fall river pass

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The falls on the Yellowstone River pass over cliffs made of old lava flows and the river between winds through a gorge cut through these lava flows. The igneous rock of the lava has been stained orange-yellow by the geothermal and hydrothermal systems that existed after those rocks erupted.

4

1 | A High Country Lodge

2 | Park Scene Quintessential 

3 | Iceberg Lake from Trail Ridge Road

4 | Sheer Peaks Rise above Dream Lake 

1820

Maj. Stephen H. Long, commanding an exploring party sent out by President Madison in 1819, first sighted Longs Peak. Park area frequented by Arapaho and Ute Indians.

1843

Rufus B. Sage, another explorer, visited the area and later published earliest known description in “Rocky Mountain Life, or Startling Scenes and Perilous Adventures in the Far West During an Expedition of Three Years.”

1859

Joel Estes, the first white settler, entered the park and in 1860 built the first cabin.

1865

Charles F. Estes, first white child born in the park.

1868

First ascent of Longs Peak. The climb was made by William N. Byers, Maj. J.W. Powell, and five other men.

1868

Rocky Mountain Jim, adventurer and frontiersman, settled in area.

1869

Earl of Dunraven, famous English sportsman, first visited this area.

1871

The Hayden Geographical Survey, under Dr. E.V. Hayden, worked in this region.

1874

First stage established between Longmont and Estes Park.

1874

Albert Bierstadt, famous artist, first visited the region.

1876

First wedding in the park: Anna Ferguson and Richard Hubbell.

1878

First hotel built by Earl of Dunraven.

1881

First public school established and held in Elkhorn Lodge.

1881

The Denver, Utah & Pacific Railroad built to Lyons and projected to Pacific Ocean through Fall River and Milner Passes by Milner, chief engineer for the company.

1900

Bear Lake fire.

1904

Big Thompson Canyon road completed.

1907

Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Loveland.

1909

Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Lyons.

1912

Fall River road begun. Completed in 1920.

1915

Rocky Mountain National Park Act approved January 26.

1927

Bear Lake road completed.

1929

State of Colorado ceded exclusive jurisdiction to Federal Government.

1930

Never Summer Range area added to the park.

1932

Trail Ridge road opened.