former-yugoslavia

2

You know what I love? 
Names. 
You know what I love more than just names? 
Geographically accurate names.

(Current popular names all over the world)

The following information was found here

Names From The Ancient World

  • Eastern
  • Egypt
  • Greece
  • Rome
  • Africa

Medieval European Names
Medieval English Names

Anglo-Saxon/Old English Names

  • Dithematic Names (Name with two elements)
  • Monothematic Names (Single element names & bynames)
  • Religion (Gods; Goddesses; Calendar)
  • Rulers

CELTIC

  • Ireland 
    [Celtic-Male Origin | Celtic-Female Origin | More]
  • Scotland 
    [Naming Patterns | Celtic Origin | Biblical Origin | More]
  • Wales 
    [Naming Practices | Biblical Origin | Welsh Surnames | More]
  • Brittany 
    [Male | Female | Surnames | More]
  • Old Celtic 
    [Male | Female | Religion | Cornwall | Isle of Man | More]

Modern English First Names

  • The Central Stock of English First Names
  • Linknames (feminine forms of Biblical, Celtic, germanic, Greek, Latin and Modern male names)
  • Saints (calendar of saints, patron saints)
  • Modern Coinages
    Placenames | Blended | Combined | Borrowed Words | Unisex
  • Surname Adaptations (English, Scottish, Irish, Welsh and Foreign surnames used as first names)
  • Themed Names (twins, mulit-births, colors, creatures dates, etc)
  • More

Western European Names

  • France | Naming Practices | Medieval | More
  • Italy | Latin | Medieval | More
  • Germany | Naming Practices | Medieval | More
  • Austria | First Names | Surnames | Rulers
  • Switzerland | First Names | Surnames
  • Netherlands | Naming Practices | Friesland | More
  • Belgium | Naming Practices | Walloon | More
  • Spain | Catalonia | Aragon | Asturias | Galicia | More
  • Portugal | Biblical Origin | Latin Origin | More
  • Basque | Male | Female | Surnames

Eastern European Names

  • Poland | Slavonic Origin | Various | More
  • Hungary | Pronunciation etc | Names | More
  • Czech-Slovak | Czech | Slovak | Czechoslovakia | More
  • Albania | Male | Female | Surnames
  • Bulgaria | First Names | Surnames | More
  • Romania | Male | Female | Surnames
  • Former Yugoslavia
    Former Yugoslavia | Bosnia-Hercegovina | Croatia | Macedonia | Montenegro | Serbia | Slovenia
  • Greece | Greek Origin | Latin Origin | Surnames | More

Scandinavian Names

  • Old Norse | Male | Female | Name Elements | More
  • Norway | Norse Origin | Germanic Origin | Surnames | More
  • Sweden | Norse Origin | Germanic Origin | Surnames | More
  • Denmark | Norse Origin | Various Origin | Surnames | More
  • Iceland | Norse Origin | Various Origin | Surnames | More
  • Faroe Islands | Norse Origin | Foreign Origin | Surnames
  • Finland | Pronunciation | Religion | Finnish | Compounds | More

Former Soviet Union Names

  • Russia | Naming Practices | Slavic Origin | Surnames | More
  • Europe and the Caucasus 
    Ukraine | Belarus | Moldavia | Georgia | Armenia | Azerbaijan | Caucasus
  • Baltic States
    Estonia | Latvia | Lithuania | Finland
  • Asian Republics
    Kazakhstan | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan | Kirghizistan 

African Names

  • Northern Africa | Gen. Names
    Morocco | Algeria | Tunisia | Libya | Egypt | Western Sahara 
  • Eastern Africa | Gen. Names
    Sudan | Ethiopia | Eritrea | Somalia | Djibouti | Uganda | Burundi | Rwanda | Kenya | Tanzania | Swahili 
  • Central Africa | Gen. Names
    Chad | Central African Republic | Cameroon | Equatorial Guinea | Gabon | Congo | Democratic Republic of Congo 
  • Western Africa | Gen. Names
    Mauritania | Mali | Burkina Fasu | Senegal | Gambia | Guinea-Bissau | Guinea | Sierra Leone | Liberia | Ivory Coast | Ghana | Togo | Benin | Niger | Nigeria 
  • Southern Africa | Gen. Names
    Angola | Zambia | Zimbabwe | Malawi | Mozambique | Namibia | Botswana | South Africa | Lesotho | Swaziland
  • African Islands
    Madagascar | Comoro Islands | Mauritius | Cape Verde Islands | Seychelles | Sao Tome and Principe 

Northern Native American Names

  • Native names used in modern America
  • Various Native American Nations
  • Algonquin [Cheyenne, Shawnee, Mohican/Mahican]
  • Apache [Mimbreno, Warm Springs, White Mountain, Bedonkohe, Chiricahua]
  • Iroquois [Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onundagas, Seneca, Tuscaroa]
  • Ojibwa [Ojibway, Potawatomi, Chippewa]
  • Cherokee | Choctaw | Creek | Crow | Hopi | Kiowa | Miwok | Navajo | Nez Perce | Omaha | Osage | Seminole | Sioux | Yakima
  • Inuit

Southern and Central Native American Names

  • Aztec [History, Male, Female, Religion, Calendars, Rulers]
  • Inca [Male, Female, Religion, Calendars]
  • Maya [History, Male, Female, Religion, Calendars]
  • Amazonian [Names from tribes living in the rain forests]

India

  • Hindu Names
    Male Names [A | B | C - K | L- Z] | Female | More
  • Hindu Gods
  • Sikh
  • Others

Middle and Near Eastern 

  • Arab/Muslim
    Male | Female | More
  • East
    Iran | Turkey | Kurds | Pakistan | Bangladesh | Afghanistan
  • Jewish Names
    Biblical | Yiddish | Modern | Various | Surnames

  • China 
    Info | Male | Female  
  • Japan 
    Info | Male | Female
  • Korea 
    Info | Male | Female
  • Mongolia
  • Himalayan 
    Nepal | Bhutan | Tibet
  • Indochina 
    Burma | Thailand | Vietnam | Cambodia | Laos
  • South East Asia 
    Indonesia | Malaysia | Brunei | The Philippines

Pacific 

  • Polynesia
    Maori | Samoa | Tonga | French Polynesia | Fiji | Cook Islands | Easter Island | Hawai'i | Australia
  • Micronesia
    Federated States of Micronesia | Kirbati | Marashall Islands | Marianas Islands and Guam | Nauru | Belau
  • Melanesia
    Soloman Islands | Papua New Guinea | Vanuatu | Tuvalu

My (very random) headcanons for TMNT2012 (made up by me or taken from other versions/fans):

  1. The brothers all have Facebook accounts, have like 5 friends and constantly post inside jokes that April and Casey don’t understand half the time.
  2. Raph is really good at math but it’s never addressed because he’s still way behind Donnie.
  3. Leo is Mr. Perfect at everything except he can’t cook, sing or whistle if it meant saving his life.
  4. April thought them all to drive (Leo was the worst student to work with).
  5. After about a year Chompy grows into the size of a St. Bernard  in a span af a few months then stops growing again for a while. Raph still insists he fits on his shoulder.
  6. Leo has accounts on multiple Space Heroes fansites and writes fanfiction - the bad kind, with a lot of cheesy oneliners.
  7. Donnie and Raph are both really good at drawing while the other two aren’t at all despite Mikey liking to draw.
  8. When they were little Mikey and Raph would fight over the night light because Mikey didn’t like the dark but Raph hated the light because it attracted insects.
  9. Leo’s partly at fault for Raph’s bugphobia.
  10. Splinter didn’t think the turt babies were very intelligent until the first one of them spoke.
  11. Raph was the shortest for a really long time.
  12. Casey’s parents are both alive although divorced. He often visits his mom outside the city that’s why he’s not in every disaster episode.
  13. Mikey has a secret notebook for his pranks where he has all of his brothers’ likes, fears and weaknesses documented and it quite freaky how thoroughly analized inside-out he has all of them.
  14. Splinter was depressed at the time of his mutation (the mutation making it only worse) and the baby turts dependence on him was the only thing keeping him from commiting suicide in the first couple years. :(
  15. Donnie was the first one of them who got dead drunk.
  16. Karai (without wanting to) still considers the Shredder as her father more than Splinter.
  17. Mikey doesn’t have to do daily chores around the lair because he’s the family cook.
  18. Donnie hacks into satellites for fun.
  19. Leo took the “pinkies out” to heart and never holds cups differently.
  20. Splinter has been doing the “healing hands” for years on that poor tree to keep it alive with so little sunlight.
  21. Casey has a grandma from former Yugoslavia and he got that čefur[gopnik] in his blood.
  22. Splinter loves Spanish soap operas and with whoop ass if the boys don’t get off the TV when they’re on.
  23. Donnie sometimes runs on coffee alone for days.
  24. Raph has a secret DeviantArt account (and I support him).
  25. The boys decided (with a bit arguing) who’s the youngest to oldest when they were little.
  26. Mikey has ADHD Donnie said so.
  27. Angel makes subtle Shrek puns/jokes around the turtles, mostly Raph.
  28. If there’s no training Leo sleeps until noon.
  29. Splinter didn’t have the white fur from the beggining. It came with years of stress caused by 4 hyperactive boys.
  30. Renet likes to pop up unannouced just so she can eat real 21st century food and not future artificial muck.
  31. Raph has seen himself in eyeliner thanks to April and “spin the bottle.”
  32. Mikey has a layer of soil under his bed from decayed food.
  33. Donnie’s part of a LARPing group at some random kid’s basement.
  34. Raph once had a realization nightmare that Slash might remember everything pre-mutation, and dearly hopes he has no memory of all of his “alone times” in his room.
  35. Karai will one day walk into the lair with bleached eyebrows and no explanation.
  36. We never realized it but Casey’s tooth gap expanded for one more tooth thanks to Raphael.
  37. Shredder loves his dog Hachiko.
  38. April encourages Casey to cheat on exams because he’s a lost cause.
  39. Donnie owns stock and runs a business from his home computer and buys all the food for the family.
  40. Casey is like a dog after taking a bath: fricking terrified until he dives into the nearest (manure) dumpster and gets that familiar smell back.
  41. The boys all have low self asteem due to them being outcasts.
  42. Raph is a whisperer for all animals smaller than him (the horse is proof).
  43. Mikey will eventually rescue another cat and name her Klunk.
  44. When they arrived at the farmhouse for the first time Raph refused to go into the forest/meadow for 3 days because he saw a grasshopper(!!!) in the grass by the porch.
  45. Mikey was super excited about owning chickens and loves petting them.
  46. Leo still gets days when his healed knee hurts too much to support his full weight.
  47. When April grows up she becomes a detective.
  48. Casey’s a garbage collector and still busting heads.
  49. When Raph was 13 he wanted to go to Hot Topic (I’m pretty sure he still does. -The fishnets gave him away.).
  50. In the future the turts all have their own weird bunches of human friends that they hang with sometimes.

I’ll end it here before this gets out of hand! I excluded headcanons about ships, crushes, sexual orientations, etc. to avoid pointless discourse and hate.
Don’t mind adding your own headcanons to this post. :)

4

M90

Built in the former Yugoslavia, this RPK style rifle is chambered in .308 Winchester, using a straight box magazine. Some of these rifles were in transit to the U.S just as the original Assault Weapons Ban was being enacted, which named specific models. Mitchell Arms circumvented this with a simple change; covering up the original designation name, M77, and electropenciling in M90. Note the rather scope rail which sits higher than your standard AK side rail. (GRH)

4

Yugoslavian Model 1969

A very rare Mauser variant from the former Yugoslavia. Instead of having a short or intermediate action like the M48, the M69 is a full length or long action, like the K98. At a glance it looks more like a hunting rifle but it was purpose built as a sniper rifle. It was eventually replaced by the M76, an AK variant chambered in the same 8mm Mauser cartridge. As far as I know there are no known examples of the M69 in the U.S. Only a small handful of rifles were eventually sold off to the public but only in Europe. (GRH)

9

Just some photos from when I was deployed to Bosnia/Croatia back in 1997.  I was with a combat engineer unit, stationed in Slavonski Brod, Croatia, and we were babysitting a bridge over the Sava River, connecting Bosnia to Croatia.  It was one of only two bridges remaining that still connected the countries at the time (the other was in Brcko, if I remember correctly).  

These photos are all from the Bosnian side of the bridge and you can see the massive damage to the buildings there from the fighting just a couple of years prior.  Things looked much better on the Croatian side, but many buildings still had bullet holes in them. 

Living in a place like this for over six months helped me to appreciate just how much we take for granted here in the United States.

Inspiration for Game of Thrones - Former Yugoslavia!

George RR Martin wrote the first book from 1991-1996, when the Croatian and Bosnian wars were a big deal for American foreign policy and got a lot of popular news coverage. It started out with six republics (seven if you count Kosovo) of Yugoslavia, each with differing cultures, started fighting for autonomy.

What was Yugoslavia?

Yugoslavia was a country in Southeast Europe during most of the 20th century. It came into existence after World War I in 1918. under the name of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes by the merger of the provisional State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs (itself formed from territories of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire) with the formerly independent Kingdom of Serbia.

The Serbian royal House of Karađorđević became the Yugoslav royal dynasty. That dynasty, or better said prince Aleksandar united the country (it was his idea). So, Yugoslavia gained international recognition on 13 July 1922 at the Conference of Ambassadors in Paris. The country was named after the South Slavic peoples (Serbs, Croats etc.) and constituted their first union, following centuries in which the territories had been part of the Ottoman Empire and Austria-Hungary.

Renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia on 3 October 1929, it was invaded by the Axis powers on 6 April 1941. In 1943, a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia was proclaimed by the Partisan resistance. In 1944, the king recognised it as the legitimate government, but in November 1945 the monarchy was abolished. Instead of Aleksandar’s son Petar II, Tito, the Partisan’s leader, came to power. Yugoslavia was renamed the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946, when a communist government was established.

After Tito’s death in Slovenia, an economic and political crisis in the 1980s and the rise of nationalism, Yugoslavia broke up along its republics’ borders, at first into five countries, leading to the Yugoslav Wars.

“..they (Yugoslavs) attempted to do the American model taking these five countries to construct Yugoslavia. So long as Josip Broz Tito was alive it seemed to be working, I mean, that people would say: “I am Yugoslav”. But nobody says that anymore; there are all are Serbs, or Croats, or Bosnians, and the ethnic identity is clearly more important than jumping out of the melting pot. They don’t wanna melt into Yugoslavs like we melted to Americans, so I don’t know… It’s interesting.” - George RR Martin

One Croatian comedy site  first wrote about this and, really there are many similarities between people of Former Yugoslavia and people of Westeros:

Lannister - Slovenians blond, rich, people, who think that they are better than others.

The Reach- Slavonia and the Coast (North Croatia), a rich and fertile soil, never in charge, but always the crucial factor.

Greyjoys - Dalmatians (Croats from Dalmatia), only people who they respect are themselves, they believe that others are weak. They are the people of the sea, pirates.

The Vale - Montenegro, a separate mountainous land, unconquerable. Strange family relations, sons on the first place. They have hawk as a coat of arms.

Dorne - FYR Macedonia Land in the south. They have the sun as coat of arms. They have always been segregated from the rest. Dark handsome men, somewhat different than the others from ex YU.

Baratheons - people from Bosnia and Herzegovina, a large, happy people ready to drink and eat, brave and burly. Neum is Storm’s End, since it has access to the sea. Robert is like Tito, who died when collapse of unity begins.

The North - Serbia the country of wolves and ancient heroes. Proud people, freedom fighters. Some see them as wild, cruel. White Harbor is Belgrade, Kosovo is The Wall. behind The Wall wildlings (Albanians? lol) live.

Targaryen - Karadjordjevic, the royal family in exile, young Danny as throne princess.

Riverlands - Vojvodina (Northern Serbia), a neutral land, similar to Slavonia. Somehow always affected by wars.