european middle ages

Smol Queen of the Underworld trying to impress husband. 100% mission accomplished.
Anyway, I’m trying to create a unique “wardrobe” for each of the greek gods (also bc I grew sick of peplums, chitons or random pieces of cloth to be wrapped around genitalia). So for Persephone-queen-of-hell outfits I’m mixing an Eastern style (especially from Chinese Tang dynasty and Japanese early Heian period) with european elements such as late Greek or even early northern Middle-Ages. What do you think? Have you got any suggestions?

Saarburg (population ~ 6,700) is a city of the Trier district in the Rheinland-Pfalz in Southwestern Germany right on the border with Luxemburg and France. It’s located on the banks of the Saar river in the hilly country just upstream from its junction with the Mosel. The area is noted for the cultivation of Riesling grapes. The history of the city begins with the construction of the now-ruined castle by Graf Siegfried of Luxembourg in 964. It received its town charter in 1291. The city has a bell foundry, the Glockengießerei Mabilion, which has been in operation since the 1770s, and as of 2003 the only one left in Germany that makes bronze bells. From 1945 to 1948 Saarburg was occupied by troops from Luxembourg. From 1946 to 1947 Onsdorf, in its then municipal boundary, formed part of the Saar Protectorate. French troops complemented the occupation until 1955.

Ancient Lunar Runic Calendar from Sāmsala (the island of the Sami or the isle of Ösel).

It is of 13 four-week months, consisting of 28 days each. The days read from right to left, like the Hebrew, and in every case the week commences with Monday and ends with Sunday.

Øsel is the name of the island when it was under Danish rule in the Medieval period, and the Swedish with the name Ösel. The ancient Greek - Phonicians and culture of the pre-christian Roman Empire likely influenced the Baltic and Nordic Runic scripts. People came to the Nordic and Estonian - Baltic areas with the Iron Age Indo-European people connected to the Early Roman Empire. This period is archaeologically named: The Roman Nordic Iron-Age. The people were likely the ancient Nordic Goths - a people that from early on merged with the indigenous people and that later were displaced from the areas they inhabiated in the Nordic by the Dacian people that came from Eastern Europe to the northwestern and the Nordic areas during the Medieval period.

I once read somewhere that during most of the Middle Ages, Europeans were completely at a loss when it came to explaining stars. So theologians decided that angels had poked holes in the firmament so that they could peer down at us and keep an eye on things below. Which is such a bizarre yet quaint worldview: to be nestled in your little Ptolemaic universe, secure in the knowledge that you can look up at the night sky and see heaven’s light and that the angels will be looking back.

flickr

Knight in a Museum by Ken Yaecker

Via Flickr:Armor from the European Middle Ages and Renaissance in the Cleveland Museum of Art.

Greatest moments of college this year (so far)...

Elderly bald English professor rant/yelling: “WHY DO THEY KILL OFF ALL MY FAVORITE GAME OF THRONES CHARACTERS?!?! AH IM SO UPSET ALL THE TIME” 

 - Same elderly bald English professor: “I mean if I’m gonna describe myself to people in a chatroom online I make myself sound like i look like Thor…”

Art History professor rant/yelling: “GENDER ISN’T REeAaLlLL, CHRISTIAN EUROPEANS MADE IT UPPPP!!” 

Middled aged Hawaiian Math professor: *makes joke about marriage being a horrible trap* *class laughs* “WAIT nooo im just kidding guys I promise! my wife is soO beautiful, let me show you a picture, she is the best!!” *puts phone w/ lockscreen of wife on the doc cam* 

Soft spoken nutrition teacher: “So Dairy is a main food group, so drink milk.. *tiny aside whisper* I mean i don’t like milk so i don’t drink it, *continues on in normal voice* but you should its healthy!”

Planets and Zodiac around a man pierced with converging blades, Italian medieval manuscript, circa 1400.

Part of the Medieval worldview was the idea that man was a microcosm (“a little world”) which reflected the macrocosm of the Ptolemaic universe. As the Earth was divided into regions influenced by the planets, similarly the body of man was divided into “regions” governed by signs of the Zodiac. Astrological signs were thought to influence the body and its health, and sketches of the “Zodiac Man” are common in medical treatises of the Middle Ages. These diagrams instructed doctors and barber-surgeons whether it was safe to bleed a patient or to perform surgery; if the Moon was in the sign of the bodypart in question, it was not recommended. The position of the moon could be determined with a volvelle - a rotating calendar.

anonymous asked:

My WIP deals with prejudice against 'witches' in the mid 15th century, and although it involves the whole Eastern Hemisphere, the three people who start up this whole operation to get anyone magical to safety are all white Europeans. If all three of them are from Western Europe, where the prejudice and witch-burnings were particularly bad, is it still considered white-washing?

15th Century Europe ≠ All White Europe

Hmmm, well I think it would be whitewashing if next to no people in your story are POC since not everyone in Western Europe is white. We’re made to believe that because our history books have been whitewashed the same way in that people think the ancient Egyptians weren’t Black and how “true Americans” are seen as white people instead of the indigenous people who’ve lived in the Americas before Europeans learned about plumbing and general hygiene.

Aside from that, having a story set in Medieval Europe starring 3 white people saving… mostly/only white people… still feels like whitewashing to me. Why do all three protags need to be white? This very much fill fall in the White Savior Trope if you keep them all white and choose to only diversify your supporting and crowd characters. It would be great if there’d be more diversity, especially since the genre is so incredibly white… and cis-het male… and able-bodied.

~ Mod Alice

Das Schnetztor in Konstanz, 14th century city gate and tower, next to parts of the old city wall. Konstanz has traces of civilization dating from the Stone Age and was settled by the Romans in about 50 CE. It was an important trade and spiritual center. At the Council of Konstanz (1414-1418), a papal election was held, ending the papal schism. Konstanz attempted to join the Swiss Confederacy in about 1460, but was voted down. Due to its proximity to Switzerland, it was not bombed during WW2 and its historic old town remains intact. 

The Great Stirrup Controversy

The introduction of the stirrup not only made the mounted warrior supreme in medieval warfare, but may have initiated complex and far-reaching social and cultural changes in Europe. Some scholars credit this use of the stirrup to the birth of feudalism and its subsequent spread into Northern Italy, Spain, Germany and into the Slavic territories.

One theory goes so far as to argue that the rising feudal class structure of the European Middle Ages derived ultimately from the use of stirrups:

       “Few inventions have been so simple as the stirrup, but few have had so catalytic an influence on history. The requirements of the new mode of warfare which it made possible found expression in a new form of western European society dominated by an aristocracy of warriors endowed with land so that they might fight in a new and highly specialized way.”

 Most scholars, however, dispute this assertion, suggesting that stirrups may provide little advantage in shock warfare, but are useful primarily in allowing a rider to lean farther to the left and right on the saddle while fighting, and simply reduce the risk of falling off. Therefore, it is argued, they are not the reason for the switch from infantry to cavalry in Medieval militaries, nor the reason for the emergence of Feudalism.

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(image: taken in Metropolitan museum by haruspex)