The analysis of an archaeological layer of waste has shown that the area around the Belgian city of Ghent was completely deforested during its growth in the 10th to 12th century. One of our researchers deducted from wood and charcoal remains that in 200 years, practically every usable tree was chopped down to use as construction material or fuel.
The growth of Ghent during the Middle Ages led to enormous deforestation of the surrounding area. That is the conclusion of a study by archaeobotanist Koen Deforce (Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, @rbins), who analysed a medieval refuse deposit on the Emile Braun square in the historic centre of the city. In that layer were small pieces of wood and charcoal, from which he could identify the wood type. Around the year 950, the citizens used the best suited wood types for both construction and fuel but a hundred years later they had to rely on lesser quality timber. After 1100, wood was imported.
Wolves can shape the ecosystem and
physical geography of the land they live
on. When wolves were reintroduced into
Yellowstone National Park in ‘95 after a
70-year absence, trees grew faster,
animal populations increased, and rivers
even changed their behavior because
new vegetation helped reduce erosion. SourceSource 2Source 3
If you remember I went to a national park this summer in south of Sweden. I decided when I was there that I would come back but during Autumn and take photos 🍂🍁
So here are some of the photos I took during that strip two weeks ago! Enjoy :)
The name of the park is “Söderåsens nationalpark”, Sweden.
I did not want to think about people. I wanted the trees, the scents and colours, the shifting shadows of the wood, which spoke a language I understood. I wished I could simply disappear in it, live like a bird or a fox through the winter, and leave the things I had glimpsed to resolve themselves without me.