Fitzcarraldo (1984)

Written and directed by Werner Herzog, and starring Klaus Kinski and Claudia Cardinale, the film portrays a fictionalized version of the life of Peruvian businessman Carlos Fitzcarrald. The film’s protagonist tries to establish a rubber plantation–a profitable crop at the time–in an undeveloped area of the Amazon, with the intent to use the plantation’s profits to build an Opera house in the nearby town of Iquitos, in the Peruvian rainforest. The film is notable for the feat of hoisting a 300-ton steamship from one river to another, over a hill, and without the use of special effects, in order to reach the distant unexplored land where Fitzcarraldo wants to set up his rubber plantation. Shot in Peru and Brazil, the film included many of the areas’ indigenous inhabitants as part of its cast and crew, including the people who physically moved the ship across the hill.