This Roman shield was found in the city of Dura Europos. The city is located several thousand kilometers from Rome and was a commercial enclave located in present-day Syria. It was founded by Greeks in the interior of the Persian territory, a few years after the passage of Alexander the Great, and later became part of Rome, perhaps because of its strategic location. During the Roman occupation, at the time of the high Roman Empire, some Roman soldier must have been forgotten this beautiful shield that happened to be the best preserved of this type that we have. It is impressive to see him in almost all his splendor and imagine that a soldier once carried him as part of his military supplies.


Moses and the Burning Bush, Moses receives the Tablets of the LawMoses reading the TorahMoses at Mount Nebo - Dura-Europos synagogue, Syria, c. 244 CE. Tempera over plaster. One of the oldest synagogues in the world, the Dura-Europos synagogue preserves some of the most precious and unique examples of Jewish art in history. These four portraits of Moses are found on the center of the synagogue’s western wall, above the Torah niche. Note his depiction with a square halo.

Bust of Seleucus I Nicator (Europos ca 358 BC-Lisimacheia 281 BC), Macedonian general after Alexander the Great and founder of the Seleucid dynasty. bronze from the Villa of the Papyri at Herculaneum, Campania, Italy, 1st century BC.


“Aphrodite à la tortue”, marbre, 2ème-3ème siècle après JC. Temple d'Artémis, Sâlhiyé (ancienne Dura Europos), Syrie. par gregory lejeune
Via Flickr :
Musée du Louvre.

Lower half of statuette of half-draped Aphrodite A.D. 200-256 Limestone Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos Culture: Dura-Europos (Syria) Period: Graeco-Roman or Parthian Yale University Art Gallery

I am Scottish and I am European

Ich bin Schotte, und ich bin Europäer

Je suis écossais et je suis européen

Аз съм шотландски и аз съм европейски

Ja sam Škot i ja sam iz Europe

Είμαι Σκωτίας και είμαι Ευρωπαϊκή

Skotský a já jsem Evropské

Jeg er skotske og jeg europæiske

Olen Šoti ja ma olen Euroopa

Olen Skotlannin ja olen Euroopan

Én vagyok a skót, és én vagyok az Európai

Tá mé na hAlban agus tá mé hEorpa

Sono scozzese e sono europeo

Es esmu Skotijas, un es esmu Eiropas

Aš esu Škotijos ir aš Europos

Jiena Skoċċiżi u jiena Ewropej

Ik ben Schotse en Europese

Jestem w Szkocji i jestem Europejczykiem

Sou escocês e eu sou Europeu

Som Škótska a som Európsky

Jaz sem škotski in sem Evropske

Soy escocesa y soy europeo

Jag är skotska och jag är Europeiska

Mi na h-Alba agus tha mi Eòrpach

I am Scottish and I am European.


Carlo Scarpa, The Brion Cemetery in San Vito d'Altivole, Treviso, Italy, 1968-1978

Sol LeWitt, Double Negative Pyramid, Europos Parkas Open Air Museum, Lithuania, 1999,

Wall painting fragment showing female face A.D. 165-256 Paint on plaster Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos1929.353Culture: Dura-Europos (Syria)Period: Roman, 2nd or 3rd century A.D. Yale University Art Gallery


Guys. Seriously tho.  

Have tawwakoul in Allah, hold onto your hjiab and abaya, khumoor, niqab - beard and whatever you wear or do for the sake of allah.

 Hold on to it, hold on to it hold on to it. 

Done let any mofo make you feel like youre ashamed for being a muslim. Have trust in Allah and keep your head high and be proud on your religion even if they try to pull your hjiab off. 

Read about the sahaba if you dont know how to stay strong when people ridiule your faith.  Read about them and let them inspire you, they have been through so much worse than we actually do in Europo or America in 2015.  Whenever someone calls you a terrorist or even someone attacks you, remember this and know that you got Him. Dont let such things weaken you. Read the quran, make adiyaat and dont stop doing good deeds.

Remember this hadith:

 Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “A time will come upon the people when the one who is patient (in them) in his religion (will be) like the one holding onto hot coal.” [Collected by Tirmidhi, authenticated by shaykh al-Albaani (rahimahullah). There is yet another (longer) version of this hadeeth collected by Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) in his musnad.] 

Jannah is worth it guys. It is. Remember that.

Head of Atargatis or Tyche with doves 1st century A.D.Limestone Yale-French Excavations at Dura-Europos Culture: Dura-Europos (Syria) Period: Graeco-Roman or Parthian Yale University Art Gallery

don’t get me wrong. it hurts my heart to hear that ISIS has and continues to carry out a policy of cultural genocide–what amounts to historical revisionism, the physical destruction of undesirables’ heritage, the pillage of centuries-old villages and religious sites. when i heard that dura-europos had been targeted i wanted to punch someone, preferably an ISIS militant. when ISIS destroyed an armenian church, a memorial to lives lost during our earlier genocide, i felt the wind knocked out of me. but i do not value archaeological artifacts over human lives and if you do–ESPECIALLY if you’re not even a part of those groups whose cultural heritage AND livelihoods have been threatened–shut the fuck up