erethizontidae

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Rothschild’s Porcupine (Coendou rothschildi)

…a species of New-World porcupine  that is native to Panama and western Ecuador. Like other members of the genus Coendou Rothschild’s porcupine has a prehensile tail, which aids them in their arboreal habitat. Rothschild’s porcupines are nocturnal and live off a diet of mostly fruits and leaves. During the day they can be seen sleeping in vine tangles at the tops of trees.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Rodentia-Erethizontidae-Coendou-C.rothschildi

Images: Beatrice Murch and Wormwood2

Mexican Tree Porcupine - Sphiggurus mexicanus

Someone feels like this sleepy Mexican Tree Porcupine after a night out?

This creature, also known as the Mexican Hairy Dwarf Porcupine, and scientifically named Sphiggurus mexicanus (Rodentia - Erethizontidae), is a Mesoamerican endemic, found from central Mexico (Oaxaca and Yucatan) south to the Isthmus of Panama.

These porcupines are arboreal, solitary and nocturnal animals, so they spend the day resting in the branches of trees or in a cavity. They differ from the North American Porcupine in that the tail is prehensile and naked distally as an adaptation for better mobility in trees.

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Martin D. Parr | Locality: Tortuguero, Limon, Costa Rica (2014)

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Stump-tailed Porcupine (Echinoprocta rufescens)

…a rare species of New-World Porcupine that occurs in Colombia, although individuals have been sighted in neighboring countries like Ecuador. Like its common name suggests, this species is unusual in that it has a short tail, unlike other porcupines. Little is known about E.rufescens’ biology, other than it inhabits montane/secondary forests and is thought to be nocturnal, solitary, and arboreal.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Mammalia-Rodentia-Erethizontidae-Echinoprocta-E.rufescens

Image: Joseph Wolf