february 1945

WWII in Color Part 3

Part 1 // Part 2

Brazilian digital artist Marina Amaral combines her passion for art and history by colorizing black and white photographs.

People at Times Square in New York City are seen reading a news ticker about D-Day

Filthy Thirteen member Clarence Ware applies war paint to Charles Plaudo. England, 31 December 1943.

Dumpu, New Guinea, 7 October 1943. Members of the 2/2nd Australian Independent Company on their return to camp after a twelve-day patrol in the Ramu Valley.

American troops prepare Nazi Major General Anton Dostler for execution for killing 15 OSS men, Italy, 1945

Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima, February 23, 1945.

A sniper from “C” Company, 5th Battalion, The Black Watch, 51st (Highland) Division, in position in the loft space of a ruined building in Gennep, Holland, 14th February 1945.

The Reichswald and Gennep
After the winter campaign in the Ardennes, the 51st Highland Division returned to Holland. The Battle for the Rhineland started on 8th February 1945. There was a sudden thaw and everywhere roads turned to mud. The Allies entered the Reichswald just across the Germany Border. The 5th Battalion The Black Watch was on the southern edge of the forest.

On 11th February the 5th Battalion The Black Watch was ordered south to take the Dutch town of Gennep on the river Niers. B Company took the bridge, church and hospital. C Company then got into the main street and took the right hand side of the town. There was fierce fighting.

(Photo source - © IWM B 14628)

On February 23, 1945 (72 years ago today) a small U.S. flag was first raised atop Mount Suribachi soon after the mountaintop was captured at around 10:20 am. 1st Lt. Harold G. Schrier, executive officer of Easy Company, volunteered to lead a 40-man combat patrol up the mountain. Lt. Col. Johnson, the battalion commander, handed Schrier a flag saying, “If you get to the top put it up.” The patrol carried that 54-by-28-inch flag, which had been taken from the battalion’s transport ship, the USS Missoula, and up to the slopes of the extinct volcano. Lt. Schrier successfully led the combat patrol to the top. The flag was attached to a pipe, and the flagstaff was raised, marking the first time in history the American flag was raised on Japanese soil. The moment was captured by U.S. Marine Corps photographer, SSgt. Lou Lowery.

There was a roar from the Marines and sailors off shore and on the island, and the blasts of the ship horns alerted the Japanese, who up to this point had stayed in their cave bunkers. The Marines and corpsmen on Mt. Suribachi found themselves under fire from Japanese troops, but Schrier’s Marines were able quickly to eliminate the threat.

Rheintochter 1 anti-aircraft missile with mobil launcher E-100 chassis. 
It is first version R1, was propelled by a rocket motor of solid fuel of two stages. Because the R1 was not able to reach great heights, R3 was developed, which was driven by a liquid fuel rocket boosters and solid fuel motor. He was ordered for use  in the Heer in  November 1942 , starting the shooting test in August 1943 (82 shots). . The Rheintochter project was canceled on February 6, 1945. A missile specimen is on display at the German Technology Museum in Münich.

4

Berlin - Schloss Charlottenburg (Charlottenburg Palace)

The Charlottenburg Palace was built at the end of the 17th century and commissioned by Sophie Charlotte of Hanover, first Queen in Prussia and the wife of Friedrich III, Elector of Brandenburg. The city’s district “Charlottenburg” is named after her.

Originally named Lietzenburg, the palace was designed by in Johann Arnold Nering in Baroque Style and was greatly expanded during the 18th century.

In November 1943 and during “The Battle of Berlin” in February 1945the palace, its adjoining buildings and the gardens were badly damaged or rather partly completely destroyed. After first security measures the reconstruction as well as the utilization as a “Museum Palace" began in 1950.

In 1951, the war-damaged "Stadtschloss” (City Palace Berlin) in East Berlin was demolished and, as the damage to Charlottenburg was at least as serious, it was feared that it would also be demolished. However, following the efforts of Margarete Kühn, the Director of the State Palaces and Gardens, it was rebuilt to its former condition, with gigantic modern ceiling paintings by Hann Trier.

Today, the palace and its garden are displayed in all its former splendor.  Charlottenburg Palace is one of the most beautiful visitor attractions in Berlin. It is absolutely stunning, and I wonder how this gem could be resurrected from the ruins …  

Pilots of the 46th guards night bomber aviation regiment, 325 th night bomber division 4-th air army 2-first Byelorussian front at the plane U-2.
To the right is a senior pilot guard Lieutenant Natalia Fyodorovna Meklin (Kravtsova). February 23, 1945 was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the order of Lenin and medal “gold Star” (No. 4855). Left guard Junior Lieutenant Shabrova Irina Feodorovna. February 23, 1945 was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the order of Lenin and medal “gold Star” (No. 4856).

On February 23, 1945 (72 years ago today) a 40-man patrol of U.S. Marines, not knowing if they would reach the top or not, summited the 545-foot extinct, volcano of Mount Suribachi and raised the first American flag over Japanese soil. Later, a second Marine patrol reached the top and raised a second, larger flag so the entire island could see the stars and stripes waving in the wind. Secretary of the Navy, James Forrestal, who witnessed the flag raising said, “The raising of that flag on Suribachi means a Marine Corps for the next five hundred years.”