Eva Gonzalès, “Nanny and Child,” 1877/1878,
oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington.

Eva Gonzalès, one of only four women in the Parisian impressionist circle, was the only formal pupil Edouard Manet ever had.

Gonzalès’s “Nanny and Child” is an unmistakable homage to Manet’s “The Railway.” Her brushwork is similarly broad and energetic; it eliminates transitional tones and detail.
Even so, Gonzalès’s painting feels different. It has an open airiness, contrasting with the restricted and compressed space of “The Railway.”