The Flag of Ethiopia is a flag that was adopted on February 6, 1996. The three traditional colors (green, yellow and red) date back to Emperor Menelik (1889–1913) and were first used in a flag in 1895. The current flag and emblem were adopted after the defeat of the Marxist Mengistu regime (in power from 1974–1991). The emblem is intended to represent both the diversity and unity of the country. Blue represents peace, the star represents diversity and unity, and the sun’s rays symbolise prosperity. The green recalls the land, yellow stands for peace and hope, and red is symbolic of strength.
Colours of the flag The colours of African unity (red, green and yellow) are seen here on one of the oldest African flags. These colors were used for the flag of the Ethiopian Empire in 1897, a year after Ethiopia decisively defended itself from colonial Italy at the Battle of Adwa. The flag’s tri-colour scheme has existed since the early 19th century, and was previously the official banner of the Ethiopian Empire’s Solomonic dynasty. The colours green, yellow, and red have carried special importance since at least the early 17th century.