Feast of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Exspectatio Partus B.V.M.)
This feast was celebrated on 18 December by nearly the entire Latin Church until it was removed by Pius X. Owing to the ancient law of the Church prohibiting the celebration of feasts during Lent (a law still in vigour at Milan), the Spanish Church transferred the feast of the Annunciation from 25 March to the season of Advent, the Tenth Council of Toledo (656) assigning it definitely to 18 December. It was kept with a solemn octave. When the Latin Church ceased to observe the ancient custom regarding feasts in Lent, the Annunciation came to be celebrated twice in Spain, viz. 25 March and 18 December, in the calendars of both the Mozarabic and the Roman Rite (Missale Gothicum, ed. Migne, pp. 170, 734). The feast of 18 December was commonly called, even in the liturgical books, “S. Maria de la O”, because on that day the clerics in the choir after Vespers used to utter a loud and protracted “O”, to express the longing of the universe for the coming of the Redeemer (Tamayo, Mart. Hisp., VI, 485). The Roman “O” antiphons have nothing to do with this term, because they are unknown in the Mozarabic Rite. This feast and its octave were very popular in Spain, where the people still call it “Nuestra Señora de la O”. It is not known at what time the term Expectatio Partus first appeared; it is not found in the Mozarabic liturgical books. St. Ildephonsus cannot, therefore, have invented it, as some have maintained. The feast was always kept in Spain and was approved for Toledo in 1573 by Gregory XIII as a double major, without an octave. The church of Toledo has the privilege (approved 29 April 1634) of celebrating this feast even when it occurs on the fourth Sunday of Advent. The “Expectatio Partus” spread from Spain to other countries; in 1695 it was granted to Venice and Toulouse, in 1702 to the Cistercians, in 1713 to Tuscany, in 1725 to the Papal States. The Office in the Mozarabic Breviary is exceedingly beautiful; it assigns special antiphons for every day of the octave. At Milan the feast of the Annunciation is, even to the present, kept on the last Sunday before Christmas. The Mozarabic Liturgy also celebrates a feast called the Expectation (or Advent) of St. John the Baptist on the Sunday preceding 24 June.
O Jesu vivens in María, veni et vive in fámulis tuis, in spíritu sanctitátis tuæ, in plenitúdine virtútis tuæ, in perfectióne viárum tuárum, in veritáte virtútum tuárum, in communióne mysteriórum tuórum, domináre omni advérsæ potestáti, in Spíritu tuo ad glóriam Patris. Amen.
O Jesus, who dost live in Mary, come and live in Thy servants, in the spirit of Thine own holiness, in the fulness of Thy power, in the reality of Thy virtues, in the perfection of Thy ways, in the communion of Thy mysteries, - have Thou dominion over every adverse power, in Thine own Spirit, to the glory of Thy Father. Amen.
By a rescript of October 14, 1859 His Holiness Pope Pius IX granted a 300 DAYS INDULGENCE to all the faithful who with contrite heart and with devotion shall say it.
Hace algunas décadas ver imágenes como estas era impensable, pero ahora gracias a la informática y a las ecografías 4D es posible.
National Geographic presentó el documental “In the womb - Animals” en el que gracias a las mas recientes técnicas de fotografía y video digital, se pudieron conocer los períodos de gestación de 12 animales, algunos del mar como el Tiburón tigre y otros terrestres como el Caballo.