fluted columns

5

Arch of Augustus

Rimini, Italy

27 BCE


The Arch of Augustus at Rimini was dedicated to the Emperor Augustus by the Roman Senate and is the oldest Roman arch which survives. It signaled the end of the via Flaminia, which connected the cities of Romagna to Rome, and spans the modern Corso d'Augusto (the ancient decumanus maximus), which led to the beginning of another road, the via Emilia, which ran northwest to Piacenza.

 Its style is simple but at the same time solemn. The central arch, which is of exceptional size, is flanked by two engaged columns with fluted shafts and Corinthian capitals. The four clipei (shields) placed next to the capitals each depict Roman divinities: Jupiter and Apollo on the Roman side, Neptune and Roma facing the city of Rimini. The gate’s principal function, aside from functioning as a city gate, was to support the lavish bronze statue of Augustus, depicted driving a quadriga. Follow ClassicalMonuments for a daily ancient treat!

10

Admiral´s House (Casa del Almirante), Cusco.

This is one of the oldest and most important house in Cusco, dating from colonial times. It belonged to the Maldonado family, one of whose members, Admiral Don Francisco Alderete Maldonado, gave this house its name.

In the facade three elements stand out: the portal, the ajimez or corner window and an upper window with a trefoil arch, all carved in stone. The portal is an outstanding example of cusqueño mannerism, dating from the first half of the seventeenth century. It consists of two fluted Corinthian columns placed next to the door, which has doorjambs adorned with rossettes. These columns support a simple cornice, not a complete entablature, and on top of them two large pinnacles stand. Between the pinnacles, two shields carved in stone flank a small pilaster topped by a human torso dressed in armor. The ajimez is particularly interesting because of the double herma in the corner.

Inside, the house has a large courtyard surrounded by corridors composed by two stories of brick arches over stone columns. The house also served as seat of Cusco Bishop and now it serves as the Inka Museum of the National University of San Antonio Abad.