esro

ESRO-2 control room

ESRO-2 control room at ESOC, Darmstadt, Germany, in 1968.

On 17 May 1968, the ESRO-2B satellite was launched by a Scout-B rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, USA, and became the first mission controlled by teams at the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC), Darmstadt, Germany.

Renamed the International Radiation Investigation Satellite (or ‘Iris’) once in orbit, it was the first developed by the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO), a predecessor of the European Space Agency. ESRO’s first satellites concentrated on solar and cosmic radiation and their interaction with Earth and its magnetosphere.

ESRO-2A had been launched on 30 May 1967 from the same base in California, but the fourth stage of its rocket failed to ignite, and the satellite subsequently burned up in the atmosphere. The 74 kg ESRO-2B replacement carried the same seven experiments.

Although its design life was only one year, most subsystems and four experiments were still returning data by the time atmospheric drag produced reentry on 9 May 1971.

The mission was the first to be controlled from ESOC, which had been inaugurated eight months earlier, on 8 September 1967.

anonymous asked:

Why can't the Star Wars fandom get it through their thick heads that Shara Bey (Poe Dameron's mother) is a woman of color, not a white woman?? The Rogue One teaser just came in and some fans are screaming "THAT'S POE'S MOM!" to Felicity Jones' character when it's clearly said in the teaser that her name is Jyn Esro not Shara Bey. Ugh! Clearly they are not that stupid.

Are people really saying that? Holy crap, that’s annoying. As if Poe doesn’t get whitewashed enough on his own as it is.

I honestly still can’t shake off that after I went with a white coworker to see TFA (my second time, their first) they mentioned how good Oscar Isaac was at being ethnically ambiguous/playing other racist. I asked what she meant and she went on to say how Oscar was very clearly Latino in Ex Machina and but seems so white in TFA… Like oh really, when he’s the creep he’s Latino but when he’s a clean cut hero he magically becomes white? Instead of saying that I just said “Ok but he’s still Latino” and she said she didn’t think the character of Poe was a MoC at all… I explained that they even accounted for his ethnic background when giving Poe his backstory and I pulled out the story about the actor changing his name from Hernandez to escape typecasting so she would STFU.

Thanks for giving me an excuse to vent that story, because omfg whitewashing Poe Dameron/Oscar Isaac happens to be a hot button for me right now. UGH.

- mod g