On this day in music history: February 19, 1958 - “Got A Job”, the debut single by The Miracles is released. Written by Berry Gordy, William “Smokey” Robinson and Tyran Carlo, it is the first release for the legendary R&B vocal quintet from Detroit, MI. Originally formed in 1955 as The Five Chimes, childhood friends William “Smokey” Robinson, Warren “Pete” Moore, Ronald White have been singing together since they were eleven years old. The original line up also includes Clarence Dawson and James Grice, who both eventually drop out of the group within a year. They are replaced by Emerson “Sonny” Rogers and his cousin Bobby Rogers, with the group changing their name to The Matadors. By 1957, Sonny drops out to enlist in the Army and is replaced by his sister Claudette who also becomes Smokey’s girlfriend (and later wife). The same year, The Matadors audition for Alonzo Tucker and Nat Tarnopol, co-managers of singer Jackie Wilson, after Ronnie White hears that they are in Detroit scouting talent for Brunswick Records. Tucker and Tarnopol turn down the group, feeling that they are too similar in style and configuration to The Platters. In spite of the rejection, luck ends up being on The Matadors side. Also present at the audition is a young Detroit songwriter named Berry Gordy, Jr, who is impressed with the group and Smokey’s already considerable portfolio of songs. Berry and Smokey become fast friends, and Gordy makes plans to record them. Throwing around song ideas with Smokey, and his friend and songwriting partner Roquel “Billy” Davis (aka “Tyran Carlo), they hit upon the idea of writing an answer song to The Silhouettes current hit "Get A Job”. The trio write “Got A Job” for the groups first recorded effort. The song along with its B-side “My Mama Done Told Me” are recorded at United Sound Studios in Detroit in January of 1958. After cutting the song, Gordy makes a deal with George Goldner, the head of End Records in New York to release the single. Before its released, the group change their name to The Miracles. Issued on Smokey’s eighteenth birthday, “Got A Job” becomes a local hit in Detroit, but when it does not receive airplay support anywhere else, the record fails to make the national charts. Adding insult to injury, Berry Gordy receives a royalty check from End Records for only $3.19 for his first effort as a producer. This failure becomes the catalyst for Gordy to move from being only a songwriter, to an entrepreneur when Smokey suggests to Berry that he forms his own label. Gordy will does that less than a year later when he starts Motown Records in January of 1959. “Got A Job” later surfaces on The Miracles compilation album “Greatest Hits From The Beginning” in 1965, after Gordy purchases the masters back from End Records.