excellent analysis


excellent analysis on how superhero movies are going to have to evolve, and how that may have started with Deadpool and now Logan


Given the news that Jackie Chan won an honorary Oscar, I thought people might be interested in this excellent analysis from Every Frame a Painting.

The video above points out the ways in which Jackie shoots his scenes that make them more effective than American action sequences.

re: what smh thinks of the romper trend - this photo is on the romphim kickstarter page and i can say with full confidence i downloaded it as soon as i laid eyes on it bc i had to let the world know about this excellent group photo of the samwell men’s hockey team. ransom is in the fur. shitty is to the far right with a bottle of what i hope is alcohol. dex is second from the left looking uncomfortable. bitty is screaming while opening champagne. chowder is on the far left just happy to be there. holster is in the peach one ready for the bubbly. nursey is in the splattered one caught off guard by bitty’s yelling. no one knows who the guy second from the right is. johnson is just barely out of frame. jack ripped his romper bc his ass was Too Much™

———- @zimmerdouche this is exactly the photo that set me off too ahaha. Excellent analysis thank you
Pluto in the Houses

Pluto in the 1st House: You radiate intensity, and others’ first impressions of you tend to be strong, one way or the other. You might often intimidate others with your manner. You can be very protective of your privacy, yet you generate much intrigue and interest with your strong presence. You might struggle with fears of being overpowered, rejected, or minimized, yet few are able to guess that you could be anything less than confident. Your first instinct in new situations is gutsy and determined, defensive and intense. You rarely accept the obvious or the surface of matters – instead you look through situations in order to read any information on hidden levels. Strive to avoid getting your back up or viewing life as a battleground.

Pluto in the 2nd House: When it comes to building your resources, your instincts are powerful. You might find it hard to let go of things, attaching much sentimental value to your possessions or holding on to them because you fear poverty or because you fear a feeling of helplessness and wanting. You might feel a powerful need for control over your money and possessions. You could be driven to make money. Others taking something from you without asking, even right in front of you, could be especially irritating to you. It’s not about being stingy–you simply have a strong sense of ownership and prefer that you are asked. You may experience some form of loss in your life in order to learn lessons of change, and that strength, worth, value, and wealth come from within. You are excellent at strategy and planning when it comes to finances, and you are able to spot a good deal or objects of value instinctively. Your advice on these matters can be invaluable to others.

Pluto in the 3rd House: You rarely accept what you hear or what you read as truths. Your mind is very analytical and you instinctively search for hidden meanings. You can be exceptionally persuasive in the way you express yourself, whether through the spoken or written word, simply because you communicate with authority, conviction, strength, and decisiveness. You tend to learn through observation rather than by asking questions. In fact, you may be somewhat resistant to learning directly from others, preferring to be self-taught. You might fear the loss of self through self-expression, and thus you might choose your words carefully as to avoid letting others know too much about you.

Pluto in the 4th House: Early experiences may have led you to feel self-protective or to be secretive about yourself. A parent might have been secretive or ashamed, for example, and this pattern is deeply ingrained in your psyche. You might feel a sense of guilt for where you came from, even if most of you feels proud of your roots. A parent might have encouraged you to look beyond the surface of matters, and might have encouraged in you a love for psychology. A parent might have been very protective of you and attempted to shield you from negative experiences, and you subsequently grew to fear change. Or, your early experiences might have included a shocking, intense, or scary event that lives within you. Alternatively, you might have absorbed the strong fears or obsessions of a parent.

Pluto in the 5th House: You possess powerful creative impulses, and you might invest much energy and passion into the creative arts, romance, or child-rearing. You take much pride in, and invest much of your ego into, whatever it is you produce. Romance for you needs to be intense, passionate, and deeply intimate–nothing superficial or light attracts. You have an “all or nothing” attitude in love. If you are not “owning” this attitude, then you may be meeting Pluto energies through your lovers, and thus attracting intense, controlling, or passionate romantic partners. A deep-seated fear of loss or betrayal can be behind any jealous, obsessive, or controlling behavior in fifth house areas, including romantic involvements, child-rearing, and creative endeavors. Your attitude towards play, entertainment, and recreation is also intense–rarely lighthearted. While you may yearn to throw your soul into your creative endeavors, fear might prevent you from doing so completely.

Pluto in the 6th House: You are a hard worker and can be quite protective or private when it comes to your work output. You are excellent at analysis, but you can also easily become obsessed with finding an answer to problems, perhaps even finding problems that others overlook. You “come alive” when presented with a problem that requires research and analysis. Work can become an obsession for you, and you are able to work almost tirelessly. You might be private or insular when it comes to your work, and you might also feel overly attached to what you do even to the point of paranoia. Fear of criticism might run high when it comes to your work output. Directing your own work or working for yourself may be the best route for you to take, as you can easily resent others controlling your schedule and the work that you do. You are likely very interested in areas of health and self-improvement, as well as explorations of the mind-body connection, and you instinctively seek alternative therapies for healing. Some of you are excellent researchers in these areas.

Pluto in the 7th House: Power struggles in close personal relationships are themes. This can play out in a variety of ways. You might simultaneously fear and desire complete absorption in a close one-to-one relationship. You might find yourself both drawn to and resistant of close partnerships, fearing loss of control over your own life. You might be drawn to people who are intense, jealous, possessive, or obsessive, or possibly who you feel are powerful. On the other hand, your own resistance can bring out control issues in a partner, who fears the loss of you or your betrayal. In fact, you might bring out the “worst” in others by your relationship behavior – you tend to be the catalyst for others to discover their more primal instincts and fears. Never underestimate your role in this interplay, and don’t make the mistake of thinking that you are simply a victim. You also discover your own power through your relationships, and this may or may not be comfortable. How you deal with it determines outcomes. You might feel trapped in a difficult relationship, or have a hard time finding the deep connection that you crave. Obsession in your interactions with partners can be a big theme in your life. Watch that you don’t project your own urge for control onto your partner. Strive to come to terms with your own intense and deep-seated fear of losing someone you love and fear of betrayal, or you will meet these energies repeatedly in your closest relationships.

Pluto in the 8th House: You have a natural attraction to all that is hidden, taboo, or “dark”. This fascination can lead you to experience more unusual events than others. A natural psychologist, you are expert at cutting through appearances and getting to the heart of matters. You are endlessly interested in motivations and sources. You may be especially interested in hypnosis, healing therapies, occult sciences, as well as great mysteries and the darker side of life. Sexual relationships are very intense and perhaps complicated. You are both fascinated with and fearful of deep intimacy, and crave unusually deep, passionate, and intense experiences with others. This fascination can bring you intense experiences with others, and attraction to nontraditional sexual experiences, particularly those that involve domination and submission, control, and possession. If you are attracting controlling people into your experience and are uncomfortable with it, strive to examine and understand your own deep-seated fears regarding power and sharing issues. Some of you might engage in power struggles with money, particularly with a partner. Themes of control are quite possible with Pluto in the eighth house. You would likely be quite talented in the healing professions, especially helping others deal with crises and trauma.

Pluto in the 9th House: You are extremely attached to your opinions and belief system. Due to this attachment, debates might easily turn into arguments if you are not careful. At your best, you are persuasive and intelligent with a probing and incisive mind. Your opinions are strong and well-researched. You are able to back up your arguments, and enjoy doing so! At your worst, you can be obsessed with “converting” others to your beliefs. You are suspicious of new ideas until you’ve given them deeper thought. You may have a disdain for blind followers of belief systems and for hypocrisy. You may be considered “deep” or “profound” and you are likely to come up with some unusual and unique ideas that impress others. Your sense of adventure runs deep and can lead you to unusual experiences. You are likely to make an involved, captivating, and inspiring teacher, speaker, or lecturer. While you may not share your ideas frivolously, when you do express yourself, you do so creatively and persuasively. Some of your most intense and life-changing experiences may come through travel or in connection with other cultures.

Pluto in the 10th House: There is something very unique about you that makes you stand out from the crowd. Your ambition may be well-developed, or you pursue your goals with great focus and determination. You might have a strong interest in research, making improvements, understanding how things work, and transformation, and these are qualities that you use most notably in your career or in your dealings with the public. Some of you could have a parent who is/was quite driven, or work(ed) in healing or research professions. Your personal presence is strong, and you may find that you might inspire love-hate reactions as a result, particularly in your professional experiences. Nevertheless, you can be very persuasive when you choose to be. You have an especially strong sense of commitment and responsibility, but you are unafraid of going against the grain or bucking traditions if you feel they are outdated. Sometimes with this position, there are deep issues that need to be confronted revolving around the relationship with the father. Many of you are perfectionists and especially detail-oriented, particularly on a professional level. You tend to naturally take the lead, and you don’t always enjoy being in the position of subordinate.

Pluto in the 11th House: You may meet many of your power issues within the social sphere, particularly around special interest groups or when dealing with political processes. You’re not the women who enjoys sitting on the sidelines if you’re part of a group, especially if something could be done more effectively. If you have not developed a strong sense of your own ideals and beliefs you can fall under the influence of others who would usurp your power in order to boost their own. But once you’ve awakened to your own ideals, drives and directives, you can be a highly influential leader and instigator of social change. The extent of your efforts depends upon you and the choices you make for yourself.

Pluto in the 12th House: You have a deep interest in secrets, the underworld or unconscious, and anything hidden and mysterious. Psychoanalysis, investigating your dreams, and other methods of uncovering secrets are very interesting to you. You may be exceptionally perceptive intuitively or psychically. Your emotions and subconscious energies are complex, and periodic transformations and personal crises are sprinkled liberally throughout your lifetime. You may be tempted to repress your emotions, particularly those which have to do with those deep needs which spring from the shadowy side of yourself. You may even have problems with depression or addictive behaviors which create a kind of emotional trap until you learn to delve into the depths of your being and clean out the ghosts and dragons from your past which still haunt your dreams. Old resentments can also act like a potion which poisons your imagination and undermines your ability to trust your inner self. Once you’ve conquered your own demons, you may feel driven to help others confront their own, and can become an extremely effective healer.


A YouTuber I really like recently made this video, and I think it’s excellent analysis as to why Justin Trudeau hasn’t been as great a Prime Minister as people thought he would, and how his rhetoric he made while campaigning doesn’t exactly work anymore now that he’s in office. I highly suggest my Canadian followers to give this video a look, and hopefully you’ll find it interesting and be willing to listen to what it has to say. All I have to say is, if things don’t shape up soon, I have a feeling that when the next Canadian Federal Election comes around, the Tories just may win

And, I know it’s not really on-topic, but GOOD LORD, is Trudeau inarticulate. I didn’t like Obama, but at least he knew how to get an entire sentence out without stuttering more than Jeff Goldblum did in Jurassic Park.

Is Sans overprotective of Papyrus?

Is he as overprotective as the fandoms makes him out to be? And if he is, what is the nature of his protectiveness?

Under the cut, I do my best to answer all these questions at length, but here is the short version:

Sans can definitely be seen as overprotective, because:

  • His initial plan was to hide you from Papyrus [1]
  • He uses soft speech to avoid hurting Papyrus’ feelings [2]
  • He is on the watch for anything suspicious close to Papyrus [3]
  • He leaves his job to check on Papyrus several times a day [4]
  • He encourages you to do things to make Papyrus happy [5]
  • He lies to Papyrus to keep him from being sad [6]
  • Avoid saying anything critical to spare Papyrus’ feelings [7]
  • He follows Papyrus to keep an eye on him [8]
  • Protect Papyrus from the truth on a regular basis [9]
  • “here, i’ll give you some advice about fighting my brother. don’t. capiche?” [10]

(More about each of these later)

I think the fandom makes his protectiveness more overt, as Sans is very subtle about it, but the intensity is actually quite close.

They way Sans goes about is hard to explain in a few words, but here goes nothing: 

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Asahi/Tsukishima Appreciation Post

Originally posted by asahiis

The sequel to the Tsukishima/Nishinoya Appreciation Post because these dynamics need more attention (and because these two interact a lot more than I thought omg).

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Arya & Rhaeyns: A Stark/Targaryen Analysis

Part 1: Arya & Good Queen Alysanne


Rhaenys was the youngest child of the 3 Dragons that conquered Westeros and second daughter of Aerion Targaryen.

Aegon had a deep love and affection for Rhaenys and was far more detached with Visenya. So the fact that Jon feels deeply for Arya is an advantage that we can’t ignore.

Rhaenys’ personality is described as: Playful, curious, IMPULSIVE, and given to flights of fancy.

These are descriptions that would describe Arya. There are many moments in the books where Arya’s wolf-blood is on display: her impulsive and curious nature has her exploring new things, meeting new people and doing what she wants. Whereas, Sansa is sterner, reserved, follows the rules and minds her courtesies. It seems like she will grow to be even colder and sterner as the story unfolds.  Nothing like Rhaeyns.

*Dancing: Arya is a water dancer, just like her needlework, she does it a different way. Arya’s water dancing is like ballet. She is completely enthralled by this style of sword-fighting. Rhaeyns was a fan of Poetry and she also “supported many a singer, mummer, and puppeters.” Arya is literally working her mummer skills, living and working amongst them, and absolutely loves it. An interesting note: Arya remembers fondly learning the speeches in “The Conqueror’s Two Wives” (about Aegon & his sister wives). As Mercy, she enjoyed working in the plays and memorised other actors’ lines for no reason other than her enjoyment.



Arya has the strongest connection to wolves and still has her direwolf and is deeply connected to golden-eyed Nymeria. Arya is a warg and a skin-changer. There are credible cases to be made that Arya could one day ride a dragon herself, skin-changing one or with the help of Bran.

Out of the 3 Dragon conquerors, Rhaeyns was the most connected to her dragon.

Rhaenys and her Dragon Meraxes: “It was said that Rhaenys spent more time on dragonback than her brother and sister combined, for above all things she loved to fly.”

Arya not only has a connection with actual Dragons and calls them “old friends”, but she also wants to grow wings and fly. Arya says wants to see a “dragon”. GRRM uses dragon imagery in Arya’s chapters. She dreams of seeing a Dragon while remembering Old Nan’s tales, which happen to be the truest foretelling of things to come.

*Also interesting: GRRM includes an image of Arya gazing at Blarion the Black Dread, which just so happens to be Aegon the Conquer’s dragon. The only other major characters that are alive in the asoiaf that are also depicted in GRRM’s book TWoI&F were Jon & Dany.



So not only is Rhaeyns the most connected to her dragon and spends the most time on dragonback, she also said she wanted to fly on her golden-eyed Meraxes and cross the Sunset sea and discover what is West of Westeros. *squealing*

So Rhaeyns is also an adventurer at heart, brave and independent.



Arya (like her heroine Nymeria) will never be a battlefield warrior like Visenya. Nymeria was a commander and leader of her people. This is similar to Rhaenys, who was more a strategist than a combat warrior. Rhaeyns also has a vengeful side as we saw with her attack on Storm’s End,

“Rhaenys wrought vengeance upon the attackers of Orys, robbed them of familiar territory to use in the future, and struck a healthy dose of fear into the stormlords, who warned King Argilac of the dragon and her rider.”

When Rhaeyns tried to take Dorne, going on her own the first time, shows how much trust Aegon put in her, and how powerful she was with Meraxes. Rhaenys was fearsome as she threatens Dorne with bloody retribution, Rhaenys replied, “but we will come again, princess, and the next time we shall come with fire and blood.”

*SPYING:  Arya’s talents in this area are well documented with her training in the HoBW. She also demonstrates early signs of being an excellent spy BEFORE arriving to Braavos. When she was a prisoner in Harrenhal reading Roose’s letters or climbing a huge tree at the God’s Eye lake to scout miles ahead for help. Rhaenys also used this ability, “Spying from dragonback, Rhaenys could report the movements of the Storm King’s host without Argilac himself having any way to counter her scouting (as he might have with traditional ground-based scouts).”



Rhaenys focused on building allegiances and paid particular attention to the smallfolk (A common trait shared with Queen Alysanne Targaryen) and a strong link with the Stark child most linked with the smallfolk. Even before everything went to hell, a highborn Arya at Winterfell valued people for who they were, she was curious to listen to their stories and learn about their lives, and saw no class and just saw them as human beings. Arya has a natural charm, friendly and connects with people instantly:

“Sansa knew all about the sorts of people Arya liked to talk to: squires and grooms and serving girls, old men and naked children, rough-spoken freeriders of uncertain birth. Arya would make friends with anybody.”

After everything Arya went through in the Riverlands, being a prisoner at Harrenhal, with the Hound and the BwB and her training with the FM… The Arya we knew in Winterfell is still under there, charming as ever and a magnet for the smallfolk:

Cat had made friends along the wharves; porters and mummers, ropemakers and sailmenders, taverners, Brewers and bakers and beggars and whores. (Cat of the Canals, A Feast for Crows)

[Merry’s] girls were nice as well; Blushing Bethany and the Sailor’s Wife, one-eyed Yna who could tell your fortune from a drop of blood, pretty little Lanna, even Assadora, the Ibbenese woman with the mustache. They might not be beautiful, but they were kind to her. (Cat of the Canals, A Feast for Crows)

Arya even risks her own life to save a 3 year old lowborn orphan girl from burning alive in the flames. Before this moment, she ran into this battle screaming, “Winterfell! Winterfell! Winterfell!” 

Arya’s treatment and regard for Northmen are well pointed out in the books. She prays for their release while in the Godswood at Harrenhal. She calls them her pack. Her people.

For more quotes on Arya’s Leadership/Queendom, read ashotofjac’s excellent analysis here:




Aegon loved Rhaeyns the most, their closeness being the reason he married her, despite already having Visenya. He openly makes his affection for Rhaeyns obvious. Aegon was more distant with Visenya and treated his marriage with her as one of duty.

Jon & Aegon Receive Important Letters

Rhaeyns goes to Dorne to put down another rebellion when Meraxes is killed and Rhaeyns is never seen again. Her body is never returned to King’s Landing. There are many theories on how she died. Dorne later send Rhaeyns’ dragon’s skull to her husband King Aegon as a cruel taunt. But Dorne also wanted peace and Aegon received a letter:

King Aegon was determined to refuse the offer until Princess Deria placed in his hands a private letter from her father, Prince Nymor. Aegon read it upon the Iron Throne, and men say that when he rose, his hand was bleeding, so hard had he clenched it. He burned the letter and departed immediately on Balerion’s back for Dragonstone. When he returned the next morning, it was done. He had agreed to the peace and signed a treaty to that effect. (“Dorne: Dorne Against the Dragons”, The World of Ice and Fire)

It is commonly believed that what was said in that the letter revealed Rhaeyns was currently captive and being tortured in the most horrible ways by the Ullers - a sadistic House full of rage over Rhaeyns’s first visit to Dorne and all the burning her dragon did. The letter asked for peace between 2 sovereign Kingdoms, and in return Dorne would give Rhaeyns mercy and end her suffering. We see the actions of Aegon, who bleeds first, fists clenched so tightly, and acts immediately and accepts peace. Weakening his own position and risking rebellion among other powerful Houses. He never thought twice. He gave Dorne the peace they asked for.

Jon faces a similar dilemma in Dance, when his beloved sister is held captive and married off to a monster and sinister family - House Bolton. (much like the Ullers) Jon looks physically sick after reading the first letter with Arya’s marriage proposal. Jon wants to choke Ramsay to death with his own bare hands. Jon then breaks his NW vows and sends a King to rescue his sister. Notice his reaction once he received yet another Letter and learns the rescue had failed: “Snow?” said Tormund Giantsbane. “You look like your father’s bloody head just rolled out o’ that paper.”

Jon gathers Northmen to march to War in Arya Stark’s name. I love the fact that Flints are among the Northmen marching. Arya is named after Arya Flint, Ned’s grandmother. The Flints were former Kings of Winter and have the blood of the First Men. Arya’s name literally means “Nobility”.

Jon has broken several vows, too many for some brothers in black and they kill him for it.

Jon dies thinking about his lost sister. Stick ‘em with the pointy end…

anonymous asked:

So, on Instagram Jennifer Morrison made a post about how Emma's dress was intentionally inspired by Grace Kelly. I think there was already a post before Jmo's post about how the style resembled Grace Kelly's dresses. While the fashion style may look pretty and all, doesn't it send a weird message? It just makes the CS marriage all the more wrong. What do you think?

I think “inspired” is a euphemism, since it’s straight-up a copy of Grace Kelly’s dress.
Personally, I also don’t find the dress that  pretty. The lacy stuff that covers everything looks very unflattering and I think it’s a bit over the top. Back in Grace Kelly’s time, that was probably fashionable but it’s just not adequate in 2017 (or whatever year it is in OUAT messed up timeline). (No hate towards Jennifer Morrison here, she is a beautiful woman).
But to the symbolism of copying Grace Kelly’s dress, I agree that it just makes CS look worse.
Here is a good analysisI read that explained it all very well:
I remember that @freifraufischer also did an excellent analysis of the dress and Grace Kelly’s history, but somehow I can’t find it right now. If someone could link it, that would be awesome!

angellfail  asked:

Where can I find academic articles based on a song of ice and fire? I've checked google scholar and jostor but i'm not so sure i can use those because I'm not positive they are from professors with degrees.

There isn’t a single website or resource I can point you toward and be like, “Here’s all the good peer-reviewed articles on ASOIAF.” And it’s hard to recommend academic articles without knowing the specific topic or purpose of your research. Are you writing about the economic impact of Robert’s Rebellion and how it parallels the English economy during the Middle Ages? Or are you exploring the question of whether ASOIAF better mirrors medieval Europe or 20th century America? Or are you more interested in character analysis? These are all very different research topics. Whatever your topic, the articles you find through google scholar and @jstor‘s search engine are all considered scholarly literature, written by people in academia about all sorts of ASOIAF minutia. 

But anyways I like making lists so below are some published academic books and journals on ASOIAF on a wide range of topics. Most of them are essay anthologies. (Note that Game of Thrones and A Song of Ice and Fire are often used synonymously in many of these works, even when the author is focusing on the books.) 

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Excellent analysis, I recommend watching this guys.

The Libra Female

If a woman behaves in a way that is distinctive of the personality associated with the zodiac sign of Libra, she will have a tendency toward the characteristics listed below, providing there are no influences in her personal birthchart that are stronger than that of her Libra sun sign.

The typical Libra woman:
* is usually slim but curvy
* has large eyes
* has delicately flared nostrils
* has a large, well-shaped mouth
* has even teeth, often a gap between the front two

Behavior and Personality Traits
* is very aware of her looks
* takes care of her body and appearance
* uses her natural attraction to get what she wants
* presents her opinions with diplomacy and tact
* is excellent at partnership and teamwork
* loves luxurious clothes and perfumes
* has excellent powers of analysis
* will create a beautiful home

anonymous asked:

Melly I really miss PaynegerouslyInLove's excellent analysis, specially in times like these. Are you still in touch, is he as flummoxed by the current goat rodeo as the rest of us?

Honestly Chris was a true legend around here, and his analysis really is sorely missed. We do still keep in touch! We talk more about politics and fashion-y things now, though

Rize, Yamori: Eros and Thanatos

oniongrass said:

I think you’re forgetting a set of parents in this excellent analysis, because Rize and Yamori have canonly been noted as “parents” to Kaneki. He murdered Yamori (well, left him to die) and while he didn’t marry Rize he did go on a date with her…

An excellent reblogger of my original post pointed this out, originallly I was going to do a much shorter follow up because I did not think Kaneki seeing Rize and Yamori as parental figures was completely valid, but today’s update changed everything. 

This is a summary of Kaneki’s relationship with his parental figures to date, using a Freudian lens, and a continuation of the connection to Oedipus theory going more into depth with unconscious motivators by relating them to Kaneki’s reationship strictly with Rize and Yamori.

This is Kaneki’s first reaction to meeting Rize. Love at first sight, as it were. Nobody really falls in love at first sight though, so what was the truth behind it? 

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What happened during Isla Nublar’s intervening years?

The following is an article by friend of the site Neelis and discusses the chain of events occurring on Isla Nublar between Jurassic Park and Jurassic World. As such, there may be minor spoilers, but it provides an excellent timeline and analysis of events. Be sure to give Neelis a follow on Twitter.


What happened to Isla Nublar between the accident in the park (circa 1993), and the construction and opening of Jurassic World (circa 2000 - 2005)?

The Book: Jurassic Park

Michael Crichton’s best-selling novel Jurassic Park presented us with an unprecedented prospect: a theme park housing living dinosaurs, brought back from extinction through the (then) miracle of cloning. As expected, predatory dinosaurs and human interference are never a good idea, and soon trouble would arise, putting the human characters in jeopardy.

By the end of the novel, the survivors (including Grant, Gennaro, Sattler, Tim, Lex and Muldoon) are airlifted off Isla Nublar by the (fictional) Costa Rican Air Force. As soon as the entire island has been evacuated, it is destroyed by bombing it with napalm, making sure none of the dinosaurs survive.

From the epilogue we learn some dinosaurs did make it off the island, having moved across the country and eating agama beans, soy and chicken (rich in lysine), before disappearing into the dense Costa Rican jungles, never to be seen again.

The Film: Jurassic Park

Jurassic Park’s film version saw quite a different ending to the story. While having passed away in the books, Hammond and Malcolm survived the film’s events, while Gennaro and Muldoon perished on the island.

The film was deliberately left open-ended, leaving room for a possible sequel to take place on Isla Nublar. Director Steven Spielberg remarked he had expected Michael Crichton to come up with an idea for the story revolving around Dennis Nedry’s lost Barbasol shaving cream can containing the stolen dinosaur embryos; Spielberg was quite surprised when this plot, elementary in the first film’s depiction of the park’s demise, was ignored, instead focusing on another island entirely: Isla Sorna.

The Book: The Lost World

The Lost World, written after Jurassic Park’s box-office success, presented Michael Crichton with a problem. In the original novel he had made sure Isla Nublar was cleared of dinosaurs. Universal and Steven Spielberg were hoping for a new (bestselling) book to base the second film on – Crichton, never having written a sequel to one of his books before (or since) reluctantly agreed.

The second novel saw the miraculous return of Ian Malcolm; though pronounced dead in the first book, Jeff Goldblum’s performance on film had made Malcolm an unexpectedly popular character, and Crichton resurrected him – turning the book in a hybrid sequel to both its paper predecessor and the celluloid version based off of it.

After bodies of mysterious animals start washing up on Central American shores, Malcolm and his former girlfriend Sarah Harding, an animal behavioral expert, learn InGen leased a second island off the Costa Rican shores, where the company experimented in secret, recreating dinosaurs and perfecting them before shipping the animals to the theme park on Isla Nublar. “Hammond’s dirty little secret,” Site B, had eluded all media and thrill-seekers’ attention.

The island, abandoned after the incident on Isla Nublar, is home to a host of different dinosaurs. Old favorites such as Stegosaurus, Tyrannosaurus and Velociraptor return; and there is a new predator on the block, the fearsome Carnotaurus, an animal with camouflage abilities stalking prey around the ruins of the former worker village, striking fear in not just human explorers, but other dinosaurs alike.

In a race against time, Malcolm and a small crew try to find paleontologist Richard Levine, who is stranded on the island. Lewis Dodgson, the man who bribed Dennis Nedry in the first novel (and film) to steal dinosaur embryos for rivaling company BioSyn, is no longer a supporting character but the full-on antagonist, this time hell-bent on not simply stealing embryos, but snatching eggs from the dinosaurs’ nests.

By the end of the novel, a small group of survivors makes it off the island, taking the secret of this Lost World with them. What happened to the animals and the island itself in the novels’ universe is anyone’s guess; though several of the dinosaurs fell ill with the mysterious DX disease, it’s unclear if Malcolm’s predicted “second extinction” took place, or if the former InGen operation on Isla Sorna was ever uncovered by the authorities.

The Film: The Lost World: Jurassic Park

Deviating greatly from the source material, The Lost World: Jurassic Park eliminated the novel’s main characters (Doc Thorne, Richard Levine, Arby Benton), seeing the return of Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum reprising his role) and the appearance of Sarah Harding and Eddie Carr; Nick van Owen was introduced as a member of the protagonist’s team .

Rough elements from the novel can be found in the film; Isla Sorna as a location; the rescue mission to find Harding (instead of Levine) who’s alone on the island; the abandoned worker village; the Tyrannosaurs attacking the trailer after the protagonists take care of the injured baby rex; Velociraptors stalking people through tall grass.

Dodgson, however, is gone, replaced by Peter Ludlow, head of InGen and cousin of John Hammond (their family relationship isn’t entirely clear). The hunt for eggs is replaced by a much greater objective: to capture dinosaurs and display them in a zoo outside San Diego.

Much to the dismay of fans, the Carnotaurs never make an appearance (ironically, the toy lines for both Jurassic Park and The Lost World: Jurassic Park included Carnotaurus action figures and even an adorable, though cranky-looking hatchling); instead, the focus lies primarily on the Tyrannosaurus couple and their cute-as-a-button baby. As expected, everything goes south, but hunter Roland Tembo succeeds in downing the male Tyrannosaurus. Here is where the film strays furthest from the book; InGen brings the bull T-rex to the mainland. As expected, this last desperate attempt at making profit goes spectacularly wrong too. Peter Ludlow pays the highest price; he falls prey to the infant Tyrannosaurus, the young animal practicing its killing skills on him.

The film ends with a much clearer idea of the state of Isla Sorna; it is to become a sanctuary for the dinosaurs, to live undisturbed and isolated from the rest of the world.

No return to Isla Nublar (?)

With the exploration and attempt at exploitation of Isla Sorna comes a most peculiar question: what happened to Isla Nublar? Why does the original island go largely unmentioned in both sequels, and why do none of the returning characters seem concerned about its fate, and more importantly, the dinosaurs that roamed it?

First, there’s something of interest John Hammond mentioned while trying to convince Ellie Sattler and Alan Grant to come inspect his park on Isla Nublar:

”I own an island, off the coast of Costa Rica.” John Hammond

”I’ve leased it from the government.” John Hammond

Jurassic Park (1993)

Now, Hammond, the flamboyant and likeable showman, says two things. One; he apparently “owns” the island. But next he downplays it a bit and explains he has leased it from the Costa Rican government.

There’s an interesting distinction. Would InGen have the funds to indefinitely acquire not just a plot of foreign land, but a complete island? Despite seeming very successful at what they do, this is a far stretch.

Then there’s the matter of Costa Rica (or any nation, for that matter) willing to sell land. A lease would mean a steady, hefty income, considering the Isla Nublar resort and Jurassic Park theme park’s expected financial success. I will not pretend to be an expert on these matters, but there seem to be some far-reaching legal implications when it comes to a country parting with home soil by selling to a corporation.

This could all be a slip up in the script, but both options ended up in the film’s spoken dialogue. Let me get back to this in a moment, and first take a look at an infamous deleted scene from The Lost World: Jurassic Park, in which Peter Ludlow informs InGen’s board of directors of an incident that took place on Site B (Isla Sorna), in which a young girl was injured:

”Damaged or destroyed equipment: seventeen point three million. Demolition, deconstruction and disposal of Isla Nublar facilities, organic and inorganic, one hundred and twenty-six million dollars.” Peter Ludlow

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) (deleted scene)

Here we have it: the answer to that earlier question. The island’s facilities have been dismantled and the animals eliminated. Nothing is left.

Why is this of importance? As Hammond said, he leased the island from the Costa Rican government. Now, would the park have been a success, Costa Rica no doubt would have made a profit as well, seeing an increase in tourism, money spent in both the country and at Isla Nublar (part of that money flowing back through the mentioned lease contract); but with the failure of the park, the lease ended and Costa Rica took possession of the island again, forcing InGen to clean up and restore the island to its original state.

Obviously, this presents us with a new problem. The scene was cut from the film either for reasons of pacing and a better flow of the narrative (The Lost World: Jurassic Park is already slightly longer than Jurassic Park); it might have been considered unneeded, given Hammond informs Malcolm on the state of Isla Sorna in the scene that is present in the film, which sees Ludlow and Malcolm clash as well; or it could have been taken out because the information presented within that scene leaves no room for a possible return to Isla Nublar in a future installment.

As we know by now, that installment is coming: Jurassic World (June 2015) presents us with an open, fully functioning park located on Isla Nublar, having been in business for a decade, receiving thousands of visitors every single day. It’s a huge success. And it harbors some secrets, hidden in the island’s jungles…

”Something Has Survived”: Continuity

Returning, for the moment, to that scene in John Hammond’s bedroom, where Ian Malcolm finds himself shocked when he learns there is another island that is home to dozens of dinosaur species – all thriving.

”Thank God for Site B.” John Hammond

”Site B?” Ian Malcolm

“Isla Nublar was just the showroom, something for the tourists. Site B was the factory floor; that was on Isla Sorna, eighty miles from Nublar. We bred the animals there, and nurtured them for a few months and then moved them into the park.” John Hammond

“Really? I did not know that.” Ian Malcolm

“Now, after the accident in the park, Hurricane Clarissa wiped out our facility on Site B: call it an act of God. We had to evacuate of course, and the animals were released to mature on their own. ‘Life will find a way,’ as you once so eloquently put it. And by now we have a complete ecological system on the island, with dozens of species living in their own social groups without fences, without boundaries, without constraining technology and for four years I’ve tried to keep it safe from human interference.” John Hammond

”Well, that’s right, that’s right, hopefully you’ve kept this island quarantined and contained but I’m in shock about all this. I mean, that they’re still alive. You bred them lysine-deficient. Shouldn’t they have kicked after seven days without supplemental enzymes?” Ian Malcolm

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997)

Nowhere in this dialogue does Malcolm express any concern over Isla Nublar. Neither does Hammond bother to mention it. The focus in both The Lost World: Jurassic Park and Jurassic Park III lies solely on Isla Sorna.

It begs the question, too, why InGen wouldn’t send a team to Nublar. Why wouldn’t they? Nublar had reasonable infrastructure, there were detailed maps of the park’s layout, an idea of what species of dinosaurs would roam there. Most importantly, the biggest threat, the three adult Velociraptors, had all been killed during the 1993 incident. Would it not have been far easier to capture dinosaurs on an island with reasonable infrastructure and knowledge of the assumed amount of animals roaming there?

Malcolm does mention the lysine-deficiency fail-safe Dr. Wu built into the dinosaurs’ DNA. Does the tagline of the film, Something Has Survived, hint at the animals surviving due to them eating lysine rich vegetation? (The notion in itself is flawed - all vertebrate life forms need to consume lysine-rich foods, non can create their own.) This could be an interpretation, considering the boardroom scene and its exposition, clearing all doubts, was cut from the film.

But when we do keep that cut scene in mind (and realize how it is the catalyst for the film’s events in the first place), the tagline can’t refer to anything else but the clean-up operation that took place on Isla Nublar. As Hammond says, he tried to keep Isla Sorna safe from prying eyes and exploitation by his own company.

And there’s something else that strongly hints at a now barren Isla Nublar; while on his way to meet John Hammond, Malcolm is confronted with an obnoxious passenger on the subway. We learn that Malcolm has spoken out about the incident on Isla Nublar and InGen’s capabilities of resurrecting extinct animals. Yet people do not believe him. If Malcolm made such a fuss and went public with his knowledge, wouldn’t it have been fairly easy for an investigative journalist or News Corporation to hire an aircraft, fly over the island and see if all Malcolm’s allegations are true?

In the novel The Lost World, there actually is mention of this (although the journalists are flown over the wrong island and never were the wiser for it); it would be reasonable to assume the same thing would have happened in the film’s universe.

Is this conclusive then? Was Isla Nublar indeed cleared of all technology, infrastructure, construction and dinosaur-life?

The answer, surprisingly, comes from the third film.

Lessons from Dr. Grant’s audience

Trying to convince his audience more money is needed for research, Dr. Grant is confronted with a lecture hall full of people wanting to know about the, as he calls them, “theme park monsters” created by InGen. Facing a sea of raised hands, Grant asks if there are people who do not have a question about Jurassic Park. Hands drop, and Grant realizes all too well there are people in the audience who want to know more about the infamous San Diego incident. He denies involvement. This leaves only a few eager arms up in the air:

“as soon as Costa Rica and the UN know how to handle that second island, scientists will just go in and look for themselves.” Student I

”Are you saying you wouldn’t want to get on Isla Sorna and study them if you had the chance?” Student II

”No force on Earth or Heaven could get me on that island.” Alan Grant

Jurassic Park III (2001)

Again, the focus is solely placed on Isla Sorna by all involved. Everyone within Jurassic Park’s universe seems to be aware Isla Nublar is no longer home to dinosaurs. Isla Sorna is the place to be if you want to see eye to eye with living, breathing dinosaurs!

Retconning established events: the rise of Masrani Global and a preliminary conclusion

Though having been kept a surprise for a long time, the cat came out of the bag with the release of Jurassic World’s newest global trailer and word from director Colin Trevorrow; the original Tyrannosaurus rex from Jurassic Park will make a glorious return – now shrouded in more mystery than the already much debated Indominus rex, fans still haven’t had a good look at Isla Nublar’s ruler.

The website for Masrani Global, having bought-up InGen and setting up shop on Isla Nublar to start their own park, has nothing but praise for all those involved, and gives us a, very global, muddled timeline of events:

The acquisition of InGen by Masrani in 1998 hasn’t changed the scientific focus placed on the company, and CEO Simon Masrani has looked to experienced geneticist Dr. Henry Wu to guide the company ever since - with results often exceeding expectations for investors. Thanks to Masrani, InGen has been reinvented and is bringing tomorrow’s science, today. Masrani Global’s website

In 1997 Simon Masrani began talks to acquire International Genetic Technologies after the passing of Dr. John Hammond in order to reshape and restore the company to a level of satisfaction once sought by the former founder. By 1998 InGen was under the Masrani umbrella and the years from 2002 to 2004 would help lead the Masrani company on their biggest adventure yet: the construction of Jurassic World on Isla Nublar. Masrani Global’s website

After the unfortunate incident at Jurassic Park, Dr. Henry Wu returned to Isla Nublar in November of 1994 to assist the clean up teams in cataloging specimen numbers, and to identify exactly how the animals were breeding. Despite the island’s presence of seemingly same sex animals, it was the inclusion of amphibian DNA which he himself had underestimated. Masrani Global’s website

By May of 1997 Dr. Wu and his research team at a financially struggling InGen had successfully combined several species of plant life together giving birth to the Karacosis wutansis (or Wu Flower) which gained world-wide media attention, including the attention of Simon Masrani - who incidentally acquired InGen the following year. The son of a close friend of the now late John Hammond, Simon Masrani promoted Dr. Wu within the ranks of the InGen company in December of 2000 and brought the scientist onto the Jurassic World project. Dr. Henry Wu was instantly looked at as a valued member of the Masrani company, proving his unique skill not only as a successful scientist, but a great visionary. Masrani Global’s website

Established in 2002 for the purpose of construction on Jurassic World, Timack Construction have since gone on to specializing in renowned commercial building constructions. Masrani Global’s website

Simon Masrani used subsidaries Axis Boulder Engineering and Timack Construction to work on the preparation and planning prior to construction on the island. Construction workers were protected from native wildlife by InGen security over the course of the three years from 2002 until completion in 2004. With over $1.2 billion alone spent in concrete and building materials, this project was never underestimated. Masrani Global’s website

Step into the prehistoric era and come face to face with some of the greatest animals to ever walk the Earth, the Dinosaurs! Soak in the atmosphere and visit an ecosystem like nothing experienced before. With technologically advanced ride systems, five star restaurants, and a high class golf course, it is full of excitement, spectacle, and will leave an everlasting impression on everyone who visits.

The Masrani company is proud to present the greatest theme park ever built: Jurassic World.

“The most gratifying feeling of the Masrani Company is the global appreciation of our visions and ideas. We have brought together the world’s top minds all under one roof and since 1973 we have conquered things previously thought impossible. We’ve established ourselves in many areas from telecommunications, to genetic research, and defense organizations, landing as the number one in terms of innovation and success. Jurassic World is the sum of everything that came before it.” Masrani Global’s website

Impressive as it may be, Masrani does not clarify how thorough Isla Nublar’s clean-up operation was, or what local wildlife construction crews needed to be protected from. From everything that came before, we would have assumed it was executed with the utmost care and consideration, especially given the price InGen paid for the entire operation.

”one hundred and twenty-six million dollars.” Peter Ludlow

The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) (deleted scene)

That’s a lot of dough, which should have ensured a conscientious, precise operation that was set up specifically not to leave a trace of InGen’s presence on Isla Nublar.

This leaves us (well, me in particular) with a most burning question: does Jurassic World retcon establish canon regarding the fate of Isla Nublar as presented to us in the original three films (in particular the two sequels), or will it offer an explanation as to how the original Tyrannosaurus still roams the island, and why the ruins of the old Visitors’ Center remain, now covered in vegetation and out of view of tourists visiting the island?

What happened to Isla Nublar between the accident in the park (circa 1993), and the construction and opening of Jurassic World (circa 2000 - 2005)? Why was this clean-up operation not successful, or if it was, why are the filmmakers deviating from the original explanations and previously established conclusions?

Of course, as a dedicated fan that wants every detail of the story to be correct, a possible retconning of years-old canon would be a somewhat bitter pill to swallow. But keeping in mind that these films are not just made for hardcore fans, but a much broader demographic, casual film audiences who come to have a good night out and see a film about dinosaurs running amok, and who aren’t necessarily fans of the films or have interest in, or knowledge of, all details, it won’t matter much if the island was properly dismantled or not.

Jurassic World might not offer any satisfactory answers. The film could gloss over the previous events (sidetracking The Lost World: Jurassic Park and Jurassic Park III), ignore them or give the most limited of nods.

Ideally, a satisfactory explanation could be worked into the film. This would require some exposition, which could either work gloriously or fail horribly.

In a few weeks time my questions might be answered – but I’m well aware my search for a solid, well-rounded conclusion could leave me empty handed and disappointed.

Whatever the case, a return to Isla Nublar is a thrilling prospect. The island where it all started for Alan Grant and Ellie Sattler – and us as an audience -, the place John Hammond envisioned would enthrall children and adults alike, where dinosaurs would roam once again; we’re going back, and we’re going to see it as never before.

”You know the first attraction I ever built when I came down south from Scotland? It was a Flea Circus, Petticoat Lane. Really quite wonderful. We had a wee trapeze, and a merry-go… carousel and a seesaw. They all moved, motorized of course, but people would say they could see the fleas. ‘Oh, I see the fleas, mummy! Can’t you see the fleas?’ Clown fleas and high-wire fleas and fleas on parade. But with this place, I wanted to show them something that wasn’t an illusion. Something that was real, something that they could see and touch. An aim not devoid of merit.” John Hammond

Jurassic Park (1993)


the-mirador  asked:

a meme, you say? i came for the loki analysis and excellent character dynamics, stayed for the marvelously insightful and compassionate person (though the first two things are still good)

[screams! screams a little more! screams more!]

man I barely remember a time when there wasn’t an Alpha on my dash. must’ve been a sad time, tbh.

(thank you so much, friend. that means a lot, especially coming from you.)

Thegingerbatch wrote a great little meta about interpretation that got me thinking, but my thoughts wandered off her points so I thought I should post separately. “Your interpretation can be just as valid as mine,” she said, “as long as it is text-based.“ Yes. But there are two kinds of interpretation, analytic and creative. For instance, a literary critic’s interpretation of Hamlet is one thing, and an actor’s interpretation of Hamlet is another. There is meta, analysis of the source text, and fanfic, creative extrapolations, reinterpretations, and additions to the source text. Thing is, every interpretation is a retelling; analysis can be creative expression in its representation of the text, and fiction can depend on and do excellent analysis. The difference between a meta and a fic isn’t always that clear.

I think it might be helpful to realize that for better or worse, we seem to have developed a new genre, the fanfic-as-meta, where people create elaborate new stories and tie them to the source with textual clues. (LSiT’s “M-Theory” is a good example of this.) I’ve come to appreciate that there’s actually nothing inherently wrong with this. It’s another marvelously creative game we play with the text. The problem comes when we downplay the creative aspect and insist on the analytical, that is, when we insist that our retelling is a deciphering–when we start reading symbols as codes. A symbol is indeterminate, having many connotations that can be in play at any one time. That rose could be a symbol of love and/or nature and/or mortality and/or purity. Then again, that rose could be code for the House of York. In that case, all its many connotations are eclipsed by the one codified meaning.

That’s the thing about mysteries, the detective “puzzle-stories” that ask the reader to join the detective in solving the crime. These stories depend on things having one determinate meaning: that ash on the mantle is a clue that a smoker’s been there, not a symbol of mortality or destruction or a concentration camp. (Side note: Michael Chabon’s Holmes/Holocaust novella “The Final Solution” uses it as both.) This is where I think some readings, especially TJLC readings, go astray: they read symbols as codes, clues hidden by the writer as part of a single hidden message. The train tunnel, which could be a symbol of the unknown/danger/the subconscious/the history of London, becomes a code for anal sex, and one of the many tip-offs from the showrunners to the viewers that yes, this show will be explicitly gay at some point. But there’s the tricky cool thing: the train tunnel could carry all those meanings at once. If sending the two men into the tunnel implies something about their relationship, it could be that there’s an unconscious homoeroticism that’s unknown, dangerous, part of the hidden history of London. But to catch those connotations, and I do, doesn’t mean that the characters are or will be gay. Maybe. Hopefully. But not certainly, and for me to see the connotation and disbelieve the conspiracy doesn’t mean I’m deluded/blind/homophobic etc. Here’s the long and short of it: it’s sketchy as hell for me to insist that my reading precisely reflects the author’s intentions and says something conclusive about the real-world meaning and politics of our shared source text. And even sketchier to say that if you don’t agree with me, there’s something wrong with you.