On This Day: April 23
  • 1820: The Working Men’s Party, one of the first US pro-labour political parties, founded in New York.
  • 1901: Edward Lam born in the United States. He was a labour lawyer who defended striking workers during 1934 Auto-Lite Strike.
  • 1904: US government splits Montana’s Flathead Indian Reservation into allotments, the “surplus” is then given to white settlers.
  • 1914: The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists by Robert Tressell was first published. A classic of socialist literature.
  • 1918: One-day general strike ends conscription of Irish men into British army during WWI.
  • 1935: Relief camp men parade and demonstrate in Vancouver. Mayor McGeer reads Riot Act and police disperse protesters.
  • 1947: Bernadette Devlin McAliskey born in Ireland.
  • 1955: Singapore Bus Workers’ Union strike at Hock Lee Amalgamated Bus Company workers over long hours and low pay.
  • 1956: The Canadian Labour Congress is formed by merger of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada and Canadian Congress of Labour.
  • 1963: CORE activist William L. Moore is killed in Gadsden, Alabama.
  • 1968: Student protesters at Columbia University take over administration buildings and shut down the university in protest at Vietnam war.
  • 1971: Vietnam veterans protest against the war at the US Capitol in Washington, DC, throw their medals on the steps, and testify to US war crimes.
  • 1977: Battle of Wood Green in London stopped the fascist NF in Haringey.
  • 1979: London police murder teacher and socialist Blair Peach on an anti-fascist demonstration.
  • 1993: Death of César Chávez.