken an excess of 1-2 weeks at a time and may cause upset stomach. Take with food or find topical ointment. 

__________

Green tea: Green tea can boost your immune system and help your body fight off herpes virus if your body contains enough of the active compounds (You must drink a LOT of green tea each day for this method to work).  Drink your tea strong, with raw honey. The iced green tea they sell that contains mostly water, citric acid and high fructose corn syrup will NOT cut it here. Always brew your own tea so you know how concentrated it is. Using tea bags is also effective, as some tea including black tea, contains tannins which are anti-viral and anti-inflammatory. 

________________

L-Lysine: If you’ve had herpes for a bit, you should already know the theories behind Lysine and arginine, two compounds found in varieties of food. Arganine has been linked to increase in risk for OBs, being a trigger for many people. Arganine rich foods include nuts and legumes. Lysine works to possibly prevent OBs and speed up the healing process if the sores have already emerged. Usually taken as an herbal supplement orally, but can also be found in topical treatments.

______

Beeswax:  Going along with the raw honey idea, Propolis is a compound made by honeybees which is contained in beeswax. Clinical studies have shown that propolis healed herpes sores faster than acyclovir!  Thanks bees! We love you! Many lip creams/ointments use beeswax as a primary ingredient.

_____

Lemon Balm- One of the most effective herbal remedies for herpes. It has flavonoids, phenolic acid, and rosmarinic acid, which helps in healing the sores or blisters.  You can make tea and apply it using cotton swabs, take a tincture daily, or purchase it in the form of topical creams and ointments. 

______

Corn Starch- Simple right? It seems that applying corn starch to a herpes sore helps keep it dry, drawing fluid away from the wound. This can reduce inflammation, swelling and redness, and prevent chafing. This promotes faster healing as well as soothing discomfort or pain.

____________________

Vitamin C: Everybody knows Vitamin C boosts the immune system and promotes a healthy body. It’s found in citrus fruit such as oranges but often taken as a supplement in tablet or tincture form, or as a drink mix (emergen- C). Taking vitamin C regularly can prevent Herpes outbreaks as well as help fight them when they emerge

CAUTION: Vitamin C may cause upset stomach if taken without food. Though unlikely, In extremely high doses, vitamin C has shown to be an abortifacient by promoting uterine contractions and preventing embryonic implantation (pregnancy). Consult your doctor before taking vitamin C supplements if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. 

___________

Ultimately, I recommend a combination of these herbal treatments. You should certainly do more research before going out and buying these products, just to see what will work for you.  Some herbs can interact with certain medications or substances, so please be aware of this before beginning treatment. See a naturopath or herbal specialist at your local supplement shop or health food store. Most people employed in the store sections with herbal supplements know at least a bit about their properties and uses. 

Send me an inbox, as well, if you’re interested in knowing how these treatments worked for me personally. I do not take acyclovir for my oral outbreaks anymore! 

My homemade facial spray

This is great if youre too poor to buy an expensive spray but still want a quality product for your skin.

You will need

  1. Something to steep ingredients in for 10-20 mins (i used a pot you can also use a coffee pot)
  2. Green tea (try to get quality tea from an asian store and its best if theres no additives and its organic)
  3. Ginger root
  4. Basil
  5. Lavender oil
  6. Tea tree oil
  7. Coconut oil
  8. A spray bottle
  9. Coffee filter
  10. Water

Step 1

One in a pot or coffee pot boil water in low heat with green tea, ginger root (cut into chunks or slices), and basil.

Step 2

After 10-20 minutes let them sit for a bit to cool down to room temperature.

Step 3

Run the water through a coffee filter to get rid of chunks of tea, ginger and basil into a cup or the spray bottle if you can. And from the cup just pour into spray bottle

Step 4

Add ¼ tsp of coconut oil

4 drops lavender oil

3 drops tea tree oil


So what do these ingredients do?

Green tea 🍵

has anti-aging and antioxidant benefits that can help delay signs of skin aging, such as sagging skin, sun damage, age spots, fine lines and wrinkles. The polyphenols in green tea help neutralize harmful free radicals, which can cause significant damage to the skin and accelerate the aging process. contains B vitamins, folate (naturally occurring folic acid), manganese, potassium, magnesium, caffeine and other antioxidants, notably catechins.


Ginger root 🍱

It contains around 40 antioxidant properties that prevent free radical damage and protect against aging. It also evens skin tone and improves elasticity. A good source of vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, copper, and manganese


Basil 🌿

antibacterial elements that have been known to eliminate acne by the International Journal of Cosmetic Science. vitamin K and manganese; a very good source of copper, vitamin A (in the form of carotenoids such as beta-carotene), and vitamin C; and a good source of calcium, iron, folate, magnesium and omega-3 fatty acids.


Tea tree oil 🌱

Applying a 5% tea tree oil gel appears to be as effective as 5% benzoyl peroxide (Oxy-5, Benzac AC, and others) for treating acne. Tea tree oil might work more slowly than benzoyl peroxide, but seems to be less irritating to facial skin. When applied twice daily for 45 days, tea tree oil reduces several acne symptoms, including acne severity. antibacterial, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antiviral, balsamic, cicatrisant, expectorant, fungicide, insecticide, stimulant and sudorific substance.


Lavender oil 🌷

anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antiseptic, antibacterial and antimicrobial properties. It also has antispasmodic, analgesic, detoxifying, hypotensive and sedative effects.


Coconut oil 🌴

Antioxidant and Anti-Aging Properties: The antioxidant properties of Coconut oil come from its saturated fats like Capric Acid, Caprylic Acid, Caproic Acid, and Myristic Acid. They counter adverse effects of ageing, macular degeneration, whitening of hair, and sagging of the skin.

niaelyssabrown  asked:

I don’t know where to start with what vitamin c serum to try, any good examples? I’ve heard mixed things about the Glossier supers.

hey angel!! so, if there’s one thing to splurge on in ur skincare routine, i would say it would be a vitamin c serum bc it is extremely susceptible to corruption via oxidation, or incorrect pH. ascorbic acid (the pure, active form of vitamin c) is a particularly unstable molecule.
look for a formula with a low pH (ideally between 2.0-3.5), at a concentration of 10-15% (20% is the maximum without a prescription i believe, and may be quite irritating), packaged in a UV-proof (preferably airtight, look for a pump delivery system) container, stabilized with ingredients such as vitamin e and/or ferulic acid, esp if it is an aqueous solution. an anhydrous (water free) formula may also be worth looking into, something with an oil base maybe (i know the ordinary has dabbled in silicone based suspensions, but in my opinion the silicone molecules are too big to allow the vit c to absorb properly and from what i hear the delivery of the suspension is very uncomfortable as the ascorbic acid powder remains suuuper gritty once applied)?
the drunk elephant c-firma is a great dupe for the skinceuticals ce ferulic, and paula’s choice c15 is also a good ascorbic acid. l-ascorbic formulas can be quite pricey bc it’s such a complicated molecule, so u can try a serum with a vitamin c derivative instead as these tend to be much more stable and easy to formulate (although they are comparatively less effective). magnesium ascorbyl phosphate seems to be the most promising as it shows similar results to ascorbic acid both in vivo and in vitro testing. lastly, keep in mind that if a vitamin c serum has turned opaque, yellowy color, it is likely oxidized and has lost its ability to help ur skin💕💕

anonymous asked:

Is there any way I could prevent my skin from losing elasticity while wearing a binder? I don't want to ruin my body...

These are some suggestions. They’re not full proof, but they may help. Some people are more prone to getting stretch marks than others, and some people have naturally more elastic skin. 

  • Only bind when you absolutely need to
    • Like if you’re out in public
    • Or your dysphoria is super bad
    • Or if it’s the only way you can face the world today
  • Stay hydrated (try for 8 glasses of water)
  • Coconut oil applied topically keeps your skin soft and smooth
    • Other oils like olive oil, Vitamin E, etc. may also work
  • Eat more gelatin (get more collagen which helps maintain elasticity)
  • Get more Vitamin C in your diet (it helps form collagen and cartilage)
  • Get more Zinc in your diet (may prevent stretch marks)
  • Get enough omega 3s in your diet
    • cod liver oil, fish oil pills,etc. 

Also, stretch marks don’t ruin your body. Everyone has them. If you plan to get top surgery in the future, stretch marks generally only effect the cosmetic aspects of the procedure. 

-Bion

10

FAVORITE MAKEUP AND SKINCARE PRODUCTS OF 2015 (i think)

i could go on for days about favorite products and brands and blahblah but here are 10 of the best you should pick up in 2016 and for the rest of your life 

Keep reading