ethiopian celebrity

Ethiopian Orthodox priest celebrates mass

Christianity in Ethiopia dates to the 1st century AD, arguably the first nation in the world to accept Christianity (the other nation to debate this being Armenia) and this long tradition makes Ethiopia unique amongst sub-Saharan African countries. Christianity in this country is divided into several groups. The largest and oldest is the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church (in Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተክርስትያን Yäityop'ya ortodoks täwahedo bétäkrestyan) is an Oriental Orthodox church in Ethiopia that was part of the Coptic Orthodox Church until 1959, when it was granted its own Patriarch by Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of All Africa Cyril VI. 

The largest pre-colonial Christian church of Africa, the Ethiopian Church has a membership of between 40 and 46 million, the majority of whom live in Ethiopia, and is thus the largest of all Oriental Orthodox churches. Next in size are the various Protestant congregations, who include 13.7 million Ethiopians. The largest Protestant group is the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, with about 5 million members. Roman Catholicism has been present in Ethiopia since the century, and numbers 536,827 believers. In total, Christians make up about 60% of the total population of the country.

Location: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Gabriel (Part 2)

(Continued from Part 1)

An archangel of God who is sometimes known as Jibril and is often depicted as being female. He is famous for appearing to both Daniel and the Virgin Mary to give them a message from God.

In some myths, including those by African slaves and John Milton’s ‘Paradise Lost’ it is Gabriel who blows the trumpet when Jesus was born, despite this never appearing in biblical canon. His feast day appears on September 29th but this was transferred from the original date of March 24th. Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholics have his feast day on the 8th of November or the 21st for those that use the old Julian calendar. East Orthodoxians also celebrate the 26th of March and the 13th of July as days worshipping Gabriel’s miracles. Ethiopians celebrate his feast on the 28th of December. The archangel is also said to be the patron of all messengers, those who broadcast over phones, televisions, radios, as well as postal workers, clerics, diplomats and stamp collectors.

In the sect of the Latter-day Saints, Gabriel was, in fact, the human Noah In his mortal life.

In Islamic cultures, Jibril is also referred to as the angel that comforted Adam after he left the Garden of Eden. It is also believed that it was Jibril who revealed the Qur’an to the prophet Muhammad, who only saw him twice. He also told Abraham of his son, Isaac’s birth. In the ‘Hadith of Gabriel’  it is described that Jibril took human form and went forth to Muhammad and his followers asking various questions including the meaning of faith, the meaning of Islam, what is perfection, and when the resurrection known as the Hour will be established. It was later revealed by the prophet himself that Jibril had come to teach the followers about their religion. The theology of Islam is also true of the Baha’i faith where he is the messenger of God to Muhammad.

Sometimes it is stated that Gabriel is one of the angels who destroyed Sodom but this is still uncertain.

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Ethiopian Jews celebrating Sigd in Jerusalem, 2004. 

Sigd is a holiday unique to the Ethiopian Jewish community, commemorating both the giving of the Torah and the communal gatherings held in Jerusalem in the days of the first temple. In Ethiopia, the day was marked with a half-day fast and a pilgrimage to the top of the nearest mountain. There, the community’s religious leaders (Keis) would chant from the Torah and lead the community in prayer. With the mass migration of the Ethiopian Jewish community in the 1990’s to the holyland, celebration of the Sigd festival shifted to Jerusalem.

Ethiopian Jews celebrating Sigd, a holiday celebrated on the 29th of Cheshvan symbolizing the acceptance of the Torah. It also has a more informal meaning of overcoming the persecution by Christian kings in Ethiopia and retaining their faith in Haymanot (Judaism) under the threat of that persecution. Sigd is also called Mehlella or Amata Saww and is a uniquely Ethiopian Jewish holiday.

anonymous asked:

Are Jewish denominational differences comparable to Christian ones, or is that just an equivalence that shouldn't be made?

From what I know of Christian denominational differences, I’d say that the differences between Jewish “movements” are rather different, largely because the differences between Jewish movements are driven by questions of level of observance, to what degree Halacha should be followed, updated or ignored and questions of whether our lives should be driven by service to G-d or service to humanity. The theological differences between the movements are relatively small. The gulf between say Catholicism and Calvinism seems to be so wide as to almost be other religions in comparison to the theological differences between Jewish movements. 

For example, Jews don’t argue over whether Sainthood is a thing or it’s OK to pray to Mary. The notion of the one-ness of G-d is pretty much universal and we don’t pray to anyone else. We don’t have debates over whether or not our religious leaders should be able to marry or have sex. We’re more surprised when they don’t! There are many stories of Shtetls trying to marry off a young Rabbinical Student as quickly as possible because the Rabbi’s wife or Rebbetzin was functionally the Shtetl’s secular leader with her husband being the religious leader. 


Because we don’t have a unified belief in an afterlife, with motion Jewish notions of reward and punishment being driven by this life and the lives of future generations, our disagreements over the afterlife cause more discussion and arguments than outright schisms. Further Jews don’t have “different” religious practices. All Jews have the same basic holidays (not all observe them all but that’s just as true for Christians), and, at their core, the same required observances. But very observant Catholics will fast during Lent whereas Lent doesn’t even exist in many other Christian sects. While there are some sub-group specific holidays in Judaism like Sigd, which is celebrated by Ethiopian Jews, those celebrations wouldn’t be treated as a question of movement, but a question of tradition, with the differences owing more to sub-ethnicity than movement.

I have friends who are Presbyterian and friends who are Catholic. Their beliefs and ceremonies seem to be so vastly different that they feel almost like different religions. Now, I’m an outsider here and it might not be the case from within Christianity, but growing up I actually had some people tell me that Catholics weren’t Christians! Most “who is a Jew” disputes are over matrilineage, which conversions are acknowledged by which movements, and, unfortunately, racist skepticism (see the stunning slowness with which European Jews recognized the Ethiopian Jews despite the stunning obviousness of their Judaism, see also the current debate surrounding Igbo Jews). But an acknowledged Jew practicing with another movement won’t be seen as “not Jewish” but more as “doing it wrong.” 

That’s not to say schisms and sharp, even violent disputes don’t break out between Jewish movements. But the lines between movements are a lot blurrier and (I know many Jews, myself included, who feel like they belong to multiple movements at once with “Conservadox” being one popular mixed-movement. I’m sort of Conservastructoinist myself). 

tl;dr

There are similarities, but I really don’t think it’s an apples to apples comparison. 

I squirted for the first time and wanted to tell my friends
I do not discuss sex with straight friends. The process makes me feel like an alien describing the terrain of my home planet. That is except for with Straight Ethiopian friend #1 and Straight Eritrean friend #2. They have been adopted as Me & My partner’s pretend family, our “daughters”.  Whenever libations are poured, the sex talk begins - each and every time. After Squirtgate happened, I announced it in the form of a press release to the two and one literally burst into eskitsa in celebration of my new talent.  Days later we all went out for a drink  and as if on cue - The pair raised their glasses and loudly proclaimed “Mom, we heard you made Mom squirt - elelelelelle!!!” I’ve never seen a Woman of Color blush so hard.  It was one of those moments you want to pause and savor, replay again on bad days. In a gay space, with an Eritrean, Ethiopian and American woman - celebrating my first squirt.  It’s the little things in life, I guess…