federer commercial

chaos-online  asked:

I saw on a post of yours earlier, you mentioned being an archeologist. I've always thought about getting into archeology as a career, but I don't much about it. I don't know what the work is like or how it pays. May I ask you a few questions about it? What kind of jobs are there? What kind of degree do you need to get an archeology job? How easy is it to get one. As an archeologist, what do you do? How easy is it to find work in the field? Thanks so much for everything you do, I love your blog!

My answers are going to be in the context of the United States because that is where I am and what I am familiar with. This may vary depending on other countries.

What kind of jobs are there?

There are primarily two kinds of jobs for archaeology: commercial and academic. Commercial archaeology primarily consists of Cultural Resource Management (CRM). CRM is when companies go in to assess the archaeological and historical significance of a construction or work area before construction or work can begin. These kinds of projects are normally done for state and federal projects or commercial projects that involve the state or federal government. Most of the work consists of surveying, digging test pits, and doing limited salvage work before construction/work begins. If the survey, test pits, and salvage work uncover something truly important and significant, the construction/work project has to work around the designated area. This could mean reducing a highway, moving the location of a building, and not putting up an oil well.

Academic archaeology focuses on research, but you must be affiliated with a university, museum, historic park, etc. While academic archaeology may focus on research, often you must do other things like teach classes, design and set up exhibits, write reports to the government, etc. For academic archaeology you do much less field work. If you become a professor your time is split into thirds. One third is teaching and all its trappings, one third is grant writing, and one third is field work including excavation and lab analysis. Somehow you have to fit in writing articles for high impact journals, book chapters, or entire books to ensure that you can get tenure or just hold onto your position.

What kind of degree do you need to get an archeology job?

If you do just CRM all you need is a Bachelor’s. But you will be restricted to seasonal and part time work forcing you to move around the country chasing jobs to pay off your bills and student loans. You can move up to being a crew chief in which you oversee teams of people in CRM, but you need a Master’s. If you get a PhD you can become a Private Investigator (PI) for a CRM company. You may be able to publish some of your work, but you also handle working with companies to meet their needs and requirements for archaeological work in accordance with the law.

For academic archaeology you need a PhD. You cannot really do anything else without it.

How easy is it to get one?

A BA is easy, usually four years. A Master’s takes work and can be as little as two years to more. A PhD takes a lot more work and you are looking at 4+ years.

As an archeologist, what do you do?

I’m pursuing the academic route. So what I do is design research questions to answer using data collected from the field. This can be my own data or I can do a secondary data analysis on data collected by others. 

Typical work consists of finding a site, mapping the site, placing test pits for potential excavation units, digging said excavation units, carefully documenting soil levels, soil changes, and the presence of artifacts within the unit, analyzing recovered material, and publishing a paper on your findings. The same hold true for CRM, though there may be less lab work and publishing depending on the project budget.

How easy is it to find work in the field?

For CRM it can vary. Sometimes years are booming and CRM companies are in desperate need of field workers. Other years it seems as though the only jobs available are those that require a MA or above. On top of that you have to scramble around for work. A couple months in Nevada, two weeks in Texas, three months in Tennessee, two months of no work, three works in Utah, etc. It is not a field with regular work opportunities.

The academic route is … depressing. Even if you go through all the hurdles and get your PhD there is a slim chance of finding a university position and an even slimmer chance that the position you get pays well and is a tenure track position. I don’t like to think about it.

This is the reality of archaeological work. It is bleak, depressing, and sad. As important as some of the work is and as interesting as some findings can be, there never seems to be enough public support to help drive and fund more archaeological work. If you want to get into archaeology you have to want to do it more than anything else. You have to be at peace that you’ll have a massive amount of student debt. That you’ll be poor for 10+ years after high school while you try and get a PhD. That you may be left behind while everyone else is buying a house, starting a family, and living life. 

As bleak as that sounds, the pure thrill of finding something, of doing an analysis that answers a question, the excitement of learning something new about humanity and its past, the light that flares up in someone else’s eyes as they learn something new and get excited about it makes all of that bleakness melt away. At least, it does for me. And that’s why I chose this path and why I started this blog.

Future Train Interior Design ~ EDONGURAZIU

Interior I did on commercial project for Swiss Federal Railways. Additional modelling done by Bojan Koturanovic who remodelled the chairs. Art Direction on the project was done by Sophie Andresen.

Altstadt (old town) in Bremen, Northern Germany. Bremen is a Hanseatic city in Northwestern Germany and one of Germany’s 16 federal states. Its a commercial and industrial city with a major port on the River Weser. It’s the 2nd-most populous city in Northern Germany and #10 in in Germany. It’s home to dozens of historical galleries and museums, ranging from sculptures to art museums. It has a reputation as a working class city. Many multinational companies are located here. Four-time German football champions Werder Bremen are also based in the city. Bremen is some 60 km from the North Sea.