ethical writing

anonymous asked:

Eleanor + Chidi + 6!!

“Now, moral universalism posits that actions are objectively true or false; that all actions should be based on the same set of normative ethics”. He held each of her hands in one of his, drawing slow, soft circles into her palms with his thumbs. 

She let out a soft sigh and he bit back a smirk, sliding his hands out of hers and reveling in the goosebumps that trailed behind as he ran them up and down her arms. “Moral relativism, on the other hand,” his voice sounded low and deep in his own ears, “is the belief that morality is subjective; each action should be judged in its own context”.

One hand reached up to cup her face, while the other arm wrapped around her hips and pulled her closer. “Nihilism would argue that nothing can truly be right or wrong, and so any moral judgment is meaningless”. Her eyes had closed and she hummed faintly as his hand left her cheek and joined the other in tracing feather light patterns across the small of her back.

“Finally, hedonism,” a shiver ran through her and her grinned as he leaned closer to whisper in her ear “is the idea that the only real good is pleasure. That selfish pleasure should be the only goal”.

“Oh ok, wow.” she breathed out, her arms tightening around his neck. “Chidi?” He hummed for her to continue, pulling away enough to gaze down at her face. Her eyes, darkened to a deep navy blue, opened, and her voice was slightly hoarse. “Stop talking.”

She gave him no chance to respond as she suddenly surged upwards and crashed her lips to his, but he couldn’t really find it in him to care. 

anonymous asked:

I know the Knocked Unconscious trope is inaccurate but can I... use it anyway? I mean I need my character to be knocked unconscious by someone long enough for them to be taken to an unknown place and wake up there. Are there any alternatives or should I just roll with it?

I have a post for that! 

[Tropes Done Right: Rendering Someone Unconscious

You can click that link, or, honestly, just wait a bit, I’m about to reblog it for ya :) 

The real question I have is, why does the character need to be unconscious? Can they just be subdued and placed in a hood? “Unconscious” is not the only way of making them “not currently active;” you can achieve the same thing by locking them in the trunk (note: air and air conditioning become issues here, as does claustrophobia), by reasoning with them that coming to The Mysterious Place will get them something they want, by threatening someone close to them to ensure cooperation, by Tasering them and restraining them…. there are a lot of ways to make characters inconsequential and “willing” to take a journey without knowing where they’re going. 

Sedatives work fairly well for this, though aren’t entirely safe. I can think of a few off the top of my head – midazolam, phenobarbital, even diphenhydramine can be used in sedative takedown. If you want something a little un-standard, a drug called droperidol works as well. (Not available in the US due to black-box warnings it didn’t deserve, but I digress.) 

I’m not saying you can’t ever use this trope. Ultimately what you choose to do is entirely up to you. I’m not the Writing Police, nor do I want to be. I’m here to give you information to help you ground your story in realism so that when you choose to break the boundaries of realism, you do so anchored in a world that feels realistic. 

But also understand that in our world, if you hit someone over the head and they become unconscious even for a few minutes, they’re liable not to remember anything that happens after. My own concussion in high school wiped all but 4 specific incidents from my memory for the next 24 hours. They’re liable to be confused and agitated. They might have a scalp wound that bleeds all over the trunk of your bad guys’s car (and it’s always a nice car with bad guys, isn’t it?). They might have permanent brain damage. They might die.

And the worry is that a reader of yours will get it in their head from yet another source that doing this is okay and ultimately harmless, when people in the real world die from being hit in the head, sometimes even by well-meaning friends or playmates. I’ve seen people suffer catastrophic brain damage from a single punch. 

The choice is yours. I can’t tell you what’s right for your story. I can only tell you the medicine. 

xoxo, Aunt Scripty

sundriedrainbow  asked:

I'm writing a fantasy story of my own, and I'm trying to figure out a code of ethics for my characters. Problem is, I just want to steal the Wizard's Oath wholesale. So 1) damn you for writing something so succinct and perfect, and 2) any advice on how to create a similar code without outright stealing?

Well, first of all: damnation accepted in the spirit intended. :) Thank you.

In sorting this problem out, you want to look around at other codes you admire, as well. The Wizard’s Oath is loosely based on the Hippocratic – very loosely – as when I started considering this issue, the concept of wizardry as a helping profession, like medicine or nursing, was on my mind.

More generally speaking: the thing that has to be considered, I guess, is (a) who your characters are, (b) what their world is like, and © what their cultural background is and how it affects their worldview. It’s from assessing these issues that you’ll be able to start assembling an ethical code.

But it shouldn’t be easy. And from where I’m standing, one sign that the world you’re building is “big enough” to sustain the burden of a decent story is that there should not be just one ideal code of ethics. There should be a number of them, each one with aspects that are positive (or seem so to the characters), and where these moral/ethical worldviews rub up against one another, there should be friction. Without this kind of stress-testing, you (and your characters) have no way to tell which one seems to work best. (And whether the “seeming” is actually anywhere near either workability or truth.)

Also: Ethics is (and should be, from at least the point of view of story construction) liable to be situational for positive reasons as well as negative ones. Don’t be afraid to flip things in the opposite direction of the way they usually go and see what happens. For example: when I was working on Mamvish’s part of Interim Errantry 2, I was clear that – since she’s an incredibly powerful wizard, probably one of the most powerful we’ve met yet – I wanted her to have gone through formative experiences that were (by human standards) incredibly trying. (And also something at least moderately alien.) So the Lone Power causes her home planet to become so desperately damaged that its people have very nearly nothing to eat but each other… and her people, because they are ethically committed to the way the Powers that Be look at things, manage to turn cannibalism into (potentially) a choice for good.

Now naturally not all members of her species handle it that way – we meet some who don’t: beings more interested in their own needs and desires than in the needs of others. But we also meet quite a few who devour one another, consensually, as a good deed – a way to survive. If this makes the reader stop and query their own ethics, well, that’s a happy coincidence. (As reading about any code of ethics perhaps ought to do.)

Your business, as someone constructing a world, is to work out what made it and its people the way they are, and then derive their (usually multiple and often seriously opposed) codes of ethics from their reality: what seems wrong about it to them, and what seems right about it. Don’t impose from on top: help it grow from the bottom up. You’ll wind up with something a lot more solid. (And ideally all the more positive because of the solid construction.)

Hope this helps!

Just a reminder to myself and others that food is a moral issue only in so far as hurting living beings is concerned. Causing animals to suffer is “bad,” and becoming a vegan to remove yourself from that system is “good,” but after that, food has no moral value. “Healthy” doesn’t mean “good” and eating “clean” does not make you a morally superior person. Health and wellbeing are vital and need to be attended to, but please don’t conflate eating with sinning. If you’re vegan, you’ve already chosen the right path: the road doesn’t fork again after that.

10 Ways to Find Inspiration:

1.  Walk down to your favorite cafe.  Look and listen to the world around you, and let your mind wander.  You’ll be surprised at the ideas that start to flow.

2.  Go to a quiet coffee place, restaurant, or library, and read a chapter of a really good book.  Not necessarily a “classic” or something pretentiously intellectual, but something you enjoy reading and like something you’d want to produce.  

For example:  when I was working on my urban fantasy novel, I read a lot of Good Omens and American Gods.

3.  Be sure to listen to music – it doesn’t matter what – that makes you feel passionate or emotional, particularly in regards to something you want to write.  When I’m writing a scene that’s fast or angry, like a fight scene or a confrontation, I’ll listen to a lot of punk rock and heavy metal, like Disturbed or Metallica, or if I’m writing something upbeat I’ll channel my inner Star Lord and listen to some upbeat 80s music.  Basically, listen to music that matches the mood of what you’re trying to write.

4.  This is going to sound painfully cliche, but keep a notebook.  I would frequently write down ideas during boring lectures (though for the sake of your GPA, you may not want to follow my example), as well as jot down the oddly specific sentences that popped into my head.  Sure enough, some of them strung together to create coherent stories.  They’re also lots of fun for doodling.

5.  Try to keep a clean working environment.  Personally, my brain is easily sidetracked by clutter, and will procrastinate what I actually need to do by cleaning off my desk or re-organizing my pencil drawer.  Try to get this done ahead of time.   

6.  If possible, don’t work at home.  My house is full of distractions, and I just feel fresher once I’m outside.  

7.  Seriously, cafes are the best.  You won’t feel isolated, but there’s usually not too many people you know to provide a distraction.  Couple this with a pleasant atmosphere and caffeinated beverages, and you’ve got an ideal writing environment.

Find a cute, cozy cafe and make it your sanctuary.

8.  Don’t edit until you’re completely done.  Writers are infamously hard on themselves, nothing is as discouraging as seeing how clumsy and disjointed your first draft appears.  Rewrite and revise afterwards, but in the meantime, keep moving forwards. 

9.  Write every day, even if you aren’t necessarily feeling it.  It might not seem like it helps, but it does, and your skills will improve exponentially.  

As Barbara Kingsolver wrote, “Don’t wait for the muse.  She has a lousy work ethic.  Writers just write.”   

10.  Conversely, if nothing’s working for you and you’re feeling frustrated, just give yourself a break.  It could just mean your creativity is in hibernation mode, which is 100% normal and okay.  Inspiration will strike again, so go about your business and be kind to yourself. 

ScriptShrink doesn’t heal.

The Shrink knows a lot about psychology. I’ve finished my first year of grad school, and I have been deemed qualified to do face-to-face therapy (under the supervision of a senior therapist) in my internship this fall. 

But I never answer real life asks. And I never will. 

These are just some of the reasons why I don’t:

  1. In order for me to legally practice therapy and receive money for it, I need to have a license.

  2. In order to do therapy over the internet, I would have to be licensed not just in my current location, but also whatever state / country the person I’m giving advice to is in. This is difficult to do and very expensive to maintain.

  3. A lot of information is lost when communication is only over text. Without being able to see someone’s body language and hear their voice, a lot of meaning is lost. There’s a high chance I could misinterpret the situation.

  4. If there’s an emergency situation, I would not be able to get someone the help they need in time. 

  5. As a side note, if someone is not a licensed therapist, they aren’t legally bound by confidentiality agreements. Anything you tell this person could be used by them for whatever purpose they want - such as using your pain as inspiration for horror stories.

In conclusion, it would be highly irresponsible and even illegal for me to claim to be able to heal you. So I won’t.

I can help you fix your stories though.

Jack has this really bad habit of getting tunnel vision when he’s passionate about a project. It works great normally, because once he’s decided to do something, by God will he do it right. He plans and prepares and he works and works to the point of exhaustion to set everything up properly.

It becomes a problem. Not the exhaustion - though that too is something the crew is still trying to figure out how to deal with - but the bullheadedness.

There’s this job they’re going to pull, and it’s been Jack’s pet project for months now. It was just a throwaway joke between Geoff and Gavin, but Jack grabbed it with both hands and dug his heels in. And now he’s butting heads with the Vagabond because Fuck You we can pull this off if everyone just does as they’re supposed to, BACK OFF-

Ryan is fucking frustrated because Jack aren’t you listening and he doesn’t get why his perfectly logical, thank you arguments do nothing to sway the other man.

But Jack worked hard for this, has been working on this for MONTHS on end and he’s gonna see it through. They can do this.

Ryan stares at the bearded man, throws up his hands in surrender and then points at him, going mark my words this is doomed to fail.

Well, fuck you too! Jack shouts after him, and then the door to his office slams shut.

The rest of the crew tip toe around both of them for an entire week, not daring to set either of them off. Ryan goes to Geoff and says stop him, but one glare from Jack gets Geoff rambling about of course he’s supporting him, as he ever been anything less than supportive? If Jack says we can do this, we can! Right?

It ends in a stalemate, where Ryan steadfastly refuses to have any part of the job, until Jack grits his teeth and spits fuck you, we can do this without you.

(Things go wrong pretty much immediately, considering how high-strung everyone is from the tension, but Ryan joins them in the middle of the job complaining loudly and somehow, they manage to pull it off anyway.)

The Integrity of Medical School

I’ve been in medical school for a little over a semester and I have become very disillusioned with medical school as an institution. I’m glad I’m in medical school and I know how lucky I am to be in medical school, however, I’m struggling with the ethics of medical school as an institution.

It took me six years to get into medical school. In that time I got a bachelor’s degree, a graduate degree, I worked full-time and volunteered nearly 20 hours a week. I took the MCAT and went on interviews and paid for my applications. In that time, I also probably spent well over 30 thousand dollars trying to get into medical school, not including the student loans I had to take out to pay for my pre-med and graduate classes. The cost of my applications, alone, was 5 thousand dollars. And that was the second time I applied. The cost of my interviews were also easily 5 thousand dollars as well. 

When I got into medical school I was excited to become a doctor. I was proud of myself and felt vindicated that all of my hard work paid off. I was ready to start learning how to be a doctor. My first semester was absolutely miserable. The morale of my class was extremely low. We go to a school that heavily emphasizes wellness but a slew of new changes based on feedback from students ahead of us created a schedule that was unsustainable and didn’t leave time for any self-care practice or wellness at all. The idea of wellness became a running inside joke in our class where people would proudly state that they participated in self-care by taking a shower for the first time in two days or by sleeping in past 7am on a Saturday.

But we got through that first semester, propelled by second year students telling us that it would be all downhill after that and that once we started organ systems second semester, we’d be so much happier and have so much time to take care of ourselves and study (because our schedule was so jam-packed that it left very little time to study and our attendance in class is required). We had third year medical students telling us how they would rather repeat their entire third year of medical school and all the crazy rotations that go with it than repeat their first semester. And so we took all of our finals and set off for winter break looking forward to next semester.

Our second semester started a little over three weeks ago. News that we lost six of our classmates spread through the class. They chose to leave or weren’t allowed to come back by the administration. It was an elephant in the room that none of us can talk about because of privacy rules. Still, morale is higher when we start up our organs systems classes.

And that is when I realized what a money scam medical school is. I am required to go to class if I want my class rank to be high not because our classes actually teach us information but because your grade is connected to your attendance, so poor attendance = a poor grade = a lower class rank. I sit in class for up to 9 hours a day and have clinicians read powerpoint slides word-for-word to me, none of which are interesting or helpful to my actual learning and all of which I could have read to myself at home. I am told by our academic administrators to buy resources like First Aid to study for Step 1, they bought us a Q bank but we have to pay for everything else. $900 later, I have subscriptions to Pathoma, RX, Sketchy, and Firecracker. I wanted to buy a set of clinical case books recommended to us but the price on Amazon was $653. By the time I take Step 1 I will have taken out 150 THOUSAND dollars in student loans ON TOP OF the student loans I already have from two bachelor degrees and a master’s degree. 

I will need to pay the fees for the Step exams on my own. I am expected to join various professional societies and pay their yearly fees because it will make my residency application look better even though joining those professional societies has no impact on what kind of physician I will be, how much I care about others, or my Step 1 score. And, of course, those professional societies are so generous and give you a discount because you’re a medical student, so instead of paying $500 you’re asked to only pay $150. But isn’t it worth it to add some fake prestige to your residency application by saying you went to the AMA conference one year? The AMA that endorsed Tom Price for HHS secretary? The AMA that endorsed someone who wants to remove the ACA and condemn 43,000 additional people to death due to lack of insurance every year. Sign me the fuck up, right?

I am disgusted with the cost of medical school. I knew it would be expensive but I feel it is unethical to ask students to spend so much money applying to medical school and taking the MCAT and then asking them to pay EVEN MORE. Especially when there was so much hand-wringing from the AAMC and NBME about how to make medical school more affordable and how to increase the diversity among students and increase the number of first generation physicians (since studies show that children of doctors tend to be worse doctors than their first generation peers). I have an idea:

Get rid of the first two years of medical school. Make Step 1 the admissions exam for students. Get rid of application fees and the MCAT altogether. Start students up in January, give them a ten week course in gross anatomy, followed by a two week intensive clinical skills course and a first aid/CPR certification, and start them up on wards in April, a full 2 to 3 months earlier than most schools. This gives students 5 to 6 months to explore specialties after their required rotations instead of 2 to 3 which aren’t even really used for students to explore since those are the rotations they need to do in order to get the letters of rec they need for their residency applications (may be the lack of time to explore specialty options is why 60-90% of physicians hate their fucking jobs). 

And then, of course, you have to spend thousands of dollars on your residency applications and travel for interviews, which are not factored in to your student loan awards. 

This will never happen, though, because the AAMC makes billions of dollars in application fees, MCAT fees, and official test prep materials. The NBME makes billions of dollars off the backs of students paying for their exams and the LCME makes just as much. None of the organizations that could change the system have the incentive to do so because they are too busy milking medical students for all the money they have.

I know it sounds like I’m too money focused. The truth is, I’m not. I gave up hope of ever paying off my student loans years ago. I will never pay them back and I didn’t want to be a doctor because of the salary. My disillusionment with medical school as an institution is due to the ethics of it all. When I was applying to medical school there was a huge push to improve medical class diversity and encourage more minority and lower class students to apply. You can get fee waivers and financial assistance to cover the cost of your MCAT fees. But that doesn’t go far enough. Those application fee waivers don’t make booking flights for interviews any cheaper, they don’t lower the cost of having to rent a car or buy a suit for an interview. 

How can we expect students living in poverty to drop 5 grand on interview costs just to get in to medical school? How can we expect students living in underserved communities to afford the cost of Step 2 and the price of travel to and from the 6 locations in the country you can take it? Underserved communities NEED students who understand what living in those communities is like to go back and be their doctors. And, yes, there are scholarships and small-scale help, but I’m arguing that the entire system, right now, is designed to keep students who can’t afford to pay for medical school admittance out. Is a student whose family is on food stamps really going to have $150 to pay for the MCAT? No. 

I look around at the people in my class, which to my school’s credit is exceedingly diverse in race and religious background, however almost everyone in my class comes from a family that was middle class or above. Half of my classmates have parents who can afford to pay for their tuition and living expenses. I am part of the other class that has to take out loans. But when I was applying to medical school and there was a mix up with my teaching assistant stipend that lead to it being delayed, my dad was able to loan me the $2500 I needed to submit my AMCAS application on time. If I had not had a full-time job as a graduate student, though, I would not have been able to afford the cost of interviewing, and a third of the interviews I went on were local. 

In class, we are asked to think about treatment plans for patients and discuss them with each other. The girl sitting next to me says she thinks this ethics class is a waste of our time. The patient is an overweight child who we need to counsel, she lives in a run down part of a large city. We work together on her treatment plan and my partner comes up with a list of groceries to buy. I point out that the patient in question is a minor and likely not in charge of her food and that the education needs to be directed towards the parent and the patient. I also point out that due to the income level of the area they live in, the patient’s mother is likely relying on food stamps. I go over the grocery list and not a single thing is realistic. I point out that food stamps cannot be used to buy milk. My partner is shocked, her eyes widen; when I tell her how food stamps in my state can’t be used to buy rice, her entire world is turned upside down. I voice this in class when we are invited to share. A male classmate who is openly gay and voted for Trump comes up to me and asks me to explain why food stamps can’t be used to buy milk. I do and he doesn’t know what to say.

I look at my classmates who do not understand what poverty looks like in reality and I think about the people I know in rural towns who blew their entire savings trying to get into medical school only to be told when they didn’t get in that they needed to go take the MCAT again because the 29 they got wasn’t good enough, they needed a 30. The people suggesting this to my friend recommend taking an MCAT course not realizing the closest one would be two hours away and that the nearly 3 grand the course costs makes that impossible, not to mention the cost of taking the test again. It doesn’t matter, though, because she wouldn’t be able to afford all of the resources for Step 1 let alone the cost of THAT exam once she got into medical school. She works as a CNA in a nursing home.

How can we put such a financial burden on students applying to medical school? How can we ask medical students to pay so much money for residency applications, licensing exams, and tuition? How can we do that and then ask them to enter a profession that requires them to get permission from insurance providers and hospital administrators to order a damn chest CT? How can we ask them to pay so much money and then ignore the fact that there aren’t enough residency spots available for all of them to train in? How can we ask pre-med and medical students to pay so much money when the health care system is in shambles and the only people making money are hospital CEOs and insurance companies? How can we expect medical students to pay back their massive student loans in a system like that? Why are institutions like the AAMC so comfortable setting so many medical students up for failure?

Because my school emphasizes wellness, we have mandatory wellness classes we have to attend. Because, in medical school, giving students time to practice self-care isn’t as important as requiring them to attend a four hour class telling them they need to practice self-care and get lots of sleep, all while requiring them to be at school by 8am and making us sit in class until 5pm, giving us five hours of the day to study before we do it all again. And, of course, in those five hours of study time we also need to fit in time to exercise, feed ourselves, and maybe speak with our loved ones for five minutes to make sure they are still alive. Because self-care!

I wouldn’t say I’m jaded about medical school this early on but I am questioning why this system is in place. Why pay for two years of medical school when everyone just uses First Aid and Step resources to get a good score? I think medicine, as an institution, is really stuck in this idea of “well, I had to do it so you do, too” which I think is a really dangerous way of thinking. I think if medical students have extremely high rates of depression and anxiety (myself included, however mine was with me long before medical school) and it just gets worse through residency and becoming an attending there’s something wrong with the system. And if something isn’t working, why shouldn’t it be fixed? “Because I went through it and you should, too” isn’t a good enough answer for me. It’s also not accurate, right? The doctors who are saying that bullshit excuse went to medical school in a different time, where they could actually make decisions about patient care without having to call an insurance company for permission first. They went through medical school when it was actually affordable. They went through medical school when the idea of a woman being a doctor was either not allowed, unheard of, or looked down on, because who would take care of their kids at home while they went through residency if their wife was in medical school? 

So, yeah, they went through medical school and worked all of these hours and paid for medical school but the context was different, so I still want to know why such an archaic system that is already financially unattainable for people we NEED to be doctors and is quickly becoming financially unattainable for anyone who doesn’t have a trust fund is allowed to exist. I want to know why a 60-90% dissatisfaction rate is considered acceptable among physicians without any examination of the system that makes them into physicians.
Chilton 2.0 - BirchBow (chaoticTenebrism), LaughingStones - Motorcity [Archive of Our Own]
An Archive of Our Own, a project of the Organization for Transformative Works
By Organization for Transformative Works

Chilton 2.1

Mike blinks once, startled, and then bursts out laughing. “Me?!” he says, and shakes his head as Chuck gives him a slightly hurt look. “Chuckles, come on. I’m a cadet, what am I gonna do in a lab?”

“That’s what I’m trying to tell you,” Chuck persists. “It’s a program–a cyborg enhancement program. Uh…a super-soldier. Program.”

Or: the story of how Mike became more than human, and then less, and then found a happy medium somewhere new.

((always love collab-fic with @rollerskatinglizard. :D  HERE’S SOME CYBORGS Y’ALL))  (Coupla bros bein’ bots)) ((Coupla bots bein’ dude))

Aristotle and the Buddha

by Saṃsāran 

Many of the ancient Greek philosophers believed in reincarnation. Aristotle rejected the traditional reincarnation of one soul moving from body to body. . Aristotle taught that stuff, which he called “being” consists of matter and form. Matter is what the stuff is made of and form the shape or aspect that this matter takes. A candle is made of beeswax and it is in the shape of a cylinder. He argued that everything that exists can be described this way even the human soul.

The soul is the matter and the body is the form. Aristotle’s meaning here is that a body is not alive just because of the way it is constructed an additional quality is needed and that is the soul. Soul in the sense of “life essence”. Aristotle rejected the traditional view of reincarnation known as “transmigration of souls” because he thought that one soul could not be in more than one body.

So, Aristotle agreed with the Buddha it would appear. The Buddha also taught a different definition of reincarnation. He noted that there was a continuity to life. This same idea of life essence which the Buddha called “mindstream”. Life is a wave passing through matter organizing it, preserving it then leaving it behind.

see like i dont literally hate mercy or anything shes just bland!! stuff like reviving gabe and rebuilding genji are evnts that could lead to interesting character points, i.e a god complex or a desperate, almost selfish need to avoid loss of life, even at the cost of ethics, but the writing team doesnt want to draw attention to the idea of angela doing anything “wrong” bc shes the perfect sexy angel nurse and that doesnt fit. literally like they could expand on these things, like maybe the traumatic death of her parents as a teenager has given angela a deep seated need to never lose a patient even in morally gray circumstances. angela is just bland but its not fandoms job to develop their sexy nurse character so until then ppl r allowed to sleep on her n make fun of her 😴 meanwhile im gonna submerge myself in the alternate reality where we got angelo instead and hes written w purpose and clarity so ciao!

I don’t know if anyone uses my tags, but just in case :

  • Cheap = Less than 30€ for a bra
  • Luxury = Over 70€ for a bra
  • Full Bust = 32 bands and under and FF cups and over
  • Plus Size = Over 38 bands
  • Small bust = Little support and/or small bands and cups combos

I try to include at least one of each in my selections, but sometimes it’s hard to balance with trying to promote ethical brands as much as possible.

The Discourses of Epictetus.  The philosophy of Epictetus, a freed slave in the Roman Empire, has been profoundly influential on Western thought: it offers not only stimulating ideas but practical guidance in living one’s life. George Long, a leading scholar of later ancient philosophy, gives the definitive presentation of the thought of Epictetus for a broad readership. Long’s fresh and vivid translations of a selection of the best of Epictetus’ discourses show that his ideas are as valuable and striking today as they were almost two thousand years ago.

This is a book for anyone interested in what we can learn from ancient philosophy about how to live our lives.

Read it in our sangha library here.

How Do You Write Like You're Running Out of Time?
  • *Non-Stop*
  • Burr: How do you write like you're running out of time?
  • Burr: Write day and night like you're running out of time?
  • Full Company: How do you write like tomorrow won't arrive? How do you write how you need it to survive? How do you write every second you're alive?
  • *Me, trying to write an essay*
  • Me: Yes! Teach me your ways! I need to write like that!
Is this ethical?

I was writing lore for a dragon who is supposed to be sort of an intellectual powerhouse and wanted to say that she graduated with honors from a university so I wrote “[name] graduated summa cum laude”, which of course got censored to “summa *** laude”. I mean, I know there are kids on the site and I totally get why they censor certain words but it’s not like it was anything dirty. It’s literally just Latin. Plus, I didn’t like how the *** looked in her bio.

Anyway, I ended rewriting it as “summa ᴄum laude”, using the phonetic symbol “ᴄ” instead of a c so it wouldn’t get censored. Now though, I’m wondering if I can get in trouble for circumventing the swear filter like that? It’s not like I’m using a workaround to post “fuck” in a forum or anything, it’s literally just Latin, but is this something I could get in trouble for?