An Ependymoma is a glial tumour which originate from the ependymal cells that line the ventricles of the brain, or the central canal of the spinal cord. These tumours typically account for 10% of all paediatric brain tumours, and 33% of brain tumours in the under 3 age category - with the mean age of diagnosis being 6 years old. The symptoms of ependymoma tend to be associated with raised intracranial pressure, and can present as headaches, nausea and vomiting, vision or balance disturbances or personality changes. Treatment and prognosis of these tumours depends on the grade and location.
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