IMPORTANT GLOW TERMS (pt. 2, Biochemistry)

BIOPHOTON: A unit of light emitted from a living organism.

PHOTOPHORE: a light-emitting organ which appears as luminous spots. Includes organs that culture glowing bacteria, that encourage chemical reactions resulting in light, or a digesting organ whose food source glows. 

PHOTOCYTE: a cell that specializes in catalyzing enzymes to produce light

LUCIFERIN:  a generic term for the light-emitting compound found in many organisms that generate bioluminescence via Chemiluminescence.

LUCIFERASE:  The Luciferins that generate bioluminescence AS A RESULT OF OXIDATION.  

P. luminescens:  A type of bacteria that glows. Nicknamed ‘Angels Glow’ back in the civil war, because it also produces antibiotics, and Soldiers whose wounds glowed blue had a higher survival rate. 

A. fischeri: The most common bioluminescent bacteria to form symbiotic relationships with marine animals, in their Photophores. They are found free-floating in most oceans, in low quantities. (found in Hawaiian Bobtail Squid) 

REFLECTINS: Proteins that allow a creature to regulate, intensify, and redirect the light coming from its Photophore. 

DINOFLAGELLATE: A species of single-celled organisms responsible for ‘Bioluminescent Bays’. 18 types of the species are known to create a blue glow when stimulated mechanically

(Read pt. 1 here)