european armor


Armor Garniture, Probably of King Henry VIII of England (reigned 1509–47)

This is the earliest dated armor from the royal workshops at Greenwich, which were established in 1515 by Henry VIII (reigned 1509–47) to produce armors for himself and his court. It is also the earliest surviving Greenwich garniture, an armor made with a series of exchange and reinforcing pieces by which it could be adapted for use in battle and in different forms of the tournament. Furthermore, the overall etching and gilding place it among the most richly decorated of all Greenwich armors. The design of the decoration is attributed to the German-born Swiss artist Hans Holbein the Younger (1497–1543), who worked at the English court from 1526 to 1528.

The surviving exchange elements of this armor are a reinforcing breastplate with lance rest for use in the field or in the mounted tournament with lances; a left-hand gauntlet reinforce, or manifer, also used in the tournament with lances; and a right-hand locking gauntlet for the mounted tournament with swords.

A highly unusual and innovative feature is the ventral plate, which was worn strapped to the chest beneath the breastplate in order to lessen the weight supported from the shoulders. A ventral plate is found on only one other armor, made in Greenwich in 1540 for Henry VIII.

This armor is believed to have been made for Henry VIII and presented by him to the French ambassador François de La Tour d’Auvergne, viscount of Turenne, who led a diplomatic mission to London in 1527. After the viscount’s death in 1532, the armor presumably passed to his friend Galiot de Genouilhac, grand master of artillery and grand ecuyer (master of the horse) of France, from whose descendants it came to The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Civilians and American soldiers posing with an American Renault FT tank in Luxembourg shortly after the end of World War 1, 1918.

Source: Europeana 1914-1918.

  • Medieval European armor weighted over 100 kilograms
  • Swords from that place and period were overly heavy and blunt
  • Because of that the Katana and the samurai were superior by far to that and any culture that had armor and swords
  • That is also because Japan was isolated from the rest of the world. Japan is simply too good and if it wasn’t isolated, I’m pretty sure we would speak and read Japanese in most of the interwebs
  • And as a final point…

Keep reading


From the tournament helm to the fencing mask

  1. Great-Bascinet, circa 1420
  2. Visored Bascinet circa 1450
  3. Tournament Helm (Kolbenturnierhelm) Date: 1480-1485
  4. Tournament Helmet  (Kolbenturnierhelm), circa 1480
  5. Tournament Helm (Kolbenturnierhelm) Date: 1510
  6. Tournament Helm (Kolbenturnierhelm) Date: 1450–1500
  7. Foot-combat Tournament Helm, Date: 1510
  8. Tournament Helmet for the Gioco Del Ponte in Pisa, circa 1590
  9. Paukhelm, circa 1820
  10. Bayonet training fencing mask, circa 1910

Help us get back Bill’s gear! Stolen from Cambridge MA, 20th July 2016

To the thieves who steal medieval gear, you are really, really stupid. When do you think you can wear or sell high quality kit without people noticing? This is a small community that is everywhere, and we look after each other. Give it back, and get armour or swords the way the rest of us do- through hard work. 

Please share if you feel the same way.

Anyone going into pawn shops and finding armour like this in the coming weeks, please pay attention to whether it looks like it was from a museum. Bill’s gear was top quality and very distinctive.

Below from Bill, 

“Just when you think it cannot go any worse. Right now I’m crushed.  I was in Cambridge today. When I went to leave, I noticed that my car (and several others) were broken into. The motherf**s took half my armour, and my ammo box of tools

 I’ve lost:
All of my leg armour
All of my arm armour
Two different gorgets
Two different set of gauntlets
A set of sollerets
A handmade brayette
A pair of period shoes.

A bunch of tools, including two hammers, four set of needle nose pliers in various sizes, good shears, scissors, two different punches for leather, a punch for steel/metal, a bunch of various other tools for my armour, leather belts, buckles, straps, rivets etc in a .50 Caliber Ammo box. 

Here is a picture of the arms and legs. They are quite unique.

I now have no real armour, I cannot fight Friday night.  I can no longer do demos. I can no longer sell my art to others in the way I usually do.”

“I believe in our side and theirs, with the good and evil decided after the fact, by those who survive. Among men you seldom find the good with one standard and the shadow with another.”
 ― Glen Cook

sosungalittleclodofclay  asked:

Is there a particular name for the plate armor with mail covering the usual spots(knees armpits groin)?

The usual term is “transitional plate” or “transitional armour”.

The usual helmet was a bascinet, often with a “hounskull” visor (the pointy-nosed one) or “klappvisor” (the flattish round-nosed one) and a camail/aventail, the curtain of mail attached to the edge of the helmet and coming down over the shoulders. This sometimes had a “bretache”, a nose-cover that clipped to the brow of the bascinet and pulled the aventail up to protect the face.

Body-armour was either a short breastplate over the hauberk, or a coat-of-plates (small plates riveted between layers of fabric then buckled on at sides or back.) Limb armour was either early plate over mail (often the plate was just on the outside of the limb) or splinted armour which was made like the coat-of-plates but used long splints (hah!) of metal rather than small plates.

The armour from Schloss Churburg and from the memorial of Edward the Black Prince are excellent examples of transitional style.

As time went on, if mail could be replaced with plate then it usually was: the camail became a gorget (plate turtleneck), the skirt of the hauberk was augmented with tassets (panels over the upper thigh) and a fauld (plate hoop-skirt) of various lengths depending on style (Milanese favoured long faulds, Gothic preferred short), the armour for arms and legs enclosed the entire limb and instead of a complete hauberk of mail over a padded gambeson, it shrank to panels of mail sewn onto an arming doublet at the vulnerable points of armpits, elbows and crotch.


Hlaalu Brassguard got heavily redesigned recently. Hope this would be the last iteration of these guys. I took inspiration from traditional European armors pattern and added some Dunmeric details to it. The most western-oriented house must have most western-oriented armor. A bit of cargo-cult.

Pssst, I’m open for commissions!

anonymous asked:

I know this question could lead to a difficult/complicated answer, but do you think that armor could be ranked (like how they do it in D&D)? For example, Mail<Brigadine<Full Plate. Or is armor too varied for their to be an accurate ranking system? The reason I am asking is because I am working on a setting/system and I want to include different armor types and be accurate with how effective they are.

Well, would this ranking system be based on coverage/protection, or on mobility? Most all armor can be worn and wielded with full range of mobility, if you are physically fit and are used to how it sits on you. If regarding the former, then I would rank it something like this: Plant Fiber<Padded Jacket<Wood<Leather<Scale<Kusazuri<Mail=Kusari (in that they are equal to one another in coverage and defense)<Lamellar<Moro<Splint<Brigandine< Full Plate. 

Keep in mind, this is hardly a full coverage of all the armor types of the world, just a brief smattering of Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Middle-Eastern, Oceanic, and European armor designs, many of which are shared between one another (scale, mail, lamellar, moro, brigandine, plate, etc.), but I hope this helps with your ranking system, and adds a bit more variety into your campaign!

dynespark  asked:

Is it just me or did they finally find a good balance in the amount of detail in a TF movie. I didn't see a lot of useless pistons or randomly moving parts. It looks like they did a mix of European and Japanese armor. I just think everything looks clearer even where they did a lot of ridges and stuff. Except Grimlock. Still looks like he's made of every broken chrome rim found on earth.

It does look like the design department finally got their shit together. I just wish there was more color is all. 


“Back to the Source”
It’s a real honour to appear alongside many wonderful members of the HEMA community as part of this new documentary by Cédric Hauteville on Historical European Martial Arts!
In a conversation that spans continents, we talk about our growing community, combining scholarship with athleticism and the challenges of reviving centuries-old source material into living martial art systems.
For anyone struggling to explain HEMA (and why you love it), here is your lexicon!
Post Note: I came across this later, renowned swordsman Oz talking on his YouTube channel about the awesome documentary and just how special it (and the making of it) actually is.