evaporation ponds

This is a salt evaporation pool in Peru. Salt evaporation ponds are artificial ponds designed to extract salt from sea water. Water is drawn out through evaporation and then the salt is harvested. (Photo Credit)

Tardigrades– the micro-animals whose electron micrographs (like the one above) have done the rounds on social media for its adorable, bear-like appearance – is a famously hardly organism and is the first animal known to survive in space. Be it extreme heat, heavy radiation, high pressures and even desiccation, the “water bear” can shrug it off.

From The New York Times:

They can remain like that in a dry state for years, even decades, and when you put them back in water, they revive within hours,” said Thomas Boothby, a postdoctoral researcher from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “They are running around again, they are eating, they are reproducing like nothing happened.”

To determine what allowed tardigrades to survive this kind of extreme dryness, Dr. Boothby and his colleagues designed a test in which the microscopic animals were put into a humidity chamber and slowly dried out as in an evaporating pond– the tardigrade’s native habitat. They discovered that the tardigrades have special genes that create glass-like proteins that can preserve their cells during desiccation.

“The glass is coating the molecules inside of the tardigrade cells, keeping them intact,” said Dr. Boothby said. This slows down the tardigrade’s metabolism, allowing it to remain in a suspended state until it is rehydrated. When they add water, the proteins melt into the liquid, and the molecules within the tardigrade are free to carry out their functions again.

The tardigrade continues to surprise scientists and this recent discovery raises the question of whether any other animals use the same unique mechanism of protecting against desiccation. To learn more about this research into Tarigrades, read The New York Times’ article “How a Water Bear Survives, Even When It’s Dry.”

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Drone flight and ground views of pink lake stained by carotenoids produced by bacteria that are only abundant in salty, evaporative ponds, the Yucatan

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These Beautiful Ponds in the Utah Desert Are Not Photoshopped 

Located in Moab, Utah, these stunning deep blue body of waters are potash evaporation ponds. Although they are an artificial creation, the drying ponds’ purpose is used as the world’s largest producer of potassium chloride or potash. Known as the most important fertilizer in the world, the potash is harvested deep within the Earth. 

They are created by inserting hot water into the reserve. Then it becomes melted and is pumped into the surface. Once they evaporate within 300 days, the crystals are the only remains.

Although the brightly colored ponds seem out of place, their beauty behaves as a powerful and stunning juxtaposition against the dusty landscape.

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“I am the intelligence from which the universe emanates and in which it abides. The ignorant believe me to be nothing more than nature or Prakriti, but the wise experience me as the true self within. They glimpse me in their own hearts when their minds become as still and clear as an ocean without waves. The supreme wisdom is that which ends the delusion that anything exists apart from me. The fruit of this realization is a total lack of fear and the end of sorrow. When one understands that all the limitless universes are but a fraction of an atom in the unity of my being, that all the numberless lives in the universes are the wisps of vapor in one of my breaths, that all triumphs and tragedies, the good and the evil in all the worlds, are merely games I play for my own amusement, then life and death stand still and the drama of individual life evaporates like a shallow pond on a warm day.

This world that you are experiencing now is nothing but my power. The only remedy for your ignorance is to worship me as your inner-most self. Surrender yourself to me with one-pointed devotion and I will help you discover your true being. Abide in me as I abide in you. Know that even now at this very moment there is absolutely no difference between us. Realize and be fulfilled this instant.“

—Devi Gita

Mr. Tanaka lives in the countryside and most of his land are rice paddies

Kanji: 田

Meaning:  rice field

Reading: た、い、デン  (ta, i, den) 

About the kanji:  One of the most fundamental and basic kanjis out there. The kanji comes from the pictograph of a rice field and it’s sections. Just imagine some rice plants growing in each square and it will be easier for you to remember this kanji. 

Words using this kanji:

田舎 : rural area

田園  : rural districts

田んぼ : paddy field

油田 : oil field

塩田 : Salt evaporation pond

水田 : (water-filled) paddy field

Example sentence:

このあたりは昔、田んぼだったんだよ。

kono atari wa mukashi tanbo dattan dayo

There used to be rice fields around here.

But consider this…

Inverse Temperance not as the expression of a life dramatically out of balance, but a life constrained to /never tip the scales/.

Never having highs or lows, never having excitement or boredom. Every day the same as the other, every emotion experienced in a tight band while waiting for death like the surface of an isolated and evaporating pond.

Inverse Temperance not as a life out of control, but as a life excessively locked down.