equal right amendment

some fave sally ride facts

hey pals, I just finished reading sally ride: america’s first woman in space, by lynn sherr, and here’s a collection of my fave sally ride facts:

  • her favorite constellation was orion, because you can find it so easily
  • one of her first jobs was babysitting.  she made the kids pb&j sandwiches, but they wouldn’t eat them because “the peanut butter was on the wrong side of the bread.”  sally threw out the sandwiches and never babysat again.
  • she stopped drinking coors beer when she found out joseph coors had opposed the equal rights amendment 
  • she told the u.s. ambassador to norway that his rape joke wasn’t funny
  • exxonmobil gave millions of dollars to her “sally ride science” teacher training academies.  it was a business compromise between an oil company and an environmentally proactive nonprofit, and during each keynote speech, sally would make a comment about “oil spills” or “oily money” and glance over at the exxonmobil rep before moving on.
  • she had a border collie when she was a kid, and two bichon frises with her partner, tam.
  • watching barefoot contessa was a daily ritual, and she loved ina garten’s meatloaf
  • when her relationship with tam started getting serious, tam asked “is this forever?” and sally responded “I can’t think more than five years ahead.”  so every five years, tam would ask her “are we renewing?” they ended up being together for 27 years. when she was dying of cancer, sally told tam “I wish I had another 27 years with you.”

ERA for Gender Equality

Today marks the 45th anniversary of the proposal of the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)!

ERA has been introduced in congress more times than any other proposed amendment.  If passed the ERA would have provided for legal gender equality if it had been ratified by the states.

The ERA passed Congress in 1972 by the required two-thirds vote. But amendments must also be ratified by three-quarters of the states. The ERA was quickly ratified by 35 of the 38 states needed.

As the seven-year time limit for ratification approached in 1979, Congress and President Jimmy Carter controversially extended the deadline three years. However, no additional states ratified. The ERA had been presented to Congress every year from 1923-1972, but never passed.

Fortunately, ERA inspired laws have passed to provide women with more rights and equality, but there is still some work to be done.

Photograph of President Jimmy Carter signing the resolution for extension of the ratification deadline for the Equal Rights Amendment.

Learn more about the “Amending America” exhibit.

In 1923, suffragist Alice Paul first proposed the Equal Rights Amendment. The amendment, if passed, would guarantee constitutional rights to all people regardless of gender. In 1972, In 1972, 49 years later, the ERA finally passed through the United States’ House and the Senate, moving to the states for ratification.  In Massachusetts, multiple women’s organizations sponsored a rally at Faneuil Hall in support of the amendment. A flyer advertising the event on April 9, 1975 is pictured above.

 Although Congress moved the deadline for ratification from March 22, 1979 to June 30, 1982, only thirty-five of the necessary thirty-eight states ratified the amendment. 

The  document above shows us the status of the ERA in 1975 and the status of women in Congress in the early 1970s. Currently, the United States has 104 in Congress, a stark contrast with the 16 women that served in 1974.



Flyer for ERA Rally at Faneuil Hall, 1975, Box 127, Folder 24, Mayor Kevin H. White records 0245. 001, Boston City Archives

Status of the Equal Rights Amendment, 1975, Box 127, Folder 24, Mayor Kevin H. White records 0245. 001, Boston City Archives

Blog post by Monica Haberny, City Archives Outreach Intern

s-wilk-123  asked:

Im not saying I support underage Littles interacting with adult themed blogs,but, your tirade about it being "illegal" for under 18 to interact on adult themed blogs is inaccurate It's not illegal,but, it is against tumblr's policy but so are pornographic images - think about that

It actually is illegal. On the federal level. “transfer of obscene materials to minors.” This is ten years in jail. Also, a good lawyer could make the successful argument of “purposeful deception towards minors” (which adds on another 2 years to your prison sentence). 

Here are the specific law codes:

1. 18 U.S. Code § 1470

2. 18 U.S.C. § 2252B 

3. 18 U.S.C. § 2252C 

Not to mention, the average person screams “PEDOPHILE” when talking about anything relating to the Caregiver/little community, AND a Virginia supreme court recently issued a statement, effectively stating that BDSM practitioners are NOT protected by the ‘equal rights’ amendment, which has a HUGE negative affect on the BDSM community. 

For any radfems who think the Notorious RBG might protect women against the trans onslaught

I think this excerpt from Sisters in Law is enlightening:

She collected the sociologist Lenore Weitzman’s legendary article on how divorce impoverishes women and enriches men, yielding the second plank of Ginsburg’s feminist platform–that the gilded cage of protective dependency is more cage than gilt. That realization fueled her relentless war on protective legislation for women… Protective labor legislation, such as maximum hours for women workers when there were no such “protections” for men, split the feminist labor activists from the so-called liberal feminist for a long time. There was serious infighting over the feminists’ proposed Equal Rights Amendment, which would make such laws unconstitutional. But Ginsburg never wavered in her belief that most laws and practices that supposedly protected women actually did more harm than good. As a lawyer, she never argued for special protection. The petite and soft-spoken radical proposed to expose all women to the icy winds of the market and individualistic politics…

If Gavin Grimm’s case or something similar makes it to SCOTUS while RBG is still on the court, she will not be ruling in favor of protections for women.

t0rtillachipss  asked:

I love presidential history but being a woman myself, I always find it interesting to study the Women of the White House as well. I am curious to know who your favorite First Ladies are and if you have any suggestions for FLOTUS biographies to read. I hope you are enjoying this holiday season!

Thank you! We’ve had some remarkable First Ladies dating back to the very beginning of our country, and I hate to overlook some deserving women like Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, and Eleanor Roosevelt, but my two favorite First Ladies are Lady Bird Johnson and Betty Ford. Both women were indispensable to the success of their husbands (although that’s a common thread in the history of First Families) and played inordinate roles in public life while living in the White House.

Like Eleanor Roosevelt, Lady Bird Johnson and Betty Ford recognized the power in their unique position. They had the ear of the President every night and the eyes of the nation throughout their family’s time in the White House. While most modern First Ladies find an issue that they want to shine a spotlight on, Lady Bird Johnson and Betty Ford revolutionized the role of the President’s spouse, becoming activists in support of the issues they believed in. Those issues were not always popular, and they didn’t always coincide with the policies of their husbands. Controversies which could easily be avoided – and which Presidential aides often pushed back against due to potential political traps – never frightened Lady Bird Johnson or Betty Ford from taking a stand on behalf of what they believed. Lady Bird didn’t worry about campaigning for her husband and LBJ’s Civil Rights legislation while facing hostile crowds in the Deep South. Betty Ford didn’t hesitate to publicly support abortion rights or the Equal Rights Amendment (despite strong opposition from leading politicians in her husband’s party), or reveal when she underwent a mastectomy and treatment for breast cancer. Later, Betty Ford publicly revealed an addiction to painkillers and alcohol, and opened the Betty Ford Center after leaving the White House.

Most Presidents note that their wives are one of their leading advisors on all issues, foreign and domestic, political and personal. Most First Ladies put energy into certain issues that they feel strongly about. Lady Bird Johnson and Betty Ford were warriors – activists with a Bully Pulpit every bit as strong (and often far more popular) than that of their husbands in the Oval Office. When looking back through American History, it’s noteworthy how many of our Presidents seemed to marry women so far above their station.

As requested, here are a few quick book recommendations on America’s First Ladies:

The First Ladies Factbook: The Childhoods, Courtships, Marriages, Campaigns, Accomplishments, and Legacies of Every First Lady From Martha Washington to Michelle Obama by Bill Harris and revised by Laura Ross (BOOK | KINDLE)

Secret Lives of the First Ladies: What Your Teachers Never Told You About the Women of the White House by Cormac O’Brien (BOOK | KINDLE)

Upstairs at the White House: My Life With the First Ladies by J.B. West with Mary Lynn Kotz (BOOK | KINDLE)

Lady Bird and Lyndon: The Hidden Story of a Marriage That Made a President by Betty Boyd Caroli (BOOK | KINDLE)

A White House Diary by Lady Bird Johnson

Lady Bird: A Biography of Mrs. Johnson by Jan Jarboe Russell (BOOK | KINDLE)

Betty Ford: Candor and Courage in the White House by John Robert Greene

The Times of My Life by Betty Ford with Chris Chase

Betty: A Glad Awakening by Betty Ford with Chris Chase 

5

What feminists can learn from anti-feminist Phyllis Schlafly

Phyllis Schlafly, who died Monday at the age of 92, was revered by social conservatives and reviled by liberals. She was a staunch anti-feminist and believer in the “traditional family” who helped shape the culture wars about family, community, identity, and equality we’re still having today. And she’s more responsible than anyone for the fact that the Constitution doesn’t have an Equal Rights Amendment in it today.

After she died, she was, predictably, revered and reviled in most of the expected places. But historian Kevin M. Kruse, who’s written about Schlafly’s era of conservative politics, found a way to illustrate Schlafly’s impact on American history while condemning her work: calling attention to the lessons her career held for political activists of every ideology.

Progressives can sometimes comfort themselves (and conservatives torment themselves) with the belief that any setbacks (or victories) are temporary, and social progress (or decline) is inevitable. But even if “the arc of the universe really does bend toward justice” on a cosmic scale — and it might not — it certainly doesn’t mean that progressives will win every moral battle, or even that society will inevitably get more progressive from one generation to the next.

Phyllis Schlafly stepped in, after it looked like the arc of the universe had already bent, and showed that there is no such thing as an inevitable political victory. Who wins a battle depends on who shows up to fight.

Any effective activist has learned that winning the fight isn’t just about dominating the airwaves or winning the debate. It’s about building coalition power. It’s about framing the debate advantageously. And it’s about relentless, individual lobbying at every level of government.

Happy first day of Women’s History month! I’m going to try to post an update about a historical woman every day. The woman for today is one of my favorite feminists, Alice Paul.

Alice Paul was a co-founder and the President of the National Women’s Party (NWP). The NWP favored a constitutional amendment granting women the right to vote, a radical position at the time. The larger organization the National American Women’s Suffrage Association (NAWSA) favored a state-by-state approach to gaining the vote.

Alice Paul and the NWP are the suffragettes that protested in front of the White House during WWI. They were arrested and beaten for protesting. While in prison Alice Paul led a hunger strike that resulted in women being force fed.

After the 19th amendment was passed, Alice Paul wrote the Equal Rights Amendment. She was a lesbian. She was a vegetarian and an animal rights activist.

Alice Paul was considered VERY RADICAL at the time, which is part of why I like her so much.

“Mr. President how long must women wait to get their liberty?”

Alice Paul (1885-1977)