find designers in the middle east

WWII Firearms in Syria Part 2

Part 1

Like so many other conflicts that have been recently waged in the Middle East, every gun of every sort will find its way into the hands of combatants. Sometimes articles of history too.

MAS-36: French bolt-action rifle designed to replace the Berthier and Lebel. The MAS-36 was accepted for service in 1936 and started issue in 1937, but there weren’t sufficient numbers available by the start of WWII or the invasion of France in 1940

About 1.1 million MAS-36s would be produced, most after the war. The MAS-36 would be France’s primary rifle for much of Algeria and the French-Indochina War. Large amounts of MAS-36s can be found in Syria, though their origin in unclear.

MG42: Nazi Germany’s primary GPMG of the war, the MG42 was designed to rplace the more expensive MG34. The MG42 was cheap and effective, made of mostly steel-stampings and possessing a blistering rate of fire.

The MG42 earned the nickname “Hitler’s Buzzsaw” amongst western Allied troops for the sound it made when firing. It was described as something similar to a person tearing a piece of fabric.

Post-war, the MG42 would continue to serve in multiple different militaries. Though renamed and with slight variations, the MG42 has remained largely the same machine to this day.

Iteratives of the MG42 include the German MG1 and MG3, the Swiss MG51 and SIG MG 710-3, the Yugoslavian M53, the Austrian MG74 and the Spanish CETME Ameli. Designe elements from the MG42 would also influence the production of the Belgian FN MAG and American M60.

Mosin-NagantA nearly ubiquitous weapon as the AK series when it comes to irregular warfare, the Nagant served as Russia’s primary rifle from 1890 all the way to 1945, when it was replaced by the SKS and AK series. Not including copies, over 37 million Nagants have been produced.

Virtually every country that received military aid from the Soviet Union, China, and Eastern Europe during the Cold War used Mosin–Nagants at various time. Syria was naturally one of these countries as well as most of its neighbors.

Today, scoped Mosins continue to serve as issue sniper rifles with the Afghan Army, the Iraqi Army and the Finnish Army.

MP40: One of the most recognizable firearms from WWII, the MP40 served as Nazi Germany’s primary submachine-gun for the war. The MP40 was born out of the earlier and almost identical MP38, it was heavily used by infantrymen, paratroopers, platoon and squad leaders.

The MP40s advanced and modern features made it a favorite among soldiers and popular in countries from various parts of the world after the war. It was often erroneously called the “Schmeisser” by the Allies, despite Hugo Schmeisser’s non-involvement. From 1940 to 1945, an estimated 1.1 million were produced.

The curious lip under the barrel is used for stabilizing the weapon when firing over the sides of an APC such as the Sdkfz 251. There’s no barrel shroud or hand guard though, so it was easy to burn one’s self if the weapon is held improperly.

About 200,000 MP40s were captured or surrendered post-war and were then redistributed to the paramilitary and irregular forces of some developing countries. The Norwegian army withdrew the MP38 in 1975, while the MP40 was used for some years more. 

Bonus: DIY 23mm anti-everything rifle!

my (exasperated) followers know that i’ve been binging on riz ahmed of late and a thing he talks about often is the stereotypes he’s expected to play–either straight or in order to subvert them and how there’s the stage where he’s cast just as another dude whose religion or ethnicity don’t factor in majorly. i don’t know if he’s said if bodhi rook falls into that final category, but somehow i don’t think he entirely does. bodhi, after all, was a native of jedha: a place of deep spiritual value in the galaxy and designed in a very distinct hollywood’s-version-of-the-middle-east way. 

there’s something deeply tragic about bodhi’s heroism–he doesn’t really belong in the empire and he finds that he’s not really accepted in the rebellion, either. he got into the business of carting around things for the empire to make a living, and it’s sad to me that he had such a disproportionate burden of guilt–guilt large enough to encompass every injustice the empire has meted out to the galaxy at large and jedha in particular–and that he had to carry it alone almost to the very end. 

he lost his home, defected from the empire, mistrusted by saw and his rebels, without a close friend even in the rogue one crew… in a packed, chaotic film that struggled to give its characters breathing space, the weird tentacle interrogation/torture that bodhi underwent seems extraneous plot-wise, especially considering that it’s never brought up again. but it drove home the quiet tragedy that was bodhi’s arc–his struggle to identify and belong after being displaced (first by the imperial invasion, then by galen’s mission, then by… simply having no home to go to anymore) and not really succeeding. i’m the pilot, he says, and he dies alone on a stolen ship, with barely a second to acknowledge to himself, oh. this is it.

so eventually, ahmed has played (very affectingly) a character caught between two worlds and not really belonging in either of them despite his best efforts, his connections to home untethered and his best intentions fraying at the edges. sounds just a little bit familiar.

As a young girl I wasn’t able to find my desired streetwear. I would always think, why should I be forced to follow a specific format when it comes to street clothing? Why shouldn’t I put on something that is likeable and at the same time doesn’t clash with the Islamic dress code?

For years, Iran’s young women preferred foreign, mostly western clothing brands. That’s starting to change.

Iran’s New Wave of Women Fashion Designers

August 13, 2016: 55 years ago, construction of the Berlin Wall started

On August 13, 1961, East German authorities started the construction of the Berlin Wall. What made them start this tremendous effort to seal off half a city, which cost them big amounts of their already scarce resources?

By the end of the 1950s, the standard of living in East Germany had noticeably fallen behind the West German. This was due to the “economic miracle” in West Germany, but also due to the war reparations required by Russia from East Germany and the inherent weaknesses of the socialist planned economy system. Many East Germans were frustrated that 15 years after the end of the war, they still had to suffer from an economy of scarcity, while their relatives in the west were living in wealth and abundance. They were also dissatisfied with the increasingly restrictive government policy regarding political freedom. Importantly, many owners of private businesses were expropriated and their property socialized. So they went in large numbers to the west, where they hoped for a better future. This loss of working power threatened the already weak East German economy even more.

In response, the East German government had already sealed off the border between the West and East German states, but had spared West Berlin because they feared severe diplomatic consequences due to the involvement of the USA, Great Britain, and France as occupants of West Berlin.

Now, the only open gate for East German refugees was West Berlin, and the people came by tens of thousands each month. In addition, there were East Germans legally working in West Berlin, earning fair amounts of hard currency, but living in the east, where the costs of living were much cheaper. The East German government felt that this circumctance would thwart their attempt to establish an egalitarian socialist society. Rumors that something was going to happen existed throughout the summer of 1961. On June 15, 1961, Walter Ulbricht, head of the East German state, told reporters that “nobody has the intention to build a wall” as the workers of East Berlin were busy building apartment blocks.

In the night from August 12 to August 13, 1961, East German authorities interrupted public transport (suburban rail, underground, trams, and buses) at the border. Suburban rail service, which was operated by the East German railway, was completely stopped. Police and military forces stopped any traffic at the border, no motorized vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians were allowed to pass.

Quickly, barriers were set up, at first consisting only of barbed wire. They were soon replaced by concrete blockades. In some cases, the construction workers were forced to work at gunpoint.

Desperately, people tried to cross the border, mostly from East to West, among them border policeman Conrad Schumann.

As the border fortifications got stronger and stronger, people tried ever more desparate attempts to escape. Some climbed through the windows of houses, whoch belonged to East Berlin, but bordered immediately on a West-Berlin sidewalk. This way, the wall claimed its first victim. 58 year old retiree Ida Siekmann, who had a sister living just a few blocks away in the west, jumped out of the window of her upstairs apartment in a house of which the entrance door and ground floor windows were already walled up. The pillows she had thrown on the sidewalk beneath her were not sufficient to cushion the fall. She was the first of at least 86 victims; the number is probably higher as the East German authorities tried to hide each incident. Most of the victims were refugees, but some were East German border policemen who were killed by refugees, their helpers, the West German police, or – in error – by their own comrades. The first person shot dead was 24 year old Günter Litfin, who tried to swim to the west through the Humboldt Harbor in the very center of Berlin.

A particularly cruel incident happened on August 17, 1962, a year after the wall was built. Peter Fechter was injured by gunfire wille trying to climb over the wall. Unable to move, he desperately cried for help. The West Berlin police was tritrying to help him by throwing bandaging material over the wall, but was otherwise helpless because they were not allowed to enter East German territory. US soldiers feared to cause a military conflict by setting foot on East Berlin ground and refused to help. East German officials remained inactive. The growing crowd of angry and enraged citizens on both sides of the border chanted “murder, murder”, but was soon dispersed by police forces. Peter Fechter, whose cries for help became fainter and fainter, bled to death. His body was removed an hour later by East German border troops.

Meanwhile, the border fortifications were improved and upgraded more and more. Attempts to flee through the sewers were blocked by grids, which had to be inspected regularly for clogging. There were underground lines running underneath East Berlin, but having both of their terminal stations in the west. The East Berlin stations were subsequently closed, sealed off, and the trains were passing without stop. Digging tunnels was counteracted by installing underground microphones. Escapes by cars were made impossible by a specially designed trench. Automatic guns were installed at certain sections. Houses at the border were evacuated and taken down. A church sitting in the middle of the border zone was blasted.

Still, people were trying to find ways across the border, risking their lives. The last person shot was 20 year old Chris Gueffroy while trying to swim through a canal in February 1989. The last victim was Winfried Freudenberg whose self-made hot air balloon crashed over West Berlin territory in March 1989.

On November 9, 1989, this madness came to an end. The wall was quickly removed and is now invisible in most parts of the city and the surroundings. A hiking and bicycle path was set up, following the course of the wall as closely as possible. Few sections remain, parts in very bad state, parts as listed landmarks. The section at Bernauer Straße was made an official memorial. Another part was designed by artisis as the East Side Gallery. Some watchtowers are also still standing. On many places in the city center, it is markes by a double row of cobblestones.

Today, nobody can comprehend the entire brutality of the monstrous structure sealing one half of the city off from its surroundings, separating families and couples, and killing people trying to cross it, not even where its remains are still standing.

anonymous asked:

What are your favorite boutiques to shop in NYC?

  • Cloak and Dagger, 441 East 9th Street 
    Seriously one of the cutest shops I’ve been in. Some of my best one-of-a-kind finds are from here! Oh, and Brookelynn (the owner) is quite possibly the friendliest person ever.  
  • warm, 181 Mott Street
    This is my favorite store in all of Manhattan. Great for the best beach-inspired finds from clothes to the kitchen. 
  • Meg, 312 East 9th Street 
    Beautiful made in New York pieces at an extremely reasonable price. 
  • Love, Adorned, 269 Elizabeth Street
    Literally my go-to when I have NO idea what to get someone as a gift. The shop houses everything from the most amazing vintage jewelry to rosemary cutting board oil and wood sticks that make your home smell amazing (my roommate bought them and our apartment smells like a dream).
  • Erica Weiner, 173 Elizabeth Street
    The delicate jewelry all your loveliest dreams are made of. 
  • Pixie Market, 100 Stanton Street
    I mean, a long-time internet favorite is surely a favorite IRL too. It’s like Topshop, but way cooler. 
  • Pas De Deux, 328 East 11th Street
    It’s like you teleported from a NYC street to a specialized boutique in the middle of Paris, just by walking through one door. No, seriously. 
  • French Garment Cleaners, 85 Lafayette Ave
    While this one’s in Brooklyn, I don’t know how I lived before finding this store. They host some of my favorite designers and brands in one place.
  • catbird, 219 Bedford Avenue
    Also in Brooklyn and you’ve probably been living under a rock if you haven’t heard of ‘em yet. They have the cutest kitty jewelry and I’m pretty sure witches run the shop (in the best way possible).

Happy shopping! xx

6

The Turkish Language Society in Ankara by Cengiz Bektas in 1978. The project is eight storeys tall and houses offices as well as a 400-seat conference room.  These are focused on a central atrium which finds inspiration from the architecture of the old madrasas where the Turkish language was first introduced into the academic sphere. The ornate details commonly seen in the traditional style were eliminated to emphasize the minimalistic beauty in the nature of Turkish architecture. Through this, every surface in the interior becomes a clean canvass for the soft and harsh textures created by natural light.  

DESIGN / BAHRAIN

Around 25 minutes from our hotel and spa in Manama, you will find one of the top tourist attractions in Bahrain, the massive Al-Fateh Mosque. One of the largest mosques in the world (capable of accommodating over 7,000 worshippers), the dome is currently the worlds largest fibreglass dome and is over 60,000 kg in weight. Let our concierge team at Sofitel Bahrain Zallaq Thalassa Sea & Spa be your guide… 

hIYA FRIENDS 

I just started up a blog dedicated to the (fantasy) story ive been working on for the past 8 years!! and im really excited about it :D

BUT

I have trouble finding new blogs to follow that suit what I want to reblog, so after hours of searching im turning to you guys for help

blogs im looking for (ofc all these things can’t be covered by one blog only):

  • fantasy themed/fantasy inspired blogs
  • fashion blogs with clothes fitting for fantasy
  • architecture blogs!!! that posts photos on palaces, temples, churches, castles, ANY building/design that fits into a medieval era. All cultures are fine
  • blogs focusing on middle east/asian culture - photos/architecture/fashion
  • blogs that fit into the elven aesthetic, what that is you decide for yourself
  • fantasy inspired art
  • any blog where I can find “face claims” for characters (or just nice hairstyles)
  • character design 

If you have any ideas, any at all, I would be super grateful if you could send them my way!! All recommendations are appreciated, even if they might not fit perfectly with what I’ve listed above

Thank you all for your time, it means a lot C: feel free to comment, message me or reblog this post with suggestions, also it’s completely fine to recomment your own blog :)