The very first air combat fought by American pilots following the surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor. In less than one hour America struck back in a war that was to end in total victory. As the assault mounted on the Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor, simultaneously the air base at Wheeler Field came under heavy attack. Two young USAAF pilots, Kenneth Taylor and George Walsh, quickly got their P-40 Tomahawks airborne. Winging southwards towards Ewa Field they ripped into a dozen or more enemy planes attacking the marine field. Diving into the formation they each downed ‘Val’ fighter-bombers.
North American F-100 Super Sabre testing the experimental zero-length launch system or zero-length take-off system (ZLL, ZLTO, ZEL, ZELL), a system whereby jet fighters and attack aircraft were intended to be placed on rockets attached to mobile launch platforms for a quick take-off without the need of using a vulnerable airfield.
“A Royal Air Force officer examining a Japanese Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu fighter/ground attack aircraft (known to the Allies as a “Nick”). This was one of a number of aircraft abandoned at Kallang Airport, Singapore.”
The Bf 110 served with success in the early campaigns: the Polish, Norwegian and Battle of France. The lack of agility in the air Bf 110 was their main weakness. This defect was during the Battle of Britain, when some units equipped with Bf 110 aircraft were withdrawn from the battle after suffering heavy losses and redeployed as night fighters, a function that the plane adapted very well. The Bf 110 enjoyed a successful period after the Battle of Britain as an air superiority fighter and attack aircraft on other fronts. During the Balkans Campaign, the Campaign of North Africa and the Eastern Front, he provided valuable air support to the ground troops of the German Army as a potent fighter-bomber (Jabo-Jagdbomber). Later it was developed into a formidable night fighter, becoming the largest aircraft of the Luftwaffe night operations. Most German night fighter aces piloted the Bf 110 at some point in their careers combat, and the greatest night fighter ace of all time, the largest Heinz-Wolfgang Schnaufer, piloted this model only and has allocated 121 victories 164 combat missions
Crew: 2 (pilot and gunner dorsal), 3 (+ radio operator) on the night fighter versions. Length 12.3 m Wingspan: 16.3 m Height: 3.3 m Wing area: 38.8 m² Curb weight: 4,500 kg Loaded weight: 6,700 kg Powerplant: 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 601B-1 V12 liquid-cooled inverted. Power: 809 kW (1,085 HP, 1,100 HP) each. Propellers: 1 × bladed motor. Performance Maximum operating speed (VNO): 560 km / h (348 MPH, 302 kt) Range: 2,410 km (1,301 nmi; 1,498 mi) Ferry Reach 2,800 km (1,512 nmi; 1,740 mi) Service ceiling: 10,500 m (34,449 ft) Wing loading: 173 kg / m Power / weight: 0.3644 kW / kg Armament Machine guns: 5 x 4 x 7.92 mm MG 17 on the nose, with 1,000 missiles each. 1 x 7.92 mm MG 15 mobile gun carriage rear cabin for the dorsal gunner. Guns: 2 × MG FF / M of 20 mm in the nose, with 180 rounds (3 reels 60, burdened by the dorsal gunner and radio operator during the flight).