estatuas de cera

Spanish Vocabulary - La historia y el museo
  • la arqueología = archaeology
  • la historia = history
    la historia = (long) story
    el cuento = (short) story
  • la leyenda = legend
  • el mito = myth
  • la mitología = mythology
  • el folclore = folklore
  • la costumbre = custom, tradition
  • la tradición = tradition
  • el pueblo = a people [in some cases it means “population” or “a town”]
  • la tribu = tribe
  • la civilización = civilization
  • la sociedad = society
  • la gente = people


  • el siglo = century
    el siglo XV [quince] = the 15th century
  • el milenio = millennium
    los milenios = millennia 
  • la era = era / age
  • la edad = age
  • el año = year
  • la década = decade
  • la cronología = chronology
  • el sitio = site / place
  • el reino = kingdom
  • el imperio = empire
  • el templo = temple
  • la ciudadela = citadel
  • el palacio = palace
  • la iglesia = church
  • el foro = forum
  • la biblioteca = library
  • el gimnasio = gymnasium / gym
  • el hospital = hospital
  • la universidad = university
  • el coliseo = colosseum
  • el estadio = stadium
  • la fragua = forge
  • la cantera = quarry
  • la cantería = stoneworking
  • la albañilería = masonry [related to el albañil which is is “bricklayer” or “construction worker”]
    la mampostería = masonry [related to el mampuesto which is more like “rough brick” used for stone walls and parapets etc]
  • la granja = farm
    la finca = farm [in the context of “farm” it’s something closer to “estate” or “plantation”… normally la finca is related to “real estate”]
  • la armería = armory
  • el arsenal = arsenal / storehouse
  • el almacén = warehouse [in modern context this would be “department store”, but it used to refer to storehouses and warehouses since almacenar means “to stockpile”]
  • el campo = countryside
  • la villa = villa / country estate [sometimes meaning “villa” as in a vacation home]
  • la panadería = bakery
  • el mercado = market
  • el bazar = bazaar
  • la tienda = shop [or in some cases “tent”]
  • la carnicería = butcher shop
  • el boticario = apothecary [today la botica or la farmacia for “pharmacy” are more common]
  • la sastrería = tailor’s shop
  • la herrería = blacksmith’s / foundry
    [specially related to iron and steel since it’s el hierro; la platería is “silversmith” etc]
  • la fábrica = factory
  • el astillero = shipyard
  • el taller = workshop
  • la presa = reservoir / dam
  • el tesoro = treasure / treasury
  • el banco = bank
  • la banca = banking
  • la tesorería = treasury
    el erario = public funds [sometimes called la Hacienda Pública]
    la Hacienda = treasury [more common today; this is like the ministry of finance or something like that]
  • el acueducto = aqueduct
  • la columna = column
  • la muralla = city wall / large defensive wall
  • la arena = arena / sand
  • el hipódromo = hippodrome / racetrack (for horses)
  • la piedra = stone
  • el metal = metal
  • el hierro = iron (Fe)
  • el estaño = tin (Sn)
    la hojalata = tin-plated
  • el cobre = copper (Cu)
  • el plomo = lead (Pb)
  • el mineral = mineral / ore
    el mineral de cobre = copper ore
    el mineral de hierro = iron ore
  • el carbón = coal
  • la aleación = alloy
  • el bronce = bronze
  • el latón = brass
  • el acero = steel
  • el vidrio = glass
  • el barro = clay
  • el oro = gold (Au)
  • la plata = silver (Ag)
  • la cerámica = pottery / ceramics
  • la Edad de Hielo / La Edad del Hielo = the Ice Age
  • la Edad de Piedra = the Stone Age
  • la Edad de Bronce / La Edad del Bronce = the Bronze Age
  • la Edad Dorada = Golden Age [antiquity; not to be confused with el Siglo de Oro]
  • el artefacto = artifact
  • la herramienta = tool
  • la riqueza = wealth
    las riquezas = riches
  • la pobreza = poverty
  • la guerra = war
  • la paz = peace
  • el ejército = army
  • la marina = navy / marina
    la armada = armada
    la flota = fleet (of ships)
  • la contabilidad = accounting
  • la agricultura = agriculture
  • el negocio = business
  • la ley = law
  • la corte = court
  • el arte = art
    las artes = the arts
    las bellas artes = the fine arts
  • la música = music
  • la ciencia = science
  • las matemáticas = mathematics
  • la astronomía = astronomy
  • el comercio = commerce / trade
  • la religión = religion
  • la filosofía = philosophy
  • la escritura = writing
  • el abecedario = alphabet
  • la cultura = culture


  • el arqueólogo = archaeologist (m)
    la arqueóloga = archaeologist (f)
  • el conservador = curator (m) [sometimes curador]
    la conservadora = curator (f) [sometimes curadora]
  • la exhibición = exhibit, display
  • la exposición = exhibit, display / exposition, exposé
  • el museo = museum
  • la estatua = statue
  • la figura de cera = wax figure
  • el retrato = portrait
  • la pirámide = pyramid
  • la tumba = tomb
    la sepultura = grave / tomb [more formal]
  • el ataúd = coffin
  • el sarcófago = sarcophagus
  • la momia = mummy
  • el dinosaurio = dinosaur
  • el esqueleto = skeleton
  • el remanente = remnant
  • los restos = remains
  • la cestería = basketweaving
    el cesto = basket
  • la artesanía = handcrafting, craftsmanship / craftwork, something made by an artisan
  • el artesano = artisan (m)
    la artesana = artisan (f)
  • la joyería = jewelry
  • la metalurgia = metallurgy
  • la exploración = exploration
  • la colonización = colonization
  • la conquista = conquest
  • la etapa = phase / age / period of time
  • el desarrollo = development
  • el apogeo = apogee / zenith / highest point
  • la caída = fall
  • el dios = god
    la diosa = goddess
    los dioses = gods
    las diosas = goddesses
    Dios = God
  • antiguo/a = ancient / former
    la Antigua Grecia = Ancient Greece
    la Antigua Roma = Ancient Rome
    el Antiguo Egipto = Ancient Egypt
  • la dinastía = dynasty
  • el legado = legacy
  • el gobierno = government


  • excavar = to dig / to excavate
  • descubrir = to discover / to uncover
  • aprender = to learn
  • investigar = to investigate
  • observar = to observe
  • enseñar = to teach / to show, to point out
  • inferir = to infer
  • suponer = to suppose
  • sugerir = to suggest
  • estar de acuerdo (con) = to be in agreement (with) / to agree (with)
  • debatir = to debate
  • construir = to build
  • destruir = to destroy
  • conquistar = to conquer
  • defender = to defend
  • vencer = to defeat
  • perder = to lose
  • emerger = to emerge
  • surgir = to arise / to come about / to spring up / to surge
  • llegar a ser = to come to be
  • enterrar = to bury
  • desterrar = to banish
  • prohibir = to forbid, to prohibit
  • permitir = to allow, to permit
  • castigar = to punish
  • sacrificar = to sacrifice
  • rezar = to pray
  • gobernar = to govern
  • reinar = to rule, to reign
  • celebrar = to celebrate
  • explorar = to explore
  • explotar = to exploit, to take advantage of / to explode, to blow up
  • aprovecharse de = to take advantage of
  • vender = to sell
  • comprar = to buy
  • forjar = to forge, to craft
  • hacer = to do / to make
  • crear = to create
  • yacer = to lie [said of places; as in “it lies upon the river”], to be located
  • vivir = to live
  • morir = to die
  • extinguirse = to die out / to go extinct
  • establecer(se) = to settle (down)
  • desaparecer = to disappear
  • estudiar = to study
  • leer = to read
  • encontrar = to find
  • buscar = to look for


  • el recurso = resource
  • la fuente = source (of information) / fountain, spring
  • la teoría = theory
  • la hipótesis = hypothesis
  • el análisis = analysis
  • la conclusión = conclusion
  • la investigación = investigation
  • la observación = observation
  • la prueba = proof
  • la evidencia = evidence
  • el método = method