european romanticism

Johan Christian Dahl (1788-1857)
“Eruption of Vesuvius” (1826)

Mount Vesuvius is a volcano located on the Gulf of Naples in Campania, Italy, about 9 km (5.6 mi) east of Naples. It is best known for its eruption in AD 79 that led to the burying and destruction of the Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and several other settlements.

Polish Literature: Uncertainty by Adam Mickiewicz  (1798 - 1855)

When I don’t see you, I don’t sigh, I don’t cry,
I don’t loose my head, when I look at you,
However if I don’t see you for a long time,
I am missing something,
someone I must see,
And longing, I’m asking myself a question:
Is it friendship? Or is it love?

When I loose your sight, I can’t even once,
Recreate your image in my mind,
However, despite my will I feel sometimes,
That it is always close to my thought,
And again I pose myself a question:
Is it friendship? Or is it love?

I suffered much, and I didn’t think at all
To go to you and express my sorrow;
Going without a purpose, not minding the road,
I will come to your doorstep without knowing how.
Entering, I ask myself a question:
What led me here? Friendship or love?

For your health, I would give my life
For your peace, I would descend to hell,
Though I lack the courageous will in my heart,
to be for your health and peace.
And again I pose myself a question:
Is it friendship? Or is it love?

When you lay your hand in my palms
I’m surrounded by calm,
It feels like this light dream could end my life
But a lively heartbeat keeps me awake;
Which loudly asks a question:
Is it friendship? Or is it love?

Composing this song for you,
The spirit of the Poets didn’t inspire me;
Filled with surprise, I didn’t perceive myself,
Where did I get the thoughts from,
how did I come across the rimes;
And I have finally written down this question:
What inspired me? Friendship or love?

Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900)
“Passage of the Jews through the Red Sea” (1891)
Oil on canvas
Currently in a private collection





Maria B. offers brides-to-be a plethora of trousseau wear that combines European romanticism with traditional Pakistani bridalwear components. She incorporated digital prints of 18th century French architecture which were manipulated over A-Line silk skirts and kurtas. The theme of roses was intrinsic to each design through her delicate floral detailing up to the graceful accessories. 

The essence of European romanticism in Maria B’s collection was streamed with floral headdresses ornamented with roses, feathers and pearls, elegant parasols and stunning sunset tones. She also embraced soft pastels blended in with greyscale shades. Her light to dark rendering technique across her collection enhanced the silhouette of the bridal pieces. 

Embellished detailing intertwined with the architectural digital prints added a sophisticated touch. The intricate gold and silver beading created dazzling cholis, salwar kameez’s and gowns. The loose fitting floor length gowns were made even more stunning with layers of georgette attached on the shoulders with white roses and draped behind the dress. The ethereal trousseau that glided along the runway was mesmerising. 

Maria B accentuates feminine beauty the bride beholds with her entrancing collection. The European influence mingled with classic Pakistani bridalwear features has given us a sensational display of bridal attire that amazes us. 

We Can Be Heroes Too: My MECCAcon Experience

By Jermaine Dickerson

I’ve been a comic book fan since childhood. Growing up it didn’t take much for me to notice that I wasn’t welcomed in the books I read, to see that I didn’t belong alongside flying beings with super strength. Or that aliens with green skin were better represented than people with black skin like mine. And if I were fortunate enough to see myself in these books, I wasn’t provided the same treatment as everyone else. Instead I had to settle for being occasionally well-written, but never quite good enough to be susceptible…iconic. It hurt, a lot. It also didn’t help that my impressionable mind was bombarded with media that frequently romanticized european features while completely devaluing blackness.

I spent many of my teenage years struggling with self-image issues. The world made it clear that my blackness wasn’t attractive and I started to believe it too. Every night was full of prayers asking God to transform me in my sleep. I wanted lighter skin and lighter eyes. I wanted “good hair” that was soft and wavy instead of my tightly curled kinky hair. I wanted to be liked by my peers. I wanted the world to accept me. After waking up every morning, I would rush to the bathroom mirror, only to be disappointed  that nothing had changed.

I didn’t always suffer from self-hatred. Superman is my favorite superhero; during my pre-teen years I would frequently dress up in my worn Superman halloween costume, punching pillows and standing in front of a fan with my cape flowing majestically in its breeze. In those moments I never imagined myself with white skin or blue eyes. I was who I was, a black boy who fought imaginary intergalactic battles with my kinky hair. This innocence was stripped away from me when society told me that I didn’t belong. This became one of the reasons why I stopped reading comics.

Above image: 10 year old me in my favorite costume of all time.

Recently, I’ve rekindled my comic book reading journey.Though this time it’s from a more informed perspective.Throughout my life I’ve been focused on Marvel and DC while completely overlooking the expanding indie comic market. Indie creators who’ve expressed similar concerns about representation in comics weren’t just talking about it, they were making moves.They’re courageous, persistently working to make the world aware of our existence; sharing the gospel of inclusivity. However, it wasn’t until this weekend during meccacon (Midwest Ethnic Convention for Comics and Art) when I witnessed this first hand.

I discovered MECCAcon while browsing Tumblr and I saw a post about it by superheroesincolor​. I was immediately drawn to the idea of an ethnic convention and its location in the heart of Detroit made it more attractive. I was extremely nervous about attending because this was my first convention and I didn’t know what to expect. When I arrived, I discovered it wasn’t as intimidating as I’d believed.

The community of diverse entrepreneurs, artist, writers and musicians touched me deeply. I don’t often see a varied group of like-minded people as nerdy I am excitedly sharing their creative voice. Everyone was supportive while having meaningful conversations about intersectionalism in the comic industry. It was the ultimate exchange of ideas, philosophies and personal anecdotes. An environment of cultural mending in a chill setting. People of all ages were present. I was home and it was fantastic.

Above image: Artist, Black Ant, is surrounded by young fans eager to purchase his art.  

Kids excitedly jumped from vendor to vendor, begging their parents to buy amazing artwork to hang on their bedroom walls. For me, those were the best moments. To see the joy in the eyes of young fans reminded me of myself in my childhood. Except they’re blessed to live in a time of progression. MECCACon welcomed them and everyone else with open arms, reminding us that we are not alone.  I’m grateful for my experience there and for the connections I made. Thanks to MECCAcon, I’m more inspired than ever to spread the good news. The world needs to know that we are here, so that every child will know that they can be heroes too. 

Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863)
“Self Portrait” (1840)
Oil on canvas
Located in the Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy

Delacroix was a French Romantic artist regarded from the outset of his career as the leader of the French Romantic school.

The poet Charles Baudelaire once described him as “passionately in love with passion, but coldly determined to express passion as clearly as possible.”


100 years ago today Germany declared war on Russia and ignited one of the deadliest conflicts in European history. Many artists romanticized war as a bringer of humanity.

But for artists like Ernst Ludwig Kirchner who fought in combat, they soon realized all humanity was lost.

“The war is catching on more and more. One only sees masks, no more faces.”

In 1917, he made 11 watercolor drawings about the Apocalypse on the back of cigarette boxes. These images, 2 ½ inches high reveal just how hopeless the war felt at the time. More on this album.

Page through the fully digitized album here. Or visit the Getty Center starting November 18 for a full exhibition World War I: War of Images, Images of War.

Anne-Louis Girodet (1767-1824)
“The Burial of Atala” (1808)

“Atala, ou Les Amours de deux sauvages dans le desert” is an early novella by François-René de Chateaubriand, first published on 2 April 1801. The work, inspired by his travels in North America, had an immense impact on early Romanticism, and went through five editions in its first year.

Frank Dicksee (1853-1928)
“The Funeral of a Viking” (1893)
Located in the Manchester Art Gallery, Manchester, England

Victorian critics gave it both positive and negative reviews, for its perfection as a showpiece and for its dramatic and somewhat staged setting, respectively. The painting was used by Swedish Viking/Black metal band Bathory for the cover of their 1990 album, Hammerheart.

Ivan Aivazovsky (1817-1900)
“The brig Mercury encounter after defeating two Turkish ships of the Russian squadron” (1848)

During his almost sixty-year career, Aivazosky created around 6,000 paintings, making him one of the most prolific artists of his time.

Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720-1778)
“Carceri Plate VII – The Drawbridge”
Located in the Kupferstich-Kabinett, Dresden, Germany

This etching is part of Piranesi’s “Carceri d'invenzione” or “Imaginary Prisons.” It was a series of prints that show enormous subterranean vaults with stairs and mighty machines. These images influenced Romanticism and Surrealism.

James Wilson Carmichael (1800-1868)
“The Irwin Lighthouse, Storm Raging”
Oil on canvas
Currently in a private collection