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Incoming! We’ve Got Science from Jupiter!

Our Juno spacecraft has just released some exciting new science from its first close flyby of Jupiter! 

In case you don’t know, the Juno spacecraft entered orbit around the gas giant on July 4, 2016…about a year ago. Since then, it has been collecting data and images from this unique vantage point.

Juno is in a polar orbit around Jupiter, which means that the majority of each orbit is spent well away from the gas giant. But once every 53 days its trajectory approaches Jupiter from above its north pole, where it begins a close two-hour transit flying north to south with its eight science instruments collecting data and its JunoCam camera snapping pictures.

Space Fact: The download of six megabytes of data collected during the two-hour transit can take one-and-a-half days!

Juno and her cloud-piercing science instruments are helping us get a better understanding of the processes happening on Jupiter. These new results portray the planet as a complex, gigantic, turbulent world that we still need to study and unravel its mysteries.

So what did this first science flyby tell us? Let’s break it down…

1. Tumultuous Cyclones

Juno’s imager, JunoCam, has showed us that both of Jupiter’s poles are covered in tumultuous cyclones and anticyclone storms, densely clustered and rubbing together. Some of these storms as large as Earth!

These storms are still puzzling. We’re still not exactly sure how they formed or how they interact with each other. Future close flybys will help us better understand these mysterious cyclones. 

Seen above, waves of clouds (at 37.8 degrees latitude) dominate this three-dimensional Jovian cloudscape. JunoCam obtained this enhanced-color picture on May 19, 2017, at 5:50 UTC from an altitude of 5,500 miles (8,900 kilometers). Details as small as 4 miles (6 kilometers) across can be identified in this image.

An even closer view of the same image shows small bright high clouds that are about 16 miles (25 kilometers) across and in some areas appear to form “squall lines” (a narrow band of high winds and storms associated with a cold front). On Jupiter, clouds this high are almost certainly comprised of water and/or ammonia ice.

2. Jupiter’s Atmosphere

Juno’s Microwave Radiometer is an instrument that samples the thermal microwave radiation from Jupiter’s atmosphere from the tops of the ammonia clouds to deep within its atmosphere.

Data from this instrument suggest that the ammonia is quite variable and continues to increase as far down as we can see with MWR, which is a few hundred kilometers. In the cut-out image below, orange signifies high ammonia abundance and blue signifies low ammonia abundance. Jupiter appears to have a band around its equator high in ammonia abundance, with a column shown in orange.

Why does this ammonia matter? Well, ammonia is a good tracer of other relatively rare gases and fluids in the atmosphere…like water. Understanding the relative abundances of these materials helps us have a better idea of how and when Jupiter formed in the early solar system.

This instrument has also given us more information about Jupiter’s iconic belts and zones. Data suggest that the belt near Jupiter’s equator penetrates all the way down, while the belts and zones at other latitudes seem to evolve to other structures.

3. Stronger-Than-Expected Magnetic Field

Prior to Juno, it was known that Jupiter had the most intense magnetic field in the solar system…but measurements from Juno’s magnetometer investigation (MAG) indicate that the gas giant’s magnetic field is even stronger than models expected, and more irregular in shape.

At 7.766 Gauss, it is about 10 times stronger than the strongest magnetic field found on Earth! What is Gauss? Magnetic field strengths are measured in units called Gauss or Teslas. A magnetic field with a strength of 10,000 Gauss also has a strength of 1 Tesla.  

Juno is giving us a unique view of the magnetic field close to Jupiter that we’ve never had before. For example, data from the spacecraft (displayed in the graphic above) suggests that the planet’s magnetic field is “lumpy”, meaning its stronger in some places and weaker in others. This uneven distribution suggests that the field might be generated by dynamo action (where the motion of electrically conducting fluid creates a self-sustaining magnetic field) closer to the surface, above the layer of metallic hydrogen. Juno’s orbital track is illustrated with the black curve. 

4. Sounds of Jupiter

Juno also observed plasma wave signals from Jupiter’s ionosphere. This movie shows results from Juno’s radio wave detector that were recorded while it passed close to Jupiter. Waves in the plasma (the charged gas) in the upper atmosphere of Jupiter have different frequencies that depend on the types of ions present, and their densities. 

Mapping out these ions in the jovian system helps us understand how the upper atmosphere works including the aurora. Beyond the visual representation of the data, the data have been made into sounds where the frequencies
and playback speed have been shifted to be audible to human ears.

5. Jovian “Southern Lights”

The complexity and richness of Jupiter’s “southern lights” (also known as auroras) are on display in this animation of false-color maps from our Juno spacecraft. Auroras result when energetic electrons from the magnetosphere crash into the molecular hydrogen in the Jovian upper atmosphere. The data for this animation were obtained by Juno’s Ultraviolet Spectrograph. 

During Juno’s next flyby on July 11, the spacecraft will fly directly over one of the most iconic features in the entire solar system – one that every school kid knows – Jupiter’s Great Red Spot! If anybody is going to get to the bottom of what is going on below those mammoth swirling crimson cloud tops, it’s Juno.

Stay updated on all things Juno and Jupiter by following along on social media:
Twitter | Facebook | YouTube | Tumblr

Learn more about the Juno spacecraft and its mission at Jupiter HERE.

I’m angry. I have been, for weeks now.

I didn’t want to make a post or say anything because I don’t think enough people will notice or care. But fuck that, because I’ve got something to say.

I’m a fanfic writer for Haikyuu, I’ve been one for over a year; going on two. I’ve written 50 fics for this fandom, and I’ve been posting one fic or chapter update every week since the beginning of this year.

I write because I love writing, because I have a lot of ideas, and because I love the characters. I post my work because I think other people might enjoy my work, too.

But I’m also sick of it.

I’m sick of spending all my free time on writing only to get ten notes max on my fics on tumblr. Which, you know - it might just be that people don’t like my work. But it’s not just me.
I’ve participated in events, and if you look at the pages for any fandom-related project that includes artists and writers, I can assure you that you’ll always find the same thing: art with over a thousand notes per pic, and fics with less than twenty.

Don’t get me wrong. I love the art that people are creating in the fandom, just as much as the next person. I buy every zine I can get my hands on. I commission artists when I can.

Recently, I commissioned a writer. I didn’t even know that was a thing until a couple months ago, and even then, I’ve seen writers offer 1k words or more for as little as 3$. Are you fucking kidding me. I paid 25$ for 4k and I wish I could have tipped more.

I guess what I’m saying is that I’m done with this.

I’ve been thinking every single day for the last three weeks that I want to just say I’m not going to be writing anymore. Because I’ve got no more energy for this. I’ve got enough other shit going on, and constantly being angry about how writers are treated is not helping, and it’s not something I can turn off. Every day I’ve been thinking “you should just go. For your sake. Stop this shit.”

I can’t do that. When I finally reached that point, and made the decision today that I’d stop, I’m done, I’m out - I immediately felt AWFUL. I love writing, and I love the friends I’ve made through it. I get really sweet and supportive comments sometimes. I feel like my work has maybe impacted a handful of people.

But I hate this. I hate the way the fandom treats us. I hate getting 1k hits and 2 comments. I hate getting 20 notes, only one of which is a reblog. Who’s going to see my work? No one. I hate it, and I don’t know what to do about it.

I guess that’s all. Expect a new fic from me next week, as always. Because as much as I hate it, I can’t leave. But I’m done pretending I’m not angry. Because I am.

The Flame Nebula in Visible and Infrared : What lights up the Flame Nebula? Fifteen hundred light years away towards the constellation of Orion lies a nebula which, from its glow and dark dust lanes, appears, on the left, like a billowing fire. But fire, the rapid acquisition of oxygen, is not what makes this Flame glow. Rather the bright star Alnitak, the easternmost star in the Belt of Orion visible just to the right of the nebula, shines energetic light into the Flame that knocks electrons away from the great clouds of hydrogen gas that reside there. Much of the glow results when the electrons and ionized hydrogen recombine. The above false-color picture of the Flame Nebula was taken is a composite of both visible and infrared light, the later energy band being where a young star cluster becomes visible. The Flame Nebula is part of the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex, a star-forming region that includes the famous Horsehead Nebula. via NASA

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9 Benefits of Having Crystals

Did you know? The oldest surviving crystal is 60,000 years old which was discovered in a grave in Sungir, Russia. It means that the use of crystal dates back to the beginning of the humankind. Besides being used in jewelries, crystals were widely used for spirituality and healing in the oldest civilizations including China, India, and Egypt.

The role of crystals is equally important in today’s world. They are said to connect you to the planet’s healing energy, making you feel more balanced and relaxed. There are thousands of crystals on the earth but few of them have been recognized for the healing power. Each crystal is considered to have unique properties and energies to address different concerns of your life. Generally, crystals are determined by their colours, for example, red coloured crystals are known for energy, while pink crystals are known for bringing in emotions and sensitivity, and orange crystals for artistic skills.

Here we have rounded up such benefits of the crystals to help you find the right one:

Turquoise for Healing:

Turquoise has been known for its healing powers since ages. It is said to create an energetic bridge between the earth and heaven. In fact, many historical evidences show that it was used to bring the luck and protection in ancient times. According to many customs, turquoise should be given as a gift to multiply its healing properties.

Bloodstone for Energy:

Blood-stones belong to the family of red crystals that are known for energy and passion. In ancient times, bloodstone was worn as an amulet to purify the blood while it was used to remove poison from snakebites in medieval times.

The crystal is recommended for the lethargy, negative thoughts and self-doubt. It is also said that bloodstone promotes enthusiasm and emotional wellbeing.

Smoky Quarts to Move On:

Many healers believe that smoky quarts can ground the negative energy and negative thoughts as well. It is said to help a person moves on from disturbing thoughts and the beliefs that are holding him back. It drives out negative and blocked energy from your body. Once the old energy is removed, your body and mind are all set to receive the positive energy in the form of hope.

Rose Quartz for Love Life:

The beautiful rose quartz can improve your love life. In fact, it is known as the stone of unconditional love. You should keep the stone near your bedside.

Carnelian is for Creativity:

Carnelian is the stone of motivation, confidence and joy. In ancient times, it is worn by warriors for courage and physical power while Egyptian architects used to keep it to show their rank of builder. It was also used in the Middle Ages to activate the energy. Today, carnelian is considered as the stone of creativity as it helps release the creative energy. Its vibrant orange colour triggers you passion to go ahead to achieve the dreams.

Quartz Crystal for Clarity of Thoughts:

Quartz crystal is derived from silica, one of the common elements on the planet. In fact, human body is also made from silica, on a cellular level. It is said that quartz crystal combines with your body’s energy to promote health and healing. In many ancient civilizations, the stone was used to achieve the balance of the body and clarity of the mind. The crystal grounds negative energy and channelizes the energy to help you connect with light and clarity.

Celestite for Stress Reliving

Celestitie is borrowed from the Latin word caelestisthat means celestial. The divine blue colour of the crystal attracts the attention. It is used for spreading peace and happiness, which in turns relive the stress. You can place the stone in your bedroom for a restful sleep. A healer places celestite on your muscles to relax your stressed muscles.

Citrine

Also known as Success Stone and Merchant’s Stone, Citrine is the stone of happiness and luck. It is said to hold the energies of good fortune and good luck. It drives away negative energy and brings in positive energy. The stone inspires you to aim big, maintain a positive state of mind and achieve everything you want to have.

Aventurinefor Self Confidence and Optimism:

Aventurine crystals contain the constituents of quartz and various other minerals. They are found in Brazil, China, Nepal, Russia, India and Tibet. It is the stone of self-confidence and helps you get rid of the feelings of self-doubt. It releases the energy of the heart and attracts new opportunities for you. Aventurinealso boosts your confidence and optimism.

Bottom Line:

You must have understood that why the use of crystals is still relevant. If you are looking to shop the crystals, consider buying them from the reputed retailer or wholesale distributor in Australia. Besides, consult an experienced healer to know the right way to use the crystals.

Reason // Jeon Jungkook

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the prompt: could I have a jungkook scenario where him and her are best friends and she’s always pointing at girls like “what about her she’s cute” or when a waitress flirts with him she’s like “hey go for it she’s into you” and jungkook is just not interested and shoves it off and he doesn’t really know why he just doesn’t find any of her suggestions attractive until one day when they’re walking in the park or wherever and she trips and lands on her face or eating something and it spills down her shirt and she’s not fazed about it at all and he’s just sweetly laughing at her clumsiness and that’s when he realizes that the reason he never thought those girls fit his standards was because they weren’t her.

words: 1616

category: fluff

author note: every time i write abt kookie i think of him as a boyfriend which is funny bc im not rlly romantically attracted to jungkook?? enjoy!

- destinee

Originally posted by hohbi


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“Imagine, if you can, four things that have very different sizes. First, the entire universe. Second, the planet Earth. Third, the nucleus of an atom. Fourth, a superstring. The step in size from each of these things to the next is roughly the same, twenty powers of ten.”
     ―   Freeman Dyson   

Arp 299: Black Holes in Colliding Galaxies : Is only one black hole spewing high energy radiation or two? To help find out, astronomers trained NASAs Earth-orbiting NuSTAR and Chandra telescopes on Arp 299, the enigmatic colliding galaxies expelling the radiation. The two galaxies of Arp 299 have been locked in a gravitational combat for millions of years, while their central black holes will soon do battle themselves. Featured, the high-resolution visible-light image was taken by Hubble, while the superposed diffuse glow of X-ray light was imaged by NuSTAR and shown in false-color red, green, and blue. NuSTAR observations show that only one of the central black holes is seen fighting its way through a region of gas and dust and so absorbing matter and emitting X-rays. The energetic radiation, coming only from the galaxy center on the right, is surely created nearby but outside the central black holes event horizon. In a billion years or so, only one composite galaxy will remain, and only one central supermassive black hole. Soon thereafter, though, another galaxy may enter the fray. via NASA

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Masterlist

Here’s a masterlist of all my smut imagines! If you want tagged in any upcoming fics just let me know.

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ISAK AND EVEN VOTING PARTY

From an idea of Nate @isakiyakis.

We decided to create a voting fandom party for Isak and Even since the poll is closing tonight at 2am norwegian time.

It’s not the best time for europeans to vote so we thought it would be funny to throw a little fandom party to keep us awake. The party starts at 9pm (we always refer to norwegian time).

If you want to partecipate these are the rules:

  • MAKE THEMED POSTS

9pm gifset: favorite episode of season 3

9.30pm evak headcanons

10pm isak and even + song

10.30pm isak and even + incorrect quotes

11pm favorite isak and even’s body part

11.30pm favorite evak quotes/ why is evak important for you

12am favorite evak glance/ evak fanart

12.30am gifset: isak and even with friends

1am favorite evak moment

1.30am poll memes

  • ADD THE LINK TO VOTE AT THE END OF YOUR POST
  • TAG YOUR POST WITH #evakvotingpoll AND #skam. It’d be cool if we can trend skam tonight :)

Note: the party will be activated only if 500+ people decide to partecipate. Spread the word – also on instagram and twitter if you have accounts there..the more the merrier :) !!!!

Let’s make Henrik, Tarjei and Julie proud. ❤️ ALT ER LOVE ❤️

I’m tagging some of the most active blogs: @alterskam @c-ardamom @cardamom-minutes @chickenparmaham @cuddlyevak @dailyhenrikholm @deepinskam @duerdigg @evaknaesen @evakshalla @evakskam @evaktexts @evakvaltersen @evakviigmoon @evenbec @evenvalterson @fairieswithoutwings @folerdetdufoler @hemrikholm @henrikhol-m @infiniteisakeven @isak–skam @isaksavedeven @isak-valterson @isakinloveblog @isakkxeven @isakp3 @isaks-even @isaksbestpillow @isaksredscarf @isakthesnake @isakvalty @isakxevenallday @isakyaki @issyisak @josteninski @kardamomme @kardemomme-kisses @kardemommeevak @kierensczerny @kosegruppaa @linneaxskam @metaphoricallocker @minkefreak @momecat @nalle @reasoniwantyoutostay @romialmi @sanaandthesun @sanaknows @sanasevaks @schembel @shakerrmakerr @shameeven @shameforskam @shytarjei @skam-obsessed @skamaddicted @skamforfaen @skamisak @skamisako @skamly @skammedxevak @skammmed @skamownsmysoul @skams @skevak @smolsonisak @smolwolfgang @softestisak @softnorwegians @sonhoedesrazao @sskkam @stardefiant @stayinherewithyou @tarjeiandhenrik @tarjeisandvik @tarjeitrash @tessalabessa @tocapturethisvoice @toneelspeler @v-ltersen @westiris @whenitisreal @willnotaskagain @wingsareatplace

anonymous asked:

Very anon person requesting a kiss. 🙂 *offers goats*

okay okay, fine. I have no idea what the context here is, other than, Emma and Killian trying to plan some sort of mission or something and Emma getting distracted. Uhm. Enjoy?


“… so we ought to be able to sneak by. What do you reckon?”

It takes Emma a moment to realise that Killian has finished speaking. It takes her a moment longer to realise he’s asked her a question. He’s still half-bent over the map they’ve been studying, looking over at her with those blue eyes of his, an expectant sort of furrow in his brow.

His hair is a mess, dark strands falling into his face and tickling at his eyebrows. He shucked his vest a while ago, leaving him in nothing but that billowing, half-unbuttoned shirt, and Emma is finding out just how distracting he can be when he’s not trying.

One kiss, she thinks, with a distant sort of amazement. One kiss, and suddenly she can’t seem to keep her eyes or her mind off him. That’s new. That didn’t happen after the first time.

But the first kiss didn’t mean what this one meant. Not to her, anyway.

He’s still waiting for an answer, that crease in his brow deepening a little.

“Uhm,” she says.

“Are you all right, love?”

“Sure,” she says, tucking her hair back behind her ear, only to realise that it’s already in place because she already did it a minute ago. “Sure. Just. Well. You know, it’s all a little… I can’t believe we’re doing this again.”

He usually reads her pretty well, but it seems that she has stumped him. She can’t blame him. She doesn’t really know what she means, either. He’s probably still got half his mind on maps and landmarks and strategies. So much for him having the one-track mind. He’s planning strategies, and she’s ogling his chest.

And his arms. And his face. And his hair. And even the way he uses his hook to gently spread the map across the table.

“Pardon?” Killian says.

“It’s just one thing after another,” Emma says, almost at random. “You know, with the curses, and witches, and dragons, and killer robots—”

“Killer what-now?” He looks really confused now. And more concerned than ever, his eyes soft and searching on her face, his body shifting towards her ever so slightly. His tongue flicks out to wet his lips, his throat working as he opens his mouth, about to speak—

Emma gives up.

It takes two steps to reach him, one movement to slip her hand up his chest to his shoulder, and no effort at all to pull his head down to hers. Her lips brush his once, twice, and then he seems to realise what’s happening, and his arm goes around her waist and he’s kissing her back.  He’s not holding her, exactly, still hesitant—always ready for her to pull back, to let her go, to give her space.

That thought has her pressing closer to him, her hand slipping around his neck, brushing through his hair. She fumbles blindly with her free hand until her fingers touch the cold metal of his hook, and she tugs at it.

He makes a low, desperate sort of noise in the back of his throat, and his arms go around her, and she forgets about everything else. He’s warm and solid against her, the fabric of his shirt rustling slightly as his body shifts to align with hers. Her heart is hammering, her nerves humming with awareness. His lips are soft against hers, almost too soft, too gentle. She tangles her fingers in the hair at the nape of his neck, and gives a slight tug.

“Emma,” he breathes, a sigh and a prayer in one, and then his lips are back on hers. Her mouth parts on a gasp, and he takes advantage like a pirate, his tongue slipping past her lips to tease and explore. A slow, sultry ache is spreading through her, and she wants more, more of him, more of this. She slides her other hand beneath his shirt, caressing his skin, feeling the muscles of his shoulder flex as he moves his own hand up to cup her cheek.

Emma loses track of time for a while, lost to the sensation of her body pressed against his, his mouth on hers, his hand brushing over her skin and back into her hair. He kisses her with a quiet, concentrated intensity, like he needs to, like it’s all that matters, like it’s everything he’s ever wanted, and she thinks that maybe she wasn’t the only one who was distracted, after all.

“Killian,” she murmurs, when she eventually manages to pull away, just enough to be able to take a breath.

“Mhmm?” He looks wrecked, his hair sticking up worse than before, his eyes dark and wide and a little desperate. His cheeks are tinged pink, and his lips are red and swollen, and she wants to pull him right back into her.

Instead, she keeps her hands on his shoulders as she looks up at him and smiles, a little rueful. “You’re gonna have to repeat the question.”