evolution of decades

Billboard: Niall Horan Braces for Stardom Outside One Direction, With Advice From Justin Bieber & The Eagles

When Niall Horan decided to move from London to Los Angeles in early 2016, it’s no surprise that he chose a house in Laurel Canyon, the epicenter of ’60s folk-rock culture. Horan was the one ­toting a guitar in One Direction, the British boy-band juggernaut that was just then going on a hiatus, and he’s got the soul of a singer-songwriter: He’s charismatic, witty and sensitive, but also easygoing and no-nonsense. Viewed alongside his bandmates – born rock star Harry Styles, “sensible one” Liam Payne, “funny one” Louis Tomlinson, moody R&B prince Zayn Malik – Horan, 23, is sort of like the middle brother: the most ­approachably handsome, the second-most popular across social media (29 million Twitter followers; 19 million on Instagram) and the most likely to lust after a gig at the historic Los Angeles rock club The Troubadour. “Playing for, like, 500 people. What more do you want?” says Horan. “I’ve had some good moments with screaming ­teenagers, but I like when the room is completely dead. It’s a ­different kind of respect. People are actually listening.”

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Nazz Appreciation Month - 5 Things You May Not Have Known About Nazz

1. Nazz has had the most number of voice actresses voicing her throughout the series - Nazz’s voice had its own evolution throughout the decade. First, Tabitha St. Germaine (Mandy from ‘Totally Spies’, Kootie Pie Koopa in the Mario Bros. cartoons, and tons more) voiced her in the episode “Pop Goes the Ed” (though you can hear her cheering in the first episode); next, Erin Fitzgerald (Chie in Persona 4, Piranha Mae in 'Fat Dog Mendoza’, and recently Carbuncle and Feli in the Puyo Puyo/Tetris crossover game, to name but a few hundred) would voice her for the rest of Season 1 and Season 2; Jenn Forgie (Jakotsu from 'Inuyasha’) would take over for Season 3, until Erin returned after the show resumed production to voice Nazz until the franchise’s end. Phew!!

2. Nazz nearly caused controversy! - Also according to Erin, there’s a certain line in “Ed, Edd n Eddy’s Boo Haw Haw” Nazz says that had to be changed at the last minute just because it sounded a bit rude. (And this was before CN began creating PG-rated cartoons filled with 'clean’ innuendo!) Why not go back and watch the special and see if you can guess which line that was?

3. International Cartoon Networks could never get her name right - While a majority of the dubs could get their chops around pronouncing her name, Nazz has been called Jazz in those countries that couldn’t. [Believe it or not, Nazz has never been a member of the Autobots.] Sweden played it safe and just called her 'Tess’ instead. But it’s the UK who failed big time where, during a phone-in competition related around the show, they spelled her name 'Naz’. Even though the official magazine at the time spelled it correctly loads of times!

4. Nazz would’ve had her own pet dog - Amongst the concept/library art for the characters is a picture of Nazz stroking a pet chihuahua. Nowhere else in the franchise has this dog appeared. Considering chihuahuas are often portrayed as the pets for blonde girls with ditzy mindsets, maybe they were going to go the whole hog before binning the character? [The only time a dog appeared in the show, it was of a completely different breed and belonged to someone whose name was never mentioned, never mind them actually appearing, at all in the show.]

5. Nazz got her own article in a rare partwork magazine! - Art Crazy was an early-00s partwork magazine released in the UK, where you could learn how to make and draw stuff. One article featured in every issue was a step-by-step guide in drawing a Looney Tunes/Hanna-Barbera/Cartoon Network character. IIRC, all 13 characters appeared in various issues, with Nazz appearing in Issue 36. [Correct me if I’m wrong!]

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The F40, F50, Enzo and LaFerrari Together at Fiorano

Seeing them all together at Fiorano was an unforgettable and very moving experience made all the more special by the fact that they were driven, one after the other, by the man that test-drove them on that same track throughout their development.

We’re talking, of course, about the F40, the F50, the Enzo and LaFerrari, the milestone cars in Ferrari’s technological evolution over the last three decades, and the great Dario Benuzzi, himself a fixture at Maranello since 1969. The legendary Ferrari test-driver drove each one of the cars in order, reliving the emotions of a lifetime career with the Prancing Horse in a kind of unique technological time-lapse sequence.

SVP Research: The Results

It’s what you’ve all been waiting for! The results of all those damn surveys we made you take this summer! 

This is the first part of my three part series on my experience from SVP - what we presented at the conference. The second part will be what I learned - at the very least, the things I can tell you about (there were a lot of embargoed talks, what can I say). The third part will be about my experience in general.

So! What did we find out from those surveys? Well what we did find out, people at the conference got very excited about.

(Even though this is under a readmore, please reblog!)

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Winners of the #TombRaider20 Community Art Contest

Congratulations to the winners of the #TombRaider20 Community Art Contest! Here are our top 10 picks along with a look at why they were chosen to be immortalized in Tomb Raider history. Commentary provided by the Crystal Dynamics team.

  • “Queen of Gaming” - Sarah Christina
  • “Medipack Thief” - Melonie Mac
  • “Tomb Raider: The Legend Forever” - Daniel Munding
  • “20 Years of Lara Croft” - Kayla Martin
  • “Ms. Croft” - Cami Bradford
  • “One with Nature” - Daniel Dupre
  • “Monsters In the Dark” - Travis Truant
  • “Alchemy” - Donavan Neil
  • “Cliff Hanger” - Brad Shipp
  • “One Woman’s Treasure” - Julian Wilson

As part of their reward, they will be featured in a special print offering to be revealed later this year and receive $1,000 USD. Thanks to everyone who took part! Read on to learn more about each piece of fanart and why it was selected! 

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Did Editorials Influence Obama’s Decision To Normalize Relations With Cuba?

New York Times’ Ernesto Londoño wrote editorials urging Obama to end the embargo. He tells of the changes he saw when he visited Cuba last month and how he sees the new relationship evolving. 

Terry Gross: The gay rights issue is so interesting in Cuba. In the ’60s and ‘70s people who were known to be gay were put in labor camps and now, one of the strongest gay rights activists in Cuba is the daughter of Raúl Castro. She’s not gay herself, but she’s a member of the National Assembly. What’s the status of gay rights in Cuba now?

Ernesto Londoño: This has been a really fascinating evolution because over the last decade, in large part because Mariela Castro, Raúl’s daughter, took this upon herself, there’s really been a seismic change in societal attitudes about gay people. For example, the government currently supports and pays for hormone replacement therapy and surgery for transgender Cubans. A decade ago the gay nightlife was very much underground and underground parties were often raided by police and this was something that happened really in the fringes of society and people were very afraid of it. These days there’s any number of gay bars and gay establishments on the island and cabarets and drag shows. 

Photo: The daughter of Cuban President Raul Castro, Mariela Castro ©, marches in a gay parade in Havana, on May 15. (Photo by: STR/AFP/Getty Images)

A galaxy of deception

Astronomers usually have to peer very far into the distance to see back in time, and view the Universe as it was when it was young. This new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of galaxy DDO 68, otherwise known as UGC 5340, was thought to offer an exception. This ragged collection of stars and gas clouds looks at first glance like a recently-formed galaxy in our own cosmic neighbourhood. But, is it really as young as it looks?

Astronomers have studied galactic evolution for decades, gradually improving our knowledge of how galaxies have changed over cosmic history. The NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has played a big part in this, allowing astronomers to see further into the distance, and hence further back in time, than any telescope before it — capturing light that has taken billions of years to reach us.

Looking further into the very distant past to observe younger and younger galaxies is very valuable, but it is not without its problems for astronomers. All newly-born galaxies lie very far away from us and appear very small and faint in the images. On the contrary, all the galaxies near to us appear to be old ones.

DDO 68, captured here by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, was one of the best candidates so far discovered for a newly-formed galaxy in our cosmic neighbourhood. The galaxy lies around 39 million light-years away from us; although this distance may seem huge, it is in fact roughly 50 times closer than the usual distances to such galaxies, which are on the order of several billions of light years.

By studying galaxies of various ages, astronomers have found that those early in their lives are fundamentally different from those that are older. DDO 68 looks to be relatively youthful based on its structure, appearance, and composition. However, without more detailed modelling astronomers cannot be sure and they think it may be older than it lets on.

Elderly galaxies tend to be larger thanks to collisions and mergers with other galaxies that have bulked them out, and are populated with a variety of different types of stars — including old, young, large, and small ones. Their chemical makeup is different too. Newly-formed galaxies have a similar composition to the primordial matter created in the Big Bang (hydrogen, helium and a little lithium), while older galaxies are enriched with heavier elements forged in stellar furnaces over multiple generations of stars.

DDO 68 is the best representation yet of a primordial galaxy in the local Universe as it appears at first glance to be very low in heavier elements — whose presence would be a sign of the existence of previous generations of stars.

Image credit: NASA & ESA; Acknowledgement: A. Aloisi (Space Telescope Science Institute)

How to Experiment Like Darwin

The Museum’s library is part of the Darwin Manuscripts Project, which aims to digitize the papers, manuscripts, and correspondence of Charles Darwin. 

Darwin famously held back from publishing his theories on evolution for decades. It wasn’t just his religious scruples that kept Darwin from publishing the details of his ideas about natural selection, though. He needed that time to establish his reputation as a scientist and do the necessary work on his selection theory, developing evidence and preparing to face the objections of critics. To test his theories, Darwin bred pigeons, dissected orchids, and skeletonized rabbits. He spent so much time studying barnacles that his children thought that was just what fathers did; one of the boys reportedly asked a friend, “Where does your father do his barnacles?”

After publication of On the Origin of Species, Darwin’s days at the family home, Down House, were filled with experiments, often using no more sophisticated equipment than a microscope or a magnifying glass. His notebooks are a wonderful record of the scientific method in practice—raising questions based on his theory and then testing them. The index page shown here, from Darwin’s “Experimental Book” begun in 1855, hints at the breadth of his explorations, dealing with everything from snails to sweet peas, wild cabbages to frog spawn.

Notable for their simplicity, some of his experiments are ideal science lessons for children—for example, his weed plot experiment, which aims to seed what species of weeds, like the dandelions above, are the hardiest. Another looks at the viability of plant seeds that have been soaked in salt water. Detailed instructions for carrying out these experiments, as well as a third on insect-eating plants, can be found in the Schools section ofThe Darwin Correspondence Project.

Learn about Darwin’s family life in Darwin at Home. For more about the origin of the Darwin Manuscripts Project, read Digitizing Darwin’s Work.

This story was originally published on the Museum blog. 

who were your predators growing up? 

did you know them personally?

a pastor, a soccer coach, a teacher, another person’s friend, father, brother? a laundry list of male extended relatives?

who are your predators as you grow up?

the young man that watches and follows you after class, only to ask you where you’re running off to like you fucking owe him an apology? strangers on street corners, in bars and restaurants, staring at your body as it moves in its natural way, projecting their own obscenities onto you, making jokes about your name, how you remind them of all the women they’ve consumed as they, too, “grew up”?

who are your predators now that you’re grown up?

the older male coworker who has too much to say about the female anatomy, who really shouldn’t have anything to say about the female anatomy, who’s married and has a daughter, who always says he’s the proud son of a single mother?  

and what does abuse look like when it’s “not abuse”? what are these strange feelings you get around people, around men? what does it mean to be unsure? what does it mean when you weren’t attacked or assaulted, but felt lured, groomed, preyed upon, exploited? what does it mean to feel rather than think, and what does it mean to find knowledge in those feelings? what does it mean to reflect, years later, and to feel, to know, that you could have been raped? what do we call that gray area that isn’t even really a “gray area”? how do we make sense of the evolution of abuse? the most decadent elephant in the room, that fucking pandemic of subtlety that we never talk about or really write down for the world to see, yet know, in the deepest pits of our stomachs, to be the highest of all Truths. 

how do we go from thank God I wasn’t fucking raped to

I was almost fucking raped, and rape is the most incessant yet insidious weapon of terror, and almost everyone around me feels and knows that terror, lives with that fear, actively struggles against the aftermath of the terror that has been waged against them, and I want the fucking world to know that I will die speaking out against the desecration of our existence