faeroe island

anonymous asked:

Do you seriously support killing whales? Isn't it illegal too? How do you sleep at night?

Hi, I just noticed this question. But, yes, I do support the *traditional harvest* of whales conducted by the Inuipaq and Siberian Yup’ik of Alaska, the Inuit of the coastal Canadian Arctic and Greenland, the people of the Faeroe Islands, and the Makah Tribe of Washington (among others) for subsistence and survival purposes. (Due to my residency in Alaska, from this point on, I will only be focusing on the Inupiaq and Siberian Yup’ik people of Alaska.) Proof of traditional whale harvests is shown through oral tradition and archaeological data to be long-standing practice, extending as far back as nearly 1,000 years

Is whale harvesting illegal? No, not if done in a traditional manner by Natives. In fact, in Alaska, there is a whaling commission that monitors the number of whale harvested and allows this lifestyle to be a sustainable activity. There is a set number of whale allotted annually by the commission for all involved whale-hunting villages that cannot be surpassed without consequence. 

So, say that harvest number is one dozen whales this year, and Kaktovik has a bounty season and harvests seven whale, while Barrow does alright, harvesting three. This leaves two more whales for the rest of the communities, which in this first-come-first-serve practice might not be so bad, as those who have a bum year will generally receive shares from those who did well that year. I heard that this was the case for St. Lawrence Island this year where a lot of whale was sent their way following a poor season. So really, it’s a generally communist ideology, where people are helping each other to survive. 

And why do they choose this lifestyle? Well, I’ve been hanging out on the North Slope a lot this summer and general food items that you buy at the store are often easily going to cost 100% more than what you pay for them due to shipping costs. And when you live in a place where gas is $7.00/gallon and this has been home for 1,000 years, and it’s all you know, and your family is everything, and they all live with you in your village, the easiest and most cost-effective way to be comfortable and survive is to practice a subsistence-based lifestyle. 

So then you have to ask yourself: Why are so many people against whaling? Generally the biggest backlash to whaling that people may not even realize is a product of the 1840s-1870s where commercial whaling implemented by Western Culture (which also included Japanese whalers) almost decimated the whale populations for their baleen, oil, and ambergris. Since then, at least in the US, commercial whaling has been made illegal and today the beauty and majestic appearance of the animal, likely due to its massive size, has given the US the hard-lined notion that hunting whales should be taboo. More or less the same goes for other sea mammals such as seal which were also nearly hunted to extinction for their furs.

So if the question was about commercial hunts, like when Japan goes out with little regulation, I’m not so keen on that. But when it comes to survival or an even deeper push into poverty on the back of Western living, yeah, I don’t really mind a few whale being harvested sustainably.


(( @ask2promanos , @askikealover , @2p-jones , @ask-burger-boy , @ask-irl-wy , @ask-aph-francis , @ask-the-aristocrat , @ask-lovifreakingvargas (I love you <3), @dencloud , @askaph-bigsister-ukraine , @awesomerevolutionarytomato , @ask-faeroe-islands , @ask-a-dane , @ask-aph-ireland , @askfinlandandmoi , @ask-aphdenmark-lego , @ask-hetalia-norge , you are the people I wish a happy happy Christmas and blah blah blah, you know the rest. I love you all <3 <3 <3 You’ve made my days better with your amazing posts ^^ Happy Holidays! and yes I know I am reusing an old gif of mine but its my fault for forgetting my cosplay 500 miles west of me))

List of breeds of all equestrian horses/ponies

Horse Breeds Beginning With A
Abaco Barb
Achetta/ Achettu
Ainos Pony
Albanian Horse
Alter Real
Altmärkisches Kaltblut
American Albino
American Bashkir
American Cream Draft
American Drum Horse
American Indian Horse
American Mammoth Jack
American Miniature Horse
American Mustang
American Quarter Horse
American Paint Horse
American Saddlebred
American Shetland
American Sport Pony
American Spotted Paso
American Standardbred
American Thoroughbred
American Walking Pony
American Warmblood
Anadolu Pony
Andino Pony
Appaloosa Sport Horse
Appendix Quarter Horse
Argentine Anglo
Argentine Criollo
Argentine Polo Pony
Argentinean Modepony
Argentinian Ranch Horse
Ariègeois Pony
Asiatic Wild Horse
Assateague Pony
Asturcón | Asturian
Australian Brumby
Australian Draught
Australian Pony
Australian Stock horse
Australian Warmblood
Austrian Warmblood
Autre Que Pur Sang
Horse Breeds Beginning With B
Baguio Light Horse
Baguio Pony
Baixadeiro Horse
Bajau Pony
Balearic Horse
Bali Pony
Balikun Horse
Baluchi Horse
Banker Pony
Barra / Bara Pony
Barthais Pony
Bashkir Horse
Basotho Pony | Basuto Pony
Basque Pony
Batak Pony
Bavarian Warmblood
Belgian Ardennais
Belgian Draft
Belgian Sport Horse / Belgian Halfblood
Belgian Warmblood
Bergmann Pony
Bhorum Pony
Bhotia Pony | Bhutia Pony
Bidet Horse
Bigourdan Horse
Bitcuk / Bityug
Black Forest Horse
Black Sea Horse
Blazer Horse
Bolivian Pony
Borneo Pony
Bose Pony
Bosnian Pony
Brabant / Barbancon
Brazilian Pony
Brazilian Sport Horse
British Appaloosa
British Riding Pony
British Shetland
British Spotted Pony
British Thoroughbred
British Warmblood
Bulgarian Native Horse
Burmese Pony
Busak Posavec
Byelorussian Harness Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With C
Calvinia Horse
Camargue Horse
Camarillo White Horse
Canadian Cutting Horse
Canadian Horse
Canadian Pacer
Canadian Rustic Pony
Canadian Sport Horse / Canadian Hunter
Canadian Warmblood
Cape Harness
Cape Horse
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carpathian Pony
Carthusian Horse
Castilian Horse
Catria Horse
Cayuse Pony
Celtic Pony
Cheval Demi sang du Centre
Cerbat Mustang
Chahou Post Pony
Chaidamu Pony
Chalosse Pony
Champagne Horse
Chapman Horse
Charysh / Chara
Cheju Pony
Cheval d’Auvergne
Cheval de Corlay
Chickasaw Horse
Chicksaw Pony
Chilean Corralero
Chilote Pony
Chincoteague Pony
Choctaw Horse
Chumbivilcas Horse
Chumysh Horse
Chyanta Pony
Cimarron Horse
Cleveland Bay
Coffin Bay Pony
Coldblooded Trotter | Coldblood Traveling Rail
Colonial Spanish
Colorado Ranger
Comtois horse
Conestoga Horse
Connemara Pony
Corajoso / Courage Pony
Corolla Island Pony
Corsican Horse | Corsica Horse
Cossak Horse
Costa Rican Saddle Horse
Country Saddle Horse
Cretan Horse
Crioulo Brasileiro | Curraleiro
Croatian Hladnokrvnjak
Croatian Posavac
Cuban Paso
Cuban Pinto
Curly Horse
Curly Haired Fox Trotter
Czech Coldblood
Czechoslovakian Small Riding Horse
Czech Warmblood
Horse Breeds Beginning With D
Dagestan Pony
Dales Pony
Daliboz Horse | Deliboz
Deliorman | Deliormanski
Danish Sport Pony
Danish Wamblood
Danube Delta Horse
Danubian | Dunav
Darashouri | Darashouli
Darfur Pony
Dartmoor Pony
Datong Horse
Debao Pony
Deli Pony
Desert Norman Horse
Deutsches Reitpony
Dilbaz | Deliboz | Daliboz | Delibozskaya
Djamoi | Djamonský Pony
Djerma Horse
Døle Gudbrandsdal | Dølehest | Døle Trotter
Don | Donskaya
Dongola | Dongolah | Dongolawi
Dosanko Horse
Drum Horse
Dülmen Pony
Dutch Draft
Dutch Harness Horse
Dutch Warmblood
Horse Breeds Beginning With E
East Bulgarian Horse
East Friesian Horse – Old Type
East Friesian Warmblood
East Prussian
Ege Midillisi
Egyptian Arabian | Egyptian Horse
English Thoroughbred
Equus Kinsky
Equus Przewalskii
Eriskay Pony
Esperia Pony
Estonian Draft | Estonian Arden
Estonian Native
Exmoor Pony
Horse Breeds Beginning With F
Faroe Pony | Faeroes Pony | Faeroe Island Horse
Faca Galizana
Fell Pony
Finnhorse | Finnish Universal
Finnish Warmblood
Fjord horse
Flemish Horse
Flores Pony
Florida Cracker Horse | Florida Horse | Florida Cow Pony
Foundation Quarter Horse
Fouta Horse | Foutanké
Frederiksborg Horse
Freiberger horse | Franches Montagnes | Freiberger
French Saddlebred / Halfblood
French Anglo Arab
French Ardennais
French Cob
French Saddle Pony
French Sport Horse
French Trotter
Friesian Sporthorse
Furioso Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With G
Gala Horse
Galiceño Pony
Galician Pony | Gallego | Galaga
Galloway Pony
Garrano | Garrano do Minho
Gayoe Pony
Gelderlander | Gelderland
Geogrgian Grand
German Coach Horse
German Cold-Blooded
German Riding Pony
Golden American Saddlebred
Golden Horse of Bohemia
Gotland Pony
Grand Noir du Berry Donkey | Great Black Berry Ass
Great Poland Horse
Greek Pony
Greyson Highlands Ponies
Groningen Horse | Groninger
Guangxi Horse | Guanxi
Guizhou Pony
Guoxia Pony
Gutsul | Guculs | Guzuls
Gypsy Vanner
Horse Breeds Beginning With H
Hackney Horse
Hackney Pony
Handachine Horse
Hantam Horse
Harddraver | Holländischer | Hardtdraver
Harna | Hazziz
Hebridean Pony
Heck Horse
Heihe Horse
Henson Horse
Hequ | Hequl
Hessen Horse | Hessischer
Highland Pony
Highlander Horse
Hinis Horse | Hinisin Kolu Kisasi Ati
Hispano | Hispano Arabe
Hmong Horse
Hokkaido Pony
Holsteiner Coldblood
Horse of the Americas
Hrvatski Hladnokrvnjak
Hrvatski Posavac
Hucul | Huçul | Hutsul | Hutul | Huculska | Huzul
Hungarian Horse | Hungarian Felver
Hungarian Draft | Hungarian Coldblood
Hungarian Dun
Horse Breeds Beginning With I
Ibérian Warmblood
Icelandic Horse
Indian Country Bred Horse
Indian Horse | Indian Pony
International Striped Horse
Iomud | Iomudskaya
Irish Cob
Irish Draft | Irish Draught
Irish Hobby
Irish Hunter | Irish Sport Horse
Israeli Horse
Italian Heavy Draft | Italian Working Horse
Italian Trotter
Horse Breeds Beginning With J
Jaca Gallega
Java Pony
Jeju Pony
Jianchang Pony
Jielin Horse
Jinhong Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With K
Kabarda | Kabardian | Kabardinskaya
Kagoshima | Kuyshu
Kaimanawa Horse
Kaju Pony
Kalmyk | Kalmykskaya
Kandachi | Kandachime
Karabair | Karabairskaya
Karabakh | Karabakhskaya
Karachai | Karakachan Pony | Karatschai Pony | Karatschaever | Karatschaewsker | Karachaier
Kathiawari | Kathi | Kutchi
Kazakh Horse | Kazakhskaya
Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
Kerry Bog Pony
Kiger Mustang
Kinsky Horse
Kirdi Pony
Kirghiz | Kirgizskaya
Kisber Halfbred | Kisber Felver
Kiso Horse
Kladruby Horse | Kladruber | Kladrubsky
Kleines Deutsches Reitpferd
Konik Horse
Kushum | Kushumakaya
Kustanai | Kustanair | Kustanaiskaya
Kuznetsk Horse
Kyrgyz Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With L
Labem Horse
Lac la Croix Indian Pony | LLCIP
Lakka | Logone
Landais Pony
Latgale Trotter
Latvian | Latviiskaya
Lehmkuhlener Pony
Leutstetten | Leutstettener
Lewitzer Pony | Lewitz Pony
Lijiang Pony
Limousin Horse
Lippit Morgan
Lipizzan | Lipizzaner
Lithuanian Heavy Draft
Lithuanian Landrace
Little Poland Horse
Ljutomer Trotter
Lokai | Lokaiskaya
Lundy Pony
Lyngen Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With M
Magyar Hidegveru
Malakan Horse
Mallorquin Horse
Mangalarga Marchador
Mangalarga Paulista
Manipuri Pony
Marajoara | Marajo
Maremmano | Maremmana Horse
Marsh Tacky
Marquesas Islands Horse
Masuren | Mazury
Mecklenburg | Mecklenburger Horse
Megrel | Mingrelian | Megrelskaya
Menorca | Menorquin Horse
Merens Pony
Messara Horse
Metis Trotter
Mezen | Mezenskaya
Mezohegyes Sport Horse
Miniature Horse
Minusin Horse
Misaki Pony | Miyazaki
Missouri Fox Trotting Horse
Miyako Horse
Mogod Pony
Mongolian Wild Horse
Montana Travler
Monterufoli Pony
Morgan Horse
Moroccan Barb
Mousseye Pony | Mbai | M’baye | Mussey
Mountain Pleasure Horse
Moyle Horse
Mulassier Horse
Mura | Mur Island | Medjimurski | Murakoz | Murakosi
Murgese | Murge Horse
Musey Pony
Mytilene Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With N
Namaqua Pony
Namib Desert Horse
Nambu Horse
Narym | Narymskaya
National Show Horse
Narragansett Pacer
Navarra | Navarran | Navarrais | Navarre Pony
Neapolitan | Napolitan | Napolitano Horse
Nederlands Appaloosa Pony
Nederlands Mini Paarden | Dutch Mini Horse
Nederlands Trekpaard
New Forest Pony
New Kirgiz Horse | Novokirgizskaya
Newfoundland Pony
Nez Perce Horse
Nogai Horse
Nokota Horse
Noma Horse
Nonius | Noniusz
Nooitgedacht Pony
Nordland Horse
Norfolk Roadster | Norfolk Trotter
Noriker | Noric
Norman Cob | Normandy Cob
Norman Trotter
North African Barb
Northeastern | Nordestino
Northern Ardennais | Northern Draft Horse
North Swedish Horse | Nordsvensk Hast
Norwegian Fjord | Norwegian Dun | Norwegian Pony | Northern Dun
Norwegian Riding Pony | Northlands | Nordland-Lyngen
Norwegian Trotter
Horse Breeds Beginning With O
Ob Pony
Oberlander Horse
Oldenburger | Oldenburg
Old Austrian Warmblood
Old English Black Horse | Old Kladruby Horse
Orlov Trotter | Orlovskaya Rysistaya
Oromo Horse
Outer Banks Ponies
Horse Breeds Beginning With P
Padang Pony
Paint Horse
Paint Pony
Pampa Horse
Panela | Peneia | Pinia |Peneia | Pineia
Panje | Panjeskaya
Pantaneiro | Poconeano
Paso Fino
Patibarcina Horse
Pechora | Pechorskaya
Peruvian Paso
Periangan Pony
Perkehner Horse
Persano Horse
Petiso Pony | Petiso Argentino
Pindos Pony
Pinkafo | Pinkafeld Horse
Pinzgauer Horse
Piquira Pony
Pleven | Plevna | Plevenska
Polesian | Polessakya
Polish Konik | Polish Primitive Horse
Poney Gallego | Poni Galaga
Poneys Landais
Poney Mousseye
Pony of the Americas
Posavina Horse
Poznan Horse
Prairie Horse
Prairie Pony
Przewalski’s Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With Q
Qatgani Horse
Quarter horse
Quarter Pony
Horse Breeds Beginning With R
Racking Horse
Rahvan | West Black Sea Rahvan Horse
Rangerbred horse
Rhineland Heavy draft | Rhenish Cold Blood
Riwoche Pony
Rocky Mountain Horse
Romanian Saddle Horse
Romanian Trotter
Rottaler | Rottal | Rottaler Warmblut
Russian Don
Russian Heavy Draft
Russian Riding Horse
Russian Trotter
Horse Breeds Beginning With S
Sable Island Pony
Sachsen Warmblood | Sachsen Anhaltiner Warmblut
Salerno Horse | Salernitano
Sandalwood Pony | Sandal
Sandan Horse
San Fratello Horse | Sanfratellani | Sicilian Horse
Sardinian | Sarcidano
Sardinian Anglo-Arab
Saxon-Turinga Coldblood | Sächsisch-Thüringisches Kaltblut
Saxony Warmblood | Saxony-Thuringian Warmbloods
Schleswiger Heavy Draft | Schleswiger Kaltblut
Schwarzwälder Fuchs
Scottish Galloway
Selle Français
Selle Français Pony
Seminole Pony
Senne Horse | Senner
Shackleford Banks Horse
Shagya Arabian
Shan Pony
Shetland Pony
Shire Horse
Silesian | Slaski Horse
Single-Footing Horse
Sini | Sining Horse
Skyros Pony
Slovak Sport Pony
Slovak | Slovakian Warmblood
Sokolsky | Sokolski
Somali Pony
Somme Bay Horse
South African Miniature
South African Vlaamperd
South African Warmblood
South German Coldblood | Suddeutsches Kaltblut
Soviet Heavy Draft
Spanish Anglo-Arabian
Spanish Barb
Spanish Colonial Horse
Spanish Jennet
Spanish Mustang
Spanish Norman
Spiti Pony
Spotted Saddle Horse
Strelets Horse
Sudan Country-Bred
Süddeutsches Kaltblut
Suffolk Punch
Sugarbush Draft
Sumba Pony
Sumbawa Pony
Swedish Ardennes | Svensk Ardenner
Swedish Warmblood | Swedish Halfbred
Swiss Warmblood | Swiss Halfbred
Horse Breeds Beginning With T
Taishuh | Taishu Horse
Takhi Horse
Tarbes | Tarbais
Tavda | Tavdinka | Tavdinskaya
Tennessee Walking Horse
Tersk | Tersky | Terskaya
Thai Pony | Thai Country Bred
Thessalian | Thessalonian
Thoroughbred (English Thoroughbred)
Tibetan Pony
Tiger Horse
Timor Pony
Tinker Horse
Tokara Pony | Tokara Kyushu
Tolfetano Horse
Tori | Tory | Toric | Toriiskaya
Trait Du Nord
Tres Sangres | Three Blood
Trote en Gallope | Trote y Galope | Trochador | Trocha Horse
Trottatore Italiano
Trotteur Francais
Tuigpaard | Tuigpaarden
Tunisian Pony
Turk | Turkoman | Turkmene | Turkmen | Turkmenian
Thüringen Warmblood
Tuva | Tuvan | Tuvinskaya
Tyrol Pesante Rapido
Horse Breeds Beginning With U
Ukrainian Saddle-Riding Horse
Upper Yenisei
Uzunyayla Horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With V
Venezuelan Criollo
Ventasso Horse
Vietnamese Hmong
Virginia Highlander
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Voronezh Coach
Vyatka | Viatka
Horse Breeds Beginning With W
Washu Horse
Welara Pony
Welsh Mountain Pony (Secion A)
Welsh Pony (Section B)
Welsh Pony of Cob Type (Section C)
Welsh Cob (Section D)
Weser-Ems Pony
West African Barb
West Norwegian | West Norway | Westland
Western Sudan Pony
Westfalen | Westphalian
Westfalen Pony
Wild Horses of the Namib
Württemberger | Württemberg
Horse Breeds Beginning With X
Horse Breeds Beginning With Y
Yabou | Yaboo
Yakut Horse
Yanqi Horse
Yemeni Horse
Yili Horse
Yonaguni Horse
Yugoslav Mountain Pony
Yorkshire Coach Horse
Yururi Island horse
Horse Breeds Beginning With Z
Zaniskari Pony
Zemaituka | Zemaitukai | Žemaitukas | Zemaituka | Zhumd | Zhemaichu | Zhmudk
Zweibrücker | Zweibrücken

ask-faeroe-islands  asked:

I'm sorry... I couldn't be in time for Valentine's, so... //gives him chocolate// Happy late Valentine's Day... //sad smile//

Ah… no, it’s okay. It’s been some time since someone gave me these…

Thank you, @ask-faeroe-islands​.


This is one of the most horrible things I have ever seen. People need to see this and help stop this. Watching this made me cry so a warning for the shocking video.


Cristiano’s post match interview (07.10.16)

How was this match for you?
Well, it was a game where we knew the first goal would be very important because it’s a team that plays with 11 players behind the ball line but things went well, we started well and were able to score two goals in 5 minutes, if I’m not mistaken. And then the game got easier. Obviously what we wanted was to go back to the wins. We know, at this point, that Switzerland won and so did the Faeroe Islands and we have to fight hard because we know this qualifying stage will be rather complicated. But we wanted to go back to the wins and congrats to the team who played really well today.

We were curious, while we were commenting the game because we saw you trace back a lot, almost playing as Defensive Midfielder, in the last 20 minutes, after your 4th goal. Why?
Because I felt a little knock. The back of my leg was hurting a little and I didn’t want to force it. I feel okay. They were playing with 9 too. I played a little behind but that didn’t make them score goals so it was good.

What happened now after your return compared to what happened in Switzerland, does it prove your importance in the team?
Yes, like what mister said - and I want to thank him for those words - I know I’m an important player, just like all the others are. I try to always do my best ever since I started to play, ever since my first games with the National Team. As a player, I feel useful and happy to play for the National Team. I scored 4 goals today. Obviously I’m very happy to come back after the serious injury I got in the Euro final. But the whole team is to be congratulated. Now we need to stay on track. There are 8 games left and we want to win them all so we can go to the World Cup.

[Portuguese transcript under the cut for those interested!]

Keep reading

tsunamitidesofmissingyou  asked:

And also, can you tell the story of Keiko? I don't know what happened when he was released into the wild, did it not go well? Was he born in captivity? Did he star in in of the free willy movies? When did all of this happen, and when did he die? Don't know much about him, it would be greatly appreciated if you could explain! Thank you loads. :)

*rubs hands together* Hehe, now that I’m at the computer, let’s get this done. (I may summarize this a bit or a lot)

Originally called “Kago”, he was born off the coast of Iceland, supposedly sometime between 1977 and 1978. Jon Gunnarson is paid $50,000 to capture him when he’s about 2 years old. Afterwards, Kago was brought to an Icelandic aquarium/zoo. There is no documentation of his capture, a practice known as “hiding” whales that are in excess of capture permits.

Sometime between 1980 and 1982, Marineland in Ontario, Canada buys Kago and he is kept for an undetermined about of time in a warehouse where he sits in a shallow pool that is devoid of natural sunlight, mental, and physical stimulation and is completely out of view of the public. There is also no documentation of his purchase or transport to Marineland.

In 1982, Kago is first brought out before the public. He is picked on by the older female orcas, and is the youngest of six performing orcas at the park, and is also the most timid. This is when the first skin lesions, caused by a papilloma virus, start to appear.

Then, sometime in 1985, Marineland sells Kago for $350,000 to a park in Mexico City known as Reino Aventura.

The name Kago in Spanish has scatological connotations, so he is given the name Keiko, which means “lucky one” in Japanese. By this time, he’s the main attraction at the park at 7 years old, and performs 5 times a day.

However, his tank at Reino Aventura is meant for dolphins. It’s only 20ft. deep, 90ft. long, and 43ft. wide. The artificial saltwater is a staggering 80 degrees and it’s saturated with chlorine. Keiko eventually grows so large that he can not fully breach, and can not spyhop without his flukes hitting the bottom of the tank.

In 1991, after realizing that he is too large for his tank and may die unless he is moved to a better environment, Reino Aventura attempts to sell Keiko to SeaWorld, but the deal falls apart. SeaWorld instead goes after Tilikum, a bull orca at Sealand of the Pacific who has already fathered calves, while Keiko has fathered none.

In 1992, filming for “Free Willy” begins on location in Mexico City. Before filming ever took place, a caretaker’s 18 month old son fell silently and unnoticed into Keiko’s tank. Being a rather gentle and docile whale, Keiko raised the boy to the surface and pushed him onto the walkway, saving the boy’s life. In an attempt to incorporate this scene into “Free Willy”, producers expected they would have to use an animatronic whale. However, Keiko was given a try and repeated his actions flawlessly on the first take.

In 1993, after “Free Willy” turns out to be a surprise hit in theaters, 300,000 people call the toll-free number included in the credits and express their wish to see Keiko go free.

By now, Keiko is in terrible condition, and attention has been drawn to his unacceptable living conditions. Keiko is severely underweight, has a weak immune system, has skin lesions all over his body, ulcers and digestive problems, and his muscles are weak due to the inadequate amount of swimming space. In addition, Keiko can only hold his breath for 2-3 minutes, as opposed to his wild counterparts who average 10-15 minutes at a time. The outlines of his skull and rib-cage can be seen, and it is clear to everyone working with Keiko that he will die soon if his conditions are not improved.

Between August 1993 and February 1995, numerous officials involved with Keiko meet, seeking the best place to move Keiko so he can recover, and possibly be released back into his native Icelandic waters. Schools all over the U.S. raise money to donate towards Keiko’s rehabilitation. One elementary school in Florida manages to raise $31,000.

In February 1995, Reino Aventura donates Keiko to the Free Willy Keiko Foundation. The Foundation announces that Keiko is to be moved to a brand new $7.3 million rehabilitation facility at the Oregon Coast Aquarium.

Finally, after years of waiting, on January 7, 1996, Keiko is placed inside of an enormous UPS crate, packed with ice water, and driven the 15 miles to the airport, where he endures a grueling 20hr. flight to Newport, Oregon.

Weighing a mere 7,720lbs. and measuring just 20ft. in length, Keiko is placed inside of his new 2 million gallon tank. For the first time in 14 years, Keiko is able to experience natural seawater, courtesy of a closed-loop ionization filtration system. His tank also comes complete with rubbing rocks and oscillating water jets.

By January 1997, he has already gained more than 1,000lbs. Almost all of his lesions have disappeared, his ulcers are gone, and his cardiovascular fitness and overall muscle tone have dramatically improved.

In an attempt to see if it’s possible to bring Keiko to the next step, rehab staff begin to introduce live fish to Keiko’s tank. At first, he catches and plays with them, but doesn’t eat them, sometimes even returning them to his trainers. Eventually, he finally catches and eats his first fish, and is lesion free for the first time since 1982.

In September 1998, Keiko is finally lifted out of his tank in Oregon and is flown back to Iceland, where a 250ft. long, 100ft. wide, and 30ft. deep sea pen awaits him.

As soon as he is immersed in the ocean water, he pumps his flukes to swim clear of the stretcher and immediately dives in. A full minute later, he surfaces and circles the pen, vocalizing and echolocating excitedly. He explores his new home energetically for around 10 minutes before turning to the edge of the pen to visit briefly with his human friends, but he seems more interested in his new home rather than the people. Within 2 hours of being in his sea pen, he starts communicating with a pilot whale that swims into his cove.

Over the next 2 years, trainers work to try and interact with Keiko less and less, except for when they ask him for behaviors that would further his possible chances of full reintroduction into the wild.

On May 6, 2000, trainers lead Keiko from his enclosure on his first “ocean walk”. Throughout the year, Keiko often encounters pods of wild orcas, but doesn’t interact with them for very long. He is, however, able to echo-locate, his diet consists of nearly 100% of live fish on some days, which means he could very well be capable of feeding himself at sea.

Throughout 2001 and 2002, Keiko is fitted with a satellite tracking device and begins spending more time away from the boat and more time attempting to interact with wild orcas. Then, on July 30, 2002, Keiko swam away from the tracking boat, beginning his 2 month long journey of over 1,000 miles across the North Atlantic, by the Faeroe Islands, and to the coast of Norway.

Suddenly, after spending most of the summer free, Keiko enters Skaalvik, a small Norwegian harbor and begins to interact with members of the public. He appears to he exhausted and remains stationary for 18 hours. However, after 60 days on his own, he is strong and has not lost any weight whatsoever, indicating that he was able to successfully forage on his own in the wild.

In September of 2002, the Miami Seaquarium applies for a permit to re-capture Keiko and bring him to their tank in Miami, which is smaller than the one he was saved from in Mexico City. The application is rejected on the grounds that Norway now has jurisdiction and stated flatly that Keiko is just fine, and they don’t believe orcas should be held in captivity anyway.

Finally, on December 12, 2003, Keiko suddenly beached himself and died after contracting Pneumonia, a common cause of death among captive orcas. The day before his death, he had been showing signs of lethargy, lack of appetite, and his breathing was irregular. However, these were advanced signs of his illness.

Now, from a scientific point of view, his release was a total failure, because Keiko never reintegrated into a pod. He sought out the company of humans after his long journey.

However, I, as well as many others, view his release as a complete success. He lived 7 more years all together, and was able to live 5 of those seven years back in his native waters and proved that rehabilitation is possible. He swam over 1,000 miles on his own, fed himself on his trip, and was thriving in Iceland/Norway. Something you would not have said about him when he was still in captivity. Had he not been taken from Mexico City and rehabilitated and then moved to Iceland, he would not have lived more than about 3 more months in that crappy, warm, chlorinated tank.

(anyone want to add anything? maybe some documentary links or book titles?)