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Finno-Ugric languages - The magic of the north 
 
Finno-Ugric languages become extinct. The world is losing its history, diversity of cultures and traditions. Only Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian are safe from the threat of extinction.

Music list:
1. Livonian - Sadā, Vīmo
2. Estonian - Greip - Vihma Loits
3. Ingrian - Ижорская народная песня фолк группа 
4. Veps - Noid-Voik
5. Karelian - Santtu Karhu & Talvisovat - Čibi-čibi linduine
6. Finnish - MeNaiset - Kuulin äänen
7. Sami -  Máddji - “Dawn Light”
8. Komi - Коми песня ‘Сьылан’
9. Udmurt - УДМУРСКАЯ ПЕСНЯ ФИННО-УГРЫ
10. Erzya - Мария Попова - Эрзянь мастор
11. Moksha - Куданьконь Кияксова - Moksha folk song
12. Mari - Кристина Лебедева и образц. детский ансамбль 'Шонанпыл’ - Шошо
13. Khanty - Хантыйская народная песня
14. Mansi - Тресколье - Кукушка
15. Hungarian - 'Szivárvány havasán’ - Guessous Majda Mária

SIMPLE (and regular) VOWEL SYSTEMS

Simple vowel sytems ranging from 3 to 8 vowels. It includes no front rounded vowels, no back unrounded vowels, and only symmetrical systems with little allophony. Examples of languages for each type:

  • 3 vowels [i, u, a] - modern standard Arabic, most australian aboriginal languages, Aleut, Inkutitut (Eskimo langs.), Greenlandic, Quechua, Aymará, Miskito (in Nicaragua), Centras Atlas Berber
  • 4 vowels [i, e, a, o~u] - Cree, Ojibew, Slavey, Dene, Navajo, Nahuatl, Malagasy
  • 5 vowels [i, u, e, o, a] - Spanish, Basque, Sardinian, Mayan languages, Czech, Slovak, Greek, Hebrew, Georgian, Lezgian, Fula, Hausa, Songhay, Swahili, Kinyarwanda, Ganda, Turkana, Luvale, Mbundu, Nyanja, Chichewa, Shona, Ovambo, Xhosa, Zulu, Tsonga, Makua, Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Kadazan Dusun, Japanese, Tok Pisin, Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Brahui, Divehi, Maori, Fijian, Samoan, Tuvaluan, Kiribati, Hawaian, Nama-Khoe, Sandawe, Lakota, etc.
  • 6 vowels [i, ɨ, u, e, o, a] - Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Kashubian, Erzya, Guaraní, Mapuche, Garífuna
  • 6 vowels [i, u, e, o, æ, ɑ] - Persian, Pashto, Tajik, Uzbekh, Egyptian, Iraqi, Najdi, Tunisian and Levantine Arabic, Northern Sami, Nenets, Latvian, Orya, Sinhala.
  • 6 vowels [i, u, e, ə, o, a] - Itelmen, Macedonian, Bulgarian, Kanuri, Marathi, Nepali, Malay, Indonesian, Sundanese, Javanese, Moroccan and Algerian Arabic, Armenian, Cherokee.
  • 7 vowels [i, ɨ, u, e, ə, o, a] - Romanian, Komi, Udmurt, Hakka and Gan Chinese, Amami, Amharic, Tigrinya, Tigre, Malayalam.
  • 7 vowels [i, e, ɛ, u, o, ɔ, a] - Galician, Brazilian Portuguese, Italian, Corsican, Southern Catalan (Valencian), Tedaga, Dazaga, Zaghawa (in Chad), Yorubá, Igbo, Akan, Ewe, Fon, Lingala, Dinka, Nuer, Luo, Masai, Kikuyu, Tswana, Bengali, Haitian Creole.
  • 8 vowels [i, e, ɛ, ə, u, o, ɔ, a] - European Portuguese, Northern Catalan, Wolof, Slovenian, Burmese, Gujarati, Santali.
8

Nationalities in USSR: 

1 picture: 1. Abaza, 2. Abkhaz, 3. Avar, 4. Agul, 5. Adygei, 6. Azerbaijanis, 7. Ainu, 8. Assyrians, 9. Aleut, 10. Altaians, 11. Armenians,12. Archi, 13. Balkars, 14. Bashkirs. 

2 picture: 1. Belarusians, 2. Bulgaria, 3. Buryats, 4. Veps, 5. Vod, 6. Gagauz, 7. Greeks, 8. Georgians, 9. Dargins, 10. Dolgans,11. Dungans, 12. Jews. 

3 picture: 1. Izhors, 2. Ingush, 3. Itelmens, 4. Kabardians, 5. Kazakh,
6. Kalmyks, 7. Karachays, 8. Karakalpak, 9. Karelians, 10. Ket,
11. Kyrgyzstan, 12. Chinese. 

4 picture: 1. Komi, 2. Komi-Permian, 3. Koreans, 4. Koryak, 5. Kumyks, 6. Kurds, 7. Laks, 8. Latvians, 9. Lezgins, 10. Liw, 11 Lithuanians, 12. Mansi, 13. Mari, 14. Moldovans, 15. Mongolians.

5 picture: 1. Mordva-Moksha, 2. Mordva-erzya, 3. Nanai, 4. Nganasans,
5. German, 6. Nenets, 7. Nivkhi, 8. Nogai, 9. Orochi, 10. Ossetians,
11. Russian.

6 picture: 1. Russian, 2. Rutuls, 3. Sami, 4. Sekulps, 5. Serbs,
6. Slovakia, 7. Tabasaran, 8. Tajiks, 9. Astrakhan Tatars,
10. The Tatars of Kazan, 11. Crimean Tatars, 12. Central Asian Tatars.

7 picture: 1. Tata, 2. Tuvinians, 3. Turkmens, 4. Udine, 5. Udmurt, 6. Udege, 7. Uzbeks, 8. Uighurs, 9. Ukrainians, 10. Ulchis, 11. Finns, 12. Khakasses.

8 picture: 1. Hunt, 2. Circassians, 3. Montenegrins, 4. Chechens, 5. Chuvash,
6. Chukchi, 7. Shors, 8. Evenki, 9. Evens, 10. Enets, 11. Eskimos,
12. Estonians, 13. Yukaghirs, 14. Yakuts.

Vik’s depressing bio

(( mun: vik is really the real definition of depression but he secretly still wants everyone’s luv rip my bb boi )) 

(( also art made by mun pls don’t h8 i know its terrible ))


Name: Soviet Union//USSR(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)//“CCCP” 

(( mun: basically when Russia was under revolutionary time but he woke from hell now look at him dead in the eye ))

Human name: Viktor Braginsky

Gender: Male

Age: 100 years old (( this year o-o well it was then the revolution broke out ))

Birthday: 1922 (1917)

Hair Color: Dark Brown

Eye Color: Crimson 

Height: 6'6 and Tol 

Official Languages: Russian 

Other Languages:  Abaza, Adyghe, Altai, Bashkir, Buryat, Chechen, Cherkess, Chuvash, Crimean, Erzya, Ingush, Kabardian, Kalmyk, Karachay-Balkar, Karachay-Cherkessia, Khakas, Komi, Hill Mari, Moksha, Nogai, Ossetic, Tatar, Tuvаn, Udmurt, UkrainianIndo-European, YakutTurkic. (( i know i was on wikipedia and this came up and i was like wow dis lot of shit help jesus o-o ))

Appearance: Viktor’s appearance is similar to his 1p, Ivan but you could say the colours are the opposite from each other. His dark brown hair is that perfect bed hair (( that everyone wants and admires, yes that is true but he is mine so do not touch my bb )), crimson eyes and a little brown birthmark on his right cheek. He wears a big black coat that reaches down to his knees with kind of a red outline to it, and some black trousers and boots underneath. He also of course wears a scarf that is red since that first of all covers his deep scar on his neck and also red is the colour of his flag (( I don’t know if that’s correct because I just made that up.. sorry )). He also loves to wear a black sweater with his vibrant red scarf. 

Personality: He is quite dark and the complete opposite from his 1p. He tends to act all stone cold (( just like me wow )), dark and gloomy all the time and is slightly depressed you could say. His childhood wasn’t the greatest one and had a great impact on him as an adult. He is also portrayed as the stoic, quiet type. He does not speak often, usually preferring not to speak at all. He is portrayed as serious and mature.

Interests: He likes to be alone, sitting in his gigantic mansion on his big throne being served by the Baltic trio. He also likes to fright people with his bloody pipe, like always… he also secretly loves smol kids, absolutely not in a pedophilic way, he just wants love like everyone else but he tends to hide it. Deep inside he knows that he wants to even become a father someday. 

Pet: бурый медведь(brown bear). Yes, Vik has a little baby bear at his home and when he is sitting on his couch watching something, the bear tends to be very clingy and wants to cuddle all the time, so he jumps on Vik’s lap and starts to roll into a ball so he can get cuddles.


anonymous asked:

would you like to put this on your linkpage?babadada. com/topic/2/lang_en/lang_rum :)

>this is the link here<

This website has a series of vocabulary lists in a ton of languages/dialects. It would be most useful for beginners or people just starting out. You can switch out the base and target languages, which is good if you aren’t a native English speaker.

Here are the languages: Afrikaans, Albanian, Alemannic, Amharic, Arabic (+dialects), Armenian, Azerbaijani, Basque, Belarusian, Bengali, Bosnia, Bulgarian, Catalan, Cebuano, Chinese, Chuvash, Croatian, Czech, Damara, Danish, Dutch, English, Erzya, Estonian, Finnish, Flemish, French, Galician, Georgian, German, Greek, Gujarati, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Icelandic, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Karelian, Kazakh, Khmer, Kikuyu, Komi, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Latin, Latvian, Lithuanian, Lozi, Luganda, Macedonian, Malay, Maltese, Maori, Marathi, Moksha, Moldavian, Mongolian, Montenegrin, Nepalese, Norwegian, Oshiwambo, Otjiherero, Papiamentu, Pashto, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Punjabi, Romanian, Rukwangali, Russian, Seralong, Serbian, Sesotho, Setswana, Sinhalese, Slovak, Slovenian, Somali, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Swiss German, Tagalog, Tajik, Tamil, Tatar, Telugu, Thai, Tigrinya, Turkish, Turkmen, Ukrainian, Urdu, Uyghur, Uzbek, Veps, Vietnamese, Welsh, Xhosa, and Zulu

Palatalized consonants - phonemically or morphophonemically present in the Uralic languages (Sami languages, Estonian, Mari, Nenets, Komi, Erzya, Udmurt), the baltic and slavic languages (Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Belarussian, Russian, Ukranian, Bulgarian), Romanian, Abaza, Abkhaz, Adyghe, Circassian, Chechen, Mongolian, the central Chadic Languages, the Celtic languages (Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic), Bambara, and Portuguese from Madeira and Portuguese from St. Tomé and Príncipe. Some scattered amerindian languages in Equador, Peru and Bolivia too. 

Palatalized consonants involve co-articulation with the tongue raised against the hard palate. It’s denoted in the IPA with the superscript symbol [ʲ] after the consonant.