The falls on the Yellowstone River pass over
cliffs made of old lava flows and the river between winds through a gorge cut
through these lava flows. The igneous rock of the lava has been stained
orange-yellow by the geothermal and hydrothermal systems that existed after
those rocks erupted.
Maj. Stephen H. Long, commanding an exploring party sent out by President Madison in 1819, first sighted Longs Peak. Park area frequented by Arapaho and Ute Indians.
Rufus B. Sage, another explorer, visited the area and later published earliest known description in “Rocky Mountain Life, or Startling Scenes and Perilous Adventures in the Far West During an Expedition of Three Years.”
Joel Estes, the first white settler, entered the park and in 1860 built the first cabin.
Charles F. Estes, first white child born in the park.
First ascent of Longs Peak. The climb was made by William N. Byers, Maj. J.W. Powell, and five other men.
Rocky Mountain Jim, adventurer and frontiersman, settled in area.
Earl of Dunraven, famous English sportsman, first visited this area.
The Hayden Geographical Survey, under Dr. E.V. Hayden, worked in this region.
First stage established between Longmont and Estes Park.
Albert Bierstadt, famous artist, first visited the region.
First wedding in the park: Anna Ferguson and Richard Hubbell.
First hotel built by Earl of Dunraven.
First public school established and held in Elkhorn Lodge.
The Denver, Utah & Pacific Railroad built to Lyons and projected to Pacific Ocean through Fall River and Milner Passes by Milner, chief engineer for the company.
Bear Lake fire.
Big Thompson Canyon road completed.
Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Loveland.
Automobile stage line established between Estes Park and Lyons.
Fall River road begun. Completed in 1920.
Rocky Mountain National Park Act approved January 26.
Bear Lake road completed.
State of Colorado ceded exclusive jurisdiction to Federal Government.