ernest lawrence

Code names, some of them ludicrously transparent, were assigned to many top scientists.  Enrico Fermi became Henry Farmer; Eugene Wigner was Eugene Wagner; A.H. Compton became A.H. Comas, and Ernest Lawrence was renamed Ernest Lawson.  According to an article by Daniel Lang written soon after the atomic bombs were dropped on Japan in 1945, Lawrence had to be given a second code name after his first one became too well known.  The security people ‘dreamed up a brand new one – Oscar Wilde.  It was selected, I was told, because Wilde had written a play called The Importance of Being Earnest.’
—  Nukespeak: Nuclear Language, Visions, and Mindset, Hilgartner, Bell, & O’Conner.
ESTP Thinkers Say Things

You have enemies? Good. That means you’ve stood up for something, sometime in your life.

- Winston Churchill

Any truth is better than indefinite doubt.

- Arthur Conan Doyle

In order to write about life, you must first live it!

- Ernest Hemingway

I listen closely to the sound of a man’s voice when he’s speaking. I can hear sincerity.

- Malcolm X

Under-preparation instills fear, and fear is galvanizing.

- Meryl Streep

It is excess of reason which makes me seem mad to people.

- Lawrence of Arabia

Exotic atom struggles to find its place in the periodic table

“Measurements of an artificial radioactive element called lawrencium could revive an arcane controversy over the element’s position in the periodic table — and the structure of the table itself.An international team of physicists and chemists reports in Nature1 that it takes very little energy to strip an electron out of an atom of lawrencium, element 103. The measurement is a tour de force of chemistry, because the radioactive element does not exist in nature, can be synthesized only in vanishingly small amounts, and lasts for mere seconds.Lawrencium, named after physicist Ernest Lawrence, the inventor of the cyclotron particle accelerator, is the heaviest element for which researchers have yet measured the fundamental property known as the first ionization energy — the energy required to turn the atom into an ion by ripping out its most easily accessible electron. That measurement underpins researchers’ understanding of an atom’s chemistry, but until now had been known only for the elements up to einsteinium (atomic number 99).”