Trumpetfish (Aulostomus maculatus)

The trumpetfish is a long-bodied fish with an upturned mouth; it often swims vertically while trying to blend with vertical coral, such as sea rods, sea pens, and pipe sponges. It is widespread throughout the tropical waters of western Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Brazil including the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico.Trumpetfish occur in waters between 0.5 and 30 meters deep, and can grow to 40 to 80 cm in length. Trumpetfish swim slowly, sneaking up on unsuspecting prey, or lying motionless like a floating stick, swaying back and forth with the wave action of the water. They are adept at camouflaging themselves and often swim in alignment with other, larger fishes. They feed almost exclusively on small fish, such as wrasses and Atheriniformes, by sucking them suddenly into their small mouths.

photo credits: Nhobgood

Hagerman Fossil Beds

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Time: 3.5 million years ago, in the Zanclean age of the Pilocene Epoch, Neogene Period, Cenozoic Era, Phanerozoic Eon

Location: Idaho, United States, North America

Environment: A lake area, probably near a plains or grasslike type ecosystem of some sort, given the wide prevalence of the Hagerman’s Horse, one of the few horse genera known to North America prior to the modern era. 


Grebes: Colymbus, indeterminant specimen 

Cormorants & Shags: Phalacrocorax

Rails: Porzana, Gallinula, indeterminant specimen 

Ducks, Geese, & Swans: Cygnus, Chen, Querquedula, Anas, Bucephala, indeterminant 

Cranes: Indeterminant member

Pelicans: Pelecanus

Horses: Equus simplicidens (the Hagerman horse) 

Camels: Camelops

Rodents: Mictomys

Deer: Odocoileus

Elephants & Kin: Mastodon 

There were also many species of sabre tooth cats, bone crushing dogs, fish, frog, vole, and beaver, but for some reason no concise list of taxa is readily available anywhere. 

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