fam: burns

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Colour-changing burns bandages begin clinical trials

Bandages that change colour and glow when a wound gets infected could be manufactured as early as 2017 if clinical trials go well. 

The bandages, developed at the University of Bath, are being tested with patient samples from four UK hospitals to statistically determine how effective they are. 

Sadly burns often have symptoms of infection but actual infection is much rarer. At the moment infection diagnosis takes up to two days and requires removing dressings, a painful and upsetting process for burns patients which can slow healing and cause scarring. Antibiotics are also prescribed as a precaution while the tests are conducted.

Colour-changing bandages would give an early-warning that real infection is taking hold, meaning medics could provide better and quicker treatment. 

The bandage contains gel in tiny capsules. When infection-causing bacteria are present the capsules dissolve and release the gel which then fluoresces bright yellowy-green, alerting patients and medics to the problem. 

If they do make it onto wards the bandages would not only improve treatment but save money through cutting down on the cost of tests and drug prescriptions. They would also help tackle the threat of drug-resistant bacteria because there wouldn’t be a need to prescribe as many antibiotics as a precaution. 


Images: University of Bath

takestheweatherpersonally  asked:

In what cases do burns lead to amputations? How severe does the burn have to be/is there a certain place that would be most likely to be amputated if it were burned severely? Thank you for all your help!

Hey there! First, LOVE your username.

Now then. Whether or not a burn leads to an amputation depends on a few things. Thing number one is whether the tissue has just been completely burned off; this is common with severe burns to the hand, where fingers may simply sear off, or become dead and necrotic tissue.

But other things can lead to amputations! For example, burns tend to damage vasculature, and if the blood vessels feeding a limb or part of a limb are so badly burned that they’re not able to perfuse (get blood flow), the limb is a good candidate for amputation.

Basically, any part that gets so badly burned that the actual muscle tissue dies is up for amputation. Circumferential (all-the-way-around) burns are especially likely for this.

It’s worth noting that the amputation will, by design, include some healthy tissue too. The reason for that is that the amputation will require healthy skin flaps to protect the stump, and burned tissue that has also had surgery on it tends to heal very, very poorly.

One caveat. Generally, we do not amputate at the neck, for insurance purposes. Although everything has exceptions.

Best of luck with your story!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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annoyingwonderlandtastemaker  asked:

idk if this has already been posted but how do you draw full body Tord with the burns or a robot arm? And do you believe he lost his eye or it just wasn't damaged in the explosion?

Ah, here you go.

I think his eye would’ve been lost in a sense. Like, it’s still there, but it’s fucked up and he can’t see out of it. He’ll probably make a mechanic eye so he can see out of it again.

anti-chase  asked:

I'm working on a scene where two kids are caught in the explosion from an improvised firebomb (soda bottle half-filled with gas and ignited with a spark, no shrapnel) both are around 10, one was in the process of rigging the thing with a tripwire, the other was about three or four feet away from the explosion. I have the first kid coming away badly burned and potentially losing the hand, the second one singed but otherwise mobile, is that believable?

Content Warning: Burns, Melty Things

Hey there! Yes, I’m going to call that fairly believable, with the caveat that when it comes to the mechanism behind burns, you may actually get more useful information from @scriptfirefighter. So for instance, I’m not sure exactly how much “boom” your characters will get from a half soda-bottle of gasoline.

But I know that something like that igniting in your hand is a very bad day, and suffering severe burns on that hand would be likely. Also consider burns to the face, arm and chest. Remember that flashover burns like that tend to have particular “lines” where the clothing protects the body, especially if it’s a natural fiber like wool or cotton.

If you want your character to have an EXTREMELY BAD DAY, have this happen while they’re wearing polyester. Their clothing will literally melt into their skin. For an extremely good day, have them be wearing a long-sleeve cotton shirt that might help isolate the burns.

Good luck and enjoy!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

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Burnsie design - apparently i’ve been spelling ‘fueled’ the american-english way all my life.

anonymous asked:

Hi, sorry to disturb but is it possible for a character to have their fingerprints burned off in an accident? And if that accident happened a long time ago, will their fingerprints still be missing if he happened to be burned?

I’m sorry but I made a mistake in the ask for burned fingerprints, I meant to ask that if he died, will my character still be unidentifiable? 

Hey Nonnie,

Burns can be from heat, but also strong acids or bases chemicals, or even from physical abrasions. On a short term basis, you can flatten your fingerprints temporarily, ie with sandpaper, or from bricklaying, or superficial/first degree burns. However those prints will grow back in the same pattern. 

Only a deep burn, say 2nd or 3rd degree burn will damage your skin enough to permanently remove your fingerprint. Second degree burns affect the epidermis (upper skin layer) and some of the dermis (the lower skin layer) while third degree burn is a full thickness burn that go through the dermis into deeper tissues below. The thing about these kinds of damage though is that they might leave behind unique scar tissues, and that itself might even be more identifiable than just fingerprints. Also beware that this kind of burns might mean lose of sensitivity and dexterity in the fingers themselves

Here is a picture from Wikipedia that is not too graphic.

On another note, here is an article about a chemotherapy patient that ended up losing his fingerprints due to the drug (capecitabine, brand name Xeloda). 

As for the identification part, if fingerprints are not viable, there is always DNA and dental records. Or they might look at missing persons cases to see if they can identify the John Doe.

Here is a good resource on fingerprints for those that want some extra reading material.

PS. Sherls has a fun story on how a chem lab had burned off her fingerprints just before a fingerprinting lab, causing much confusion :3

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BURNS - When I’m Around U