fast reactor

Doctor Strange: Stephen Strange [ESTP]

OFFICIAL TYPING by Charity / the Mod

Extroverted Sensing (Se): Stephen is an incredibly hands-on doctor, who “wings” pulling a bullet out of a man’s head – a dangerous procedure that relies only on his senses and the machine. He often finds himself reacting to and engaging with his environment in unexpected ways; Christine accuses him of “spending money as fast as you can make it.” His car accident is the result of reckless speeding while checking brain scans on his phone. Stephen often engages the villains beyond his own magical abilities, trusting he can somehow handle it – and he usually does. He’s a fast reactor and thinker.

Introverted Thinking (Ti): Until Stephen understands the principles of magic, he cannot learn it; then he quickly abandons “tradition and training” to “teach himself.” Once he masters the logic of magic, his learning increases to the point where he’s doing advanced magic far beyond his years, and all self-taught. He innovates shamelessly and has a little regard for the rules – stealing books from the library,  and trying out more advanced, even dangerous spells as soon as he learns them.  For awhile, Stephen is utterly unconcerned with people’s feelings and lives – and only taking cases for…

Extroverted Feeling (Fe): … the advancement of his own ego. The Ancient One accuses him of being egotistical and says that gets in the way of his magic. Stephen wants to take no case where he might fail, which might reflect poorly on his medical skills. He tries to establish bonds with people through emotional dynamics (telling jokes, trying to make them laugh, and teasing them) but is really rather poor with people. Stephen’s own emotions flare up easily and he can express himself well, from frustration to anger and resentment.

Introverted Intuition (Ni): Stephen concerns himself with the future of his profession. He does not want to ruin a perfect record. He correctly guesses that the Ancient One draws her source of power from the dark realm, even when the others argue there is no evidence to support it. But he struggles so much to understand the Ancient One’s incredibly complex metaphorical teaching methods that she literally must threaten his life before he grabs an abstract concept. He also expresses annoyance that they should put danger warnings at the top of the magic spell pages instead of the bottom, since by the time he reads them after doing the spell, it’s too late.

Note: Previous mistype. Shame-faced. I got too stuck on stereotypes, but Strange isn’t nearly careful enough to be a lower Ne user. He leaps into things before thinking them through (Se-dom). And he tries to bond with Fe.

Basic Reactor Principles

          Let’s preface this with what a nuclear reactors main goal is: To create steam to turn a turbine that creates electricity. This is the basis of every type of energy. But how does it do it?

It all comes down to a chemical chain reaction. This chain reaction is the same thing that creates the massive explosion in a nuclear weapon: Its Fission, atoms splitting in two. However, in a bomb, this happens all at once. In a reactor, its much, much more controlled.

So, you create a sustained nuclear chemical reaction which heats water, which creates steam, which turns a turbine! Sounds simple, right? Well, it is in theory, but in practice there’s a lot of complications.

See, a nuclear reactor has a reactor core, and inside this vessel are the control rods, nuclear fuel, and water for coolant. However, water doesn’t boil at an optimal temperature under standard atmospheric temperature, so these reactors are pressurized to optimize this process. This is where most problems happen; the pressure valves break and when that happens, catastrophes occur.

I’m not going to get into how the control rods work in detail; it’s an extremely complicated bit of science that makes my head hurt, even though I do somewhat understand it. Basically, these rods control the rate at which the reaction occurs, slowing it down.

So, to break it down, we have:


Nuclear Fuel, Reactor Core, Neutron Moderator, Startup Neutron Source, Neutron Poison, Neutron Howitzer, Coolant, Control Rods, and Pressure Vessel.

Steam Generation.

Boiler Feedwater Pump and Steam Generators.

Then, the power generation

Steam Turbine, Electrical Generator, Condenser, and Cooling tower (Which isn’t always required, many plants dump their waste heat into rivers or just vent it to the surface; it’s basically just clouds.)

Fuel Handling

Radwaste System
Refueling Floor
Spent Fuel Pool

Safety Systems

Reactor Protective System
Emergency Diesel Generators
Emergency Core Cooling Systems
Standby Liquid Control System (Boron Injection, in BWR (Boiling Water Reactor) only.
Essential Service Water System
Containment Building

Then, the Controls!

Control Room
Emergency Operations Facility
Nuclear Training Facility.

 I’ll go into detail on each other these in later posts.

Types of Reactors

Reactors are classified generally by either the moderator material or coolant used. (Or the type of nuclear reactor used.)

Nuclear Fission is what is used in every Nuclear Power plant today. There are attempts being made to harness Nuclear Fusion, but so far we’re not quite there. Fission generally uses Uranium and its child, Plutonium, but Thorium is also usable.

               Within this, there are two types of reactors that use fission, Thermal and Fast. Thermal is what is described above, using control rods to maintain a chemical reactor. Fast reactors do not have control rods, as they use fast neutrons to cause fission. This produces much less waste, but are much more expensive to build and operate. However, fast reactors can also use thermal reactor waste as fuel.

Moderator Material:
(All these are types of Thermal Reactors)

Graphite Moderated
Water Moderated
Heavy-Water Reactors
Light-water-moderated reactors

Light Element Moderatred Reactors

Organically Moderated Reactors.

Each of these will be delves into fully on another post!

Coolant Type:

Water is by far the most used coolant, with Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) making up most Western plants.

Liquid Metal Cooled, which can use Sodium or Lead in fast reactors.

Molten Salt Reactors, which use molten salts in a matrix that dissolves the fissile material.

So, to put it quite plainly, I can’t delve into each of these right now, as it would take up miles of a post. However, I will start writing up micro-posts about these classifications, really going into detail. But the basics are all here!

anonymous asked:

Hi... So i was wondering if you could do how the hosts (if you cant do all of them, could you do Hikaru, Kyoya and Mori) react to you telling them you love them? Like you tell them as if it was obvious but the host had no idea (they love them back lol :3) ok thank you sorry if this is too much to ask. xx

Of course I can, Nonnie! :) 

Host Club : Headcanons

Tamaki : Tamaki would end up being the most flustered of the group. At first, he’d just mumble, “Oh, yeah? Okay.” Only for the bus of realization to hit him. “Whoa, w-wait a second there, ___-chan!” His precious S/O would without a doubt end up laughing at the poor vanilla member of the host club.

Kyoya : Kyoya wouldn’t need a single second to catch onto what you had told him. He was a fairly fast reactor, after all, and certainly didn’t ever have his head in the clouds. It may have not been the easiest thing to register, but it wasn’t exactly the hardest thing, either. “Do you, ____?” He laughed softly, wrapping his arm around your shoulders, something he’d never do in public. “I love you too.”

Honey : Mitsukuni, too, would take a moment or two to gather what his lover had told him, although not as long as Tamaki. “Wait, really, ___-chan!?” He’d chirp, immediately focusing all of his attention on them. His S/O would reply, and Honey would latch onto them. “I love you, too!”

Mori : Takashi would be quiet for a second, as most of the club would. Although, he wouldn’t waste any time at all asking if his significant other was serious. He’d cup their cheeks in his hands, and say, “I love you too, ____-chan.”

Kaoru : Kaoru would almost be as flustered as Tamaki. Almost. “Uh- U” He’d begin, looking over at his lover, “What did you just say, ___-chan? Because I swear I heard you say…” Trailing off, his S/O would happily finish his sentence, confirming what he had hear. “Oh. O-Oh.” He’d stay silent for another second, only to finally reply to what they had said. “I  love you too.”

Hikaru : Hikaru would be a lot more active, in this situation. No matter where he was, he’d stand up. It could be a fancy restaurant, or just the two of you watching movies on the couch. None of that mattered, this was important. “Did you just?..” He’d question, staring down at his lover. When they nodded, used to his intense out bursts at this point in their relationship, the redhead would stand agape. “Oh my God…” He’d murmur, looking down. “I love you too, ___-chan.” Afterwards, his S/O would definitely tease him about being ‘almost as over dramatic as Tamaki.’

- Sarah


Dounreay Fast Reactor

The fast reactor at Dounreay was the first reactor to commence construction and the second operational reactor. It achieved criticality on 14 November 1959 and produced an electrical output of 14 MWe. Power was exported to the national grid from 14 October 1962 to 1977, when the reactor was taken offline for decommissioning. During its 15 year lifespan, the Dounreay Fast Reactor produced over 600 million kWh of electricity.

The Dounreay Fast Reactor was a loop-type fast breeder reactor, cooled by primary and secondary NaK (sodium-potassium alloy) circuits, with 24 primary coolant loops. The reactor core was initially fueled by uranium metal fuel stabilized with molybdenum and clad in niobium. The core was later used to test oxide fuels for Dounreay’s prototype fast reactor and provide experimental space to support overseas fast reactor fuel and materials development programs.