Happy birthday to President Theodore Roosevelt! As President, Roosevelt established 150 national forests, 51 federal bird reserves, four national game preserves, five national parks and 18 national monuments on over 230 million acres of public land. His words and actions were a massive contribution to the conservation movement and solidified his legacy as a champion of public lands.
Photo of Theodore Roosevelt at Yellowstone National Park courtesy of the Library of Congress.
Photo of Theodore Roosevelt National Park by Gary Anderson, National Park Service. Photo of President Roosevelt and John Muir at Yosemite National Park from Yosemite National Park’s archives.
What does a Federal Archaeologist do? Good question. Federal
archaeologists protect cultural resources on public lands by following a
variety of laws, such as NHPA, ARPA, NEPA, and NAGPRA. These
resources, which means anything 50 years old or older, need to be
protected from destruction by trail maintenance, wildfire, recreation,
visitation, vandalism, and so many other things. So, we say ‘NO’ a lot.
Think of it this way: public lands (BLM, NPS, Forest Service, etc.)
are like a giant museum. When walking through a museum, people aren’t
allowed to smash up the cases and take whatever they want or break
something because they feel like it. Same idea applies, only we don’t
have our archaeological sites in protective cases.
For office workers concerned about cutting costs and environmental impacts, clicking the print button triggers an ongoing internal debate. Many people find reading words on a printed page to be a hard habit to break when the only alternative is reading them on glowing screen.
But given that up to 40 percent of office documents are printed for one-time use, the desire to take in paper-based words versus ink’s relatively high cost and the waste that is generated is an area ripe for change.
Chinese researchers say they may have come up with just the thing to ease the conscience and lower the cost of reading documents on paper. They’ve created a jet printer that uses water instead of ink and a complimentary reusable paper that changes color while it’s moist.
Wildfires raging through Alberta have spread to the main oil-sands facilities north of Fort McMurray, knocking out an estimated 1 million barrels of production from Canada’s energy hub. Fire officials say the out-of-control inferno may keep burning for months without significant rainfall.
The blaze, forecast to expand to more than 2,500 square kilometers (965 square miles) in the next few days, made an “unexpected” move to the north Saturday, rapidly encroaching bitumen mining operations run by Suncor Energy Inc. and Syncrude Canada Ltd. The fires may soon cover an area the size of Luxembourg.
“It is a dangerous and unpredictable and vicious fire that is feeding off an extremely dry Boreal forest,” federal Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale told reporters Saturday in Regina, Saskatchewan. He said the swirling fire is not yet a threat to any additional communities.
The wildfires have led to combined productions cuts of more than 1 million barrels of oil a day, or about 40 percent of the region’s output of 2.5 million barrels, based on IHS Energy estimates. The cuts, and the mass exodus of more than 80,000 people from the fires raging in Fort McMurray, represent another blow to an economy already mired in recession from the oil price collapse.
Today’s post was written by Gail E. Farr,
Archives Specialist at the National Archives at Philadelphia.
Arbor Day is an annual tree-planting
holiday which was celebrated for the first time in the U.S. on April 10, 1872
in Nebraska City, Nebraska, home of the American Arbor Day’s founder, J.
Sterling Morton. Emulated in other
states, Arbor Day became an official national holiday observed on the last
Friday in April which this year falls on April 29. Pennsylvania celebrates its Arbor Day on the
same day as the American national observance.
Some states have selected
other dates in order to offer optimal climate conditions for planting trees.
The focus of Arbor Day has broadened
over the years to include a major educational component emphasizing the
benefits of trees in our modern world. Today
the Arbor Day Foundation, operating from its original base in Nebraska, sponsors
a Tree City USA program to promote effective urban and community forestry
programs. With its population of 1.5
million, Philadelphia is the Largest Tree City USA in Pennsylvania.
Seeking ways to honor this year’s Arbor
Day, NARA at Philadelphia staff took the opportunity to review our holdings of
Records of the U.S. Forest Service (Record Group 95). Among
these are the large collection of photographs taken by officers of the
Northeastern Forest Experiment Station (NFES), the first federal forest
research establishment in the Northeast.
Instituted in New England in 1923, the Station grew to include the
Allegheny Forest Experiment Station, created in 1927 to study the
forestry-research problems of the Mid-Atlantic States. The primary purpose of the Allegheny Forest
team was to enhance the growth and management of commercially important
Allegheny hardwoods. In Pennsylvania vast
tracts of virgin hemlock had been depleted due to the harvesting of the trees
and use of the valuable tannic acid contained in hemlock bark for industrial
purposes such as the tanning of leather and the production of dyes for the
textile industry. Reforestation efforts
were eventually undertaken using other species of trees which were more valued
for their wood products.
Photograph: Northeast Forest Experiment Station
researcher explores original growth hemlock tract in the Allegheny National Forest,
Pennsylvania, August 22, 1932. Virgin
stands of hemlock could still be found in inland, underpopulated portions of
Pennsylvania, at the time the project team conducted its first studies of state
forest lands. The hemlock, by the way,
is Pennsylvania’s state tree.
Series Citation: Photographs, 1923-2001. Records of the Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station. Record Group 95, National Archives at
Philadelphia. (Record Entry ID: PH-3926). (Series NAID: 28208828)