european lake

Lake Baikal - Russia 

Lake Baikal is a rift lake in southern Siberia. It the worlds largest freshwater lake (by volume), and with a depth of 1642 at its deepest point, it is also the worlds deepest lake. With the purest freshwater on the planet, in many places on the lake, the ice is completely transparent. It has been reported that you can see 40m below the ice in some of these places. 

On shore, the lake has many grottoes, that form impressive icicles during winter. During the summer, the beaches are also great for fishing, and river rafting.

BERLIN FACTS

* Berlin has more bridges than Venice/Italy - between 1400 and 1700, depending on who you ask (Venice only has 409). There are over 180 km of navigable waterways.

* Berlin is the only city in the world with 3 active opera houses: the Staatsoper, the Deutsche Oper, and the Komische Oper. Opera lovers are treated to events with many of the world’s best singers, conductors, and musicians taking to the stage. If you’re under the age of 30, try the evening box office where you can pick up any unsold tickets for around 10€!

* Parks, lakes, and forests comprise around 1/3 of Berlin’s total area, so many “nature” activities such as kayaking, cycling, and hiking can be done within the urban area. 

* Berlin’s Zoologischer Garten’s zoo and aquarium gets about 3 million visitors a year. It’s considered to be the most visited zoo in Europe and one of the most popular worldwide. Regular animal feedings are among its attractions. There are 19,000 animals of 1,500 different species. The zoo collaborates with universities, research institutes, and zoos around the world. It maintains and promotes breeding programs, helps safeguard endangered species, and participates in species reintroduction programs.

* Berlin is also home to the largest department store in continental Europe. The Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe) has over 60,000 sqm of display space on 8 floors. If you like gourmet foods, visit the 6th and 7th floor - they’re entirely devoted to food, adding up to the size of 2 football fields. The 6th floor “Delicatessen” is famous for its wide variety of foods and beverages. There are 110 cooks and 40 bakers and confectioners supplying 30 gourmet counters. The 7th floor includes a winter garden with a 1000-seat restaurant surrounded by an all-windowed wall offering a view over the Wittenbergplatz.

* The Berlin Wall (1961-1989) was 155 km long; it was guarded by 302 manned watchtowers. In the communist/socialist East, it was named ‘Antifaschistischer Schutzwall’ (anti-fascist protection wall), implying that it was erected to protect the East Germans against capitalist West Germany. In reality, its purpose was to stop the flood of East Germans trying to escape to the West by locking them in as prescribed by the Russian/USSR communist occupiers. Prior to 1961, 3.5 million East Germans had left, totaling about 20% of the population.

* Today, about 30% of Berlin’s population of 3 million have some kind of migrant background. About 13% are foreign nationals. As the capital, Berlin has a long history of migration, going back to 1685 when the city welcomed many protestant refugees from France, known as Huguenots. The Neukölln district has one of the largest Turkish communities in Germany.

Perast - Montenegro 

Perast is an old town sitting at the foot of a hill, on the Bay of Kotor. Perast was the last place to fly the Venetian Flag, before falling to Napoleon. It retains its Venetian charm in its facades and architecture.

Das Allgäu is a region in the German South. It covers the south of Bavarian Swabia and southeastern Baden-Württemberg (plus parts of Austria). The region stretches from the pre-alpine lands up to the Alps. The main rivers flowing through are the Lech and Iller. The region is sub-divided into:

Das Oberallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
Das Unterallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
Das Ostallgäu (in Bavarian Swabia, in the state of Bavaria)
Das Westallgäu (mainly in Upper Swabia in the state of Baden-Württemberg, but also a very small part in Bavaria)

The western Austrian part is the Kleinwalsertal in Vorarlberg, accessible from Germany only. The region is noted for its beautiful landscapes and is popular for vacations and therapeutic stays. It’s well known for its farm products, esp. dairy including Hirtenkäse (“herdsman’s cheese”) and Bergkäse (“hill cheese”). Besides tourism and dairy, another important economic sector is the building of industrial equipment and machinery, such as Fendt tractors. The alpine regions of the Allgäu rise to 2,000 m in altitude and are popular for winter skiing. The famous Neuschwanstein castle is located here. Famous people from the region include Ludwig Ganghofer (writer of Bavarian homeland novels), Max Ritter von Mulzer (WW1 pilot), Ernst Walter Mayr (leading evolutionary biologists of the 20th century), Klaus Nomi (countertenor & one of the first prominent German victims of HIV/AIDS), and Mario Götze (football player & scorer of the goal that made Germany the 2014 FIFA World Champions).

Münster in Nordrhein-Westfalen, Northwestern Germany, started with a monastery in 794 by a Frisian missionary to aid Charlemagne’s campaign to gain control over the Saxons. It has had town rights since 1170. Today, it’s a fast-growing city of 300,000+, and has a large number of bikes which creates a special atmosphere that reminds of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. There are 40,000 uni students in town so travelling by bike and on foot are key modes of transportation. Pavements have a red brick section reserved for bikes; the entire city has a pedestrian/bike path that surrounds it, which follows the route of the old medieval walls, and makes for a nice walk, taking you past the lovely Aasee, a large artificial lake with surrounding park.

There have been reports of a monster living in Lake Van in Turkey since 1889; however the sightings that are attributed to a singular creature did not occur until 1995. An article about the Lake Van Monster came out on November 2nd, 1995 where it explained:

“Turkish authorities are sending investigators to the country’s largest lake to look for what witnesses have described as a dinosaur-like monster. A parliamentary commission has agreed to send a search party designed to unveil Turkey’s version of the Loch Ness Monster, after the provincial deputy governor claimed to have seen it.”

Konstanz is a town of ~ 80,000 inhabitants located at the western end of the Bodensee (Lake Constance) in Baden-Württemberg, Southwestern Germany, bordering Switzerland. The city houses the University of Konstanz and was for more than 1200 years residence of the Roman Catholic Diocese. The Rhein river, which starts in the Swiss Alps, passes through the lake and leaves it, considerably larger, by flowing under a bridge connecting the 2 parts of the city. North of the river lies the larger part of the city with residential areas, industrial estates, and the university; south of the river is the old town, which houses the administrative center and shopping facilities in addition to the Hochschule or the University of Applied Sciences. Car ferries provide access across the lake to Meersburg, and the Katamaran provides a shuttle service for pedestrians to Friedrichshafen. At the old town’s southern border lies the Swiss town of Kreuzlingen.

Plitvice Lakes National Park - Croatia

This world heritage listed National Park is made up of sixteen lakes, all interconnected by waterfalls and cascades. Deer, bears, wolves and boar can all be found within the park. The colours of the lakes change constantly depending on the quantity of minerals within the water, and the angle of the sunlight, ranging from blue, to green, to grey. The highest waterfall in the park is 78m high. Due to the terrain being underlain by limestone and dolomite, there are also a number of caves that can be explored. 

Trolltunga - Hordaland, Norway 

Hovering 700 metres above lake Ringedalsvatnet, Trolltunga, or The Troll’s Tongue, has become an incredibly popular destination for thrill seekers. The uniquely shaped cliff was formed 10,000 years ago, and is the result of erosion. While at times risky (the hike should not be attempted in winter), the trail up to Trolltunga is scenic, passing through the forest, and by a series of blue lakes and fjords.