fight for independence

Just a reminder:

Lin-Manuel Miranda wrote In the Heights to prove that Latinos aren’t knife wielding criminals.

Lin-Manuel Miranda didn’t want to focus on the guy selling drugs on the corner, he wanted to focus on the guy who owns the corner store.

Lin-Manuel Miranda wanted to show Latinos in college.

Lin-Manuel Miranda wanted to show Latinos wishing to change the world.

Lin-Manuel Miranda wanted to show Latino business owners.

Lin-Manuel Miranda wanted to show even though Latino culture is different, we are still legitimate Americans.

Lin-Manuel Miranda set In the Heights happen during July 3rd to July 5th.

Lin-Manuel Miranda shows the barrio celebrating the 4th of July.

Lin-Manuel Miranda also shows the barrio being incredibly prideful of their country of origin.

Lin-Manuel Miranda is saying being proud of one country does not invalidate the love for another.

In the Heights is as much of an American Musical as Hamilton

You can argue all you want that House is what best for New Vegas, or that people would do fine by going independent from both House and NCR. But at the end of the day there is simply no denying that NCR has, for a wasteland standards, a stellar track record in terms of standard of living, and is the only known faction in the entire Mojave to be governed by rule of law. Our government is valid because it is governed by law, instead of a tyrant who doesn’t care if you starve. Since the Mojave doesn’t have an equally valid government by these standards, our prerogative is to share ours with them. Even if they aren’t particularly receptive to this gift.

The 11th House

sun in 11th: determined to reach goals, needs freedom & space, connection with people, passionate humanitarian, sociable, works best in a team/group, idealistic, inspirational

moon in 11th: desires to change the world, busy mind, depends on others, loves discussion, idealistic, warm to others, has big dreams

jupiter in 11th: seeks social connection, enthusiastic, has many ideas, comfortable around people, generous, humorous, supports social movements, can over-do things

mercury in 11th: free minded, sociable, intellectual, group oriented, wants to improve society, open minded, well informed, loves learning, can lose individuality

venus in 11th: logical, thrives on friendship, quirky, sociable, always wants to be different, free spirited in relationships, high hopes, extroverted, positive

mars in 11th: fights for justice, sees the big picture, wants to fix society, knowledgeable, fair, good thinker, finds it difficult to relax, problem solver, lives in the moment

saturn in 11th: high aspirations, resilient, free spirited, need their own space, lone wolf, outcast, feels anxious in crowds, standoffish, slow to trust, feels lonely, gives off a chilled aura, introverted, fears rejection

uranus in 11th: resents the mainstream, creative, innovative, individual, likeable, honest nature, ever-changing mind, wants to make a difference, chaotic life, rebellious, free spirited

neptune in 11th: idealistic, visionary, longs to create the perfect society, extremely compassionate, charitable, artistic, constantly gets their hopes crushed; too hopeful, , influenced too easily by others

pluto in 11th: strong beliefs, ‘knowledge is power’, feels the need to point out flaws in others, gets along with others, large ego, good listener, has high standards, passionate about social ideals, can become paranoid in groups

aries in 11th: sociable, makes friends easily, driven to achieve goals, independent, fights on behalf of others, team leader, active, fast paced, likes trying new things

taurus in 11th: has few close friends, materialistic goals, drawn to trends, follows the crowd, can be too indulgent, relaxed, determined humanitarian, true friend

gemini in 11th: good sense of humour, has lots of friends, hates solitude, works best in a group, discovers power when talking about dreams

cancer in 11th: chooses friends carefully, loves animals, sensitive to emotions of others, homebody, mother hen, defends causes, has fluctuating goals

leo in 11th: leadership qualities, gets inspiration from friends, unique, likes attention, shines in a group, star quality, admired by others

virgo in 11th: hates large groups, good at planning, health conscious, modest, has reachable goals, down to earth

libra in 11th: diplomatic, sociable, indecisive, individual, extroverted, humanitarian, can easily form connections, searches for balance in relationships, idealistic, has high hopes for others; can get disappointed by others

scorpio in 11th: introverted, faces fears with friends, private, takes things for granted, can be closed minded, passionate about social causes,

sagittarius in 11th: has good luck, wide range of friends, explores ideas with other people, wants to know the ‘truth’ about life, needs freedom, can be discriminative, thinks they are better than others

capricorn in 11th: dislikes crowds, prefers to be alone, socialises to gain status, everything is business, can be too serious, strategic, may be in a shell, wallflower, has ambitious goals

aquarius in 11th: outgoing demeanour, rebellious, tends to be tech savvy, has innovative ideas, eccentric, sociable, can be aloof, head in the clouds, truth-oriented, progressive, magnetic

pisces in 11th: sensitive, emotional, generous towards friends, self pitying, can lose identity in a group, martyr for a cause, artistic, wants to help the less fortunate

i think one of the reasons that i like cal so much is that he has ambitions and goals and dreams outside of mare

US: *invades over 70 countries, installs fascistic or conservative west-supporting government through covert support of a reactionary coup in order to fight post-colonial economic independence or communism or something, encourages and applauds the restriction of civil rights as long as they target civil rights that wouldve been expanded under a revolutionary government*
US: damn why are all those non white countries so anti-woman and anti-gay. we need to invade them to fix this

The Situation in Catalonia right now

Ok so I think this is important.

As you may (or may not) know, Catalonia is a “Spanish province” which has been fighting for independence for many years. There have always been people opposed to this (both people living in Catalonia as people living in Spain) but the truth is, a referendum was organised today in order to vote.

Now you all know how Democracy™ works, right? The Catalans actually have THE RIGHT to vote for independence and organise a referendum for that purpose. But, the Spanish constitution doesn’t give them that power. So if the Spanish government decides that Catalunya can’t hold a referendum, that’s it. Still, a lot of Catalans feel that democracy should rule over the constitution. I mean - sure. Some people want to vote YES and others NO… and that’s okay… both options are okay… the thing is, Spain took away their - our - right to vote.

October the first (1-O) has become an historical day for Catalonia. Just last week the Guardia Civil (Spanish police) was sent in masses towards Catalunya to “control all the violence the voting would present on 1-O”. The Catalan president, Carles Puigdemont, told everyone to remain calm… we were going to vote and we were going to do so in peace. There would be no riots, no open war - just peaceful demonstrations. Spain forbade the Catalans from having the referendum and ordered the Mossos d'Esquadra (Catalan police) to see that all the schools where the votings would take place remained shut during this historical day.

The Mossos refused. Of course they did, that order wasn’t even legal. But this morning, when Catalans came to vote peacefully, the Spanish police intervened and did a few of the following things:

- Stand guard in front of schools so that no one could vote.

- March up to people who tried to vote and hurt them.

- Use weapons like rubber bullets which are ILLEGAL in Catalunya.

- Beat people up, pull their hair, throw them down stairs, send them rolling across the street and kicking them in the guts.

- Beat up old people and leave them bleeding.

And many other horrible things. This was a peaceful act of democracy from the Catalans. The Spanish police had no right to do this… No one has the right to do this ever.

The Spanish are not to blame. Their government is. Many Spaniards were horrified today when they heard about what was happening. This is bigger than the independance… it’s about the right to vote either one thing or the other without being afraid for your life.

At 8 pm the votes closed and they’re counting right now. As someone who wants independance, I sure hope the final result will be YES. But it’s going to be real scary from now on.

I wanted to spread some awareness because to be honest, no one seems to know this is even going on right now.



The results aren’t known yet but I’ll keep this updated.

The toll of wounded people is higher than the international news is telling you.

Careful with the information on American TV. Trump supports the Spanish government. Information may not be 100% accurate. Remember: the Catalans did not commit an act of violence. The Spanish government did.

Update: Yes 2.020.144 No 176.566 Blank 45.585 Null 20.129
  • you: I was so disappointed when I realized "Miss Independent" was about a girl falling in love with a guy. ://///
  • me, an intellectual: pop/R&B power anthem "Miss Independent" by Kelly Clarkson (2003) is about a woman who was abused and neglected as a child finally finding someone she trusts enough to let her walls down around and taking her life in her own hands, refusing to let her future be defined by what she's suffered through in the past.
Mars in the Houses

1st House: Strong sexual and confident energy around them, openly agressive and probably have a hard time walking out of a fight, fiery personality, courageous, independent, youthful and daring. Explosive and assertive, they consider spontaneity something essential. 

Originally posted by theprincesscollection

2nd: House: Ambitious when it comes to making money or acquiring possessions and prefer a slow pace when they’re at it, they can become explosive when they feel insecure and defend their values fervently. Possessive. When they see something they want they’ll do anything to get it. Can be careless with money and prone to addictions.

Originally posted by nitratediva

3rd House: They speak their mind eagerly and can get worked up when people don’t agree with their ideals, they like to share their knowledge (maybe a little too much) and can be very inspiring when they want to. Curious. They have no problem expressing their anger verbally. Focus all their energy in communication.

Originally posted by sumusboni

4th House: Intense emotions concerning their household, protective of their family but maybe holds grudges against them, volatile and sensitive. Relationships may be short lived or mainly sexual. Strong of spirit, don’t let anything bring them down. Prone to burying their anger, even when they feel it deeply. They feel more energetic at home.

Originally posted by mavietresgaie

5th House: Strong sense of pleasure and actively pursue romance, making them usually take the first step. Puts a lot of energy into the search of pleasure and entertainment. Playful, dramatic and affectionate.  Changes of partners often, discipline is hard for them and they can be childish. Needs freedom. Very creative.

Originally posted by optimistkitty

6th House: Born workaholics. Loners, teams irritate them. They get upset when people criticize their job, making them a bit intolerant. Very skilled at organizing and logical abilities. Always trying their best because of their impatience for success. They put all of their energy on their work. Rutinary people.

Originally posted by huffingtonpost

7th House: The native’s spouse will be of an eruptive and competitive nature. They might also be that way too. They consider their partner’s body of huge importance and will probably do activities of excitement and risk with them. They do not like dealing with the law and might be on court more than once. A strong sexual energy lies within them.

Originally posted by gifworld13

8th House: Intense feelings, desires and act on their emotions. They might be reckless or show little fear towards death. They have trouble with love and shared money. They can act impulsively, based on their instincts and are very closed off about their childhood. They put their energy into the occult and helping others.

Originally posted by unfollo-weed

9th House: Open minded, sexually playful and energetic. Blunt and optimistic. They know what they want to achieve in life and pour all their energy into it. Usually get heated on arguments about their thoughts and ideals. Sex is important for them. Passionate and have a love for travelling. Prone to big egos.

Originally posted by tourmalinekai

10th House: Success is their fuel, they are natural leaders and they desire to be admired by their intellect. Very serious even as children, they only aimed to the future. Their father figure might have been problematic for them. Probably have to work on their superiority attitude.

Originally posted by wifflegif

11th House: Sociable. They complete their ambitions through networking with people. In order for them to feel like they belong somewhere they have to be seen as unique by others. They feel the need to achieve something no one else has and need excitement in their lives.  

Originally posted by aamazing-endless-love

12th House: Energy is stifled and there’s a fear of assertion. People might have not encouraged them very much. They tend to work in secret and act behind the scenes. They have a tendency to think rather than act. With time they will come to believe in themselves, but for that they have to work on their self-steem and confidence. Maybe they see sexuality as a taboo.

Originally posted by effystonemskins42

Casual reminder that even if Algeria did obtain its official independence the 5th of July 1962, France kept its economic advantages, by keeping its control on oil production (read about the “code pétrolier saharien”) and that even if what the french army did was a crime against humanity, no french soldiers or politicians were ever condemned. 

To this day, french crimes are still unpunished. France still has power on its “ex” colonies. France still have actual colonies. We can celebrate the 5th of July, but let’s not forget that the fight for total independence still isn’t over.

An important message. Now I personally don’t think TF2 is out to be sexist, because frankly they make fun of masculinity left and right. It just makes fun of that time period in general!

However, I’d like to see more from Zhanna, Yana, Bronislava, Miss Pauling, the Administrator, Heavy’s Mom, Scout’s Mom, Demoman’s Mom, Olivia and Maggie! (*cough*MaybeSomeFemMercs?*cough*) 

But quite simply, I just wanted to draw a quick Zhanna because she’s amazing, beautiful and crazy! I love her. 

Also I do ship her with Soldier. They’re one of my main OTPs. ≧◡≦

Research:Large to Small Scale, Avoiding Homogenizing East Asian Cultures, & Paralleling Regions Appropriately

I’m currently working on a project set in a secondary world, but with nations that roughly correspond to major cultures in our world. 

By that I mean I’m trying to create amalgamations of cultural groups. For example, one country corresponds to Germanic cultures, one to Celtic, one to Mediterranean. There are, so far, also countries that correspond to Eastern Asia - a mixture of Japanese, Chinese and Korean, mainly - South America, “Arab countries” and so on. My first question, in that regard, would be whether or not this concept - creating a “vibe” that reads Eastern Asian, for example, but is not one specific culture - is offensive and if it is, what I can do to solve it. 

The project I’m working on makes use of so called FaceClaims, which means that, for example, actors are used to represent fictional characters. If I based the country on China alone, then I could only use Chinese FCs and would thus greatly limit the representation. A solution I thought of was to have each country be inofficially split up in itself, so the “East Asian” country would have a “Chinese” region, a “Korean” region and so on.
Secondly, I have a desert region that I thought would be nice for an “African” (I am very much aware that there is no such thing as an “African culture”, so bear with me) cultural group. For this “country”, I thought of a loose union between different nations of people. There, I’m stuck - should I choose one region in Africa, let’s say West Africa, and base each nation on one specific peoples there? Or should I create my own “African-inspired” cultures? Or should I choose cultures from all around Africa and base a nation on each?

My third question goes along a similar line: The “cultures” I have chosen for the countries are by far not all there are in the world. There is no country for Native Americans, for example, none for South-Eastern Asians (unless I integrate them with my “India”), no Central Asian, etc. I know it is impossible to include all cultures there are in the world, but how do I choose which ones to represent in a concept like mine? I don’t want to exclude them, but I simply cannot create as many countries as there are cultural groups.

One possible solution I thought of specifically refers to Jewish people, since I feel it is important to represent them more in fantasy writing. My current idea was to have their story go similar to that of our world: Exile, long travels, and a split into groups, one of which would be the Ashkenazim, living somewhere near the Germanic country, and the other would be the Sephardim, which I imagined to live in between the “Arab” and “African” country, in a semi-autonomous city-state. But is it offensive to adapt what happened to the Jewish people in a secondary world or should I make it so that they have a more positive past and life, no exile like there was in our world? As far as I know, the exile is an important part of Jewish identity and cultural understanding, but I thought I’d ask anyway.

I’m going to preface this that some of this wording might sound very harsh, but I recognize you are genuinely asking out of a place of respect but you just aren’t sure what the best way to respect the world’s diversity is. The problem is it’s still not quite respectful enough, and shows sometimes glaring ignorance of nuances in the region.

I would also like to remind people that just because your exact question hasn’t been answered to the full scope you’re looking at, doesn’t mean you can’t get an answer as a whole. For example, we’ve discussed the concept of how and when to mix different cultures in the East Asian tag. Shira will cover your questions regarding Jewish representation below. 

However, I’m going to specifically tackle this from a research and worldbuilding perspective, primarily talking about a history of forced homogenization and how to avoid recreating colonialism/imperialism.

Notes on Language and False Equivalences

For starters, basically all of these groups are too broad. By a long shot. Either they flatten sometimes dozens to thousands of cultures (“Native American country” is in the thousands, “West Africa” is in the hundreds, “China, Japan, Korea” is in the dozens, if not hundreds, same deal with India). This language use makes people pretty uncomfortable, because it implies that the basis is stereotypes. It implies you haven’t done research, or, at least, haven’t done enough. When discussing nuance, it’s best to imply you understand there is nuance— like you did with Africa and Jewish culture, but neglected to do everywhere else.

You also go very broad with all non-European cultures, but narrow down a general homogeneous part for your European analogues, by picking Germanic and Celtic.

This double standard is something that is exactly what we try to draw attention to at WWC: to our ears, it sounds like “I’m taking Germanic peoples for Europe, but I’m going to mix three East Asian countries because those two regions have the equivalent amount of sameness that I can pass it off.”

While that sounds specific to just you, it’s not. We’ve received this type of question dozens of times in the past and it’s a general cultural attitude we’ve faced lots and lots and lots of times. Western society makes you think the equivalence is equal, because they’ve flattened all non-European countries with the single broadest brush, but it’s not.

I would also caution you on relying on media images for face claims, because media images only represent the idealized version of beauty. We’ve written multiple description guides that point out how much variety exists within all ethnic groups and how people seeing us as all the same is a microaggression.

You are right that you can’t tackle all of the world’s diversity into your worldbuilding, because, well, there is so much. The core of your question is basically how to narrow it down, which is what I’m going to tackle.

My suggestion is twofold: 

  1. Research big, top level things, over a few centuries— namely, keep track of empires that have tried to take over places and look at what groups Western society lumps together when it spreads multiple regions.
  2. Build small with a focus on a very specific place and group— namely, pick the smallest possible region you can and see what you have to build from there.

Researching Big

Researching big helps you catch what not to flatten, or at least, where flattening might be reinforcing situations that a government perpetuated. I’m going to focus on East Asia since that’s the bulk of your question, and it’s also where I’ve spent some time worldbuilding. The principles apply to all groups you’re trying to research.

East Asia— namely Japan, Korea, and China, although that is an oversimplification itself— is composed of two empires: China and Japan. This makes homogenization extremely risky because you’re touching two nerves of countries trying to take over in very recent history.

China has taken over a very large swath of land over centuries, and still has independence fights to this day from their recent history. As a result, they have both a roughly overreaching culture because the empire is so old, and a very fractured culture with over 50 recognized ethnic groups. When you think of “Chinese” you usually think of the dominant Han Chinese, but because of its old empire roots you can get a giant variety. In modern day, some provinces have kept their individual culture, while others have been part of China for so long there is a general “sameness” to them that can capture the flare you want.

Japan’s imperialism is similarly recent, only ending in 1947, and it left wounds across the Pacific (including Korea, China, Taiwan, the Philippines, and Malaysia). Many of their actions are classified as war crimes. They’ve also erased their own Indigenous population by insisting only one ethnicity lived in the country. Both of these factors make mixing Japan into an “East Asian” mix tricky. Japan’s culture, while heavily impacted by China and Korea, is pretty distinct because of its island status.

Big research also lets you see the neighbouring areas at a time borders might not have been the same. For example, in the 1600s, China was much smaller because the Manchu External Expansion hadn’t happened yet. As a result, places we now think of as “Chinese” actually weren’t, and you’ll have to account for these differences in your worldbuilding. You can determine this by looking up historical maps/empires, which might require book research (libraries are wonderful).

This does not mean you can ignore recent history, however. Because the story is set in modern day, people will be viewing it through a modern lens. You need to research both the modern and the historical context in order to understand how to go about crafting a respectful world.

So that’s stuff you would’ve discovered by big research. By tracking empire movements, you can see where old wounds are and what historical contexts exist within whatever region you’re pulling from. If you take North America, you can see how each individual tribe is cast aside in favour of settler stories; in Africa, you can see how multiple empires wanted to plunder the land and didn’t care who it was; in the Middle East, you can see both the recent military involvement, the historical Ottomans, and the historical Persians.

Build Small

You can also see what empires influenced their regions for long enough to create a similar-ish culture throughout multiple regions, which can help you extract the essence you’re looking for. I would add a very large caution to only do this for historical empires where those who suffered under the regime are not fighting in present day/ have living memory of it (such as incorporating too much of England, France, or Spain in the Americas, along with the two examples above).

Now you can build small. If you wanted to give a sense of, say, coastal China with a heavy amount of trade, you can pick a major port city in China and figure out the pluralism in relation to that city. What parts identify it as Chinese (architecture, governance, food, general religious practices— folklore changes by region, but the general gist of practices can remain similar enough to get a vibe), and what parts are borrowed from a distinct enough culture they’re noticeably different?

By going from a city level, you can imply pluralism by throwing in asides of differences “out there” that shows you’ve thought about it, without cramming your world full of cultures you can’t fit in the plot. You can then also narrow down what to include based on map proximity: if there’s an easy sea or land path to an Egyptian analogue, you’re probably going to at least hint at it. This is a known historical trade, btw. Egyptian blue and Han purple are made of similar substances, pointing to an ancient cultural link.

You can research this by simply googling the country and looking under its history in Wikipedia. If you look up “China”, you can see “Imperial Unification” as one of its history points. “Japan” similarly gets you the Meiji period. Turkey shows the Ottoman empire. You can also look up “empires in [region]” that will give you a similar overview. This even works for places you don’t think have historical empires, such as North America (the pre-colonization section notes several).

This also is a starting place for what the borders would’ve been during any given time period, and gives you places to potentially factor in military involvement and recent strife. This is where modern research comes in handy, because you can get an idea of what that strife looked like.

Hope this gives you an idea how to go about worldbuilding a diverse population, and how to avoid paralleling recent wounds. 

~ Mod Lesya

Regarding Your Jewish Characters

I think it’s valid to reflect our real history in fantasy although if you dwell too much on the suffering aspects and not the “richly varied cultural traditions” aspects you’ll probably lose some of us because suffering-porn written from the outside gets old fast (if you’re Jewish yourself you 200% have the right to write this, of course.) Human Jewish characters living in pockets in fake-northern-Europe and fake-Mediterranea and fake-North-Africa (or even Fake China and Fake India; we’re there, too) is actually injecting some well-needed historical accuracy back into a genre that’s been badly whitewashed, gentilewashed, etc by imagining a Europe where nobody but white gentiles existed until they conveniently popped into existence during whatever era the writer thinks is appropriate.

In other words, if your fake Germany has a Jewish neighborhood in its largest city, that’s a way of making pseudo-European fantasy more realistic and less -washy, and is overall a good move, despite the fact that the destruction of the temple is the reason we were in Germany in the first place. (I mean… it’s not like you’re planning on sitting there writing about Tisha b'Av itself, right? You don’t have to say “And the reason there are Jews here is because a bazillion years ago, we wound up getting scattered” just to have Jews.)

By the way, having myself written secondary-world fantasy where entire countries, plural, get to be majority-Jewish, and 100% free of on-screen antisemitism, I think both ways are valid.