female heads of state

Today in 1952, Elizabeth Windsor became Queen Elizabeth II. After 65 years she is now the world’s oldest reigning monarch as well as Britain’s longest-lived. In 2015, she surpassed the reign of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, to become the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state in world history.

en.wikipedia.org
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir - Wikipedia

Vigdís Finnbogadóttir [ˈvɪɣtis ˈfɪn.pɔɣaˌtoʊhtɪr] ( listen) (born 15 April 1930) served as the fourth President of Iceland from 1 August 1980 to 1996. She was the world’s first democratically directly elected female president. With a presidency of exactly sixteen years, she also remains the longest-serving elected female head of state of any country to date. Currently, she is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador, and a Member of the Club of Madrid. She is also to-date Iceland’s only female president.

Born To Die - Chapter IIII

Born To Die Masterlist

Pairing: Reader x Sam
Summary: Arrogant. Selfish. A bitch. That’s how Dean would describe the reader in this story. She refuses to work with anyone but herself and trusts no one except her own gun. But can the Winchesters crack her? Will they figure out what she’s running away from? Where did she get those scars and who is this Brandon guy?
Warning: being held hostage, choking, near death experience… 

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Michelle, Malia and Sasha Obama travel abroad to promote ‘Let Girls Learn’ initiative

On Monday, the first lady — who brought along her daughters, Sasha, 15, and Malia, 17, and her mother, Marian Robinson — landed in Liberia. “This is the special girl-power unit of the Obama household,” she said. “We left the president behind because he’s a boy.” The family was welcomed to the West African country with a red carpet and traditional dancers.

Following the announcement that the United States would be providing $27 million in aid for the expansion of the “Let Girls Learn” Peace Corps program in the country as well as a meeting with Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the first elected female head of state in Africa, the Obamas moved on to Morocco.

On the second leg of the first family’s tour, they were met by actresses Frieda Pinto and Meryl Streep for a panel discussion moderated by CNN’s Isha Sesay in Marrakesh and delivered even more money to help some of the 62 million girls worldwide who are lacking access to formal education.

The last part of the six-day trip will be in Spain, where Mrs. Obama will deliver a speech.

The message the first lady is trying to get across during this trip is: “You have the power, right now, to step up and be a champion for those 62 million girls who aren’t in school. You have everything you need right now to raise awareness about their stories and to support their efforts to get an education.” (Lauren Tuck/Yahoo Style)

Photos: (from top) Balkis Press/Sipa, AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza, Pablo Cuadra/Getty Images,  Francisco Gomez, AP Photo/Francisco Seco, Casa Real Pool Photo via AP, Europa Press/Europa Press via Getty Images

See more images of Michelle, Malia and Sasha on Yahoo News

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (b. 1938) is the current president of the African nation of Liberia. Currently serving her second term, she had become the first elected female head of state in Africa upon first assuming office in 2006.

In 2011 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her ‘non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights’. During her first days in office, she issued an order which made elementary school free and compulsory throughout the country. Also, in 2010, she signed the Freedom of Information Bill, becoming the first African country with such legislation.

Methodology: The report’s Gender Gap Index ranks countries according to calculated gender gaps. The assumption is that women are strictly disadvantaged compared to men and as such, only measures where women are traditionally disadvantaged to men are used. Information about gender imbalances to the advantage of women is explicitly prevented from affecting the score.[1] So, for example, the indicator “number of years of a female head of state (last 50 years) over male value” would score 1 if the number of years was 25, but would still score 1 if the number of years was 50. Due to this methodology, gender gaps that favor women over men are reported as equality.

Tarja Halonen (b. 1943) was the President of Finland from 2000 to 2012, serving as the country’s first female head of state. She is known for her very high approval ratings (88%) and advancement of human rights, particularly LGBT rights.

She has also served as a minister and member of parliament, and was the chairman of Seta, the main LGBT rights organization in Finland. Also thanks to her, the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland now accepts female priests.

Zewditu I was Empress of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930. The first female head of an internationally recognized state in Africa in the 19th and 20th centuries, her reign was noted for the reforms of Tafari Makonnen (later Emperor Haile Selassie I) and for her strong religious devotion.

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“The democratic right to choose the next slave master,

these are tools to make the slaves work faster.”

Biko MC also known as Stephen Mutsaurwa Chisuvi from Zimbabwe, a poet, hip-hop artist and anarchist is waging a war with words on the status quo in Zimbabwe.

The video has been shot by Boniface Mwangi on a backstreet avoiding crowds and possible arrest, while in the past he has been persecuted for his political ideas expressed in his poetry, music and activism.

Stephen Mutsaurwa Chisuvi became politically active back in 2001 fighting against the privatization of his college. In 2005 he helped start the Uhuru network that funds educational programs.

——–Lyrics———–

“Biko MC - Waging War On The Status Quo”

I don’t battle MCs, I battle with the government,
kidnap the MPs and burn down the parliament,
my punchlines will overthrow the president,
I’m a bulldozer going through impediments,
transfer the power from the state to the residents,
bomb cop stations and destroy all the evidence,
this bourgeois democracy is just another pestilence,
these are not my views, but the working class sentiment,
I express myself in spite of the censorship,
I’m a war veteran fighting the dictatorship,
my thoughts are anarchy, my words are hardcore,
disturbing the peace, waging war on the status quo,
cause I’m the anti capitalistic, anarchistic, activist gone ballistic,
anti capitalistic, anarchistic, activist gone ballistic.

A Bhobho lion, Babylon won’t give me a visa,
cause I’m a Toyi toyi teacher and a pro-Zapatista,
Anti-capitalista, I’m the counter-culture,
I’m rooted in the spirit like a Shona sculpture,
I refuse to lose, used, fused to propaganda,
X on the ballot so we struggle no longer,
the shit-stem keeps on coming on stronger,
Uncle Bob, Uncle Sam or another Uncle Tom,
we remain the same, poor and unemployed,
a black president or a female head of state,
another window dresser seals the working class fate,
the democratic right to chose a new slave-master,
these are cosmetic changes to make the slave work faster,
so until the power is in the hands of the people,
I’ll be in the streets chanting change.
Still a rebel.

swanjolras  asked:

mal, will you talk publicly about how much you hate henry viii and why, i am laughing like hell at your tags and want to see you rant please

CAN I EVEN GIVE YOU AN ANSWER THAT IS NOT, HENRY VIII IS ABSOLUTE TRASH, HE IS THE FLARED MOM JEANS FROM THE NINETIES, WHY HAVEN’T WE AS A CULTURE COLLECTIVELY ERASED HIM FROM OUR MEMORY I KNOW IF WE GO BACK IN TIME AND MURDER HIM THE ANGLICAN CHURCH WOULDN’T EXIST, AND LIKE, IDK CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY MAYBE, BUT SERIOUSLY, FIRSTLY, LOOK AT THIS FACE

god, don’t you just want to punch it. look at his stupid, strangely bare forehead, his weak fucking eyebrows, that smug asshole, don’t you just want to punch this stupid fucking face. 

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policymic.com
America Is Ranked 23rd in This Major Gender Gap Global Index. The Solution Is Ridiculously Simple.

Since 2006 the World Economic Forum has annually released the Global Gender Gap Index to provide a perspective on economic, political, educational and health-related gender disparities around the world. Since the United States is, after all, the land of the free, one would think that we’d rank highly. Yet the U.S. was ranked 23rd out of 136 countries in 2013, far behind five-year front-runner Iceland.

In fact, the U.S. scores were fairly lousy on several indices, including being ranked 40th for labor force participation, 67th for wage equality and having one of the highest rates of maternal mortality for a developed nation. Political empowerment scored no better, with America earning a big fat zero in the “years with female head of state” category. To put it plainly, if our nation was a basketball team, we’d be the Duke of this year’s March Madness.

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Are women better off now than they were 20 years ago?

In 1995, world leaders agreed to a road map to elevate the status of women and achieve gender equality. But as delegates gather at the United Nations in New York to begin reviewing the progress made since then, women are still fighting for their rights. 

A pair of new studies puts that in sharp relief. The first found that more than 170 countries still have laws and policies on the books that end up denying women and girls the same rights and protections enjoyed by men. 

Another found that fewer than 20 have female heads of state or government, according to another review. Although women make up about half the global population, they account for only about 1 in 5 members of parliament. Half of all women are in paid employment, and wage disparities are a universal problem.

Learn more, and see world maps illustrating policy issues in different countries, here.

anonymous asked:

I think you might benefit from a more nuanced understanding of structures of privilege and oppression. "Inverting" genders in these posts doesn't make comparative statements because of the power dynamics that exist in patriarchal society. It's like taking a cat and a mouse and telling the mouse it's got to put up with the behaviour of the cat while also not saying anything critical about the cat because that would be nasty, even though the cat's literally trying to eat the mouse.

Luckily, this blog doesn’t tell people how to interpret the posts or what to take away from the exercise. If reading the blog reenforces the beliefs that you already have, then that is your taking of it, and I’m not going to insist that it should be different, whether I agree or not.

Speaking of which… I will however say that (particularly for standalone-opinion posts like “I hate women” or “Men should be killed” or whatever) not everything is based on power dynamics, and that people, no matter what demographics they belong to, are individuals. Hearing that you, because of factors that you cannot control, are considered to be a certain way, is something that you may take personally, and it’s perfectly reasonable to be. Being part of a demographic that contains people who are well-off doesn’t offer any kind of aura of protection just by association. There isn’t any hive mind for somebody to tap into and feel reassured.

There is also the fact that male and female, which this blog centers on, have each both made up roughly 50% of the population each for… well, for as long as people have been around, in almost every time and place in history. This means that, unlike sexualities, races, ethnicities, etc, both men and women have been shaped by societal expectations and stereotypes. Some are seen as more desirable in certain times and situations, and I’d agree that for men the highs have generally been higher (similarly, the lows have been lower). Women have historically tended to occupy a more middle ground: protected, but restricted.

The point being that it’s not as simple as “this gender has nothing, this gender has everything”: men and women have advantages and disadvantages in different ways, and by focusing on one a different set of advantages/disadvantages a similar, “reverse” argument can be made. One example is, looking back at the “women occupy a middle ground” statement, that there are certainly more male CEOs and heads of state than there are female. However, there are also more male homeless and incarcerated than female.
This isn’t to say “It’s even, so stop complaining”, just that to only focus on the top half is misleading. It would be as dishonest to focus only on the bottom half, and talk about how good women have it, because of the resources available to victims of violent crime, the fact that we naturally and normally care more about female victims than male ones, that women get lesser jail sentences and certain exceptions from crimes that men do not, that men have higher suicide rates across every age group, that male-specific cancers tend to receive less funding, that unlike women men do not have a powerful movement for their human rights that governments are influenced by, etc.
This is talking of the Western world, where most if not all of these posts are based on and with those dynamics, and where, to me, describing the culture as a “patriarchy” doesn’t sound right, when considering the societies where women genuinely are deprived of certain rights that others have: they may not have the right to education, freedom of marriage and divorce, the right to travel, to own property, to run businesses, or have the protection of the law. Calling a society where women have all of those things (and more!) that are also available to men, is honestly borderline insulting, trying to paint women’s lives here as equally lacking as they may be elsewhere.

Again, this is not a claim that, say, misogyny in the West isn’t real, that women’s problems there are minor, or what have you. Just that it is not as simple as “oppressor and oppressed”, or “cat and mouse”. Women are not all mice. Men are not all cats. To describe it like that is not only dismissive of all the men who aren’t showered with benefits and free passes just for being male (most of them!) but also patronizing to the women who recognize and enjoy the freedom in their lives, who don’t live in fear of men, or see them as their superiors, who run their own lives and marry who they want and have every legal right that men have (and again, that’s most of them!).

As I stated before, though, that’s just my take on the whole thing, and isn’t what this blog is about. What people take from these inversions will vary from person to person, which is part of the whole thing and what I find interesting, hence the reblogging of what others say about it.

It does seem a bit crazy when you think of it: When so many other nations have women presidents, why doesn’t the United States? Margaret Thatcher was elected prime minister of Great Britain three times. Argentina, Iceland, the Philippines, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Finland, Ireland, Liberia, Chile, and South Korea have elected female heads of state. Yet the United States, presumably one of the most progressive countries in the world, lags dismally behind.
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What Will It Take to Make a Woman President, Marianne Schnall