Shackleton’s Aurora Australis: The first book printed in Antarctica
When Ernest Shackleton led his team to Antarctica in 1907, he had already travelled to this most inhospitable of continents as third officer on Scott’s Discovery expedition. One of the problems the Discovery trip revealed to Shackleton was what he called polar ennui, and thus he prepared some plans and schemes to keep his own crew productive and motivated during their long, cold northern winters.
Perhaps the 1907 Nimrod expedition’s most surprising undertaking was the writing, illustration, editing, setting, printing and binding of a book, the Aurora Australis. This required the transportation of paper, ink and a printing press across Antarctica.
Though the copies were not numbered, it’s believed that around 100 copies of Aurora Australis were produced, of which more than 30 remain unaccounted for.
This week, the Bodleian Libraries displayed our copy of Aurora Australis during the Oxford Teacher’s Seminar, which gave an opportunity to take the picture featured in this post.
The bindings of the book were made by Bernard Day from the exhibition’s packing cases. The Bodleian’s copy still shows “…d kidneys,” revealing the case’s original purpose.
There are literally millions of books in the Bodleian collections, and many thousands of genuine treasures. Even amongst this wealth of riches, Aurora Australis remains an inspiring and fascinating achievement.
A near-standard 2.2-litre diesel Hyundai Santa Fe has become the first passenger car to be driven across Antarctica from Union Camp to McMurdo Sound and back again. It was driven by Patrick Bergel, the Great Grandson of legendary polar explorer, Sir Ernest Shackleton, The journey which took place in December 2016 was timed to commemorate the centenary of Shackleton’s heroic Trans-Antarctic expedition of 1914-16. A special edition of 500 Santa Fe Endurance models has been announced to celebrate the achievement
Word Count: 5150 (god I’m sorry, I just really like words)
Contains: Fluff, smut, angst, language
A/N: I wrote this for @melbelle45‘s Dirty Pop Challenge. My song prompt was U Got it Bad by Usher. I used some lines and ideas from the song and I went for the hardcore pining, hope you feel it. Assume the reader is familiar of the hunting life, and it’s sometime after S8. All my love to @impala-dreamer for her encouragement and time when I struggled with this one.
Feedback and constructive criticism are both welcomed and encouraged. xoxo
The email sat in your inbox for a month before you noticed it; buried in the spam from mailing lists and unsolicited porn. Then, it sat there for another week before you could decide what to do with it - delete it, ignore it, reply. You had a decent enough reason for each option. Your stomach did flips every time you held the cursor over the email. You’d been ready to flip your life upside down and take the leap, but then he was gone, before you had a chance to be anything.
On this day, 5th January 1922, Ernest Shackleton, died.
Sir Ernest Shackleton was an Antarctic explorer, best known for leading the ’Endurance’ expedition of 1914-16.
Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Ireland but his family moved to London where Shackleton was educated. He joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898.
In 1901, Shackleton was chosen to go on the Antarctic expedition led by British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott on the ship ‘Discovery’. The team trekked towards the South Pole in extremely difficult conditions, getting closer to the Pole than anyone had come before. Shackleton became seriously ill and had to return home.
In 1908, he returned to the Antarctic as the leader of his own expedition, on the ship 'Nimrod’. During the expedition, his team climbed Mount Erebus, made many important scientific discoveries and set a record by coming even closer to the South Pole than before. Shackleton was knighted on his return to Britain.
In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole, followed by Scott who died on the return journey. In 1914, Shackleton made his third trip to the Antarctic with the ship 'Endurance’, planning to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. Early in 1915, ’Endurance’ became trapped in the ice, and ten months later sank. Shackleton’s crew had already abandoned the ship to live on the floating ice. In April 1916, they set off in three small boats, eventually reaching Elephant Island. Taking five crew members, Shackleton went to find help. In a small boat, the six men spent 16 days crossing 1,300 km of ocean to reach South Georgia and then trekked across the island to a whaling station. The remaining men from the 'Endurance’ were rescued in August 1916. Not one member of the expedition died. Shackleton’s account of the 'Endurance’ expedition, South was published in 1919. The State Library of New South Wales holds a number of editions of this book, including first editions.
Shackleton’s fourth expedition aimed to circumnavigate the Antarctic continent but on 5 January 1922, Shackleton died of a heart attack off South Georgia and he was buried on the island.
The State Library of New South Wales holds collections of photographs depicting Shackleton’s expeditions, including these taken by photographer Frank Hurley. Photographs of Sir Ernest Shackleton’s trans-Antarctic expedition in the
'Endurance’, ca. 1914-1917
Polar explorer, Ernest Shackleton reportedly announced his journey to the South Pole in 1913 by placing an ad in the newspaper that read “Men wanted for hazardous journey. Low wages, bitter cold, long hours of complete darkness. Safe return doubtful. Honor and recognition in event of success.
Tom Hardy Tackling Antarctic Explorer Ernest Shackleton In Studiocanal Epic
EXCLUSIVE: The legendary exploits of Ernest Shackleton has drawn the interest of many of the biggest stars and directors in the stratosphere, but the tale has been too logistically difficult. Now, Tom Hardy looks to be the rugged actor who’ll take on the role of Shackleton, as an epic movie is coming together with Peter Straughan writing the script, and Studiocanal coming aboard to fully finance. Who’s Shackleton? He led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, but the polar explorer is best remembered in how he handled adversity. His ship Endurance was crushed by ice floes and he managed to keep everyone alive in a harrowing journey to safety in sub zero temperatures. CAA and United Agents rep Hardy, who was Oscar nominated for The Revenant and next stars in the Christopher Nolan-directed Dunkirk.
May 20 1917, Berlin–The United States had now been in the war for over six weeks. The first American ships had reached Europe over two weeks ago, and had been participating in anti-submarine patrols since then. However, strangely enough, the German Navy had not yet received authorization to treat US Navy vessels as hostile and to fire on them first. It is unclear why this is; perhaps the Kaiser hoped that a lack of actual hostile acts against the US military would mean there would be no popular support for major US involvement in Europe. The announcement of the draft in the US and the American Expeditionary Force may have changed the Kaiser’s mind; on May 20 he ordered that American warships would now be treated as hostile vessels in the zone of U-boat warfare.
My class has just been cancelled so I went to the first place where I could find good company: a bookshop. Bookshops in Paris provide some good choice and every bookshop has an “exploration” section -basicaly where I’m going to spend all my money in the next few months-. In this one in particular I found something like ten books about Shackleton. Not even one about Scott. Sounds unfair, poor Con. xD