former eastern bloc

First female physician by country?

Updated June 2015

If you can add to the list, please use the answer function to write the woman’s name and country.  Missing countries include most of Africa, most of Central America, most of the Middle East, much of the former Eastern Bloc, Pakistan, Iceland, Cambodia, Greece, etc.

Linked names = Past Cool Chicks from History Posts

Argentina: Cecilia Grierson

Australia: Emma Constance Stone

Austria: Gabriele Possanner

Bangladesh:  Zohra Begum Kazi

Brazil: Rita Lobato

Canada: Jennie Trout/Emily Stowe

Chile: Eloísa Díaz Insunza

China: Chau Lee-Sun (周理信)

Colombia: Anna Galvis Hotz

Croatia:  Milica Šviglin Čavov, but she studied in Switzerland and practiced in Bulgaria.   Karola Maier-Milobar was the first female physician to practice in Croatia.  Kornelija Sertić was the first female physician to graduate medical school in Croatia.  

Cuba: Laura Martinez de Carvajal

Czech Republic: Anna Honzáková

Denmark: Nielsine Nielsen

Dominican Republic: Evangelina Rodriguez Perozo

Ecuador: Matilde Hidalgo de Procel

El Salvador:  Estela Gavidia (Concepción Mendoza enrolled as a medical student nearly 60 years earlier but never graduated)

Estonia: Selma Feldbach

Germany: Dorothea Erxleben

Haiti: Yvonne Sylvain

Hungary: Vilma Hugonnai

Finland: Rosina Heikel

France: Madeleine Brès, but pre-modern women such as Magistra Hersend also practiced medicine.

Ireland: Eleanora Fleury

Italy: Unknown, women qualified as physicians in the Middle Ages 1, 2

India: Anandi Gopal Joshi, followed closely by Kadambini Ganguly

Indonesia: Marie Thomas

Japan: Ogino Ginko

Korea: Jang Geum

Mexico: Matilde Montoya

Netherlands: Aletta Jacobs

New Zealand:  Emily Siedeberg/Margaret Cruickshank (Plus Rina Moore was the first Maori female physician)

Nicaragua: Concepción Palacios Herrera

Nigeria: Elizabeth Abimbola Awoliyi

Norway: Marie Spångberg Holth

Peru: Laura Rodriguez Dulanto

Philippines: Honoria Acosta-Sison

Poland: Anna Tomaszewicz-Dobrska

Portugal: Amélia dos Santos Costa Cardia

Puerto Rico: María Elisa Rivera Díaz and Ana Janer

Romania: Maria Cuțarida-Crătunescu

Russia: Nadezhda Suslova

Singapore: Lee Choo Neo

Spain: Dolors Aleu Riera

Surinam: Sophie Redmond

South Africa: Petronella van Heerden (white) followed by Mary Malahele-Xakana (black)

Sweden: Lovisa Årberg

Switzerland: Marie Heim-Vögtlin

Taiwan: Cai A-xin (or Tsai A-Sin, depending on transliteration)

Thailand: Pierra Vejjabul

Turkey: Safiye Ali

UK: Elizabeth Garrett Anderson

Uruguay: Paulina Luisi

USA: Elizabeth Blackwell

Venezuela: Lya Imber (European born) followed by Sara Bendahan (Venezuelan born)