This crater, ‘The Sedan Crater’, remains from the Plowshares program, the purpose of which was to test the peaceful use of nuclear explosions. The operating hypothesis was that a nuclear explosion could easily excavate a large area, facilitating the building of canals and roads, improving mining techniques, or simply moving a large amount of rock and soil. The intensity and distribution of radiation proved too great, and the program was abandoned. The “Sedan” device was thermonuclear—70 percent fusion, 30 percent fission—with a yield of 100 kilotons. The crater is an impressive 635 feet deep and 1,280 feet wide. The weight of the material lifted was 12 million tons.
[Taken from the book Nuclear Landscapes, by Peter Goin]


Our findings show that major nonviolent campaigns have achieved success 53 percent of the time, compared with 26 percent for violent resistance campaigns. There are two reasons for this success. 

First, a campaign’s commitment to nonviolent methods enhances its domestic and international legitimacy and encourages more broad-based participation in the resistance, which translates into increased pressure being brought to bear on the target. Recognition of the challenge group’s grievances can translate into greater internal and external support for that group and alienation of the target regime, undermining the regime’s main sources of political, economic, and even military power.

Second, whereas governments easily justify violent counterattacks against armed insurgents, regime violence against nonviolent movements is more likely to backfire against the regime. Potentially sympathetic publics perceive violent militants as having maximalist or extremist goals beyond accommodation, but they perceive nonviolent resistance groups as less extreme, thereby enhancing their appeal and facilitating the extraction of concessions through bargaining.

Our findings challenge the conventional wisdom that violent resistance against conventionally superior adversaries is the most effective way for resistance groups to achieve policy goals. Instead, we assert that nonviolent resistance is a forceful alternative to political violence that can pose effective challenges to democratic and nondemocratic opponents, and at times can do so more effectively than violent resistance.

Theory: The Purpose for Lily

Free will. 

Like it or not, this seems to be one of the themes running through the current arc of OUAT. We, as viewers, tend to want to assume that within their universe, the characters are acting organically. We know that they are doing only what the writers make them do, but we do not like to be reminded of that. This Author storyline is controversial at least partly because we now must question how much free will these characters have had in their lives. I am beginning to think there might be an overall reason for this, something yet to be fully explained. I am not at all sure, if I am right, that everybody’s going to like it. It’s very unsettling to have a story line about an Apprentice who can facilitate the removal of two infants’ free will, especially if his own free will is compromised in the process by the Author. However, it’s appearing to me, for better or worse, that this is what the writers of Once Upon a Time now expect us to believe. I hope they aren’t using the Author as an excuse upon whom to blame some of their own less successful ideas, but that may be a matter for a different post. 

In the past, we are told that Snow and Charming somehow managed to stuff all of Emma’s darkness in Maleficent’s egg. This doomed child, whom we now know to be Lily, was then sent to our world with no guardian to protect her. At the time that we first meet her, she is a warm friend to Emma, but she’s also deceitful, and her lies ruin that friendship because Emma cannot forgive her. 

Emma says later of this decision that she regrets abandoning Lily. “Once you screw somebody over, there’s no going back.” 

All over the internet I am seeing people protest the idea that Emma was forced to grow up good, that her heroism is not an inherent byproduct of her own desire to be virtuous. I understand. Given her nightmarish childhood, the constant betrayals and opportunities for despair, Emma’s choice to be a good person was always a big reason for her enormous appeal. It’s an attribute bordering on sacred for Savior, and we want to believe that it was self-made. If the arc persists on informing us that her parents forced her to be virtuous, it’s going to be really disappointing to a lot of people. 

I must assume for the moment, whether we like it or not, that this is actually the direction the narrative is headed. You see, I think Lily isn’t just here again because the writers decided it would be nice for Emma to get a chance to reunite with her friend. I think there’s more to it. 

If Emma has been forced to be good, then Lily has been forced to be bad. Now, listen to the description of her character from TV Line. 

” a charismatic and fiercely independent woman who “easily wraps others into her schemes.” Yet despite her “penchant for troublemaking,” the casting notice reads, “Autumn” “just wants to be loved.” Alas, her misguided methods typically wind up alienating those she loves most.

So, what happens to a character who has been forced to bear more than her share of darkness? She schemes, causes trouble, and drives people away from her, even as she longs for love. 

That’s not just Lily, folks. She’s been cursed with darkness, but she’s not the only lonely person out there with this problem. She’s a guest character, appearing for a handful of episodes, but he’s been here all along. 

Lily is mirroring Rumplestiltskin. 

She had darkness forced into her against her will, and so did he.Snow and Charming essentially gave her a diluted version of the Dark One Curse. (If you don’t like it, don’t throw the tomatoes at me! I did not write this arc! I am just trying to figure it out!) 

I have been firmly of the opinion for some time now that we are in the middle of Rumplestiltskin’s final redemption arc, the chain of events that will lead to Belle breaking his Curse and setting him free. The Beauty and the Beast fairy tale is finally concluded. I think the writers will be using Lily, forced into darkness, to illuminate his situation and help the audience understand that he’s not a Villain by his own choosing. The Curse has poisoned his soul as the nasty little antics at Lily’s egg have poisoned hers, and mercy is in order for both of them. 

Emma will forgive Lily for lying to her, and Lily will forgive Emma for abandoning her. There’s a direct mirror here, too: Belle will forgive Rumple for lying to her, and he will forgive her for banishing him. 

I also think Lily and Rumplestiltskin will also have the excessive amount of darkness in their souls released at last. Lily will go off with her mother, and Rumple will hang out in his shop with his wife and get ready for all the crap about to go down in Season Five. 

It’s an arc about forgiveness - not just about killing the Big Bad du jour. (Although I think that’s probably Zelena; I’ll be stunned if anybody lets that dangerous sociopath out alive this time.) 

Since a lot of people would prefer to be that Rumple is a Villain because of his own choices as well, this may not be a universally acclaimed decision, but it does fit my vision of what I think that Curse means for him. Still, he’s been dogged with the question of free will his entire life, hasn’t he? The Seer told him he’d leave Baelfire fatherless. He became the Dark One to save his kid, and lost him anyway. He’s got an artifact that can take away his free will entirely. He spent an entire arc in a cage. Now, it all seems to be coming to a head.

Rumplestiltskin - Doomed to be a Villain, no matter what he does. And when he turns to prophecy, what does he foretell? The birth and coming of a Savior, also fated to a certain role without her permission or knowledge.

Emma - Forced to be the Savior, no matter what she wants.

Ying and yang, light and dark, female and male, young and old. Bound together by three people. One was Baelfire, later Neal, whom they both loved. The other is Hook, Emma’s (likely) True Love, and Rumple’s most hated, ancient enemy. The last is Henry, the only blood relative of them both, the boy who ties together all the quarreling strands of this strange and fractious family.

Remember also those spoilers we saw of Emma up against some CGI horror as yet to be revealed, poking at the damned (literally) thing with the Dagger. There’s some speculation that she will be the Dark One in Season Five, and if that’s how it turns out, then the circle will have come all the way around. The Savior will be the Dark One, and the former Dark One…(possibly now the Sorcerer), might just have to figure out how to save the Savior. 

Oh, yeah, there you go, poking at dark things because you’re trying to save the people you love, and now look what a mess you are in, Emma.  Been there. Done that. Got the leather pants. You’ve got the jacket. 

Of course, if that happens, she’ll have an advantage in battling the darkness that no Dark One has ever had before. Not only does she have a LARGE circle of people who love her, who will stay by her side, there’s going to be somebody in her family who understands exactly what she’s facing and might just have a clue as to the best way to battle it. 

And the Final Battle Will Begin!

Niggas so damn predictable. If a nigga that never hits you up texts you and he been hanging around one of your friends unusually often lately, then he tryna holla at your friend and trying to get you to facilitate it smh.

cinderfell replied to your post: Stop making fun of Caleb for screenloo…

i feel like the caleb and jeremy things were definitely encouraged by the rest of the guys though and that makes me sad tbh

I feel kinda like “im still in the air” is another one that someone is sick of that needs to end. Because thats also facilitated by the guys but also Ryan sounds sick of it.

Crystal Card of the Day: Ruby, “I thrive in all areas of my life.”

Ruby is a powerful Heart Stone, opening and activating the Heart Chakra. Ruby protects against the loss of heart energy, and dissolves emotional congestion. A powerful heart healer, Ruby heals and balances emotions, makes you more emotionally aware, and helps you connect to others emotionally. The intense and vivid energy of Ruby stimulates loving emotions, helps with the expression of love, and can facilitate states of passion and bliss.

Ruby helps us to see the true nature of love, and reveals the Divine Love in every thing in the Universe. Using Ruby can help you open up to and receive this Divine Love, as well as become a vehicle through which Divine Love can flow to others. Protective Ruby can help shield against psychic and emotional attacks. Ruby is a good stone for Aries, Cancer, and Leo.

You can always use the code HCTUMBLR10 to receive 10% off your order :D

<3 Robin


♔ kt private audition :: u go girl - lee hyori

if you really think about it, butts are kind of weird.

a butt is two lumps of flesh stuck behind you just below your hips and above your thighs. thighs were part of your legs and they facilitated running and dancing and being mobile. hips were important also. they carried your femur and allowed for rotation of the leg joints, supporting the weight while the thighs were doing all the movements needed. but butts - what did they really do? a butt was nice, she supposed, if she under-rotated an aerial or stepped out too far and it became a cushion she could fall on. but otherwise, butts were pretty basic.

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What is Intertwined 2015?

Intertwined 2015 is a space where students, professors, artists, community members and activists from the Northwest will come together to engage in discussion of how to build Women of Color Solidarity. This conference is designed to discuss strategies of change and celebrate our shared struggles through topics such as blogging, comedy, music and community organizing. This year’s panelists and workshop presenters will facilitate discussions around multiple topics within Women of Color communities such as LGBTQIA, academia, Indigenous environmental resistance, feminism, colonialism, internalized oppression and more.

In order to build Women of Color solidarity, we first have to understand what unites us. Through active learning, understanding, and reflecting upon the challenges and specific, multiple oppressions that our Women of Color communities face, we can build intersectional solidarity. We seek to provide concrete opportunities for our attendees to get involved in the movement, network with organizations, and, more importantly, engage in personal development. Why do we identify as women of color? How do we strategically build solidarity? These are questions and ideas we hope to unpack in Intertwined 2015.

The conference will be from Friday May 1st through Sunday May 3rd! Check out our website to look at all our workshops, speakers, and panels! Registration is FREE! Check out our registration form to let us know if you need help in finding a place to stay in Eugene for the conference.



The Donetsk People’s Republic views the arrival of US military in the territory of Ukraine as an attempt to escalate the conflict in Donbass, said the DPR representative in the Contact Group Denis Pushilin.

“This is conscious policy. In combination with the moving up of military equipment this is meant to escalate the conflict”, Pushilin said according to RIA Novosti.

He expressed concern that after the end of the maneuvers the equipment may remain in the territory of Ukraine. “One of Ukraine’s aims in the joint maneuvers is to remain in possession of the equipment after the NATO troopers have left”, noted Pushilin.

Earlier on April 17 American ambassador in Ukraine Geoffrey Pyatt informed his followers in Twitter that 173rd Airborne troops had arrived in Ukraine to take part in the training of Ukrainian military.

The Kremlin said in this regard that the arrival of US troops in Ukraine does not facilitate settlement of the conflict and is able destabilize the situation.

173rd Airborn Brigade of the USA Army is based in Vicenza (Italy). As it was reported earlier, some 300 commandos flew in to Yavoriv military base in the Lviv Region of Ukraine.

The official Pentagon representative reported in March that American military would start training of the National Guard of Ukraine at the end of April.

The more democratic a group or campaign is, the more effective it is, as all people involved can have an input and feel a part of the project.

Although often basic, this information is essential for the smooth-running of an organisation and sticking to these simple guidelines can make the difference between a long lasting successful group and a failure.

Below find tips on many aspects of organising, from facilitating meetings and financing your group, to structure and making decisions.

If you ever wondered just what Migi tweaked with that alien open heart surgery of his, here you go.

Edit: I realized after the fact that my post-merger Shinichi was a pixel or two smaller than he ought to have been (assuming his head didn’t shrink any). Doesn’t seem like much, but it does show up in the measurements, Here’s your properly scaled one, complete with added imperial units.

Also, since I continue to have absolutely nothing to do this weekend, here’s Migi’s alterations by percentage:

Height: 5.2% increase

Neck width: 21% increase

Shoulder width: 12.8% increase

Chest width: 14.7% increase

Hip width: 9% increase

Leg length: 7% increase


I’ve been out for two days. I have a lot to say, but first of all, I’m very very happy to experienced those things :)) tagalog to! okaaay, nagkausap usap na kame, ung mga misunderstandings naayos. Sana mgng memorable tlga ang aming 2nd sem bilang 4th yr. There’s no guarantees in life :)) Madaming natutunan, lalo na sa facilitator ng grupo nmen, si Kuya Mike ; ngshare sia tungkol sa buhay niya, sa tatay niya. And pati dn sa mga pnipanuod samen n nkkainpire :)) un laaang. sana ma-apply nmen sa buhay ung mga natutunan namen :))