federal hall


Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford promoting the sale of Liberty Bonds during World War 1 at the United States Sub Treasury building (i.e. Federal Hall) in New York City on April 8, 1918.

The three stars appeared together in D.C., New York, and then split up to tour the country on behalf of the Bond Drive.


April 30th 1789: Washington inaugurated

On this day in 1789 the leading general of the War of Independence and one of the framers of the Constitution, George Washington, was inaugurated first President of the United States on the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City. He was unanimously chosen President by the Electoral College and the runner-up, John Adams, became Vice President. At his inauguration, Washington set the first of many precedents in making an inaugural address. In office, he created a stable and strong national government with a cabinet system and ensured neutrality in the European wars. Washington was re-elected in 1792 but stepped down after two terms, thus setting the precedent that Presidents usually served two terms (this became part of the Constitution with the 22nd Amendment in 1951). Washington is still considered one of the greatest, if not the greatest, President in history for his systematic, effective and thoughtful leadership.

“Long live George Washington, President of the United States!”
- New York Chancellor Livingston upon swearing in the President

225th Anniversary of the First Congress: We’ll be posting documents and stories highlighting the establishment of the new government under the Constitution through March 2016.

On April 28, 1789, the House appointed a committee to confer with the Senate and report on the future disposition of the papers in the office of the late Secretary of the United States. On May 12, the House committee issued this report, which placed the Secretary’s papers in the custody of Congress and suggested an office be created to maintain such papers.

House Report on the Future Disposition of Papers in the Office of the Secretary of the United States, 5/12/1789, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives 


In January 2000, RATM and Michael Moore shot the video for ‘Sleep Now in the Fire’ on the steps of the New York Federal Hall. Their presence stopped traffic and Michael Moore was taken by the police into the Federal Hall. While this was happening, RATM stormed the nearby New York stock exchange. ‘We made it through the first set of doors’ said Tom Morello, ‘then a huge titanium gate came down.’ Meanwhile Michael Moore got off with a ticket. ‘I didn’t know if they’d seen my stuff, so I told them they didn’t wanna go down that road. It’s an ugly, ugly road.’


“My station is new; and, if I may use the expression, I walk on untrodden ground.”

–George Washington in a letter, January 9, 1790

In honor of the upcoming Presidential inauguration, Washington’s first inaugural address and the Bible that he used to swear his oath of office are on display. The Bible was loaned for the occasion by St. John’s Lodge No. 1, Ancient York Masons, which still owns the Bible today.

George Washington set many precedents as the first President of the United States, beginning on the day he took office. The Constitution requires only that the President-elect swear or affirm an oath to “preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.” No particular ceremony is mandated for the occasion.

On April 30, 1789, in the temporary capital of New York City on the second floor balcony of Federal Hall, George Washington placed his hand upon a bible and publicly swore his oath before a cheering crowd.  He then delivered his inaugural address to a joint session of Congress in the Senate Chamber in Federal Hall. These rituals observed during Washington’s first inauguration are the foundation upon which inaugural traditions are based today.

Learn more in today’s Pieces of History blog post.

On Saturday, July 18, 1795, an angry crowd stood gathered before Federal Hall in New York City, eager to protest the Jay Treaty, which eased ongoing tensions between Great Britain and the United States. Convinced that the treaty was too favorable to the British, leading Republicans had organized a rally, plastering the city with handbills and newspaper notices. Several Federalists were also present, thanks to the last-minute efforts of Alexander Hamilton and a few like-minded men. Meeting the night before the rally they had arranged to publish a city-wide appeal in newspapers and handbills urging people to attend the rally and listen to an orderly examination of the treaty.

The Republican meeting was to start at noon. At the stroke of twelve, Hamilton mounted a stoop and began to address the crowd, only to be silenced by “hissings, coughings, and hootings.” Trying a different approach, he handed someone a resolution to read aloud. The crowd quieted in anticipation, but when they heard the resolution declaring it “unnecessary to give an opinion on the treaty,” they erupted in protest, someone throwing a rock that hit Hamilton in the head. Calling for the “friends of order” to follow him, Hamilton and a small body of Federalists stormed off, humiliated and defeated.

They soon encountered a loud public argument between Republican James Nicholson and Federalist Josiah Ogden Hoffman. Fearing that the two would incite a riot, Hamilton tried to quiet them, only to be silenced by Nicholson, who denounced Hamilton as an “Abettor of Tories” who had no business interrupting them. When Hamilton urged the men to settle matters indoors, Nicholson snapped that he had no reason to heed Hamilton, who had once dodged a duel. “No man could affirm that with truth,” Hamilton shot back, pledging “to convince Mr. Nicholson of his mistake” by challenging him to a duel. Stalking off, Hamilton and his friends soon encountered a group of Republicans, sparking a heated discussion that quickly grew personal. Still seething from his first clash, Hamilton swore that if his opponents “were to contend in a personal way,” he would fight the whole lot of them, one by one. Then, dramatically waving his fist in the air, he upped the ante, offering “to fight the Whole ‘Detestable faction’ one by one,” a dare that Republican Maturin Livingston could not ignore. As “one of the party,” he accepted the challenge and offered to meet Hamilton with pistols “in half an hour where he pleased.” Explaining that he already “had an affair on his Hands…with one of the party,” Hamilton swore that when the first duel was settled, Livingston would get his due. Although Hamilton and Nicholson came within a day of dueling - Hamilton settling his finances in order in case of his death - both disputes were settled during negotiations.

—  Joanne Freeman, Affairs of Honor

Time to educate again

This is Big Boss. The original Snake. From which the other 3 were cloned

Middle Age


Big Boss lost his right eye when he lunged forward to stop Revolver Ocelot from shooting EVA, causing one of his revolvers to go off and his eye was taken out from the muzzle blast. (Not the bullet, or else he’d be a lot more fucked up physically.) From there on he fucks up a lot and leaves a huge mess for Solid Snake to clean up. Regarded as the greatest soldier of the 20th century, and was a legend in the special forces world. Smokes cigars. Is a loveable asshole. Did nothing wrong. Innocent babby turned monster.

This is Solid Snake. An imperfect clone (Had similar DNA, but it was not identical.) of Big Boss, who looks most like him during his middle age. Has to undo a lot of shit indirectly caused by Big Boss and his generation. (Mainly Ocelot and The Patriots.) Smokes cigarettes. Pretty selfless. Big Boss admits that Solid Snake was the better of the two, both in combat and in actions.

Young-ish Age

Middle Age

Old Age

Liquid Snake. British sounding bitch. Also an imperfect clone of Big Boss. (Has similar DNA, but not identical.) Obsessed with carrying on a variation of Big Boss’s dream. Also wanted to kill Big Boss, (thinking this would free him from his ties to Big Boss) but was unable to, while Solid Snake brought Big Boss to near death two times. In general, he’s a jerk. Is killed by a virus called FOXDIE (It targets certain people. Eventually mutates and risks becoming a pandemic) that was put into Solid Snake. Was very tough, as he was able to survive a helicopter crash from pretty high up, and a fall off of Metal Gear REX, which would have killed Solid Snake. Was also a clever ruseman, as he fools Solid Sanke into thinking he is Kazuhira Miller, who helped Snake take on Big Boss in the past. Eventually one of his arms is taken after he dies and given to Revolver Ocelot to replace a hand (although the whole arm was just replaced) that he lost to Gray Fox. Liquid possess Ocelot through said arm. Eventually Ocelot gets rid of the arm and installs a cybernetic one in its place, and just pretends to be fully taken over by Liquid because he’s a tricky son of a bitch, and even better at ruses than Liquid.

Young. Died young, so that’s the only photo section for him. He might be Eli, but since it’s not 100% proven, I’m not showing him.


Solidus Snake. A perfect clone of Big Boss, from looks, to DNA. He’s even a child soldier using asshole, just like his daddy. Perhaps even worse. Was created after Solid and Liquid were born, due to them being imperfect. Ages extremely quick. Despite being born after Solid and Liquid, Solidus looked to be in his 60’s or 70’s, while Solid looked to be in his late 30’s or 40’s. Was POTUS for a while under the name “George Sears.” Wanted to stop The Patriots and preserve true American freedoms, but was doing it in a bad way. Was killed by Raiden at Federal Hall. Later his DNA is used to access the SOP system, which was only suppose to open to Big Boss’s DNA. But, well, they had identical DNA. So. Yeah.

Old. Not seen when he was young, and died when he was old. So.. Only photo for him.