Arbroath Abbey
Angus, Scotland by Andrew Godsalve 

Founded in 1178 CE by King William the Lion (r.1165-1214), Arbroath was once the wealthiest abbey in Scotland. It’s famous for producing the Declaration Arbroath in 1320 – in which Scotland asserted its independence from England. Following the Protestant Reformation, the abbey fell into ruin. By 1590 it was being raided by nearby villagers for building stones.