anonymous asked:

did you hear about that team gurren? they finally managed to face the spiral king! ive never heard of a battle end so quickly. it was a joke. i mean... they didnt even have a CHANCE from what i heard. such a shame; this supposedly great rebellion falling flat on its face when the time came. you know, i bet it had to do with their leader getting killed. i bet if he was with them, they wouldve had at least a chance in the fight instead of a slaughter of humans. (pre family once more verse)

     〖失われた魂〗 Hearing the name of his team, Kamina’s attention was immediately grabbed. Any and every chance he had obtaining information pertaining to those he was separated with, the former leader hung on every word. Heart pounding in his chest, the male started to give a tiny smile, glad to hear that they had the chance to reach the Capital.

     As soon as that thought crossed his mind, whatever beginnings of excitement turned to horror.

     His team…lost? No, it couldn’t be. They had Dai-Gunzan, they had made it to the Capital. That meant they had gotten stronger, moved forward. That combined strength, that determination to complete the goal so close at hand, could not have been blown out like a single flame. Their fighting spirit as a whole was as great as the volcanoes’ fire during that day; surely the Spiral King couldn’t have beaten them.

     His expression changed. Crimson eyes, normally laced with pain and an undeniable somberness, lit with anger. Taking a step forward with his good leg, his voice rang out in a way it hasn’t in a long time.

     “I don’t know who the hell you are, but you listen up! There’s no way Team Dai-Gurren would fall to the likes of the Spiral King! They’ve got one of the strongest people on the surface fighting with them! One that’s going to go so far, he’s going to pierce the heavens themselves with his drill and Gurren Lagann! They lost? What a joke! They were killed? Bull! I refuse to believe that they would lose, because they know never to give up and keep moving forward, no matter what!”

     Kamina’s lungs were burning from all the shouting, his breathing short as his chest heaved. He was angry, tense, making him hurt that much more. It was hard on him to get worked up, but if he didn’t, then would else would defend his team’s good name out here, stopping any nasty rumors that may only bring terror to people only beginning to come to the surface? He had faith in his team, in Simon. Kamina couldn’t accept that the back he had watched digging would lose to an unstable wall like the Capital and Spiral King. No. That back would keep chipping away until the enemy was vanquished. Simon would never lose to someone that twisted. Forcing his stance to relax, the male stood straighter, despite the pain shooting in his back from the process. His breathing slowed, his expression more calm than minutes before. However, those crimson hues were still fiery, determination and resolution clear. 

     “…I refuse to accept these lies. They’re all alive, I know it. I trust them not to buy it out there like that. Moving forward through any obstical means both those physically in front of them, and of the mind. I’m sure by now,” he concludes in a bittersweet and quiet tone, putting the hood to the gray cloak over his head, “they’ve gotten past his death and are living the lives they’ve worked so hard to have in the newly claimed Capital. Don’t spread rumors like that. Next guy you tell that to may end up sending you to the moon with a single punch.”

     With that, the male turned, walking as tall as he could. Kamina refused to show weakness now. His team was still fighting. If they had reached the Capital and won, since he expelled the thought of them losing out of his mind permanently, they would have different kinds of fights to face. As they continued to barrel ahead, so should he.

The Puerto Rico crisis, explained

On August 3, the government of Puerto Rico missed a $58 million payment on debts that it owes mostly to residents of Puerto Rico. That’s bad news for those who were expecting a check, but it’s also consistent with what the island’s governor has been saying for months — the island faces a “death spiral” of debt and economic stagnation unless the foreign creditors to whom it owes billions of dollars will agree to some form of restructuring

Related Why Puerto Rico’s financial crisis is back in the news

Some mainland politicians including Hillary Clinton and Jeb Bush have proposed amending the US Bankruptcy Code to create a legal mechanism for a Puerto Rican default and restructuring. But currently there’s nothing like that on the books. Simply a government that is warning it will have to start refusing to pay, and a lot of unanswered questions about the possible consequences of that.

1) What is happening with Puerto Rico?

Puerto Rico is an island in the Caribbean Sea that is also a largely self-governing territory of the United States.

For years, a quirk of US law created a tax subsidy for Puerto Rican debt that encouraged middle class Americans to binge on loaning money to Puerto Rico without really realizing that’s what they were doing. The Puerto Rican government took advantage of this situation by borrowing a lot of money, but didn’t manage to spend the money that they borrowed to accomplish much that was useful in the long term.

Then starting in 2006, Puerto Rico was hit with a series of economic misfortunes. At that point, Puerto Rico’s strong ties to the United States became a liability because Puerto Rico could not adjust to bad economic times with currency depreciation, but Puerto Rican people could adjust to bad times by moving to the mainland United States.

That has left Puerto Rico in a 10-year downward spiral of tax hikes, spending cuts, emigration, and higher interest rates. Padilla has decided that the only way to break the cycle is to announce to Puerto Rico’s creditors that they are not going to get their money back.

2) What is the “death spiral” Padilla is warning about?

The bad news is that Puerto Rico is really facing two separate death spirals.

One is the basic death spiral of self-fulfilling default risk. The more money you owe, the more likely it is that you won’t be able to pay back all the money that you owe. That means that when your debts come due and you need new loans to pay off the old ones, investors start demanding that you compensate them for their risks in the form of higher interest rates. Those higher interests rates increase the financial burden on your country, and that in turn makes default more likely.

But the death spiral Padilla was referring to is a second one.

People generally don’t like paying taxes but do enjoy receiving high quality government services. Consequently, a given territory’s ability to turn tax revenue into useful services is an important driver of whether people will want to live and do business there. To the extent that your tax revenue is going to pay off old debts, it is not going to provide current services. Thus the more of your budget that you dedicate to debt repayment, the worse the value proposition that you are delivering to your territory’s residents and businesses.

The harder Puerto Rico squeezes, in other words, the more its economy suffers. But the more the Puerto Rican economy suffers, the harder it is for Puerto Rico to pay back its debts. In other words: death spiral.

3) How much debt are we talking about?

Puerto Rico’s total debt outstanding is $72 billion, which is small relative to the overall United States economy but big pretty much any other way you slice it.

Two US states have more debt than that — California and New York — but Puerto Rico is much smaller, with approximately the population of San Diego County. New York and California are also richer than the average US state whereas Puerto Rico is poorer. Almost all US states have growing populations, but Puerto Rico’s is shrinking. In October of 2013, the Economist reported that “in America’s 50 states the average ratio of state debt to personal income is 3.4%” whereas the ratings agency Moody’s says the comparable figure for Puerto Rico is 89 percent.

Hawaii, the most indebted US state by this measure, has a 10 percent ratio.

In other words, Puerto Rico’s debts really are way out of line with what any state is financing and there’s no real precedent for paying down debts of this magnitude. There’s no real precedent for refusing to pay them either, but default is by no means a crazy option.

4) Who lent Puerto Rico all this money? What were they thinking?

A large share of the money was initially lent by people not so different from you or me — middle class Americans, especially those living in higher tax states. As for what they were thinking, they probably weren’t thinking much of anything in particular.

They were just putting money away for retirement in municipal bond funds to diversify their portfolios.

Those funds, in turn, were invested in a diverse array of US public sector bonds. Since Puerto Rican bonds feature some unusual tax advantages, there was an unusually robust level of demand for Puerto Rican debt. Successful Puerto Rican governments responded to demand for their debt in the economically rational way — they borrowed an unusually large amount of money. But none of this lending was driven by particular scrutiny of the details of Puerto Rico’s economic situation, and when Puerto Rico’s economic fortunes began to change about ten years ago the dynamics became untenable.

The flipside of this mindless lending is that Puerto Rico failed to take real advantage of the financial windfall it provided. In theory, loads of cheap debt could have been used to finance incredibly useful public works projects and other social services that laid the foundations for enduring prosperity. But it didn’t happen. Instead, Puerto Rico seems to have mostly taken advantage of the opportunity to run a somewhat more generous welfare state than the island could really afford over the long term. Thus when the easy money went away, the country was left with a huge pile of debts rather than a huge pile of enduringly useful infrastructure.

5) Is there a number from a classic musical comedy that sums this all up?

Not exactly, though “America” from the 1957 musical West Side Story does deal with many of the relevant issues — debt, Puerto Rico’s relative impoverishment vis-a-vis the United States, the possibility of mass emigration, and the island’s oft-misunderstood political relationship with the mainland United States. The recent Glee version tones down the minstrelry relative to the original:

But problematic though it may be, Rita Morena’s classic 1961 film performance is still worth your time and provides clearer context. A crucial 8-bar musical phrase from the song is replicated in Metallica’s “Don’t Tread on Me” if heavy metal is more your thing.

6) What’s this business about Puerto Rican bonds and taxes?

All municipal bonds are exempt from federal income taxes. In additional, if you buy municipal bonds issued by the place where you live, those bonds are exempt from state and local income taxes as well. Such bonds are known as triple tax exempt, and they’re a big deal for municipal finance and high tax places like New York and California.

But Puerto Rico’s bonds are triple tax exempt regardless of where you live.

This is not a huge deal for most Americans, but for a high-income person living in a high-tax state it can be a very big deal and it helped fuel a lot of lending to Puerto Rico that wasn’t necessarily thought through in a very serious way.

7) What went wrong for Puerto Rico?

Starting in 2006, the island has been hit by a series of negative shocks that have undermined its economy and its creditworthiness.

That was the year that Puerto Rico lost its longstanding federal tax advantages as a location for US companies to do business in. From 1986 to 1996, these took the form of special tax credits that were rationalized as a way to help Puerto Rico be competitive with developing countries as a manufacturing location, given that Puerto Rico-based firms need to comply with basic US labor rights and safety standards. But starting in 1996 these advantages were placed on a 10-year phaseout schedule and despite the hopes of Puerto Rican politicians (and tax break hungry business) they were never extended or replaced. That began an exodus of businesses from the island from which it has never really recovered.

After that:

  • The 2007 financial crisis made investors suddenly more suspicious of just about everything, including potentially risky Puerto Rican debt.
  • The steep recession in 2009 and the slow recovery from the recession hurt Puerto Rico’s tourism industry.
  • The Tea Party surge in 2010 clarified that a federal bailout of Puerto Rico was politically untenable, and that the risk of default was very real.
  • Detroit’s 2013 bankruptcy went through without causing disastrous shockwaves for the rest of the country, further bolstering the conclusion that Puerto Rico should be left to its own devices.

A related ongoing development is that in response to Puerto Rico’s economic woes, Puerto Rican people have increasingly chosen to leave the island.


For any given individual, migrating to the mainland makes a lot of sense given the economic conditions on the island. But each person who departs leaves the people who remain with a higher share of old debts to repay. That makes the economic situation even worse and the debt even harder to pay.

8) So is Puerto Rico going bankrupt like Detroit did?

No. People throw the word bankrupt around a lot, but it actually has a specific technical meaning laid out in the US Bankruptcy Code and other laws. There are a lot of different kinds of bankruptcy, and they all lay out one way or another for an person or organization that cannot pay back its debts to restructure its payments and move forward. The key is that bankruptcy is an organized, rule-governed process designed to bring some clarity to the situation and ideally to resolve it sooner rather than later.

But US bankruptcy law makes no provision for Puerto Rico (or a US state) to declare bankruptcy.

If the Puerto Rican governments decides it can’t fully pay what it owes and therefore won’t pay, there is no structured process to decide what happens next.

Instead we are going to have a scenario of loosely organized chaos that generates a lot of revenue for a lot of lawyers.

First, Puerto Rico will try to get as many of its creditors as possible to agree to accept less than $1 for every $1 they are owed. Some creditors will agree to this. The others will either lawyer up, or else sell their claims to other people who have already lawyered up. Then there will be lawsuits — lots of lawsuits — in which various creditors try to force Puerto Rico to pay them ahead of paying Puerto Rico’s civil servants, pensioners, social assistance recipients, and other creditors.

It is relatively unlikely that a federal court based in New York will actually try to dispatch Marshalls to Puerto Rico to physically haul money off. But it’s easy to imagine a scenario in which banks based in the mainland are told it’s illegal to participate in processing payments of salaries for Puerto Rico’s police officers because Puerto Rico’s bondholders have not yet been paid.

9) Why doesn’t Puerto Rico become its own country?

Puerto Rico should be an independent country.

— Noah Smith (@Noahpinion)

June 30, 2015

To many residents of the mainland United States, separation between the USA and Puerto Rico seems like a natural solution to the island’s financial woes as well as the most logical resolution of an anomalous constitutional situation. After all, the empire-building and thirst for military bases that lead the United States to take Puerto Rico away from Spain in 1898 are long since obsolete and Puerto Rico is linguistically, culturally, and economically distinct from the United States.

What’s more, sovereignty could help Puerto Rico in a number of ways. For starters, an independent Puerto Rico would have its own currency and could set monetary policy that is appropriate to Puerto Rican conditions.

Right now the Federal Reserve does things with little regard for their impact on Puerto Rico, and the value of Puerto Rico’s currency (the US dollar) is driven by factors that have nothing to do with Puerto Rico’s situation. An independent Puerto Rico could also establish a tax and regulatory framework that is suitable to its status as a middle-income country, rather than subjecting businesses to policies designed for the much richer United States.

Wikipedia graphic / Puerto Rico government data

The big problem with this idea is that Puerto Ricans don’t want to be independent. In a 2012 referendum, a large minority of the population said Puerto Rico should continue with the status quo. Among the 54 percent who desired change in Puerto Rico’s constitutional status, 60 percent said Puerto Rico should seek to become a US state. Only 5.5 percent of the 54 percent favored independence.

There are some practical reasons for this, but the main reason is that Puerto Ricans have been Americans for a long time and just like other Americans feel a strong connection to their country. Most Puerto Ricans have friends and family members living on the US mainland, and many people go back and forth. Consequently, the idea of independence is just a total nonstarter. Statehood has more appeal to Puerto Ricans, but would not address any of the factors leading to Puerto Rico’s debt problems, and securing a reputation for the island as a deadbeat is unlikely to inspire the mainland United States to become excited about statehood.

More from vox.com:

thechumbucketlist replied to your post “followers who watch/read haikyuu can we discuss future captaincy…”

I AGREE. (let’s face it, things would spiral into complete chaos with Tanaka and Noya leading the boys; Kags would be too awkward, Tsukki wouldn’t care lmao, Hinata gets a little too fired up. Ennoshita and Yamaguchi pls!!!)

kags and tsukki are only truly comfortable with their respective partners and leading a team would be too ?!?!!!?!?!? for them tbh HAHAHAHAH 

i disagree abt hinata tho!!!! esp seeing as he gets on so well with bokuto– he could be like a less mood swing-y version of him?? i dunno im just really into that intense mode hinata gets into on-court huehueheu BUT YES ENNOSHITA AND YAMAGUCHI ARE THE PRIME CANDIDATES!!!!!!!!! 

[35/365] It’s Time like These, where Silence means Everything. by Holly DeVane
Via Flickr:
Today was GREAT. Went to our lake Cabin on Jackson Lake. :] Tubed, tanned, skiied, swam….all the great things to do at the lake :] My dad killed me on a “death spiral” on the tube. Use your imagination with that one, it’s not that hard. ;] Let’s just say I flew about six feet in the air, and my cousin landed on me. Not five minutes later my brother elbowed me in the face in a “death spiral”. You may think, “That sounds NO fun.” Well it’s the BEST adrenaline rush EVER. I need an adrenaline fix from time to time. ;D I’m an adrenaline junkie for a girl. One of the best days on the lake this summer for sure! :D Hope everyone else is enjoying themselves. I’m at that age where I no longer involve myself with teenage drama, yet I see people trying to involve me in it. It’s so pathetic, and I’m so over solving issues in an unruly manner. Unless I really DO need to throw the punches and yell a little ;] Which is a time to time thing. But I’m talking the whole, “let’s assume things, talk crap, and involve people who really don’t care:D!” You’re stupid. Get over yourselves, quit hating and enjoy life. Life is too short to deal with people like that if you ask me. I try to NOT involve myself with them.


inxra replied to your post “   if you’re ever thinking about how hard promos are, please remember…”

{ I had one who had tattoos on her face and purple eyes with spiral overlays. You completely have my sympathy. }

     that moment when one of your low-key senpais responds to you haha what

    THANK YOU I am glad someone understands 

kirk-jamestiberius replied to your post “   if you’re ever thinking about how hard promos are, please remember…”

[ do you need help?? ]

   N – NO!!! yes


“Kirsten changed our life. When she was 8 years old, she came for a casting and blew our minds. She was all spirit, in between Earth and heaven. In fact, she could have been any age. This unsettling oscillation, between young woman and old child, sweetness and cruelty, attraction and shame, the beautiful and the grotesque, is what inspired us to make with her these pictures that defined our gallery work, which was built around the ideas of identity, gender, dualism, and ambiguity. And there she was, back in our studio, now 22 years old and still every bit as brainy and captivating. Her face, seen here spiraling upward, is filled with generosity, solace, and the promise of a brilliant future.” - Inez & Vinoodh


The Night

They say the night has its own

and that night it had me feeling my face on the tar road

they jacked me, took my memory and my phone

I woke up feeling cold and watched the drama unfold

as I stared deep into the mirror,

looking passed my disfigured, face and straight to my soul

like nigger? Is this how you wanna roll

getting drunk and loosing control

until you ultimately get owned - by the night?

You are of light and illuminate what is dark

and that’s why you ain’t hard to find…to fight…

My mother saw my face and highlighted the spiral that I take

When more money I make, It never materializes into anything great

Just a couple of threads and empty memories from coming home late

She told me she tried everything to raise me the right way

and I went the opposite, left church and sunk into the dead of the night

Coming back disfigured and broke, feeling sicker than most

who lay in hospital  waiting for attention in rows

I have to change, It’s not working out for me

I hate having to see the pain in my parents eyes

and to feel their sharpend tongues pierce into the depth of my heart

I don’t want perfection, I just want to grow up inside

and leave the night aside, it has never loved me

slowly watching me weaken

I will change, serve my family and my community with gratitude and respect

serve myself with love until there’s nothing left of my flesh

I will change…

But first, I must leave the night.

Don’t know how to reconcile being OK and professional in the face of spiraling out of control. I feel like a husk of a human being who is just struggling to keep things on autopilot.


Photo copyright Aji, 2015; all rights reserved.

Shafts of light knife through the crevices of the old gray wood, vantage and angle rising rapidly, setting the dust adance in furiously shimmering spirals.

She’s spent the early hours shoveling and sweeping, bagging and dragging, and now the day has dawned upon a mostly clear floor. She raises a forearm, shoves her bangs off her dripping face. It’s already ninety, from the feel of it, and the sweat has plastered her hair around her face in spirals of its own, her skin and clothes shellacked in dirt and straw and haydust. It’s too hot and humid to continue safely, so she bags the remaining piles, props the tools against the wall, and heads for the door. 

As she nears the entrance, that dark stain descending the hayloft to the floor catches her eye again. Whatever it was, where it pooled on the barn floor, it began rotting the wood. Odd, actually, that the floor has withstood such decades of neglect as it is; this seems to be the only spot on it with any real damage. And it’s not much; just a little here and there where the floorboards join, as though whatever dripped onto them ate away at their edges.

She stops to peer at it through the shining swirls of dust. Something about it nags at her brain, but she’s too hot and tired to piece it together right now. It’s time to go indoors; she needs a shower, and food, and what little movement of the muggy air the old box fan will provide.

On the way back to the house, she stops along the path and ducks into the thicket of wild strawberry bushes. In this heat, all the fruit will be gone, burned on the vine, before the Berry Moon arrives in the weeks to come. As it is, they’re growing in odd sizes, some inordinately large, many twinned and misshapen. She picks a handful to have with her lunch.

The sun is entirely without mercy, the winds unwilling to move. There’s no real respite from the heat, the mercury already fast on its upward climb toward the century mark and beyond. News outlets across the state have been issuing regular heat warnings to a popular mostly unused to anything beyond a little muggy and mosquito-riddled discomfort, and there have already been a number of heat-related deaths across the broader region. Elsewhere in this area of the north, wildfires have already broken out in several places, including one now licking at the edges of the great and ancient forest a couple hours’ drive away.  

She sighs; this is only going to get worse. There have been harbingers for decades, omens and signs, but the vanishing of the maples should have told people what was coming. It did tell them, of course; it was primal scream and plaintive cry in one. But the telling is lost on those who will not hear.

After a mostly-cold shower, she pulls a long, loose dress over her head; it’s too hot for jeans, or even for shorts. She glances down at her arms, unencumbered by sleeves; thanks to all the time spent working outdoors, they’ve darkened to a color somewhere well beyond unburnished copper. She snorts aloud; if she goes into town now, her appearance will wind up its pale population purely on sight. She was already the darkest person in this part of the county.

She pads into the kitchen, fixes herself a sandwich and a salad and pours herself a glass of ice water, then puts coffee on to brew. Back in the front room, she sits directly in front of the fan to eat. It’s nowhere near enough, and the oppressive heat chokes off her appetite. She finishes the wild strawberries, returns the remaining half of her sandwich to the fridge, washes her hands, and goes to the crawlspace beneath the stairs to begin her task of poring over the old journals in the trunks.

She sorts them on the table: journals in one stack, ledgers in another, other items in a third. Most of the ledgers date from Marsh’s time and after; there are a number from Cyrus’s day, entries in his own oddly looping penmanship or in the cramped hand of his wife, Floyal. Records pertaining to farm equipment, threshing machines, Rumley oil-pulls, horses, all the accoutrements of early 20th-Century agriculture. Predictably, much of the equipment was acquired through trade, rather than cash on the barrelhead. Perhaps equally predictably, she’s already found the point at which he lost it all in a firebombing and had to rebuild, piece by painful and expensive piece.

She knows who threw the firebombs.

She knows that everyone else knew, too. Of course, no one was ever “caught,” perhaps because there was never any effort to investigate. Perhaps also because those who would have been charged with “investigating” were among the hooded, sheeted company on horseback who set everything ablaze in the first place. 

She shakes her head. It’s one thing to hear the stories, over and over; it’s another to see them distilled to black and white, ink on a page. It gives them a substance, a sense of backing, of the foundational support of historical truth, that doesn’t infiltrate the spoken word. 

Another artifact of assimilation. And the victors write the histories.

But every once in a while, those not among the “victors” get a chance to turn their own words back upon them. 

Sorting through the journals, she stacks them in date order. The oldest one dates to the 1850s, the slimmest of the bunch, and the one most sparsely-filled. It likewise appears to be written in two hands: one halting and hesitant, unsure of itself; the other flowing like copperplate script, and yet, something with the air of a carbon copy, a mimicry, not something learned naturally in childhood.

It’s the journal of Indian John, 

Its time to resurrect the old ghost, or at least such words of his as remain.

A drop appears on the back of her right hand, and she looks up, surprised. She touches her fingertips to her face, and realizes that it’s a tear. Her head is suddenly buzzing; her heart is full, feeling as though it will breach the wall of her chest. She had never thought it possible to hear the voice of this man, this man whose existence was amputated from history, hers and his alike, 

She hesitates a moment, sends up a silent to prayer to whomever and whatever may be there to hear: the spirits, John, Marsh, even Cyrus. It’s an inarticulate prayer, one of emotion rather than words, but if the ghosts are there, it’s perhaps more their language than any flowery speech.

Taking a deep breath, she opens the journal carefully and begins to read.

All content, including photos and text, are copyright Aji, 2015; all rights reserved. Nothing herein may used or reproduced in any form without the express written permission of the owner.

The Faint Arms of M101 by Callum Hayton
Via Flickr:
(Luminance) Messier 101 more commonly known as the Pinwheel galaxy is a face on spiral found 21 million light years away in the northern constellation of Ursa Major. With a diameter of 170,000 light years M101 is close to twice the size of our galaxy the Milky Way and contains more than double the amount of stars. One of the main features of this galaxy is its dislodged arm, this asymmetrical feature is likely due to the tidal forces from interactions with its companion galaxies of which there are five prominent members. M101 is also know for its high population of enormous star forming regions which would appear pink in a color image. Just a luminance image. Been holding on to this data for over a month now hoping i would for the opportunity to gather more. The plan was to try and gather around 40 hours exposure and go really deep on this. But with the mount being out of action i have not been able to and now the galaxy is in a less than ideal position for me, so this is a mere 4.5 hours and second light for my CCD. To be continued next year… Exposure Details: 27*600s, f7, -15 Total Exposure: 4.5 Scope: Altair Astro 115EDT Camera: Atik 383L+ Mono Mount: NEQ6