evidence of cannibalism

Peeping Tom

When I was twelve years old I peeped into a girl’s window for the first and last time.

I lived in a pretty boisterous area of town, not too far away from the nearby college. Right down the street was a house leased to a group of maybe five to six girls. The neighborhood didn’t mind them, they didn’t have crazy parties or trash the place. In fact one of them had a habit of bringing my mom cookies, as a thank you for being so welcoming to the area.

It’s how my brother Elliot got the idea in the first place.

Carla was honestly really nice. Had a great smile, always had a joke to crack, and was even nice to me. However, Elliot had a different thought process, having two years of age on me and a little less respect.

“Carla has rainbow polka dot panties, you know.”

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dancingloki  asked:

who is Lord Franklin and what's the deal with his ships?

i’m not sure you know exactly what can of worms you just opened, but okay. here we go. A Brief History Of One Of Orion’s Huge Obsessions™:

lord john franklin was one of those arctic explorers that died before he got there. what makes his story super cool though is that he completely disappeared in 1846 - nobody could fucking find him or his crew or his ships, and it was a big deal how big of a mystery it was.

his wife - lady franklin - supposedly was the one who wrote a ballad about him that got super famous (& is still sung today). of course, it probably wasn’t actually her, but it makes a nice story. (listen to lady franklin’s lament, it’s actually really pretty.)

the part that obsesses me the most is how much mythology was built up around him. searching for lord franklin became people’s quest, lady franklin herself sent a whole fuckton of people after him to no avail, and the tradition sort of kept going. people really wanted to find him.

people really thought some magic was going on there. (this shouldn’t be a surprise, though, considering how inextricably intertwined sailing is with ghost stories.)

there’s some mythos about the hand of franklin especially, his reaching-out hand, and uhhh i wrote a whole poem about it because it haunts me so badly. there’s something both romantic and heartbreaking about these doomed expeditions that i can’t stop thinking about, especially when they’re so mysterious, and especially when they are, inherently, a story about ghosts and history.

everyone was pretty ready to accept franklin as a loss, except:

i’m having trouble wording why this is so vitally important to me, but there’s something about this story that won’t leave me alone. there are a bunch of other arctic explorers who died on the way there, but none of them have the same pull on me. maybe it’s because this one is a ghost story too.

i hope lord franklin’s ghost can rest now that his ships were recovered and his story is getting told; his body was never found, but a ship is kind of a body when it’s yours, and i hope it’s enough.

‘This is my design’: Transgression and Possession by Hannibal’s Cannibals

[Note: You guys said you were interested, so here goes! This is a little different from my previous metas. It started as a paper I wrote for an MA class called ‘Exploitation Cinema’ where I placed the NBC show Hannibal in a wider context of cannibalism in film. It’s pretty rough, since I’ve cut it down by about 2,000 words and edited it to make it a little more accessible.]

In what is now an iconic scene from Silence of the Lambs (1991), Hannibal ‘the Cannibal’ Lecter taunts FBI trainee Clarice Starling by telling her about a census taker he once killed. ‘I ate his liver with some fava beans and a nice Chianti’, he says, sucking in a hissing breath as though relishing the taste that lingers in his memory. Lecter and his psychiatrist enthrall Clarice—and, by extension, the audience—with verbal reconstructions of his murders, lingering on the cannibal’s perverse sensual enjoyment. Yet while the early Lecter films show only titillating glimpses of the killer’s ‘art’, the camera in the NBC serial Hannibal (2013 –) lingers with an almost detached fascination on the artist’s corpse-tableaus and haut-cuisine dishes, as though tempting the audience with their grim beauty. Instead of titillating us with tales of gore, Hannibal’s Hannibal dismembers and prepares each corpse in front of our eyes, holding the finished plate under our noses as though to say, ‘There, doesn’t that look good?’ Lecter’s pleasure is no longer a sign of incomprehensible monstrosity; it has become our pleasure as well.

Where does this perverse allegiance between audience and killer come from? The cannibal figure in fiction has evolved significantly over time. In Cannibalism in Literature and Film, Jennifer Brown argues that cannibalism is common in fiction not because it has been much practiced in reality (anthropological evidence shows incidents of cannibalism are actually very rare) but rather because it is an almost universal taboo, thus serving as an easy indicator of threatening and encroaching Otherness. The view of the cannibal is that of dangerously ambiguous figure, one who crosses or disregards the essential dividing line that separate the human body (in most cultures considered sacred, superior, or inviolate) from animal bodies. Human consumption of human flesh upsets what Brown calls ‘the most fundamental boundary between the “self and else”’ (7).

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Tokyo Ghoul: RE Chapter 33 – Embracing Books

Rethinking the Meaning of “Blood Relatives”

The newest arc of Tokyo Ghoul: RE is now underway, and last week it kicked off with the revelation that our boy Tsukiyama Shuu is not doing too good—like the “he’s cannibalizing ghouls and there’s a fucking kakuja mask eating his face” kind of not doing too good. And for all intents and purposes, it looked like Ishida-sensei was setting us up for Tokyo Ghoul’s most anxiety provoking arc yet. There are still so many questions that the series has yet to answer—is Hide alive or dead, what acre Uta’s motives, what’s going to happen to Kaneki/Sasaki, where does Urie’s mouth keep going?

But chapter 33 finally pulled the curtains off of the long shrouded-in-mystery Tsukiyama backstory we’d long been waiting for. What could be so bad about Tsukiyama’s backstory that Ishida unspokenly refused to touch it in the original manga? What heart-wrenching truth was Ishida hiding from us? How bad is that bad feel we were all feeling about Tsukiyama’s backstory?

It’s pretty bad.

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SERIOUSLY GUYS LIKE

W

T

F

THIS WHOLE TIME HANNIBAL HAD LIKE A SECRET LABORATORY/SEX DUNGEN JUST BELOW HIS FUCKING HOUSE THAT HAS ALL THE EVIDENCE ABOUT HIS CANNIBALISM JUST RIGHT THERE IN PLAIN SIGHT AND NO ONE FUCKING SAW IT, LIKE NO ONE THIS WHOLE FUCKING TIME???????????????!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!?

“We investigated your claims about Doctor Lecter, Will, thoroughly”

I DON’T THINK ANYONE HAS EVER FUCKED UP THIS BADLY IN THE HISTORY OF FUCK UPS.

THEY’RE ALL FUCKED.

THIS SHOW IS FUCKED.

WE ARE FUCKED.

GOODBYE.

Amphibian August #07 – Trimerorhachis

Known from the Early Permian of the south central United States (~290-272 mya), Trimerorhachis reached about 1m in length (3′3″) and was an early member of a highly aquatic group of temnospondyls called dvinosaurs. It probably spent its entire life in water, having gills even as an adult – although unlike modern amphibians these were internal gills, developed during metamorphosis before the loss of the larval external gills.

Its long body was covered in multiple overlapping layers of small fish-like bony scales, which made up 10-15% of its total body weight. While they may have served a defensive function, they might also have acted as a sort of ballast, weighing it down to help it stay underwater.

One specimen preserves a cluster of tiny bones around its gills which seem to belong to several Trimerorhachis larvae. These are either evidence of cannibalism, or something even more interesting – it’s possible that these animals were protecting their eggs and young by mouth-brooding.

skarchomp  asked:

Between Coelophysis and Oviraptor, scientists seemed really eager to make dinosaurs into babies eaters using evidence that, in retrospect, was pretty shaky in the first place. And yes, this is an excuse for you to talk about Oviraptor.

Thank you for this.

Oviraptor is a fairly typical example of an oviraptorosaur - a group of birdlike theropods known for their distinctive parrotlike beaks and head crests.  Today, dozens of different species are known, but Oviraptor was the first, discovered in 1924.  At that time, the parenting habits of dinosaurs were poorly known, and paleontologists were bound to make all sorts of incorrect assumptions.

The type specimen of Oviraptor was found atop a nest of eggs, which it was assumed to have been feeding on.  This wasn’t an entirely baseless assumption; the discoverers had evidence on their side.

  • Oviraptor’s powerful beak was theorized to be a special adaptation for cracking open eggs.
  • The only other dinosaur eggs these paleontologists found in the surrounding area belonged to Protoceratops - a primitive ceratopsian dinosaur - and it was assumed that these eggs did as well.
  • The specimen was not very well-preserved; its bones were crushed, and it was not in a position that immediately indicated its behavior at the time of death.

These paleontologists were so confident that Oviraptor was an egg-stealer that the full genus and species name of the animal is Oviraptor philoceratops - “loves to steal ceratopsian eggs”.

It wasn’t until the 1990s that another species of oviraptorosaur was discovered in the presence of eggs - and this time, the better-preserved state of the fossil revealed that the original fossil’s eggs were in fact Oviraptor eggs.  The original specimen of Oviraptor was not a heartless baby-eater, but a loving parent protecting its young with its life.

Some more related fun facts!

  • Oviraptor is no longer considered to have been a specialized egg-eater, and instead likely had an extremely varied diet.  However, it has been suggested that some oviraptorosaurs were shore-dwellers that specialized in cracking open mollusks and crabs.
  • An oviraptorosaur called Caudipteryx was one of the first dinosaur fossils with preserved feathers.  It had small “wings” on its arms, a coat of downy protofeathers covering its body, and a fan of feathers at the tip of its tail.  It can be safely assumed that all other oviraptorosaurs were feathered in this same way.  Like modern birds, they may have looked quite ostentatious.
  • As I mentioned before, the original specimen of Oviraptor was quite badly damaged prior to fossilization.  In particular, the skull was almost totally crushed, and only when later species of oviraptorosaurs were discovered did its true skull shape become known.  Before that, paleoartists were forced to reconstruct what the head might have looked like from the original skull’s crushed remains.  More than a few depictions are truly terrifying.
  • More related to your original point than to Oviraptor: Only one known dinosaur has demonstrated definite evidence of cannibalism.  Fossils of Majungasaurus, an abelisaur from Late Cretaceous Madagascar, have been found with tooth marks that indicate cannibalistic feeding.  Some paleontologists believe that Majungasaurus individuals killed and cannibalized one another over access to their kills, as Komodo dragons are known to do today.