fauvre

Matisse Drawing with Scissors

Henri Matisse was a French painter, draftsman, sculptor, and printmaker. Known for his use of color, his work is regarded as responsible for laying the foundation for modern plastic arts, along with the work of Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp. At the age of 18, he went to study law, working as a court administrator. But, after a bout of appendicitis, during which his mother gave him paints and an easel to pass the time, he began drawing, soon leaving law school to pursue his art career, to the dismay of his father.

He was exposed to the works of Van Gogh, who was practically unknown at the time, in 1897 and 1898, when he visited his friend, painter John Peter Russell, in the island of Belle Ile, which totally changed his painting style. A lover of all art, he immersed himself in the work of his fellow painters, and often got himself into debt buying the work of other artists. He received much inspiration from the work of other artists as well, drawing inspiration from such varied sources as Japanese art, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Pointillism.

His work, characterized as “fauvre,” or wild, often met with harsh criticism, which made it hard for him to provide for his wife and children. Due to vehement hatred of his works, his Blue Nude was burned in 1913 at an Armory Exhibition in Chicago. Although he had harsh critics, he had loving followers, including Gertrude Stein and her family. Throughout the years of 1907-1911, his friends organized and financed an art school, Academie Matisse, in which Matisse could instruct young artists.

In his later life, Matisse, who was partially reliant on a wheelchair, continued his artistic endeavors in creating cut paper collages, and working as a graphic artist. He also published Jazz in 1947, a collection of his printed and written works. Before his death of a heart attack, he established a museum of his own works, which has helped establish his legacy as a leading figure in the modern art movement.

458 Tritype - The Scholar

If you are the 458, you are intuitive, knowledgeable, and protective. You want to be original, wise and straight-forward. You study what makes people tick and form strong opinions about what you learn. Somewhat introverted, you are identified with being an intuitive, strategic thinker and see interconnections that others may miss.

Fear: Inadequacy, Vulnerability, Inundation, Underestimation, Dilution/Contamination of identity. 

Life purpose: To discover what is innately human and share these findings with others. A true scholar, you passionately follow your own muse and are happiest when you can study what is of interest to you and then disseminate what you find.

(Typical) Appearance: Esoteric, Withdrawn, Cerebral, Cynical, Opinionated, Pedantic/Critical(of self, of information). Scholarly – likely a polymathic. Prone to arrogant behavior and violent mood swings. Iconoclastic behavior is a common theme, and is amplified by an SO blindspot.

**Blind spot: **Your blindspot is that you can be so enamoured with what you have learned and your resulting opinions that you can come across as self-absorbed, hyper-introspective, headstrong and cynical.

**Growing edge: **Your growing edge is to recognize that your need to overanalyze and ‘know’ what you think and feel keeps you from truly being. Studying gives you information, not wisdom. True knowing comes from connecting to your higher self and authentically being.


DIFFERENTIATION BY CORE

**4-core (458/485): **Knowledgeable and direct 4. This is the most analytical and tough-minded 4. This 4 tends to be intellectual with strong opinions. This 4 wants to know what makes people tick. This 4 will focus on gathering unique information to feel empowered. The core fears are of being inadequate, emotionally cut off, ordinary, commonplace, abandoned, intrusion, emptiness, ignorance, surplus, contamination, being fully embodied, not existing, weakness, being controlled, disempowered, humiliated, vulnerable, and being at the mercy of injustice.

**5-core (548/584): **Direct and intuitive 5. This is the most intense and eccentric 5. Scholarly, this is the ‘Professor’. This 5 can be melancholic one moment and then detached the next. This 5 is the emotional and creative 5, as well as the most outspoken, opinionated and non-conforming. The core fears are of intrusion, emptiness, ignorance, surplus,contamination, being fully embodied, not existing, weakness, being controlled, disempowered, humiliated,vulnerable, at the mercy of injustice, inadequate, emotionally cut off, ordinary, and being abandoned.  

8-core (845/854): Intuitive and knowledgeable 8. This is the most sensitive and withdrawn 8, especially if introverted, self-preserving and/or with the 9 wing. This 8 can be mistaken for a 5 or 4. This is the creative and intellectual 8 that is secretly shy and emotional. The core fears are of weakness, being controlled, disempowered, humiliated, vulnerable, being at the mercy of injustice, being inadequate, emotionally cut off, ordinary, being abandoned, intrusion, emptiness, ignorance, surplus, contamination, being fully embodied, and not existing.


Source: The 27 Tritypes® Revealed: Discover Your Life Purpose and Blind Spot by Katherine Chernick Fauvre & MA David Fauvre (adapted) + my own additions.

Additional Resources: Watch this video. 

veltier  asked:

I've been studying enneagram for some time to know about all the types, but I'm quite confused with how wing vs. tritype work? Do they work together, or are completely separate systems (because someone's wing and tritype can be quite conflicting)? And how does tritype with wings even work? I've seen people saying they're 6w5 2w1 9w8, for example. How does it work to be almost every type? I'm confused... ps. I think your blog & analysis are awesome!

Wings and tritype actually do work together but as to “how” this is going to be a bit more difficult to explain.

The only official statement on this topic can be found in one of Fauvres’ books (page 12) which I will just quote here:

“A Tritype may or may not have a wing type in their Tritype. For example, a Type 7 may or may not have an 8 in their Tritype. If the 7 has a wing type of 8, and has an 8 in the Tritype, the 7 will be heavily influenced by the 8 defense strategies and can often be mistyped as an 8. Further, the 7 with the 8 wing that has the 782 Tritype will have access to 8 through a wing type and by having 8 in the Tritype. The 782 Tritype also has access to the 8 through the line of connection to 8 coming from the 2 in the Tritype. So, the 782 will be a 7 with a very strong flavor of 8.”

So you see that the Fauvre’s who do came up with the tritype only apply wings to the core and not to the other two types within the tritype.
Like in the example its 7w8 (782) and both the 8 and the 2 don’t get wings. In this case the interaction is easily explainable: the 8 just get’s stronger through the core’s wing.
Like instead of 7 (70%) - 8 (20%) - 2 (10%) we would have something like 7 (50%) - 8 (45%) - 2 (5%).

But technically we could also have a 7w6 (782) and this is were things are starting to get complicated.
Obviously the 7 would have the strongest influence. After that you could argue that the 6-wing has to be stronger than the 8 because otherwise we would have a 7w8 core and not a 7w6 one. So 7>6>8>2?

This would also fit with another statement from Katherine Fauvre namely:

“Research shows that the other types in the Tritype are employed for use when the dominant patterns and defenses are no longer effective. The Tritype is therefore usually only engaged when the defenses of both wings and all the lines of connection have been exhausted.“

“Both wings”? Yep, if you are a 9w1 (927) then according to Fauvre you would use both possible 9-wings before even using the other two numbers in your tritype. So 9>1>8>2>7.
That’s one of the reasons why I’m always telling people that the order of the last two numbers in your tritype isn’t all that important. If you are 927 or 972 doesn’t really matter in the long run. It’s nice to know but a lot of things would have to happen before you actually start using either 2 or 7.

And then there is the version where every number within the tritype has their own wings (the 6w5 2w1 9w8 example you mentioned that is widely spread here on tumblr).
This version doesn’t appear in Fauvre’s writings, but it is definitely known in the “official Enneagram world” although I couldn’t locate its source of origin yet.
Following the above theory we would then again use the core first, then both wings, then the next number, then both wings of the second number and so on. 6>5>7>2>1>3>9>8>1 … and the last 1 already appeared before so we might as well scratch that.

Although that’s something where I personally don’t really agree with the Fauvres and I would leave the weaker wings out of the quotation so that it only leaves 6>5>2>1>9>8 … still more than enough numbers.

How does it work to be almost every type?

Well, Enneagram is about fears/desires and as humans we have manifolds of fears and desires don’t we? The 6>5>7>2>1>3>9>8>1 example seeks security > knowledge > stimulation > love >rightness > image > peace > power > rightness in that order.
In the end you get to a point where the system tells us so much that it’s actually telling nothing at all.
But that’s something that happens in every kind of personality system. I personally find Socionics with it’s shadow functions also to be way more mushy than MBTI with only 4 functions for each type. When you start explaining everything with an exception of an exception of an exception, then your system isn’t really sound, but that’s a whole different topic.

Sooo, you are not alone in your confusion. You will find a lot of conflicting theories within Enneagram and since it’s all pseudoscience anyway I would recommend using the system that makes the most sense to you and that helps you the most in character growth.

Henri Matisse. Just look at those simple lines and what it created- such wonderful inspiration for drawing

Henri Matisse was a French painter, draftsman, sculptor, and printmaker. Known for his use of color, his work is regarded as responsible for laying the foundation for modern plastic arts, along with the work of Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp. At the age of 18, he went to study law, working as a court administrator. But, after a bout of appendicitis, during which his mother gave him paints and an easel to pass the time, he began drawing, soon leaving law school to pursue his art career, to the dismay of his father.

He was exposed to the works of Van Gogh, who was practically unknown at the time, in 1897 and 1898, when he visited his friend, painter John Peter Russell, in the island of Belle Ile, which totally changed his painting style. A lover of all art, he immersed himself in the work of his fellow painters, and often got himself into debt buying the work of other artists. He received much inspiration from the work of other artists as well, drawing inspiration from such varied sources as Japanese art, Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, and Pointillism.

His work, characterized as “fauvre,” or wild, often met with harsh criticism, which made it hard for him to provide for his wife and children. Due to vehement hatred of his works, his Blue Nude was burned in 1913 at an Armory Exhibition in Chicago. Although he had harsh critics, he had loving followers, including Gertrude Stein and her family. Throughout the years of 1907-1911, his friends organized and financed an art school, Academie Matisse, in which Matisse could instruct young artists.

In his later life, Matisse, who was partially reliant on a wheelchair, continued his artistic endeavors in creating cut paper collages, and working as a graphic artist. He also published Jazz in 1947, a collection of his printed and written works. Before his death of a heart attack, he established a museum of his own works, which has helped establish his legacy as a leading figure in the modern art movement.

anonymous asked:

So far I've never seen much criticism about the theories of the cognitive functions or enneagram. I've been here for some time, and everyone seems to just embrace this stuff? What do you think are the negative and uncovered aspects of it? Thanks!

negative aspects / points of criticism that I all agree with:
(some of those I touched here already: http://istj-hedonist.tumblr.com/post/152666567003/6w7-vs-4w3)

Enneagram
- pseudoscience, no scientific evidence for the patterns
- barnum effect and confirmation bias
- partially based on Freudian theories (which in itself are heavily discussed and criticised)
- spiritual nature, partially based on Christian mysticism and therefore looked down upon by both theologists and religion-critics
- lots of different schools / interpretations who disagree with each other (Ichazo and Fauvres being the biggest ones .. tumblr btw mostly follows Fauvres’ interpretation, which adheres to more scientific standards than the others but is also very commercially oriented)
- numerology-related explanations for the geometry, arbitrarily chosen total numbers (why exactly 9, not 8 or 11? because “the 9 lives in the world and understands the connections between all of mankind.” lol ok)
- the order of the numbers being equally random basically making the whole wing theory obsolete
- the concept of balanced wings (= equivalent to “Ambivert” in MBTI)
- 6 being the only one with a seperation of phobic vs counterphobic
- …
there are probably more

MBTI / cognitive functions
- barnum effect and confirmation bias, again
- scientific/neurological research behind it only being in its baby years, with only a single research group (Dario Nardi) (-> no one who competently reviews his findings)
- being more subjective than people like to admit (different directions into which MBTI and Socionics developed)
- dividing people into dichotomies when in reality character traits more likely move along a scale, absence of empirical bimodality (what we criticize in the oversimplification that is T vs F applies to Ti/Fe vs Te/Fi as well)
- fixed function stacking not observable irl
- “unhealthy functions” … grip? loop? flip a coin
- the concept of shadow functions
- the mushy and often impossible distinction between Ne and Se

- and that is not even touching the topics of intuitive bias, shitty online tests, correlations with personality disorders, and lack of objectivity during self-typing. I don’t hold MBTI itself accountable for that…

Why am I using both systems anyway if they are so broken?
Well, I personally don’t care if a system is completely foolproof and/or scientifically sound. You will not find a single theory that is not criticized by anyone. Human perception is deeply flawed and every theory is deducted from what we can observe so there is always the possibility of errors.
Therefore I’m being pragmatic about all of this. Are the theories perfect? Duh no, no theory is. But is it useful anyway (for personal development, for understanding different motivations than my own)? Hell yeah.